应用文
不论应用文的命题如何变化,写作时都能遵循一定的套路。简单说来,可以按一下框架 展开: 第一段:告知对方你的身份(假如对方不人不是你) 简要叙述写信的原因; ,简要叙述写信的原因 第一段:告知对方你的身份(假如对方不人不是你) 简要叙述写信的原因; , 第二段:详细说明写信的意图(建议、批评、投诉、申请、邀请、感谢、道歉等) 第二段:详细说明写信的意图(建议、批评、投诉、申请、邀请、感谢、道歉等) ; 第三段:发出邀请、提供帮助、表示感谢、或期盼回音等。 第三段:发出邀请、提供帮助、表示感谢、或期盼回音等。 A Letter in Reply to a Friend Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to a friend’s inquiry about applying for admission to your college or university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 建议报考的专业及理由;
  2. 报考该专业的基本条件;
  3. 应当如何准备。 参考范文(
  1) A Letter in Reply to a Friend Dec. 10th, 2009 Dear X, I am very happy to learn that you want to apply to our university. You are welcome to be one of us. When it comes to which major you should choose, I suggest that you apply for Computer Science. To begin with, this is one of the best specialized programs in our university. What’s more, Computer Science majors are more likely to find well-paid jobs. In order to study at the Department of Computer Science, you have to meet the following requirements. First of all, you have to reach the minimum score set for admission to key universities in the National College Entrance Examination. In addition, you have to be good at mathematics. As far as the preparation is concerned, you should on the one hand review all the required lessons. On the other hand, you’d better spend some time on English. Only by careful preparation can you hope to enroll in our university. Yours truly, Lin Ming
参考范文(
  2) A Letter in Reply to a Friend December 10th, 2009 Dear X, I am very happy to learn that everything goes well with you and you are interested in our university. Welcome to this well-known university. When it comes to which major you should choose for graduate study, I suggest that you apply for French. To begin with, French is one of the most beautiful languages in the world.
What’s more, it goes without saying that French majors are more competitive in the tight job market. There are several requirements for candidates for Department of Foreign Languages. In the first place, they should pass CET-6, and the Department will be particularly interested in those who excel in French listening and speaking skills. In the second place, they need an intense interest in French since interest is the best teacher. Last but not the least, they should also sit in for (参加考试) the National Entrance Exams for Masters’ Programs. Scores no less than 65 both in Political Theory and English are required. As far as the preparation is concerned, you should first of all, practice your basic skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing in French. In addition, it would be rewarding if you try to get in touch with your prospective supervisor. I sincerely hope that you will succeed in this attempt. Best wishes! Yours truly, Lin Ming Directions: 假如你是李明,一天在某超市买了一盏台灯,结果回家后发现灯不亮了,随返回 店中与店员交涉要求退货或换货,却受到不公正的待遇,即向经理写信投诉,内容涉及以下 几点:
  1. 事情的起因
  2. 与店员交涉的经过
  3. 要求对方妥善解决此事 A Letter to the Manager of a Supermarket August 18, 2009 Dear Sir, I’m sorry to occupy your precious time, but I am really anxious to tell you about my unhappy experience and unfair treatment I suffered from lately. On August 18th, I went to buy a desk lamp in the electronic appliances department of your supermarket. To my astonishment, I found that it simply stopped working. To resolve the problem, I immediately went back to the store and managed to find the same shop assistant, but she said she could do nothing about it and asked me to go directly to the center of refund and exchange in your store. When I told what had happened to the young lady in charge there, and asked for exchange or refund, she grew so impatient and rude on that occasion as to interrupt me continually. Later she even said it was not their fault ? the manufacturer was the real party to blame. She at last suggested I write a letter to the manager. Up till now, I have been thinking of this happening. I strongly suggest that the shop assistants be instructed on the proper manner towards customers and the service quality be improved. I hope you attach importance to this matter, and help settle it as soon as possible. Best wishes. Yours Faithfully, Li Ming
常用句式 一、篇首 说明写信的原因 I would like to apply for admission to your university for study in Computer Science. According to the latest Beijing Weekly, I find you want an experienced and efficient secretary. I understand from Mr. Yang that there is an opening fro a reporter at China Daily. 致谢 I am greatly indebted to you for your care and help. I am writing to tell you how grateful I am for … I would like to thank you most sincerely for … Thank you very mush for the kindness you have given me during my sty in Paris. I am writing to thank you, on behalf of my son and myself, for the lovely time we had at your party last night. 投诉或批评 I am writing to complain about the bad service of your company. I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with … I wish to make a complaint about … I am afraid I have a complaint about … I am writing to draw your attention to … To improve the situation/solve the above problem, it is advisable for you to take the following measures. I must warn you that unless you do something about the situation, we’ll be forced to take legal action. 致歉 I am writing to you because I am unable to make it. I am terribly sorry that … I would like to express my apologies for not being able to … 询问 I am writing to ask if you could do me a favor. I would like to inquire about the price of the new product you are promoting. I would like to seek some information about … I would like some detailed information about … 邀请及答复 It gives me the greatest pleasure to invite you to visit this exhibition. I would be very happy if you could come to dinner at 7 p.m. on Sunday. We do hope you can join us. It’s very kind of to ask us to dinner this coming Friday evening. But, to our deep regret, we cannot make it. 二、篇尾 发出请求 Please give this matter your immediate attention. I would very much appreciate if it is ... as soon as possible.
Would you please send me an application form for admission to your graduate school? 提供帮助 I hope these materials will be helpful, and please feel free to contact me for more information. Ann will be taking responsibility for you and if you need any assistance, she will be pleased to help you. 再次表示感谢或歉意 Thank you for your kind assistance. Again, I would like to express our warm thanks to you. Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. I am sorry that I cannot … and believe that you will understand. In addition, let me apologize for any inconvenience I may have caused. I shall feel obliged by a reply at your earliest convenience. 期盼回信 R.S.V.P (请速回复) I hope to receive your reply shortly. Looking forward to an early reply. I expect to hear from you very soon. I look forward to your prompt response. I am already eagerly awaiting your reply to this letter. I am looking forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience. Thank you for your consideration and I look forward to your prompt reply.
 

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