07 级英语阅读教学实践 一、应用文写作(Practical Writing) 应用文写作( ) (一)书信
  1. 概述 应用文包括书信、申请书、证明书、简历、便条、电 报、布告、通知、说明书、广告、请柬和贺卡等,其中 书信是最常见、最重要的应用文写作形式。 书信是以书面的方式和对方谈话, 我们平时谈话应清 楚明白,使对方容易理解,写信则更应该如此,因为写 信是单方面表达思想,即便对方看不懂,也不能马上询 问。 书信作文的考试命题可能是给出写作提纲,比如, 2001 年 6 月 CET-4 写作题; 也可能是给出一段文字要求, 即规定情景,比如,2002 年 1 月 CET-4 写作题。在书信 作文的写作中,考生应特别注意以下两点。
  1)书信内容不仅要切题,还要具体、明确,使收信 人看信时能一目了然;

  2)英文书信习惯上开门见山,不用"你好"开头,这 与汉语书信写法有所不同。 各种应用文均有一定的格式要求, 书信亦如此。 写书 信时,我们应掌握书信的一般格式。对此,考生可参阅 下图。
Heading(写信人地址及写信日期) Inside address(收信姓名及地址) Salutation(称呼) Body(正文)
Complimentary(结束语) Signature(署名) Postscript(附加语) Enclosure(附件)
注:
  1.英语信函的称呼一般都以 Dear 或 My dear 开头。如果收信人是女性,那就写为 Dear Madam,Dear Ladies。
  2.英语信件的结束语相当于汉语信件的"此致 敬礼"。如:(对上级、年长者)Yours respectfully, (对老师)Your student,(对平辈)Yours sincerely, (一般事务信)Yours sincerely,Yours very truly。
  2. 范文及模板 (
  1)请求信(Letter of Requesting Favors) 请求信( ) 写好请求信的关键是要给出具有说服力且能够打动
对方的理由。 请求信主要包括:比较礼貌地直接提出具体请求。简要 地说明提出请求的原因或理由。明确或暗示对方能得到 的好处或回报。对对方的帮助或合作表示感谢。 Useful words and expressions Appreciate 感激 合作 assistance 帮助
  1. We would appreciate it if you would provide us with …
  2. I would like to ask a favor of you before you fill your next order.
  3. Please let me know when you can do this.
  4. Your answers to the above questions will be great help to us. 范文 1 Direction: You’re writing to a president to ask for a visit to the corporation. In the letter, you should;
  1) Request students’ practice in the corporation
  2) Ask whether it is convenient for you to come next week.
  3) Express your appreciation to him. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. favor 恩惠 cooperation
Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Carol Brawn” instead. You do not need to write the address.
Dear Mr. Sheila; I am writing to ask whether a class of foreign trade students could do practice in your corporation. I am their political advisor and this term the students have studied the foreign trade and business English correspondence. They want to practice what has been learnt in class. Could we come next week? If this is not convenient, the middle ten days of July would suit us, after the final examination. I do hope it will be possible to arrange the practice, as I am sure the students will be very interested in it. I look forward to hearing from you. I would like to thank you for your cooperation with the scheme for School and business Links.
Yours Sincerely,
Carol Brawn 希拉先生; 我写信是想询问 我们贸易般的学生能否在下一周 到你们公司去实习。我是他们的辅导员,本学期他们学 习了对外贸易和英语函电两门课程。他们想实践所学到 的知识。 我们下个星期可以来吗?如果不方便的话,七月中 旬也就是期终考试之后,时间合适。 希望您尽可能安排此次实习,我肯定学生们一定对 此非常感兴趣。我期待收到您的来信。感谢您在企校挂 钩项目上的合作。 此致
卡罗尔 . 布劳恩 范文 2 Direction: You’re supposed to write a letter to one of your
customers to request his assistance. You should include the following points in your letter:
  1) Your assistance request
  2) Background information and added service.
  3) Your appreciation to him. You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET
  2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Peter Monroe” instead. You do not need to write the address.
Dear Mr. Richard I would like your help in solving a problem that people in your businesses such as yours have. Each year businesses that sell precision instrument are faced with hundreds of new products. We would like your assistance in answering the enclosed survey. By doing so you will let us get more information about the market and know how we can best serve our customers. What’s more, enclosed is a 5 %? off coupon to use on your next order to thank you for your help. I would appreciate if you mail your opinion soon. Thank
you for all your help.
Yours sincerely, Pe ter Monroe Sa les Manager 查理德先生; 我想请您帮助解决一个从事你们那行会遇到的问 题。 精密仪器行业每年都会有数百种新产品出现。我 们想得到您的帮助, 烦请您回答所附调查报告中的问题。 这样的话,您将使我们了解更多的市场信息,是我们知 道如何为顾客提供更好的服务。此外,为表达我们对您 的谢意,附一张 95 折优惠券,您可在下次订货时使用。 我将不胜感激如果您能尽快告知我您的建议。非 常感谢您的帮助。 此致, 彼得?门
罗 销售部经 理 (
  2)求职、求学 (Letters of Applying for a Job/ further )求职、 education) 此类书信属于公务信函,格式和用词比较规范。信 的内容大体上分为三部分 ①写信的目的(写明谋求的工作和获悉空缺的渠道/ 欲申请学位及专业) ②自我介绍 (写出一两点可使未来雇主满意的特殊 资历/介绍自己的学历、专业、申请 原因等)
③要求 (请求面试等/希望收到入学申请表、奖学金 申请表、学院及专业介绍或相关信息) 注意下面几点: ①写信的目的要直截了当地在信的开头提出。 ②自我介绍部分主要介绍自己的专业、学历、工作经 历、解决问题的能力等等。在行文、用词上要表现出 自信、恳切的态度,语言简明扼要,突出介绍自己的 优点,与众不同的特长或有利条件。还要紧扣用人单
位或欲申请院校的需求。 ③最后提出进一步联系的途径,如:时间、地点。还 可以主动提出接受面试或考核等。 ④在写作特点上主要用第一人称以及动词的一般现 在时或完成时。
模板
  1: D ate: Dear ×××, (
  1) I have just read in the newspaper that 所求职业 is wanted in your company. (
  2) I am therefore writing to you to introduce myself. (
  3) I am 职业身份 of 年龄 years old. (
  4) My name is 姓名. (
  5) I am studying /I have studied 所 学 专 业 . (
  6) I can 能 力
  1. (
  7) I have some work experience as a 能力 2 (
  8) I am sure I'll satisfy you as well. (
  9) You can get more information about my studies and work from 信息渠道.(
  10) I am looking forward to visiting your office at any time for a talk or a test.
Sincerely yours,
××× 模板 2:
D ate: Dear ×××, (
  1) I would like to be considered for the post of 所求职 业 with your corporation, as advertised in/ on 日期 of 某 家报纸. (
  2) I had successfully completed the courses directly related to 专业 时间. (
  3) In these courses, I had acquired skills in 专业技能 (
  4) This background enables me to 工 作能力 1 (
  5) As a graduate from 毕业院校 I feel very confident that I can meet your special requirements that 工作要求, for 原因. (
  6) Furthermore, 工作能力 2
(7 The main reason for changing my employment is to gain more experience with a company of outstanding international reputation such as yours(求职原因). (8 I believe that my education and experience will prove useful for work in your office. (9 Enclosed are my resume and three photos. (
  10) I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss my qualification with you. Would you please write to let me know a convenient time for you to talk with me? (请求面试)
Sincerely yours,
××× 模板
  3; D ate: Dear ×××, (S
  1) I am writing in the hope that I may obtain an opportunity to 写信的目的.
(S
  2) My name is 姓名. (S
  2) I will graduate and get my credentials and degree of 专业, 学校,+时间. (S
  3) I wish to apply for a post as 职位. / I plan to continue my study and research in this field under the instructions of first-class professors and in a dynamic academic
atmosphere. (S
  4) I chose your company/ University because 原因
  1. (S
  5) Also, 原因
  2. (S
  6) I believe my interests are extremely congruent with the strengths of your
company/university. (S
  7) And my practical experience of working /my solid academic background will meet your general requirements. (S
  8) I will appreciate it very much if you could send me the Application Forms and other relevant information. (S
  9) I am prepared to be interview when you find it convenient. (S
  10) Thanks for your time and kind attention. S incerely yours
×××
Model 2 Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter of at least 120 words on the basis of the situation given in English below: You are Diana Zhang, and your address is 6 Peace Road, Zhongshan District, Fuzhou, Fujian Province. One day, you learned from China Daily that Standard Clothing Corporation is advertising for a sales representative. Now write a letter to Ms. Kelly Hendrady, the personnel manager of the company to apply to the post. The address is Room 506, Ji an Building, Beijing, 1000
  89. 【经典范文】 经典范文】
6 Peace Road Zhongshan District Fuzhou, Fujian Province June 2, 2001 Ms. Kelly Hendrady
Personnel Manager Standard Clothing Corporation Room 506, Ji an Building Beijing, 100089 Dear Ms. Hendrady, I would like to be considered for the post of sales representative with your corporation, as advertised in the May 28 edition of the China Daily. I had successfully completed the courses directly related to marketing four years ago. In these courses, I had acquired skills in marketing, management relations and
communication. This background enables me to work effectively with employees, customers and the general public. As a graduate from the Foreign Trade University, I feel very confident that I can meet your special requirements that the candidate must have a high command of English, for I had got an excellent score in TOEFL. Furthermore, I learned to communicate well with English speaking
customers when I worked as a salesman with the Great Wall Corporation Limited. The main reason for changing my employment is to gain more experience with a company of outstanding
international reputation such as yours. I believe that my education and experience will prove useful for work in your office. Enclosed are my resume and three photos. I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss my qualification with you. Would you please write to let me know a convenient time for you to talk with me? Sincerely yours, (Miss)Diana Zhang
【点评】 本文在结构上同样符合上述求职信的三部分结 点评】 构,所不同的是在语言表达上有所变化。第一部分本文 以“I would like to be considered for the post of … with your corporation, as advertised in the May 28 edition of (the China Daily). ”表明写信的目的;第二部分的自我介绍 有一些我们可以借鉴的常用表达和句型,如: “I had
successfully completed the courses directly related to…” , “In these courses, I had acquired skills in…” “This , background enables me to work effectively with…”等;第 三部分除了要求面试的表达“I would appreciate the opportunity to discuss my qualification with you. Would you please write to let me know a convenient time for you to talk with me?”以外,也可以表明随信附件,常用的表 达有“Enclosed are my resume and three photos. ” 另外,本题在格式上有一些特殊要求,既然题 目给出了明确的写信人和收信人的地址,我们就应当把 它们安排在信中合适的位置上。写信人地址和写信日起 合称为信端,目的是使收信人一见便知书信来自何处, 何时发出。信端应写在信纸的右上角。收信人的姓名和 地址称为信内地址,写在信纸的左上角,从信纸的左边 顶格写起,低于写信人地址和发信日期一、二行。 Model 3 Direction: A. Study the following paragraph carefully and write a letter of about 200 words.
B. Your name is Li Jin, a student of the Department of Applied Physics, Tsinghua University. You hope to further your study in Boston University (Massachusetts, USA) upon your graduation next year. Now you are writing to the office of graduate admissions to ask for the Applic
 

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