Revision of the Adverbial Clauses 状语从句复习
九 种 常 用 的 状 语 从 句 及 其 常 用 的 连 接 词
时间状语从句 地点状语从句 原因状语从句 条件状语从句 让步状语从句 结果状语从句 目的状语从句 方式状语从句 比较状语从句
九 种 常 用 的 状 语 从 句 及 其 常 用 的 连 接 词
时间状语从句
when, while, as, before, after, as soon as, till, until, not…until, the first/second…/last time, the moment, the minute, the instant, immediately, directly, instantly, hardly…when, scarcely…when, no sooner…than where, wherever because, since, as, now that, seeing that, considering that
地点状语从句 原因状语从句 条件状语从句
if, unless, now (that), as(so) long as, in case, on condition that, suppose/supposing, provided/providing
让步状语从句
although, though, even though/if, as, while, no matter which/what/when/where/who/how, whichever, wherever, whatever, whoever, whenever, however, whether…or;
九 种 常 用 的 状 语 从 句 及 其 常 用 的 连 接 词 比较状语从句 than, as…as, not so/as…as, the +比
较级…, the +比较级…
结果状语从句
目的状语从句
so that, so…that, such…that
so that, in case, for fear that, lest
方式状语从句
how, as, as if/as though
时间状语从句 地点状语从句
状语从句有九种, 状语从句有九种, 时地原因条状补, 时地原因条状补, 目比结果方让步, 目比结果方让步, 连词引导各不同; 连词引导各不同; 主句通常前面走, 主句通常前面走, 连词引导紧随后, 连词引导紧随后, 从句若在主前头, 从句若在主前头, 主从之间有个逗。 主从之间有个逗。
九 种 常 用 的 状 语 从 句
原因状语从句 条件状语从句 让步状语从句 结果状语从句 目的状语从句 方式状语从句 比较状语从句
状语从句的分类

  1. While I was wondering at this, our schoolmaster took his place. ( 时间 )
  2. Where there is a will, there is a way. ( 地点 )
  3. Now that/Since everybody is here, let’s begin our meeting. ( 原因 )
  4. I’ll speak slowly so that you can understand me. ( 目的)
  5. So clever was he a student that he was able to work out all the difficult problems. ( 结果 )
  6. As long as you don’t lose heart, you’ll succeed. (条件 )
  7. Try as he might, he could not find a job. ( 让步 )
  8. The old lady treats the boy as if he were his own son. ( 方式 )
考 点 难 点

  1、各种从属连词的含义及用法 、 比较; 比较;
  2、no matter wh- 与 wh-ever 引 、 导的从句的区别; 导的从句的区别;
  3、状语从句的时态问题; 、状语从句的时态问题;
  4、状语从句倒装及紧缩问题; 、状语从句倒装及紧缩问题;
  5、状语从句与其它从句的区别。 、状语从句与其它从句的区别。

  1. 时间状语从句
问题1: 问题

  1. (04北京春) We were swimming in the lake suddenly the A storm started. A. when B. while C. until D. before
  2. (02上海) He was about to tell me the secret someone D patted him on the shoulder. A. as B. until C. while D. when
  3. (05上海) He transplanted the little tree to the garden it B was the best time for it. A. where B. when C. that D. until
  4. (05福建) -Did Jack come back early last night? -Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock he arrived home. B A. Before B. when C. that D. until
  5. (06辽宁) He was about halfway through his meal a C familiar voice came to his ears. A. why B. where C. when D. while
连接词when的用法小结 的用法小结 连接词
  1. when引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词可以是可延续 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词可以是可延续 也可以是表短暂性动作的动词, 的,也可以是表短暂性动作的动词,可用于主句和从句 动作同时发生或从句动作先于主句动作。如: 动作同时发生或从句动作先于主句动作。 When the film ended, the people went back. When I lived there, I used to go to the seashore on Sundays.
  2. 可用作并列连词,其意义为“那时,这时”,相当于 可用作并列连词,其意义为“那时,这时” and at this/that time。常用于下列句式: 。常用于下列句式: Somebody was doing something/was about to do sth./was on the point of doing sth. when… (刚要 刚要……这时突然 这时突然……) 刚要 这时突然
  3. 还可以表示原因“既然”,相当于 还可以表示原因“既然” 相当于since; considering that。如: 。 It was foolish of you to take a taxi when you could easily walk there in five minutes .
问题2: 问题

  6. (06天津) The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, the quality of life is probably one of the highest. D A. since B. when C. as D. while
  7. (04年江苏) I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually A like the person. A. While B. Since C. Before D. Unless
连接词while的用法小结

  1. while引导的动作必须是持续性的,侧重主句动作和从 句动作相对比。如: Please don’t talk so loud while others are working.
  2. while作为并列连词,意为“而,却”,表示对比。
  3. while可表示尽管,相当于although。
连接词when, while, as的用法区别: 的用法区别: 连接词 的用法区别
  1.while引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词必须是可延续的, . 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词必须是可延续的, 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词必须是可延续的 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词是可延续的, 而when引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词是可延续的,也 引导的时间状语从句的谓语动词是可延续的 可以是表短暂性动作的动词。 可以是表短暂性动作的动词。如:When/While he was eating his breakfast, he heard the doorbell ring. When I stopped my car, a man came up to me. (不可用 不可用 while)
  2.从句动作发生在主句动作之前时,只能用 .从句动作发生在主句动作之前时,只能用when引导这个 引导这个 从句,不可用as或 从句,不可用 或while。如: When you have 。 finished your work, you may have a rest.
  3.表示“随着 .表示“随着……”,连词用 ,不用 ,连词用as,不用when或while。如: 或 。 As the election approached, the violence got worse.
  4.如果主句表示的是短暂动作,而从句用延续性动作的进行 .如果主句表示的是短暂动作, 时态表示在一段时间内正在进行的动作时, 时态表示在一段时间内正在进行的动作时,when, while 可互换使用。 与as 可互换使用。如: When/While/As I was walking down the street, I came across an old friend of mine.
问题3: 问题
  1. (01北京春 -Did you remember to give Mary the 北京春)- 北京春 money you owed her? B -Yes. I gave it to her I saw her. A. while B. the moment C. suddenly D. once
  2. (1998上海 I thought her nice and honest I 上海) 上海 C met her. A. first time B. for the first time C. the first time D. by the first time
  3. entered the office when he realized that C he had forgotten his report. A. He hardly had B. Had he hardly C. Hardly had he D. Hardly he had
小结: 小结:
  1.一些词,如the moment, the minute, the instant, .一些词, immediately, directly, instantly, hardly…when, scarcely…when, no sooner…than等也可引导一个时 等也可引导一个时 间状语从句,相当于as 的意思。 间状语从句,相当于 soon as的意思。 的意思 I didn’t wait a moment, but came immediately you called.
  2.一些含有 的名词短语, .一些含有time的名词短语,如every time, each time, 的名词短语 next time, by the time等,以及 等 以及the day, the year, the morning等,也可引导一个时间状语从句。 等 也可引导一个时间状语从句。 The day he returned home, his father was already dead. Next time you come, please bring your composition.
  3. 如果 如果hardly或no sooner或scarcely置于句首,句子必 置于句首, 或 或 置于句首 须用部分倒装结构。 须用部分倒装结构。 Hardly had I got home when it began to rain.
问题4: 问题

  1. (03北京春 -Was his father very strict with him when 北京春) 北京春 he was at school? -Yes. He had never praised him he became C one of the top students in his grade. A. after B. unless C. until D. when
  2. (03上海 A good storyteller must be able to hold 上海) 上海 listeners’ curiosity he reaches the end of the D story. A. when B. unless C. after D. until
  3. It was not she took off her dark glasses B I realized she was a famous film star. A. when; that B. until; that C. until; when D. when; then
小结: 小结: till, until和not…until: 和 :
  1.until/till引导时间状语从句用于肯定句时,主句的动词 引导时间状语从句用于肯定句时, 引导时间状语从句用于肯定句时 是延续性动词,表示动作或状态一直持续到until/till所 是延续性动词,表示动作或状态一直持续到 所 表示的时间,意为“ 表示的时间,意为“某动作一直延续到某时间点才停 止”。如: We waited until he came.
  2.用于否定句时,主句谓语动词是非延续性动词,从句 .用于否定句时,主句谓语动词是非延续性动词, 为肯定,意为“某动作直到某时间才开始” 为肯定,意为“某动作直到某时间才开始”。如: He won’t go to bed till/until she returns.
  3.till不可以置于句首,而until可以。如: 不可以置于句首, 可以。 . 不可以置于句首 可以 Until you told me I had no idea of it.
  4.not…until句型中的强调和倒装说法: 句型中的强调和倒装说法: . 句型中的强调和倒装说法 It was not until you told me that I had any idea of it. Not until you told me did I have any idea of it.
问题5: 问题
  1. (03年北京 He made a mistake, but then he 年北京) 年北京 corrected the situation it got worse. C A. until B. when C. before D. as
  2. (04福建 Scientists say it may be five or six years 福建) 福建 it is possible to test this medicine on C human patients. A. since B. after C. before D. when
  3. (06四川 -Why didn’t you tell him about the 四川)- 四川 meeting? A -He rushed out of the roomI could say a word. A. before B. until C. when D. after
  4. (05北京春 It is almost five years we saw 北京春) 北京春 B each other last time. A. before B. since C. after D. because
连接词before的小结:
一、含义
  1. We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land. “……才”
  2. We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired. “不到……就”
  3. Please write it down before you forget it. “趁……” “还没来得及”
  4.Before I could get in a word, he had measured me. 二.Before从句中谓语不用否定式。如: Before they reached the station, the train had gone. 三.
  1)句型It will be/was+段时间+before…“还要过多久才……” 如:It will be two years before he leaves the country.
  2)句型It will be/was not+一段时间+before…“不多久就……” 如: It wasn’t two years before he left the country.
  3)句型It is+段时间+since…时间的计算一律从since从句的 动作完成或状态结束时算起。如: It is three years since she was in the army. It is three years since she joined the army.

  2、条件状语从句 、
问题
  1: 问题 :

  1、The WTO cannot live up to its name it does not include C a country that is home to one fifth of mankind. (2000全国) A.as long as B.while C.if D.even though
  2、 It is known to all that you exercise regularly, you A won’t keep good health. (05重庆卷) A. unless B. whenever C. although D. if
unless 相当于 if not,意思是“除非…”“如果不…就…”。这 也是高考的热点之一。复习时也应给予高度重视。
问题
  2: 问题 :

  1、 I can see, there is only one possible way to keep 、 B away from the danger. (04北京春季) 北京春季) 北京春季 A. As long as B. As far as C. Just as D. Even if
  2、I always take something to read when I go to the 、 doctor’s I have to wait. (05全国卷 ) 全国卷
  3) 全国卷 A A.in case . B.so that . C.in order . D.as if .
as long as 与 as far as 都可引导条件状语从句,as long as 表示“只要…”,as far as 表示“就…而论(而言)”。 题1根据题意应该选用B。in case 表示“以防”,根据题 2的句意,不难作出选择。

  3、让步状语从句 、
问题
  1: 问题 :

  1、 I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the A person. (04江苏) A. While B. Since C. Before D. Unless
  2、Allow children the space to voice their opinions, they B are different from your own. (05湖南卷) (05 A. until B. even if C. unless D. as though
while 是高考中的高频词,它既可引导时间状语从句,又可 引导并列句,还可引导让步状语从句,表示“尽管”。 even if 等于 even though,表示“即使、尽管”。as though
 

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