Practice:
A
  1. the baby could speak made his parents very happy. A. That B. What C. Why D. If 主语从句 C
  2. I wonder you will go shopping or stay at home. A. that B. if C. whether D. what 宾语从句 C
  3. This is he was often late for school. D. whether 表语从句
  4. We all know the truth the earth around the sun. B A. if; moved B. that; moves whether; move 同位语从句 C. why; move D. A. what B. that C. why
名词从句
在复合句中起名词作用的从句叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses).名词从句的功能相当于 Clauses). ).名词从句的功能相当于 名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语,宾语, 名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语,宾语, 表语,同位语,介词宾语等,因此根据它在 表语,同位语,介词宾语等, 句中不同的语法功能, 句中不同的语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为 主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句和同位语从句. 主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句和同位语从句.
名词性从句在功能上相当于名词 His job is important.
主语
{What he does is important
This is his job.
.
表语
{This is what he does every day.
I don't like his job. 宾语 I don't like what he does every day.
{
同位语
{
I don't know about the man, Mr. White. I don't know about the fact that he is a teacher.
Try to find the noun clauses in the Reading section on page 2 and tell the functions.

  1. At lunchtime, the radio weatherman reported that the mist would become a thick fog in the afternoon.
Object clause

  2. She wondered if the buses would still be running.
Object clause

  3.The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. Predicative clause
  4. She sensed that she was being watched by a tall man in a dark coat.
Object clause
名词性从句考点归纳 一,名词性从句的语序 (
  1) 名词性从句构成有两种 a. That + 陈述句 That light travels in straight lines is known to all. b. 疑问词+句子的剩余成分 疑问词 句子的剩余成分 This is what we are looking for.
(
  2) 疑问词引导的名词性从句要求使用陈述句 语序,不能用一般疑问句语序. 语序,不能用一般疑问句语序.
他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜. 他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜. How was he successful is still a puzzle. ( F ) How he was successful is still a puzzle. ( T ) 你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗? 你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗? Could you tell me where he lives? Could you tell me where does he live? ( T ) ( )
F
二,名词性从句连接词的选用 (
  1)that 和what 的选用 that 和 what 都可引导所有的名词从句. 都可引导所有的名词从句. 但是, 除起连接作用外, 但是,what除起连接作用外,还在名 除起连接作用外 词性从句中充当成分, 词性从句中充当成分,可做从句的主 宾语,或表语. 语,宾语,或表语.而that在名词性从 在名词性从 句中不充当任何成分,只起连接作用. 句中不充当任何成分,只起连接作用.
that / what What
  1. he wants is a book. That
  2. he wants to go there is obvious. that
  3.The result is we won the game. what
  4.This is we want to know. what
  5.Is he told us true ? what
  6.We should pay attention to the teacher is saying. that
  7. I have no doubt he will come. what
  8. I have no idea he did that afternoon.
if 和whether 的选用
不能使用if 的情况: 不能使用 的情况: a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 d. 介词后的宾语从句 e. whether to do 做动词宾语不能用if to do. 做动词宾语不能用 f .whether or not 连在一起引导宾语从句时不用 连在一起引导宾语从句时不用if.
if / whether
  1. I asked her if / whether she had a bike. Whether
  2. we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather.
  3. We're worried about he is safe. whether whether/if
  4. I don't know he is well or not.
  5. I don't knowwhether or not he is well.
  6. The question is whether he should do it.
  7.The doctor can hardly answer the question whether the old man will recover soon.
  8. I don't know whether to go.
其它连接代词和副词的连用
主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义,正确的 主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义 正确的 选择who,which,when,where,why, 选择 , , , , , how 等连接词,这些连接词既具有疑问含义, 等连接词,这些连接词既具有疑问含义, 又起连接作用,同时在从句中充当各种成分. 又起连接作用,同时在从句中充当各种成分.
我们何时举行运动会还没有决定. 我们何时举行运动会还没有决定. When we shall hold our sports meeting is not decided. 我不知道昨天谁打破了玻璃. 我不知道昨天谁打破了玻璃. I don't know broke the glass yesterday. who 我不知道他长的什么样子. 我不知道他长的什么样子. what I have no idea he looks like. 这就是我忘记眼镜的地方. 这就是我忘记眼镜的地方. where This is I left my glasses.
引导词that 引导词that 的省略 that 可省略的情况: 可省略的情况: 单个宾语从句中的that可省略 单个宾语从句中的 可省略 that不可省略的情况: 不可省略的情况: 不可省略的情况 a. 主语从句 b.表语从句 表语从句 c.同位语从句 同位语从句 d.用it做形式宾语的宾语从句 用 做形式宾语的宾语从句 e. 并列的宾语从句中的后几个从句的 引导词that 不能省略 引导词
that/ (that) (that)
  1.I don't think she is coming. that
  2.It is a pity he has made such a mistake. that
  3.The reason is he is careless . that
  4.The news our team won the match inspired us. that
  5.I don't think it necessary you should read English aloud. (that)
  6.He told me his father had died that and he had to make a living alone.
三,同位语从句的引导和辨别

  1.同位语从句的格式:n.+ 连接词 + 从句 同位语从句的格式: 同位语从句的格式
  2.能接同位语从句的名词有:fact,idea, news, 能接同位语从句的名词有: 能接同位语从句的名词有 , information, order, belief, suggestion, advice等 等
  3.连接词通常是 连接词通常是that,也可根据含义选用 连接词通常是 也可根据含义选用 whether, what, when, where 等来引导同位语从句. 等来引导同位语从句.
that/ whether / where/ how
where
  1. I have no idea he comes from. how
  2. He can't answer the question he got the money.
  3.He gave us many suggestions we that should get up earlier and take more exercise. that
  4.I have no doubt he will win. whether
  5. I have some doubt he will win.
同位语从句和定语从句的区别
  1.定语从句是先行词的修饰语,它不涉及先行词的 定语从句是先行词的修饰语, 定语从句是先行词的修饰语 具体内容.定语从句中that不但起连接作用,而且 不但起连接作用, 具体内容.定语从句中 不但起连接作用 在定语从句中充当一个句子成分, 在定语从句中充当一个句子成分,充当从句的宾语成分 时可省略. 时可省略.
  2.同位语从句对中心词的内容作进一步的解释和说明, 同位语从句对中心词的内容作进一步的解释和说明, 同位语从句对中心词的内容作进一步的解释和说明 表明中心词的具体内容.引导同位语从句的that 表明中心词的具体内容.引导同位语从句的 在同位语从句中不做任何成分,只起连接作用 只起连接作用,无具体 在同位语从句中不做任何成分 只起连接作用 无具体 含义,且不可省略 含义 且不可省略.
Attributive
or Appositive

  1.We expressed the hope that they had expressed. AT
  2. We expressed the hope that they would come to China again. AP
  1.The information has been announced that more middle school graduates will be admitted into university. AP
  2.The information that he revealed at the meeting is of great value. AT
名词demand, suggestion, proposal, advice 名词 等词后的同位语从句的语气要用虚拟语气, 等词后的同位语从句的语气要用虚拟语气 结构为 should + do, should 可省略 He gave me a suggestion that I ( should ) be calm now.
宾语从句的时态呼应
  1. 如果主句时态是现在时或将来时 从句谓语 如果主句时态是现在时或将来时,从句谓语 可根据句意需要而选用任一种时态. 可根据句意需要而选用任一种时态 a .他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的 他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的. 他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的 He believes his dream will come true some day . b .请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么 请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么. 请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么 Please tell me what you were doing at this time . yesterday

  2. 如果主句谓语是过去时 从句谓语动词一般用过去的 如果主句谓语是过去时,从句谓语动词一般用过去的 某种时态,但从句表达的是客观事实 真理, 但从句表达的是客观事实, 某种时态 但从句表达的是客观事实,真理,自然规 律等时,从句谓语通常用一般现在时. 律等时,从句谓语通常用一般现在时. 他告诉我他正在为考试做准备. 他告诉我他正在为考试做准备. he was preparing for the examination He told me . 他说他已离开家乡十年了. 他说他已离开家乡十年了. he had been away from his hometown He told me . for ten years 老师告诉我们光是沿直线运行的. 老师告诉我们光是沿直线运行的. The teacher tell us light travels in a straight line.
Practice time

  1.It now appears they are in need of help. A. that A. which A. thought that C. is thought that
  4.It he is late for class. A. may that C. may be that
  5.This is she was born. A. where A. that B. which B. what C. that C. which D. what D. when
  6.The question is we can't go there today. B. might that D. might be what B. which B. what C. what C. that B. thinks that D. is thought that D. how D. how
  2.It is good news they will arrive in a few days.
  3.It Joe drives badly.

  7.The question is it is worth doing. A. if B. whether C. which D. what
  8.The reason he has made such great progress is he has never wasted his time. A. because A. what A. build A. keep A. Who that B. why B. that B. will build B. would keep B. Whoever C. that C. which C. be built C. keeps C. Whom that D. what D. where D. will be built D. kept D. That who
  9.My suggestion is we should turn the land into rice fields.
  10.His proposal is that the dam at the foot of the mountain.
  11.My advice is that he regular house.
  12. knows the truth will tell you about it.

  13.We all know the truth the earth goes round the sun. A. that B. which C. what D. whether

  14.We heard the news our team had won. A. which B. that C. what D. where

  15.The problem it is right or wrong has not yet been decided. A. which B. that C. whether D. if

  16.You must do well the teacher asks you to do. A. which B. what C. that D. where
Thank you
 

相关内容

英语语法:名词性从句

   英语语法: 英语语法:名词性从句 语法 一. 教学内容: 第五单元语法:名词性从句 1. 名词性从句 2. 同位语从句 3. 同位语从句与定语从句的辨析 4. what; whatever; whoever; where 引导的名词性从句 5. it 作为形式主语的句型 二. 知识总结与归纳: (一)名词性从句的结构:名词性从句起名词作用在句中做主语,表语,宾语和同位语构成: 主语从句; 表语从句; 宾语从句和同位语从句。 引导名词性从句的连词有三类: that; whether; wh疑问 ...

英语语法??名词性从句

   名词性从句 百科名片 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词性从句 (Noun Clauses)。 名词性从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中 能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能,名词性从句又可分别称为 主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。 目录 一、引导名词性从句的连接词 二. 主语从句 三、宾语从句 四、表语从句 五、同位语从句 六、名词性 that-从句 七、名词性 wh-从句 八、if, whether 引导的名词从句 " " " 展开 编 ...

英语语法名词性从句

   Practice: A 1. the baby could speak made his parents very happy. A. That B. What C. Why D. If 主语从句 C 2. I wonder you will go shopping or stay at home. A. that B. if C. whether D. what 宾语从句 C 3. This is he was often late for school. D. whether 表语从句 ...

英语语法 名词性从句

   在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses) 名词从句的功能相当于名词词组, 。 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功 能,名词从句又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。 17.1 引导名词性从句的连接词 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: 连接词:that,whether,if 不充当从句的任何成分) 连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which ...

英语语法名词性从句的十大考点全攻略

   英语语法名词性从句的十大考点全攻略 Who / whoever, what / whatever等的用法区别 一般说来,what/who等含特指意义,而whatever/whoever等含泛指意义,意为“无论什么/无论谁”。 It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 解析:答案是B,whatever引导一个宾 ...

英语:名词性从句

   一、名词性从句 名词性从句即指从句相当于名 词用,包括主语、宾语、 词用,包括主语、宾语、表语 及同位语从句,由连词引出。 及同位语从句,由连词引出。 1. that 引出一个陈述句,that在从句中 引出一个陈述句, 在从句中 无意义,也无成份, 无意义,也无成份,引导宾语从句时 可省略。 可省略。 2. if“是否”只引导宾语从句,不能省, 是否” 是否 只引导宾语从句,不能省, 所引导的从句还原是一般疑问句。 所引导的从句还原是一般疑问句。 Whether…or not “是否”,引导 ...

高中英语-名词性从句

   名词性从句 一、名词性从句的种类 1. 主语从句(subject clause) 2. 宾语从句(object clause) 3. 表语从句(predicative clause) 4. 同位语从句(appositive clause) What kind of clauses are they? 1.When we will start is not clear. 2.Mrs Black won’t believe that her son has become a thief. 3. ...

高三英语名词性从句

   Joke 1 Beauty was a very pretty girl. Quite a lot of young men wanted to marry her. One day, one of the young men came to visit her and asked her to become his wife. She answered, "No, John, I won't marry you. I want to marry a man who is famo ...

高一英语名词性从句

   名词性从句 英语从句其实就是三个句型的衍生物。掌握了三个句型就已经掌握了名词性从句。名词性从句并不难。只是在 我们过去学过的三种基本句型中出现名词的位置上,根据需要将名词扩大成一个句子,并做小小的改动。也就 是说在一个主系表或主谓宾句型中再套上一个主系表或主谓宾的句子而已。注意中英文表达上的区别 I know the teacher I know that he is rich I know that there is awallet on the desk. I know that he ...

英语名词性从句的用法

   Language study Complete the sentences with words from the box, change the form if necessary . narrow consist mistaken influence basis upper union republic 1.A group of Trade Union leaders met to discuss questions about job safety. 2.The official na ...

热门内容

英语四六级词汇 (2)

   a series of 一系列,一连串 above all 首先,尤其是 最重要的是 after all 毕竟,究竟 ahead of 在...之前 ahead of time 提前 all at once 突然,同时 all but 几乎;除了...都 all of a sudden 突然 all over 遍及 all over again 再一次,重新 all the time 一直,始终 all the same 仍然,照样的 as regards 关于,至于 anything bu ...

初中英语中考定语从句复习归纳

   初中英语中考定语从句复习归纳 保定 冉冶 (一) 知识概要  定语从句并不属于中考范围,但由于作者在多年的 教学中体会到,这一语法现象影响了许多学生自学 英语。这些学生一般是成绩较好的学生,想进行大 量阅读来提高自己的英语水平,但总是碰到一些问 题,百思不得其解。苦于自己的水平只限于初中水 平,无法提高,但各种补习班又都是为一些水平较 差的学生开设的,所以又投师无门。为了解决这部 分学生的学习困难,也为那些有志青年铺平学习上 的道路,特用这一节讲述定语从句,不是从语法上 讲述,而是从阅读理 ...

新编大学英语4课后翻译

   Unit 1 致命诱惑 1 英国离奇谋杀案小说的女皇,毫无疑问是阿加莎?克里斯蒂。虽然作者本人在 20 多年前就去世了,但她 创作的 78 部侦探小说还是非常畅销。它们已经被译成了 100 多种语言,销量超过了 20 亿册。 2 阿加莎的小说无论是在英国还是在其他国家,都如此受人喜爱并不难理解。她的每本书都构思精巧。她创 造的人物一眼就能辨认出,情节的发展非常规范、准确、流畅。但最重要的是,她所有的故事都给读者一个 谜团。 3 克里斯蒂的作品几乎都是以谋杀开场,迫使读者提出这样一个问题: “ ...

高中英语课堂教学探索

   甘肃教育学院学报 ( 社会科学版) 第 17 卷0专辑 (3) ,2001 Journal of Gansu Education College (Social Sciences) Vol. 170Special Issue (3) ,2001 高中英语课堂教学探索 马晓娟 ( 甘肃省定西县东方红中学 ,甘肃 定西   743000)    我们知道教学方法是一门科学 ,又是一 门艺术 。但是任何一种教学方法都不是万 能的 。英语课堂教学是学生通过练习听 、 说、 、 读 写能力 , 达到掌 ...

2011年考研英语4月份教育部规定新增词汇新增词汇(445个)

   2010 年考研英语 4 月份教育部规定新增词汇新增词汇(445 个)A 月份教育部规定新增词汇新增词汇( abdomen n. 腹, 腹部 abound vi. 多, 大量存在, 富于, 充满 acclaim n. 喝彩, 欢呼 v. 欢呼, 称赞 accord n. 一致, 符合, 调和, 协定 vt. 一致, 给与 vi. 符合 accountant n. 会计(员), 会计师 addict vt. 使沉溺, 使上瘾 n. 入迷的人, 有瘾的人 adore v. 崇拜, 爱慕, (口语 ...