Grammar Revision
A.时间状语从句: A.时间状语从句: 时间状语从句
引导时间状语从句的连词有: 引导时间状语从句的连词有: when, while, as, before, after, till, until, since, as soon as, the moment, immediately, every time, next time, the first time, once 等。

  1. when 正在…的时候,突然… 正在 的时候,突然 的时候 I was walking along the street when I met him. One evening, little Hans was sitting near the fire when he heard a loud knock at the door. I was about to fall asleep when my sister came in. He had just got back home when the telephone rang. 我正准备告诉他那个秘密,这时有人拍了拍我的肩膀。 我正准备告诉他那个秘密,这时有人拍了拍我的肩膀。 I was about to tell him the secret when someone patted me on the shoulder.

  2. not… until 直到 直到……才 才 He didn’t leave the office until he finished the work. Not until he finished the work did he leave the office. It was not until he finished the work that he left the office. 直到被送入手术间时,他才明白遵守交通规则的重要性。 直到被送入手术间时,他才明白遵守交通规则的重要性。 He didn't realize the importance of observing the traffic regulations until he was sent into the operating room.

  3. before 在……之前 之前 He ran off before I could stop him. 现在就做,免得你忘记了。 现在就做,免得你忘记了。 Do it now before you forget it. 几个星期过去了我才意识到那幅画丢了。 几个星期过去了我才意识到那幅画丢了。 Several weeks had gone by before I realized the painting was missing. It was not long before I forgot it all. 五年后我们才会再见面呢。 五年后我们才会再见面呢。 It will be five years before we meet again. 我们将作进一步的讨论,然后再作出最终的结论。 我们将作进一步的讨论,然后再作出最终的结论。 We will have a further discussion before we draw/ make a final conclusion.

  4. since 自从 自从……, 通常主句用现在完成时 自从 I have never been there again since I graduated from the university. The captain has traveled almost everywhere in the world since he became a pilot. It is just a week since we arrived here. Have you known Mr. Smith for a long time? Yes, since he our Badminton Club. A. has joined C. had joined B. joins D. joined

  1. It was evening we reached the little town of Winchester. A. that A. that B. until B. since C. since C. when D. before
  2. It was in 1979 I graduated from university. D. before
  3. Scientists say it may be five or six years it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. A. since B. after C. before D. when
  4. Did Jack come back early last night? Yes, it was not yet eight o'clock he arrived home. A. before B. when C. that D. until

  5. no sooner… than 一……就…… 就 He had no sooner fallen asleep than he heard a knock on the door. ( no sooner… than… 用于句首要求倒装 用于句首要求倒装) No sooner had he fallen asleep than he heard a knock on the door. Hardly …when… Scarcely …when… 他刚离开家,天就开始下雨了。 他刚离开家,天就开始下雨了。 (Hardly) Hardly had he left home when it began to rain.

  6. the moment, as soon as , immediately, Did you remember to give Mary the money you owed her? Yes, I gave her the moment I saw her.

  7. The first time, next time, every time, each time 等 I thought her nice and honest I met her. A. first time C. the first time B. for the first time D. by the first time
B.条件状语从句 B.条件状语从句
引导状语从句的连接词有: 引导状语从句的连接词有 if, unless, as long as, in case, provided that, on condition that

  1. If If you don’t hurry up, you will miss the plane. If it snows tomorrow, the flight will be canceled. 假如你想从事这项工作,你必须接受三个月的训练。 假如你想从事这项工作,你必须接受三个月的训练。 (take up ) If you want to take up this job, you should first be trained for three months. If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, . A. he will either C. he neither will B. neither will he D. either he will

  2. Unless 如果不 除非 if not) 如果不, 除非(= He will not join us unless he changes his mind. Don’t trouble trouble unless trouble troubles you. 要了解梨子的滋味, 只要亲口尝尝。( 要了解梨子的滋味, 只要亲口尝尝。( unless) You won’t know the taste of pears unless you taste one by yourself. It is known to all that you exercise regularly, you won't keep good health. A. unless B. whenever C. although D. if

  3. 其它连词 只要专心学习,你一定能顺利通过考试。 只要专心学习,你一定能顺利通过考试。 (concentrate) So long as you concentrate on your studies, you'll succeed in passing the examinations. 就我所知,在那座小城市里购物很方便。 就我所知,在那座小城市里购物很方便。 (as far as) As far as I know, it is convenient to do shopping in that small city. Leave your key with neighbor you lock yourself out one day. A. ever since B. even if C. soon after D. in case I always take something to read when I go to the doctor's I have to wait. A. in case B. so that C. in order D. as if
C. 地点状语从句
地点状语从句只有两个连词: 地点状语从句只有两个连词 where, wherever
Put the medicine where you can easily get it. 从我自己的经历中,我得出一个结论:有志者事竟成。 从我自己的经历中,我得出一个结论:有志者事竟成。 From my own experience, I draw a conclusion, that is, where there is a will, there is a way. If a shop has chairs women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. A. that B. which C. when D. where
The place the bridge is supposed to be built should be the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which; where C. at which; where B. at which; which D. which; in which

  1. A modern city has been set up in was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. where
  2. After the war, a new school building was put up there had once been a theatre. A. where B. that C. which D. when
  3. You should make it a rule to leave things you can find them again. A. when B. where C. then D. which
  4. The famous scientist grew up he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. A. when B. where C. whenever D. wherever
D.原因状语从句 D.原因状语从句
because, as, since, now that, 和for , in that 这六个连词都用于 表示表示原因, 表示表示原因 但在语气上一个比 一个弱. 一个弱

  1. 由于准备充分,他在面试中一点也不紧张。(not… at 由于准备充分,他在面试中一点也不紧张。 all) Because he was well-prepared, he didn’t feel nervous at all during the interview.
  2. you've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. A. Now that B. After C. Although D. As soon as
  3. everybody knows about it, I don't want to talk about it any more. A. For A. since B. Even B. as C. Since C. because D. However D. now that
  4. Did he come he wanted help?

  1. It was it was too expensive that I didn’t buy it. A. since B. as C. because D. now that
  2. He got the highest marks in the final exam. It was all he had worked very hard. A. why B. that C. whether D. because
  3. It rained last night, the ground is wet this morning. A. since B. as C. because D. for
  4. a difficult situation, so you should send him a message and give him some advice. A. As he is in C. Being in B. He is in D. He being in

  1. 今天下午我没空,我和牙医有约。(appointment) 今天下午我没空,我和牙医有约。 I am not free this afternoon because I have an appointment with my dentist.
  2. 我不需要买新车,我的那辆旧车还很好。 我不需要买新车,我的那辆旧车还很好。 I don’t need to buy a new car, because my old one is still in good condition.
E.结果状语从句 E.结果状语从句
引导结果状语从句的连词有: 引导结果状语从句的连词有: so, that, so that, so…that…, such…that

  1. 这款手机式样新颖、携带方便,深受年轻人的欢迎。 这款手机式样新颖、携带方便,深受年轻人的欢迎。 (popular) The mobile phone is fashionable in style and convenient to carry, so it is very popular with young people.
  2. 这小孩太调皮了,使他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱。 这小孩太调皮了,使他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱。 The child is so naughty that he often makes his parents, who are busy with their work, upset.
  3. So difficult it to live in an English-speaking country that I am determined to learn English. A. I have felt C. I did feel B. have I felt D. did I feel

  1. 他的病情尚不足于使我们忧虑。(such) 他的病情尚不足于使我们忧虑。 His illness isn’t such that it should bring us anxiety.
  2. His anxiety was he couldn’t stop trembling. A. so that B. such that C. in order that D. now that
  3. What have I done you are so angry with me? A. that B. because C. as D. though

  4. He had overslept, he was late for work. A. such that C. so that B. in order that D. now that
F.目的状语从句 F.目的状语从句
引导目的状语从句的主要连词有: 引导目的状语从句的主要连词有 that, so that, in order that, for fear that, lest, in case

  1. 我家里常备有蜡烛以防断电。(in case) 我家里常备有蜡烛以防断电。 I always keep candles in the house in case there is/ should be a power cut.
  2.我已把它抄下了,免得忘记。 我已把它抄下了,免得忘记。 我已把它抄下了 I wrote it down in case/ for fear that I should forget it.
  3. Roses need special care they can live through winter. A. because B. so that C. even if D. as
  4. The driver looked over the engine carefully it (should) go wrong on the way. A. in order that B. so that C. lest D. in case of
G. 让步状语从句
引导让步状语从句的连词有: 引导让步状语从句的连词有: although, though, as, even if, even though, no matter, however, whatever, while, whether

  1. There was never any time for Kate to feel lonely, she was an only child. A. ever since B. now that C. even though D. even as
  2. , Carolina couldn't get the door open. A. Might she as try C. She might as try B. As she might try D. Try as she might

  3. You should try to get a good night’s sleep much work you have to do. A. however B. no matter C. although D. whatever
  4. The old tower must be saved, the cost. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever

  1. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, great it is. A. what B. whatever C. how D. however
  2. We will finish the work on time, difficulty we may meet. A. what B. whatever C. how D. however
  3. We will finish the work on time, many difficulties we may meet. A. what B. whatever C. how D. however
  4. ,I have never seen anyone who's as capable as John. A. As long as I have travelled B. Now that I have travelled so much C. Much as I travelled D. As I have travelled so much

  1. 不管天有多晚,他从不把今天的事拖到明天。(put off) 不管天有多晚,他从不把今天的事拖到明天。 However late it is, he never puts off what must be done today till tomorrow.
  2. 无论风多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。(no 无论风多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。 matter…) No matter how hard the rain falls or the wind blows, the police keep to their posts.
  3. 虽然他孤身一人,无亲无故,但邻居们都向他伸出了 虽然他孤身一人,无亲无故, 援助之手。 援助之手。 (offer) Although she lives (alone) with no relatives or friends, all her neighbors offer her a helping hand.
I.比较状语从句 I.比较状语从句
比较状语从句常见句型: 比较状语从句常见句型: as…as…, not so (as)…as…, . …than…, The more…, the more....

  1. In recent years travel companies have succeeded in selling us the idea that the further we go, . A. our holidays will be better B. our holidays will be the better C. the better our holidays will be D. the better will our holidays be
  2. To enjoy the scenery, Irene would rather spend long hours on the train travel by air. A. as B. to C. than D. while
  3. The more I think about him, the more reasons I find for loving him I did. A. as much as B. as long as C. as far as D. as soon as

  1. 越来越多的人意识到遵守交通规则的重要性。 (be 越来越多的人意识到遵守交通规则的重要性。 aware) More and more people are aware of the importance of obeying the traffic regulations.
  2.普遍公认的是,我们的大脑越是使用,我们就越聪明。 普遍公认的是, 普遍公认的是 我们的大脑越是使用,我们就越聪明。 (accept) It is generally accepted that the more we use our brain, the more clever we will become.
  3. What a table! I've never seen such a thing before. It is it is long. A. half not as wide as B. wide not as half as C. not half as wide as D. as wide as not half
 

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