主谓一致
Step1 定义
  1. 语法形式上要一致,即单复数形式与谓语要一致。
  2. 意义上要一致,即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式上一致。 eg. I am seventeen. She is sixteen. There is a desk in the room. There are no chairs in it. They have not come yet. Step
  2. Rules
  1. 例句 Shanghai is the biggest city in China. The united states lies in North America. China daily is read all over china. The United Nations plays an important part in the world affairs. 归纳:表示国家、城市、人名、书名、报纸、杂志及组织等专有名词作主语, 通常作为整体看,谓语动词用单数
  2.例句 The writer and poet is a professor from a university. The iron and steel industry plays an important part in our national economy The teacher and writer has come to the meeting. Fire and water do not agree. The writer and the poet were over there. 归纳: And 连接两个名词做主语,若 and 前后的名词指的是同一个人或物, 谓语用单数。若指的是不同的人或物,谓语用复数。
  3.例句 Lucy and Lily are twin sisters. The boy and the girl were surprised when they heard the news. Every student and every teacher was in the room. No body and no girl likes it. 归纳:由 and 连接的两个单数名词做主语,谓语动词用复数。如在分词前由 every, each, no, many a 时,谓语动词用单数。
  4.例句 No one but Tom and Peter was in the classroom. A woman with a baby in her arms was getting on the bus. Jack rather than Tom is to blame. Mr. Smith, as well as his wife and children, is arriving in Beijing next Monday. 归纳:由 with, together with, as well as, besides, except, along with, including, rather than 等连接两个名词作主语,谓语动词根据第一个名词来判断。
  5.例句 His family is a large one with seven members. His family are fond of classical music. My class is a big one.
My class are working hard at their lessons. 归纳:集合名词做主语,若表示整体时谓语用单数,若表示集体中的成员时 谓语用复数。
  6.例句 Two kilometers is a long distance. One thousand dollars is a large sum of money. Five years is a long time. 归纳:有些表示时间、数量、金钱、距离等的名词可以作为一个整体来对待, 谓语动词用单数。
  7.例句 All means have been tried. Every means has been tried. The chemical works is at the other end of the town. These works were closed for lack of raw material. 归纳:有些单复数同型的名词,要根据意思决定谓语动词的形式。
  8.例句 Walking on the moon is very difficult. What he said is wrong. To walk with him is a great pleasure. Smoking is harmful to people’s health. 归纳:动名词、不定式或从句做主语时,谓语用单数。
  9.例句 The old are taken good care of in our village. The wounded were sent to hospital immediately. The rich are for the plan, but the poor are against it. The beautiful gives pleasure to all. 归纳: 定冠词 the 加上某些形容词, the rich, the wounded, the old, the dead, the 如 sick 等表示一类人,谓语用复数。表示一类物,用单数。
  10.例句 Either you or I am to go. Nither you nor she is wholly right. Not only you but also I am going to be punished for playing computer games after school. 归纳:当两个主语由 either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also 等连接时,谓 语动词与邻近的主语保持一致。
  11.例句 Here is a computer and many books for you. There were many pictures of him on the wall. 归纳:Here, there 引导的句子,谓语动词也采用就近原则。
  12.例句 About three-fourths of the earth’s surface is covered with water. Two thirds of the apples were bad.
归纳:分数或百分数做主语时,谓语动词根据后面的名词来判断。若名词为 可数名词,谓语用复数,若名词为不可数名词,谓语用单数
  13.例句 None of them has arrived yet at the area. None of them have arrived yet. Neither of them knows the answers. Neither of them know the answers. 归纳:代词 none, neither 有时作单数看,有时作复数看待,主要 根据说话人 的意思来判断。
  14.例句 He is one of the students who have been to shanghai. He is the only one of the students who has been to shanghai. 归纳:“One of+复数名词” 后的定语从句中的谓语用复数,而“the (only/very) one of+复数名词”后的定语从句中的谓语用单数
  15.例句 Everyone is here. Everything is ready. 归纳:Everybody, everyone, someone ,nobody, everything, nothing, something 等 不定代词作主语,谓语动词用单数 Step
  3. Exx.
  1. Mike and John’s . A. father is a teacher C. father are teacher B. fathers are teachers D. fathers are teachers

  2. Three fourths of the homework today. A. has finished C. have finished B. has been finished D. have been finished

  3. Jane is the only one of the best students in her class who by their teacher. A. are praised B. is praised C. praise D. praised

  4. The whole class the teacher attentively. A .are listening to B .is listening to C .are listening D .is listening

  5. The United States of Americaone of the most developed countries in the world. A .is B .are C .was D .were

  6. Nobodyto smoke in the cinema. A .allows B .allow C .is allowed D .are allowed

  7. Mary as well as her sistersChinese in China. A .are studying B. have studied C. is studying D. study
  8. I, whoyour teacher,will try my best to help you with your study. A. be B. am C. are D. is

  9. The rich not always happy. A. are B. is C. has D. have

  10. Many a man come to help me. A. have B. has C. does D. had

  11. No one but her parents it. A. know B. knows C. is knowing D. are knowing
单元检测
一. 单词拼写
  1. The old man came in, with two young men (搀扶) his body.
  2. Flying across the high mountain for the first time is a great a.
  3. Devoted to the cause of education all her life, she was r by all the people in her country.
  4. (鉴于) his age, he did it quite well.
  5. His first song was (给予灵感) by the memory of his mother. 二. 完成句子
  6. She worked hard to not to use them.
她努力工作让尽可能多的国家同意不再使用他们。

  7. But the evening all . 但是到傍晚时分我们觉得这一切都是值得的。
  8. unusual in the forest.
对女性来说住进大森林是一件稀罕的事。

  9. Why not study a medical college like Lin Qiaozhi and __ her good work?
为什么不像林巧稚一样在医学院学习然后继续她高尚的工作呢?

  10. They are to learners of English.
他们对学习英语的人很有帮助。
三. 单项选择
  11. It can be said that reaching the agreement so quickly was a great for the
meeting A. appointment B. achievement C. progress D. accident
  12. What are the students about? Whether Senior Three students should join in the coming school sports meet. A. quarreling B. inspiring C. fighting D. arguing
  13. the stars carefully, and you will find that they are not shining themselves. . A. Observe B. Notice C. Glance at D. Mind
  14. Although there are many programs on TV, I think it’s wise of you not to sit watching too much. A. worth B. worthwhile C. meaningless D. sensible
  15. Actually, the newly-published English magazine is not to enlarge vocabulary. A. intended B. instructed C. writtent D. translated
  16. with so many fans of the famous Super Girl, the stadium is hard for us to enter. A. Crowding B. To be crowded C. Crowded D. Crowded out
  17. It’s my daily duty to have the English newspapers to the senior students. A. printed B. published C. delivered D. advertised
  18. I was about to give up my effort to work on the puzzle when a good idea me. A. attacked B. beat C. caught D. hit
  19. It was foolish of him to his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished. A. stick to B. refer to C. keep to D. point to
  20. In a way, I think we both won I won the game, but you won my . A. support B. favour C. respect D. impression
  21. Greatly , the students made up their minds to carry the experiment. A. inspiring; out B. inspired; on C. having inspired; through D. to be inspired; away
  22. What is his suggestion? Just guess the meaning of it whenever you a new word in reading. A. come into B. come at C. come across D. come about
  23. modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. A. While B. Since C. As D. If
  24. Anything different today? Er, no teacher and no student absent today, which means all present at the meeting. A. are; are B. was; were C. were;was D. is; is
  25. Am I free to run around here? . Don’t you know the school rules? A. Behave yourself B. Believe in yourself C. Cheer up D. Never mind
 

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