英语语法资料 英语语法资料
一,单项选择题(本大题共 21 小题,每小题 1 分,共 21 分) Choose the best answer from the choices given and put the letters A,B,C or D in the brackets.
  1.The general sent out word that no one in the bunker to bed until further orders.( ) A.will go B.would go C.was about to go D.was to go
  2.He violin when I want to sleep.( A.always plays B.play always C.is always playing D.always is playing
  3.James has just arrived, but I didn't know he until yesterday.( A.will come B.was coming C.had been coming D.comes
  4.I only called the police when I everything else.( A.tried B.was trying C.had tried D.had been trying
  5.Mother wished I you what she .( A.didn't tell; said B.didn't tell; has said C.didn't tell; had said D.hadn't told; said
  6.Jean Wagner's most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference.( ) A.is to be analyzed B.were analyzed C.be analyzed D.should have been analyzed
  7.The teacher said that Jane work harder the following semester. ( ) A.have to B. had better C.had better to D.would rather to
  8.The twins had been away for such a long time that many people in the village thought they( ) A.ought to have died B.should have died C.must have died D.could have died
  9."I go out today. If I do,I in a storm." I said to myself when I heard the weatherman say there would be a heavy rain that day.( A.had better not to; might have been caught B.had better; may be caught C.would not; might have been caught D.had better not; may be caught ) ) ) ) )

  10.I hope that it is possible to achieve this objective by calling on the smokers good judgment and show concern for others rather than by regulation. ( ) A.to be using B.to have been using C.use D.to use
  11.When to tell the difference between British and American English, the linguist made a long and speech.( A.asked; tired B.asked; tiring C.asking; tiring D.be asked; tired
  12.The money would have to be raised by taxation.( A.far B.farther C.farthest D.further
  13.Their plane arrived San Francisco this morning.( A.from B.at C.to D.on
  14.The delegation Russia will visit London this afternoon.( A.in B.from C.at D.for
  15.Her mother can't speak English French, but is good at Japanese. ( ) A.yet B.or C.neither D.while
  16.He became a successful actor his father never was.( A.who B.whom C.that D.when
  17.The manager fulminated against his secretary, surprised me. ( ) A.who B.whom C.that D.which
  18.He graduated from college his parents divorced.( A.which B.before C.while D.that
  19.She sat the table in the restaurant.( A.in B.with C.from D.at
  20.Young he was, he managed to make a living on his own.( A.although B.since C.though D.thus
  21. you had been here, we wouldn't have had so much trouble then. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
(
)
A.when B.if C.as D.since 二,多项选择填充题(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分) Fill in each of the blanks with one of the items given.
  22.is, are, was, were, itself, himself, themselves The trade union believed to regard as an organization where the molested could seek advice and help.
  23.is, are, was, were, will be, are going to be, have, has, had The beautiful something that the innocent not always able to appreciate fully.
  24.preferred, prefers, is, are, was, were, will be, shall be During the holiday week, one-third of the students in our class prepared to stay on campus for study while around ten percent of them some more sleep at home.
  25.is, are, has, have, having The average British family, which smaller and richer than 50 years ago,
  3.6members.
  26.were, was, had, propaganda, propagandas Large amounts of money spent on .
  27.than, as, more, most, the The information that comes in , more confused the picture becomes.
  28.than, as, more, so, less I'm not going out with a man who's twice old me.
  29.analysis, criteria, diabetes, gentry, pants, physics a. Singular only: b. Plural only: 三,填空题(本大题共 16 小题,每小题 1 分,共 16 分) Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word or phrase.
  30.Nobody in the class agrees with you,?
  31.Everyone is excited by the news, ?
  32.Let's not take John with us on our family outing this time, ?
  33.John hardly speaks to anybody in the class, ?
  34.She's lost almost friend she had.
  35.He lost parents when he was a child.
  36.The noise of the party stopped me getting sleep.
  37.When you were in London, did you visit Tower, too?
  38.He said that he (feed) up with college instructors who tried to
teach him to use the "scientific method".
  39.It is surprising that this innocent-looking girl (commit) such a crime.
  40.I appreciate (give) the opportunity to study abroad three years ago.
  41.I think his failure in the experiment resulted his carelessness.
  42.This car is very expensive. You have to pay half a million dollars it.
  43.With an appropriate conjunctive Last month I bought a watch. It is cheap, it goes quite well.
  44.With an appropriate relative pronoun My brother speaks English fluently, I don't.
  45.He can not choose his own job, can I. 四,改错题(本大题共 11 小题,每小题 1 分,共 11 分) Correct one error in each of the following sentences.
  46.I think you should go for school earlier today.
  47.She said she was afraid at her father.
  48. -"Which newspaper would you like?" -"It doesn't matter. Every one."
  49.I spent the all of the summer at home.
  50.The girl often heard to sing the same song at the same time in her room.
  51.Being not helped by anybody, he is not likely to succeed.
  52.Should we always follow the advice of our olders?
  53.He stood there, his eyes closed and his hands in the pockets, looking half asleep.
  54.I met another boyfriend of Lucy yesterday.
  55.The project on that we have been working for five weeks is a great success.
  56.Which she does is often at variance with what she says. 五,改句(本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分) Rewrite the following sentences as required.
  57. Turning the following imperative into a tag question Don't let the children eat a lot of sweets and ice creams.
  58. Using a relative pronoun I am going to the airport to meet Mr Johnson. He is a close friend of mine.
  59. Using a relative pronoun She is lawyer. I know her.
  60. Using an adjunct Mary decided to stay in her London apartment.
She was growing sick of city Life.
  61. Using the passive voice Couldn't we ask someone to take on the job privately without anyone knowing?
  62. Using a modal verb Am I not right in supposing this is the one you want?
  63. Using a nonfinite verb form At a very early stage, Paderewski revealed that he was a master of the keyboard.
  64. Using an adjunct His child had gone to school. He could concentrate on his research work.
  65. Using extra-position To see all the high school kids standing on one foot outside school property and puffing away furtively and defiantly on their cigarettes makes a disappointing view.
  66. Using fronting He plunged into the tumultuous water in order to save the girls.
  67.Rewriting B's answer by using a cohesive device A: Is John trying to enter Harvard Law School? B: No, I don't think John is trying to enter Harvard Law School. He hates lawyers.
  68. Rewriting the second sentence by using a cohesive device My wife and I take a walk after supper this evening. In fact, we take a walk every evening.
  69. Rewriting the second clause by using a cohesive device The limited seats should be given to old people and the younger people are advised to stand for a while. 六,名词解释题(本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分) Define the following terms with examples.
  70.Participles
  71.What is "fronting"?
  72.Define "ellipsis" 七,简答题(本大题共 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分) Answer the following questions.
  73.List at least 4 means of expressing future time.
  74.What's the difference between a simple verb phrase and a complex verb phrase?
英语常用同义词辨析 English Synonyms_ 学习技巧与方法 英语常用同义词辨析 English Synonyms_ 学习技巧与方法 -
abandon, desert, forsake, leave, give up 这些动词或词组均含"抛弃,放弃"之意.
abandon〓强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的. desert〓着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味. forsake〓侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物.也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习. leave〓普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果. give up〓普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃.
ability, capacity, capability, genius, talent, competence, faculty, gift, aptitude 这些名词均可表示人的"能力,才能"之意.
ability〓普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力. capacity〓侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力. capability〓多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有,尚未发挥的潜在能力. 常与 of 或 for 连用. genius〓语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力. talent〓着重指人某方面具有可发展和倍养的突出天赋才能,但语意比 genius 弱. competence〓正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求. faculty〓指特殊的才能或智力. gift〓着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领, 常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味. aptitude〓多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学 术训练或艺术技巧.
able, capable, competent 这些形容词均含有"有能力的,能干的"之意.
able〓最常用词,多用于褒义,着重指多方面的,经常性的,或潜在性的能力.有时也指高 超,非凡的能力.
capable〓语气弱于 able,指有能力,有潜力或有条件做某事,常与 of 连用. competent〓强调具有能胜任某项工作的足够技能或其它所需的条件.
abolish, cancel, repeal 这些动词均含"取消,废除"之意.
abolish〓正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度,规章或习俗. cancel〓用法广泛,多指取消债务,合同,证书,比赛,旅行,计划或约会等. repeal 书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议,法案或法律等.
about, around, round 这些词均有"在周围,在附近"之意.
about〓既可表静态,也可表动态. around〓主要用于美国,静态或动态均可. round〓主要用于英国,多半指动态.
above, on, over 这些前置词均含"在……上"之意.
above〓一般指位置高于某物,但不一定在正上方,也不接触另一物,其反义词是 below. on〓指与另一物表面相接触.方,多暗示悬空,但也含"覆盖于……之上"之意.其反义词是 under.
absorb, suck, digest, incorporate 这些动词均有"吸收"之意.
absorb〓普通用词,词义广泛,既可指吸收光,热,液体等具体东西,又可指吸收知识等抽 象概念的东西. suck〓作"吸收"解时,可与 absorb 换用,但还可有"吮吸"之意.
digest〓侧重在消化道内改变食物的化学结构后被人体吸收. incorporate〓指一物或多物与它物相融合,形成一整体.
absurd, ridiculous 这两个形容词均含有"荒谬的"之意.
absurd〓普通用词,强调指违背常理的荒谬. ridiculous〓强调荒谬到令人发笑的地步.
abundant, plentiful, ample 这些形容词均有"充分的,丰富的"之意.
abundant〓着重某物极为丰富有或大量的供应. plentiful〓普通用词,指某物的数量多得称心如意,不过剩,但较少用于描写抽象之物. ample〓指某物不仅满足了需要而且有余.
accept, receive, admit, take 这些动词均有"接受,接纳"之意.
accept〓强调主动地或自愿地接受,或者说,经过考虑后同意接受. receive〓着重仅仅接到或收到这一支轮船或事实,而不含采取主动或积极行动的意思. admit〓作"接受"讲时,强调准许或批准. take 与 receive 同意,是 receive 的日常用法,侧重不带主观意愿地收下或接受.
accident, incident, event, occurrence, happening 这些名词均有"事故,事件"之意.
accident〓强调偶然或意外发生的不幸事情. incident〓既可指小事件或附带事件,又可指政治上具有影响的事件或事变. event〓可指任何大小事件,但尤指历史上的重大事件. occurrence 和 happening 这两个词多指日常生活中发生的一般事件, 有时也指偶然发生的事.
accompany, conduct, attend, escort 这些动词均有"陪同,伴随"之意.
accompany〓既可指人也可指物.用于人时,侧重关系紧密或同时发生. conduct〓无论用于人或物均指引导带领. attend〓侧重主从关系,即下级对上级,学生对老师等,或表恭,服侍. escort〓通常指用车或人在陆上伴随,护送,其目的是保护或出于礼节.
accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefor
 

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