英语语法资料 英语语法资料
一,单项选择题(本大题共 21 小题,每小题 1 分,共 21 分) Choose the best answer from the choices given and put the letters A,B,C or D in the brackets.
  1.The general sent out word that no one in the bunker to bed until further orders.( ) A.will go B.would go C.was about to go D.was to go
  2.He violin when I want to sleep.( A.always plays B.play always C.is always playing D.always is playing
  3.James has just arrived, but I didn't know he until yesterday.( A.will come B.was coming C.had been coming D.comes
  4.I only called the police when I everything else.( A.tried B.was trying C.had tried D.had been trying
  5.Mother wished I you what she .( A.didn't tell; said B.didn't tell; has said C.didn't tell; had said D.hadn't told; said
  6.Jean Wagner's most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference.( ) A.is to be analyzed B.were analyzed C.be analyzed D.should have been analyzed
  7.The teacher said that Jane work harder the following semester. ( ) A.have to B. had better C.had better to D.would rather to
  8.The twins had been away for such a long time that many people in the village thought they( ) A.ought to have died B.should have died C.must have died D.could have died
  9."I go out today. If I do,I in a storm." I said to myself when I heard the weatherman say there would be a heavy rain that day.( A.had better not to; might have been caught B.had better; may be caught C.would not; might have been caught D.had better not; may be caught ) ) ) ) )

  10.I hope that it is possible to achieve this objective by calling on the smokers good judgment and show concern for others rather than by regulation. ( ) A.to be using B.to have been using C.use D.to use
  11.When to tell the difference between British and American English, the linguist made a long and speech.( A.asked; tired B.asked; tiring C.asking; tiring D.be asked; tired
  12.The money would have to be raised by taxation.( A.far B.farther C.farthest D.further
  13.Their plane arrived San Francisco this morning.( A.from B.at C.to D.on
  14.The delegation Russia will visit London this afternoon.( A.in B.from C.at D.for
  15.Her mother can't speak English French, but is good at Japanese. ( ) A.yet B.or C.neither D.while
  16.He became a successful actor his father never was.( A.who B.whom C.that D.when
  17.The manager fulminated against his secretary, surprised me. ( ) A.who B.whom C.that D.which
  18.He graduated from college his parents divorced.( A.which B.before C.while D.that
  19.She sat the table in the restaurant.( A.in B.with C.from D.at
  20.Young he was, he managed to make a living on his own.( A.although B.since C.though D.thus
  21. you had been here, we wouldn't have had so much trouble then. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
A.when B.if C.as D.since 二,多项选择填充题(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分) Fill in each of the blanks with one of the items given.
  22.is, are, was, were, itself, himself, themselves The trade union believed to regard as an organization where the molested could seek advice and help.
  23.is, are, was, were, will be, are going to be, have, has, had The beautiful something that the innocent not always able to appreciate fully.
  24.preferred, prefers, is, are, was, were, will be, shall be During the holiday week, one-third of the students in our class prepared to stay on campus for study while around ten percent of them some more sleep at home.
  25.is, are, has, have, having The average British family, which smaller and richer than 50 years ago,
  26.were, was, had, propaganda, propagandas Large amounts of money spent on .
  27.than, as, more, most, the The information that comes in , more confused the picture becomes.
  28.than, as, more, so, less I'm not going out with a man who's twice old me.
  29.analysis, criteria, diabetes, gentry, pants, physics a. Singular only: b. Plural only: 三,填空题(本大题共 16 小题,每小题 1 分,共 16 分) Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word or phrase.
  30.Nobody in the class agrees with you,?
  31.Everyone is excited by the news, ?
  32.Let's not take John with us on our family outing this time, ?
  33.John hardly speaks to anybody in the class, ?
  34.She's lost almost friend she had.
  35.He lost parents when he was a child.
  36.The noise of the party stopped me getting sleep.
  37.When you were in London, did you visit Tower, too?
  38.He said that he (feed) up with college instructors who tried to
teach him to use the "scientific method".
  39.It is surprising that this innocent-looking girl (commit) such a crime.
  40.I appreciate (give) the opportunity to study abroad three years ago.
  41.I think his failure in the experiment resulted his carelessness.
  42.This car is very expensive. You have to pay half a million dollars it.
  43.With an appropriate conjunctive Last month I bought a watch. It is cheap, it goes quite well.
  44.With an appropriate relative pronoun My brother speaks English fluently, I don't.
  45.He can not choose his own job, can I. 四,改错题(本大题共 11 小题,每小题 1 分,共 11 分) Correct one error in each of the following sentences.
  46.I think you should go for school earlier today.
  47.She said she was afraid at her father.
  48. -"Which newspaper would you like?" -"It doesn't matter. Every one."
  49.I spent the all of the summer at home.
  50.The girl often heard to sing the same song at the same time in her room.
  51.Being not helped by anybody, he is not likely to succeed.
  52.Should we always follow the advice of our olders?
  53.He stood there, his eyes closed and his hands in the pockets, looking half asleep.
  54.I met another boyfriend of Lucy yesterday.
  55.The project on that we have been working for five weeks is a great success.
  56.Which she does is often at variance with what she says. 五,改句(本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分) Rewrite the following sentences as required.
  57. Turning the following imperative into a tag question Don't let the children eat a lot of sweets and ice creams.
  58. Using a relative pronoun I am going to the airport to meet Mr Johnson. He is a close friend of mine.
  59. Using a relative pronoun She is lawyer. I know her.
  60. Using an adjunct Mary decided to stay in her London apartment.
She was growing sick of city Life.
  61. Using the passive voice Couldn't we ask someone to take on the job privately without anyone knowing?
  62. Using a modal verb Am I not right in supposing this is the one you want?
  63. Using a nonfinite verb form At a very early stage, Paderewski revealed that he was a master of the keyboard.
  64. Using an adjunct His child had gone to school. He could concentrate on his research work.
  65. Using extra-position To see all the high school kids standing on one foot outside school property and puffing away furtively and defiantly on their cigarettes makes a disappointing view.
  66. Using fronting He plunged into the tumultuous water in order to save the girls.
  67.Rewriting B's answer by using a cohesive device A: Is John trying to enter Harvard Law School? B: No, I don't think John is trying to enter Harvard Law School. He hates lawyers.
  68. Rewriting the second sentence by using a cohesive device My wife and I take a walk after supper this evening. In fact, we take a walk every evening.
  69. Rewriting the second clause by using a cohesive device The limited seats should be given to old people and the younger people are advised to stand for a while. 六,名词解释题(本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分) Define the following terms with examples.
  71.What is "fronting"?
  72.Define "ellipsis" 七,简答题(本大题共 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分) Answer the following questions.
  73.List at least 4 means of expressing future time.
  74.What's the difference between a simple verb phrase and a complex verb phrase?
英语常用同义词辨析 English Synonyms_ 学习技巧与方法 英语常用同义词辨析 English Synonyms_ 学习技巧与方法 -
abandon, desert, forsake, leave, give up 这些动词或词组均含"抛弃,放弃"之意.
abandon〓强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的. desert〓着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味. forsake〓侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物.也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习. leave〓普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与果. give up〓普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃.
ability, capacity, capability, genius, talent, competence, faculty, gift, aptitude 这些名词均可表示人的"能力,才能"之意.
ability〓普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力. capacity〓侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力. capability〓多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有,尚未发挥的潜在能力. 常与 of 或 for 连用. genius〓语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力. talent〓着重指人某方面具有可发展和倍养的突出天赋才能,但语意比 genius 弱. competence〓正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求. faculty〓指特殊的才能或智力. gift〓着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领, 常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味. aptitude〓多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学 术训练或艺术技巧.
able, capable, competent 这些形容词均含有"有能力的,能干的"之意.
able〓最常用词,多用于褒义,着重指多方面的,经常性的,或潜在性的能力.有时也指高 超,非凡的能力.
capable〓语气弱于 able,指有能力,有潜力或有条件做某事,常与 of 连用. competent〓强调具有能胜任某项工作的足够技能或其它所需的条件.
abolish, cancel, repeal 这些动词均含"取消,废除"之意.
abolish〓正式用词,指彻底废除某种制度,规章或习俗. cancel〓用法广泛,多指取消债务,合同,证书,比赛,旅行,计划或约会等. repeal 书面用词,指撤销立法机关通过的协议,法案或法律等.
about, around, round 这些词均有"在周围,在附近"之意.
about〓既可表静态,也可表动态. around〓主要用于美国,静态或动态均可. round〓主要用于英国,多半指动态.
above, on, over 这些前置词均含"在……上"之意.
above〓一般指位置高于某物,但不一定在正上方,也不接触另一物,其反义词是 below. on〓指与另一物表面相接触.方,多暗示悬空,但也含"覆盖于……之上"之意.其反义词是 under.
absorb, suck, digest, incorporate 这些动词均有"吸收"之意.
absorb〓普通用词,词义广泛,既可指吸收光,热,液体等具体东西,又可指吸收知识等抽 象概念的东西. suck〓作"吸收"解时,可与 absorb 换用,但还可有"吮吸"之意.
digest〓侧重在消化道内改变食物的化学结构后被人体吸收. incorporate〓指一物或多物与它物相融合,形成一整体.
absurd, ridiculous 这两个形容词均含有"荒谬的"之意.
absurd〓普通用词,强调指违背常理的荒谬. ridiculous〓强调荒谬到令人发笑的地步.
abundant, plentiful, ample 这些形容词均有"充分的,丰富的"之意.
abundant〓着重某物极为丰富有或大量的供应. plentiful〓普通用词,指某物的数量多得称心如意,不过剩,但较少用于描写抽象之物. ample〓指某物不仅满足了需要而且有余.
accept, receive, admit, take 这些动词均有"接受,接纳"之意.
accept〓强调主动地或自愿地接受,或者说,经过考虑后同意接受. receive〓着重仅仅接到或收到这一支轮船或事实,而不含采取主动或积极行动的意思. admit〓作"接受"讲时,强调准许或批准. take 与 receive 同意,是 receive 的日常用法,侧重不带主观意愿地收下或接受.
accident, incident, event, occurrence, happening 这些名词均有"事故,事件"之意.
accident〓强调偶然或意外发生的不幸事情. incident〓既可指小事件或附带事件,又可指政治上具有影响的事件或事变. event〓可指任何大小事件,但尤指历史上的重大事件. occurrence 和 happening 这两个词多指日常生活中发生的一般事件, 有时也指偶然发生的事.
accompany, conduct, attend, escort 这些动词均有"陪同,伴随"之意.
accompany〓既可指人也可指物.用于人时,侧重关系紧密或同时发生. conduct〓无论用于人或物均指引导带领. attend〓侧重主从关系,即下级对上级,学生对老师等,或表恭,服侍. escort〓通常指用车或人在陆上伴随,护送,其目的是保护或出于礼节.
accordingly, consequently, hence, so, therefor


英语语言学习中心资源库 1.英语听力资料

   附件二:英语语言学习中心资源库 1.英语听力资料: 英语专业教材 英语听力入门 2000 1-4 册 英语初级口语 英语初级听力 英语中级口语 英语中级听力 英语高级口语 英语高级听力 英语听力教程 1-6 新编英语教程第 1-4 册 新编英语教程练习册 1-4 新编英语口语教程 高级英语第一、二册 剑桥国际商务英语 剑桥商务教材听力带 剑桥商务英语证书 展望未来 1-2 21 世纪实用饭店情景英语 兰登精确美语 1-6 英语语音调 (美音+英音) 现在汉英译的技巧与评析 1-5 英汉口译实 ...


   今人不见古时月,今月曾经照古人。 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 。-张先 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 -黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 《 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 - 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 。-李商隐 深知身在情长在,怅望江头江水声。-李商隐《暮秋独游曲江》 深知身在情长在, ...


   今人不见古时月,今月曾经照古人。 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 天不老,情难绝。心似双丝网,中有千千结。-张先《千秋岁》 。-张先 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 -黄景仁 绮怀诗二首其一》 《 似此星辰非昨夜, 为谁风露立中宵。 - 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 直道相思了无益,未妨惆怅是清狂。-李商隐《无题六首其三》 。-李商隐 深知身在情长在,怅望江头江水声。-李商隐《暮秋独游曲江》 深知身在情长在, ...


   小说下载网 www.uutxt.com 书名:英语语法 作者:未知 欢迎来本网站下载更多小说. 第一卷 第一章 ?英语语法讲义 说明: 学习英语语法的目的: 要回答这个问题,先简要讨论一下要不要学习英语语法的问题。这个问题,答案也许是很清楚的。主张英语语法可 以不学的人往往这样说:我们中国人,如果智力正常,从小就会说汉语,能遣词造句,没见过哪个小孩先学语法再 学话的。再说,英语讲得多了,有了语感,语法还不是水到渠成的事。 这种实践出真知的说法,绝对是正确的。但我仍主张学一点英语语 ...


   2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 彻底粉碎初中语法 3 彻底粉碎初中语法 学好英语的 20 条钻石法则 钻石法则一:发音永远是第一位的! 钻石法则一:发音永远是第一位的! 第一位的 成千上万的人学了十年英语还不能说标准的英语,发音仍然带有“超级浓重的中国口 音”,导致和外国人交流的时候,听说都成了严重的问题。 还有一大批人,因为发音没有过关,导致经常被人笑话,从而失去了学英语的信心和 兴趣。因为发音没有过关,导致单词死活背不下来!因为发音没有过关,无法朗读和背诵课 文,导致无法真正 ...


   主语:一个句子的主要成分,也是句子所述说的主题。一般放在句首,表示句子所说的是“什么人”或“什么事物”,一般由名词,代词或相当于名词的词组或短语等充当。 谓语:表述主语的动作或状态。说明主语“做什么”,“是什么”或“怎么样”,一般由动词或动词短语来充当,通常在主语之后。谓语和主语在人称和数两方面必须一致。 宾语:句子中动作的承受者,在及物动词后面,和及物动词一起说明主语“做什么”(不及物动词后面不需要宾语),宾语由名词,代词或相当于名词的词组或短语等充当。有的动词后面可接双宾语,包括常用来指人 ...


   英语名称 词类 全称 名词 句子成分 简称 n. 例词 noun 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 Lily 莉莉,childhood 童年,clone 克隆,confidence 信心 莉莉, 童年, 克隆, 补足语、 补足语、定语 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 we 我们, 我们, 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 I 我, none 没有一个 没有一个, 定语 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 One 一个, 一个, 补足语、 补足语、定语 表语、定 ...


   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...


   什么是主语、谓语、宾语、宾补、状语、定语? 什么是主语、谓语、宾语、宾补、状语、定语? 主语是一个句子中所要表达,描述的人或物,是句子叙述的主体。可由 名词、代词、数词、名词化的形容词、不定式、动名词和主语从句等来承担。 谓语是用来说明主语做了什么动作或处在什么状态。 谓语可以由动词来担任, 一般放在主语的后面。 宾语是动作的对象或承受者,常位于及物动词或介词后面。宾语可由名词、 代词、数词、名词化的形容词、不定式、动名词、宾语从句等来担任。 定语:用于描述名词,代词,短语或从句的性质,特征 ...


   考研英语十二大基础语法体系 对于任何英语句子,要分析其结构,这样才能找到英语语言的规律。 每种语言都有它的难 点,汉语的难点在于汉语不是拼读语言,汉字很难写,而且有四种声调。其实,许多接触过 多种外语的人都认为,英语的语法比法语、德语、俄语、日语等都简单,是最容易学的。著 名语言学家乔姆斯基说过,语法是内生的、也就是随着语言的诞生而诞生的。因此,学习语 法和学习语言是相辅相成的。 英语动词的时态 (一)英汉两种语言在时态表达方式上的差异: 英语的词类与汉语的不同。汉语词类形态稳定,比如“书” ...



   第二节 夹叙夹议类 第一部分 六年高考题荟萃 2010 年高考题 Passage 1 (10?广东) ?广东 Every country has its own culture. Even though each country uses doors. .Doors many have which lead to 22 differences. When I first came to America, I noticed that a public building had two dif ...


   2005.03 英语中级口译第一阶段考试答案 Part A: Spot dictation 1) hardened criminals 2) possible solution 3) committed an offenc e 4) plead guilty 5) the juvenile court’ permission s 6) of the same age 7) determine a sentence 8) clear 9) performing 10) a gree to ac ...


   You're going out of your way for us, I believe.[]我相信这是对我们的特殊照顾了。 It's just the matter of the schedule,that is,if it is convenient of you right now.[]如果你们感到方 便的话,我想现在讨论一下日程安排的问题。 I think we can draw up a tentative plan now.[]我认为现在可以先草拟一具临时方案。 If he ...


   谈新目标初中英语课堂阅读理解学习策略 新目标初中英语课堂阅读理解学习策略 初中英语课堂阅读理解 于海良 浙江省绍兴县钱清镇中学 【内容摘要】 新的课程改革中,新目标教材已经被广泛应用,对初中英语课堂阅读理解能 内容摘要】 摘要 : 力的培养有了更高的也作出了新的要求, 要求培养学生在课堂上的阅读理解的能力放在了的 位置。 是结合本人在教授新目标这套教材中的一些教学实践, 对如何培养新课标下初中英语 课堂阅读理解能力作出的探讨。 : 【关键词】 阅读理解;阅读策略;任务教学 关键词】 随着英语 ...


   考研复试英语口语一般涉及这样几个话题,象自我介绍、家乡和大学的状况、 考研复试英语口语一般涉及这样几个话题,象自我介绍、家乡和大学的状况、 研究生期间的科研设想等等。如何在这些地方让老师满意呢? 研究生期间的科研设想等等。如何在这些地方让老师满意呢? 考整理这些话题 的模板和范文,供广大考生参考。 的模板和范文,供广大考生参考。 考研复试口语自我介绍英文模板 Good morning. I am glad to be here for this interview. First let me ...