安徒生的母亲是一个穷苦的洗衣妇.这个小故事的某些情节来自有关她的记忆.作者在有关他的《 安徒生的母亲是一个穷苦的洗衣妇.这个小故事的某些情节来自有关她的记忆.作者在有关他的《童话全 " " " 集》的手记中写道: 这篇故事中有些情节牵涉到我儿时的记忆. 当然这里自然也牵涉到安徒生自己, 你 的手记中写道: 这篇故事中有些情节牵涉到我儿时的记忆. 当然这里自然也牵涉到安徒生自己, 的名字将会像从柯苏尔开出的船一样,周游世界.同时在罗斯吉尔得??请不要忘记这些城市吧! 的名字将会像从柯苏尔开出的船一样,周游世界.同时在罗斯吉尔得??请不要忘记这些城市吧!飘来国 ??请不要忘记这些城市吧 王赫洛尔的声音, 小杜克,你将会说出聪明而有理智的话来.当你最后走进坟墓里去的时候, ' 王赫洛尔的声音, 小杜克,你将会说出聪明而有理智的话来.当你最后走进坟墓里去的时候,你将会睡 得很平安' 这也说明安徒生当时从事童话创作时的心情. . 得很平安'"这也说明安徒生当时从事童话创作时的心情.
THE DREAM OF LITTLE TUK 小杜克
Ah! yes, that was little Tuk: in reality his name was not Tuk, but that waswhat he called himself before he could speak plain: he meant it for Charles,and it is all well enough if one does but know it. He had now to take care ofhis little sister Augusta, who was much younger than himself, and he was,besides, to learn his lesson at the same time; but these two things would notdo together at all. There sat the poor little fellow, with his sister on hislap, and he sang to her all the songs he knew; and he glanced the while fromtime to time into the geography-book that lay open before him. By the nextmorning he was to have learnt all the towns in Zealand by heart, and to knowabout them all that is possible to be known. His mother now came home, for she had been out, and took little Augusta on herarm. Tuk ran quickly to the window, and read so eagerly that he pretty nearlyread his eyes out; for it got darker and darker, but his mother had no moneyto buy a candle. "There goes the old washerwoman over the way," said his mother, as she lookedout of the window. "The poor woman can hardly drag herself along, and she mustnow drag the pail home from the fountain. Be a good boy, Tukey, and run acrossand help the old woman, won't you?" So Tuk ran over quickly and helped her; but when he came back again into theroom it was quite dark, and as to a light, there was no thought of such athing. He was now to go to bed; that was an old turn-up bedstead; in it he layand thought about his geography lesson, and of Zealand, and of all that hismaster had told him. He ought, to be sure, to have read over his lesson again,but that, you know, he could not do. He therefore put his geography-book underhis pillow, because he had heard that was a very good thing to do when onewants to learn one's lesson; but one cannot, however, rely upon it entirely.Well, there he lay, and thought and thought, and all at once it was just as ifsomeone kissed his eyes and mouth: he slept, and yet he did not sleep; it wasas though the old washerwoman gazed on him with her mild eyes and said, "Itwere a great sin if you were not to know your lesson tomorrow morning. Youhave aided me, I therefore will now help you; and the loving God will do so atall times." And all of a sudden the book under Tuk's pillow began scraping andscratching. "Kickery-ki! kluk! kluk! kluk!"--that was an old hen who came creeping along,and she was from Kjoge. "I am a Kjoger hen,"* said she, and then she relatedhow many inhabitants there were there, and about the battle that had takenplace, and which, after all, was hardly worth talking about.
* Kjoge, a town in the bay of Kjoge. "To see the Kjoge hens," is anexpression similar to "showing a child London," which is said to be done bytaking his head in both bands, and so lifting him off the ground. At theinvasion of the English in 1807, an encounter of a no very glorious naturetook place between the British troops and the undisciplined Danish militia.
"Kribledy, krabledy--plump!" down fell somebody: it was a wooden bird, thepopinjay used at the shooting-matches at Prastoe. Now he said that there werejust as many inhabitants as he had nails in his body; and he was very proud."Thorwaldsen lived almost next door to me.* Plump! Here I lie capitally." * Prastoe, a still smaller town than Kjoge. Some hundred paces from it liesthe manor-house Ny Soe, where Thorwaldsen, the famed sculptor, generallysojourned during his stay in Denmark, and where he called many of his immortalworks into existence.
But little Tuk was no longer lying down: all at once he was on horseback. Onhe went at full gallop, still galloping on and on. A knight with a gleamingplume, and most magnificently dressed, held him before him on the horse, andthus they rode through the wood to the old town of Bordingborg, and that was alarge and very lively town. High towers rose from the castle of the king, andthe brightness of many candles streamed from all the windows; within was danceand song, and King Waldemar and the young, richly-attired maids of honordanced together. The morn now came; and as soon as the sun appeared, the wholetown and the king's palace crumbled together, and one tower after the other;and at last only a single one remained standing where the castle had beenbefore,* and the town was so small and poor, and the school boys came alongwith their books under their arms, and said, "2000 inhabitants!" but that wasnot true, for there were not so many. *Bordingborg, in the reign of King Waldemar, a considerable place, now anunimportant little town. One solitary tower only, and some remains of a wall,show where the castle once stood.
And little Tukey lay in his bed: it seemed to him as if he dreamed, and yet asif he were not dreaming; however, somebody was close beside him. "Little Tukey! Little Tukey!" cried someone near. It was a seaman, quite alittle personage, so little as if he were a midshipman; but a midshipman itwas not. "Many remembrances from Corsor.* That is a town that is just rising intoimportance; a lively town that has steam-boats and stagecoaches: formerlypeople called it ugly, but that is no longer true. I lie on the sea," saidCorsor; "I have high roads and gardens, and I have given birth to a poet whowas witty and amusing, which all poets are not. I once intended to equip aship that was to sail all round the earth; but I did not do it, although Icould have done so: and then, too, I smell so deliciously, for close beforethe gate bloom the most beautiful roses."
*Corsor, on the Great Belt, called, formerly, before the introduction ofsteam-vessels, when travellers were often obliged to wait a long time for afavorable wind, "the most tiresome of towns." The poet Baggesen was born here.
Little Tuk looked, and all was red and green before his eyes; but as soon asthe confusion of colors was somewhat over, all of a sudden there appeared awooded slope close to the bay, and high up above stood a magnificent oldchurch, with two high pointed towers. From out the hill-side spouted fountainsin thick streams of water, so that there was a continual splashing; and closebeside them sat an old king with a golden crown upon his white head: that wasKing Hroar, near the fountains, close to the town of Roeskilde, as it is nowcalled. And up the slope into the old church went all the kings and queens ofDenmark, hand in hand, all with their golden crowns; and the organ played andthe fountains rustled. Little Tuk saw all, heard all. "Do not forget thediet," said King Hroar.* *Roeskilde, once the capital of Denmark. The town takes its name fromKing Hroar, and the many fountains in the neighborhood. In the beautifulcathedral the greater number of the kings and queens of Denmark are interred.In Roeskilde, too, the members of the Danish Diet assemble.
Again all suddenly disappeared. Yes, and whither? It seemed to him just as ifone turned over a leaf in a book. And now stood there an old peasant-woman,who came from Soroe,* where grass grows in the market-place. She had an oldgrey linen apron hanging over her head and back: it was so wet, it certainlymust have been raining. "Yes, that it has," said she; and she now related manypretty things out of Holberg's comedies, and about Waldemar and Absalon; butall at once she cowered together, and her head began shaking backwards andforwards, and she looked as she were going to make a spring. "Croak! croak!"said she. "It is wet, it is wet; there is such a pleasant deathlike stillnessin Sorbe!" She was now suddenly a frog, "Croak"; and now she was an old woman."One must dress according to the weather," said she. "It is wet; it is wet. Mytown is just like a bottle; and one gets in by the neck, and by the neck onemust get out again! In former times I had the finest fish, and now I havefresh rosy-cheeked boys at the bottom of the bottle, who learn wisdom, Hebrew,Greek--Croak!" * Sorbe, a very quiet little town, beautifully situated, surrounded by woodsand lakes. Holberg, Denmark's Moliere, founded here an academy for the sons ofthe nobles. The poets Hauch and Ingemann were appointed professors here. Thelatter lives there still.
When she spoke it sounded just like the noise of frogs, or as if one walkedwith great boots over a moor; always the same tone, so uniform and so tiringthat little Tuk fell into a good sound sleep, which, by the bye, could not dohim any harm. But even in this sleep there came a dream, or whatever else it was: his littlesister Augusta, she with the blue eyes and the fair curling hair, was suddenlya tall, beautiful girl, and without having
wings was yet able to fly; and shenow flew over Zealand--over the green woods and the blue lakes. "Do you hear the cock crow, Tukey? Cock-a-doodle-doo! The cocks are flying upfrom Kjoge! You will have a farm-yard, so large, oh! so very large! You willsuffer neither hunger nor thirst! You will get on in the world! You will be arich and happy man! Your house will exalt itself like King Waldemar's tower,and will be richly decorated with marble statues, like that at Prastoe. Youunderstand what I mean. Your name shall circulate with renown all round theearth, like unto the ship that was to have sailed from Corsor; and inRoeskilde--" "Do not forget the diet!" said King Hroar. "Then you will speak well and wisely, little Tukey; and when at last you sinkinto your grave, you shall sleep as quietly--" "As if I lay in Soroe," said Tuk, awaking. It was bright day, and he was nowquite unable to call to mind his dream; that, however, was not at allnecessary, for one may not know what the future will bring. And out of bed he jumped, and read in his book, and now all at once he knewhis whole lesson. And the old washerwoman popped her head in at the door,nodded to him friendly, and said, "Thanks, many thanks, my good child, foryour help! May the good ever-loving God fulfil your loveliest dream!" Little Tukey did not at all know what he had dreamed, but the loving God knewit.
译文 小杜克 是的,那就是小杜克.他的名字并不是真的叫杜克;不过当他还不会讲话的时候,就把自己 叫做杜克.他的名字应该是"加尔"??明了这一点是有好处的.现在他得照料比他小很多 的妹妹古斯塔乌,自己还要温习功课.但是同时要做这两件事情是不太容易的.这个可怜的 孩子把小妹妹抱在膝上,对她唱些他所会唱的歌;在这同时,他还要看摊在面前的那本地理 书.在明天到来以前,他必须记好西兰①主教区所属的一切城市的名字,知道人们应该知道 的一切关于它们的事情. ①西兰(Sjaeland)是丹麦东部的群岛.面积 7514 平方公里. 现在他的妈妈回来了,因为她到外面去过.她把小小的古斯塔乌抱起来.杜克跑到窗子 那儿,拼命看书,几乎把眼睛都看花了,因为天已经慢慢黑下来了;但是他的妈妈没有钱买 蜡烛. " 那个洗衣的老太婆在街上走来了, 正在朝窗子外面望的妈妈说. " "她连走路也走不动, 但还是要从井里取一桶水上来.做个好孩子吧,杜克,快过去帮助这个老太太一下! "
杜克立刻就跑过去帮她的忙.不过当他回到房里来的时候,天已经很黑了.蜡烛他们是 买不起的; 他只得上床去睡, 而他的床却是一张旧板凳. 他躺在那上面, 想着他的地理功课: 西兰的主教区和老师所讲的一切东西.他的确应该先温习好,但是他现在没有法子做到.所 以只好把地理课本放在枕头底下, 因为他听说这可以帮助人记住课文, 不过这个办法却不一 定靠得住. 他躺在那上面,想了许多事情.忽然觉得有人吻他的眼睛和嘴.他似乎睡着了,又似乎 没有睡着.他好像觉得那个洗衣老太婆的温柔的眼睛在看他,并且对他说: "如果你明天记不住功课,那真是可惜得很!你帮助过我,我现在应该帮助你.我们的 上帝总是帮助人的! " 杜克的那本书马上就在他的头底下????地动起来了. "吉克??哩基!咕!咕! "这原来是一只老母鸡跑出来了??而且它是一只却格①的 鸡. "我是一只却格的母鸡, "它说. 于是它就告诉他, 那个小镇有多少居民, 那儿曾经打过一次仗??虽然这的确
 

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