英语阅读理解
【命题特点与应答策略】 命题特点与应答策略】 中考英语阅读理解题命题特点与应试策略 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务, 也是中考的一项重要内容. 中考阅读理解题主要考查学 生的语篇阅读能力,分析和判断能力.要求学生能较快地通过阅读理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出 正确判断,然后根据试题的要求从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出最佳答案或做出正误判断.文章的难易程度和初三 课文基本相同,要求阅读速度为每分钟 40-50 个词. 中考阅读理解的阅读材料的选取一般遵循三个原则:
  1. 阅读文章不少于三篇,阅读量在 1,000 单词左右;
  2. 题材广泛,包括科普,社会,文化,政治,经济等;
  3. 体裁多样,包阔记叙文,说明文,应用文等. 中考阅读理解考查的主要内容是:
  1. 考查掌握所读材料的主旨和大意的能力. 此类考查主旨和大意的题大多数针对段落(或短文)的主题,主题思想,标题或目的,其主要提问方式是:
  1) Which is the best title of the passage?
  2) Which of the following is this passage about?
  3) In this passage the writer tries to tell us that.
  4) The passage tells us that.
  5) This passage mainly talks about.
  2. 考查把握文章的事实和细节的能力. 此类考查事实和细节的题目大多数是针对文章的细节设计的,其主要提问方式是:
  1) Which of the following is right?
  2) Which of the following is not mentioned?
  3) Which of the following is Not True in the passage?
  4) Choose the right order of this passage.
  5) From this passage we know .
  3. 考查根据上下文猜测生词的含义的能力. 此类猜测词义的题目要求考生根据上下文确定某一特定的词或短语的准确含义.其主要提问方式是:
  1) The word " " in the passage probably means .
  2) The underlined word "It" in the passage refers to .
  3) In this story the underlined word " " means .
  4) Here "it" means.
  4. 考查对阅读材料全篇的逻辑关系的理解,对文章各段,各句之间的逻辑关系的理解能力. 此类题目主要考查的是句语句之间,短语短之间的逻辑关系,其主要提问方式是:
  1) Many visitors come to the writer's city to .
  2) Some shops can be built Donfeng Square so that they may .
  3) Air pollution is the most serious kind of pollution because .
  4) Why did the writer get off the train two stops before Vienna station?
  5. 考查依据短文内容和考生应有的常识进行推理和判断的能力. 此类题目文章中没有明确的答案,需要考生再理解全文的基础上进行推理和判断.其主要提问方式是:
  1) We can guess the writer of the letter may be a .
  2) We can infer from the text that .
  3) From the letters we've learned that it's very to know something about American social customs.
  4) From the story we can guess .

  5) What would be happy if …?
  6. 考查推断作者意图和态度的能力.
  1) How did the writer feel at Vienna station?
  2) The writer writes this text to .
  3) The writer believes that .
  4) The writer suggests that . 考点诠释】 【考点诠释】 一,"选择填空"式 【考例】 19
  68. The line runs [福州]Beijing-Shanghai Railway was completed in 1,462 km between China's two main cities and pas ses through five provinces and the city of Tianjin. Since opening, it has been one of the busiest routes in our country. The Beijing-Shanghai route is now served by 10 trains a day, five of which are non-stop. The journey time is just under 12 hours. Now trains are allowed to travel at 250 kph ( kilometers per hour) and the journey time is only 10 hours. With the sixth railway speedup, China has joined the ranks (行列) of countries with high-speed rall serviees. Trains are able to run at speeds of 200 kph on some 6,003 km of track(轨道), and on some sections, the highest speed can increase to 250 kph. The 6,003 kmof track serves both high-speed passenger trains and low-speed cargo (货物) trains. Railway operators have to deal with the problem of the speed gap (差距) between the two kinds of trains to make sure they both run safely.
  1.The Beijing-Shanghai Railway line runs 1,462 kilometers, doesn't it? A.Yes, it does. B.No, it doesn't. C.1t' s very far. D.We don' t know.
  2.How many times have the trains been speeded up so far? A.Five. B.Six. C.Seven. D.Eight.
  3.When the Beijing-Shanghai train runs at 250 kph, the passengers spend on the train. A.ten hours B.twelve hours C.one day D.two days.
  4.Which of the following sentences is TRUE? A.Only one train is served on the 6,003 km of track. B.Beijing-Shanghai Railway passes through six provinces. C.All of the trains run without any stops on Beijing-Shanghai Railway. D.Since opening, Beijing-Shanghai Railway has been one of the busiest routes in China.
  5.The passage above is probably from A.a story-book B.a dictionary C.a newspaper D.an advertisement 本文是则报道,主要介绍了北京??上海的铁路建成以来,它在两大城市之间的重要作用.
  1.答案:A 解析:北京??上海铁路全长 1462 千米,由第一段可知是对的.
  2.答案:B 解析:到目前为止火车已有六次提速.由第三段"With the sixth railway speedup,..."可知.
  3.答案:A 解析:由第二段"…the journey time is only 10 hours."可知"乘客仅需 10 小时到达".
  4.答案:D 解析:由第二段知"北京??上海铁路建成以来是中国最繁忙的铁路之一".
  5.答案:C 解析:这篇文章可能选自新闻报纸.因为这是一则新闻报道.故选 C. [重庆]Jack Brown,an office worker,lives in Washington.He inherited(继承) a million dollars when he was 23, but he wasn't happy at a
  11.When his college friends were 100king for their jobs,he didn't have to.Jack decided to living a simple life like everyone else.He gave $l0,000 of his money to a charity(慈善机构)to help poor children live a
better life.Today he is
  36.He still wears cheap shoes and clothes and drives a small car only,but he is Very happy. Up to now Jack has helped some children from poor countries all over the world,by sending them each$200 a mouth.The money was used for the children's study, food, medicine and clothing.Jack receives a report each year on the children's progress(进步).They can write to each other.but usually the children do not speak English. When Jack first heard about these children, wanted to help them. was nothing special," he said. he "It "Until 1 went to these countries and met the children I was helping,I didn't know anything about their life." Once Jack went to meet a little girl in Africa.He said that the meeting was Very exciting."When I met her.I felt very ,very happy."he said. "Ana I saw that the money was used for a good cause. brought me happiness. want to do everything I can to go It I on helping those children."
  1.Jack didn't need to look for a job . A.before he went to college B.after he went to Africa C.because he got one million dollars D.before he received a report
  2.Jack has sent them each $200 a month to help some poor children . A.only in Washington B.only in England C.only in Africa D.around the world
  3.Jack learned about the children's progress by . A.visiting them each year B.getting a report every year C.staying with them D.talking to them in English
  4.The underlined(划线的)words "for a good cause "means"" in Chinese. A.施舍 B.行善 C.优惠 D. 赏赐
  5.What's the main idea of the story? A.Help others,and you will feel happy. B. It's necessary to write letters to poor children. C. Live a simple life,and you can give others help. D. It's the most important to help the children in Africa. 本文讲述 Jack Brown,一个继承了大笔钱却想过平凡人生活的人.他把一部分钱捐给了慈善机构,当他知道他 的钱对穷人起到作用时,非常高兴.
  1.答案:C 解析:第一段中提到"Jaek 继承了一百万美元",所以"他不需要找工作".故选 C.
  2.答案:D 解析:由第二段中"Up to rlow Jack has helped some children from poor countries all over the world,by sending them each$200 a month."可知选 D.
  3.答案:B 解析:见第二段中"Jack receives a report each year on the children's progress."可知选 B.
  4.答案:B 解析:把钱捐给慈善机构应属于"行善"行为,而不是"施舍,优惠,赏赐".故选 B.
  5.答案:A 解析:本文讲述了 Jack 的故事,重点在于讲述"Jack 帮助他人,获得了巨大的乐趣".故选 A 最合 适. 回答问题" "回答问题"式 【考例】 [沈阳]During the summer holidays there will be a new schedule (时间表). Changes for meal and library service hours and for bus schedules will be shown on the wall outside the dining room. Weekly film and concert schedules, which are being made, will be shown each Wednesday outside the library. Buses to the town center will leave the North Beijing every hour on the half during the day. The dining room will serve three meals a day from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. during the weekdays and two meals from noon to 7:00p.m on weekends. The library will continue its usual hours during the weekdays, but have shorter hours on Saturdays and Sundays. The weekend hours are from noon to 5:00 p.m. All students who want to use the library borrowing service must have a new summer card. This announcement (通 知) will also be shown in the next week's student newspaper.
  1. What's the main idea of this announcement ?

  2. When will the bus leave the North Beijing during the summer holiday?
  3. Which schedule is not ready?
  4. Is there going to be breakfast on weekends during the holiday?
  5. What do the students need if they want to borrow books during the holiday?
  1.答案:To tell the students the change of schedules. 解析:全文主要就是告诉学生时间表进行了改动.
  2.答案:Every hour on the half. 解析:由,文中句子"Buses to the town center will leave the North Beijing every hour on the half during the day." 可知答案.
  3.答案:Weekly film and concert schedules. 解析:由文中句子"Weekly film and concert schedules,which are being made,will be shown each Wednesday outside the library."可知答案.
  4.答案:No,there isn't. 解析: 由文中句子"The dining room will serve three meals a day from 7: a. to 7: p. during the weekdays 00 m. 00 m. and two meals from noon to 7:00 p.m.on weekends."可知"周末没有早饭".
  5.答案.They need a new summer card.解析:由文中句子"All students who want to use the library borrowing service must have a new summer card."可知答案. [沈阳]Halloween falls on October 31st. It is one of the most favourite holidays for children in the USA. People dress up in costumes (化妆服装) like a witch (巫婆), a ghost (鬼)or a skeleton (枯髅). The children go to houses to say "Trick or treat!" Long ago, if a child was not good, he or she would get a trick like having a stone in his or her bag instead of some candy. Nowadays, no one gets tricks. All the children receive lots and lots of candy. Parties are also popular in the evening. People go to parties in costumes and play different games. People also like listening to ghost stories and watching scary (恐怖的) movies.
  1. What do you know about Halloween?
  2. How do people celebrate Halloween?
  3. Who go to houses to say "Trick or treat!"
  4. Which do children receive nowadays, stone or candy?
  5. What else do people do besides going to parties and playing different games?
  1.答案:It's one of the most favourite holidays for children in the USA. 解析: 由文中句子"Halloween falls on October 31st. It is one of the most favourite holidays for children in the USA. " 可知答案.
  2.答案:They dress up in costumes like a witch,a ghost or a skeleton. 解析:问句是"人们怎么庆祝万圣节?"由文中第三句可知答案.
  3.答案:The children 解析:由文中"The children go to houses to say'Trick or treat!"可知.
  4.答案:Candy. 解析:由文中"Nowadays,no one gets tricks.All the children receive lots and lots of candy."可知.

  5.答案:They like listening to ghost stories and watching scary movies. 解析:由文中"People also like listening to ghost stories and watching scary movies."可知. 判断正误" "判断正误"式 【考例】 large T-shirts and [福州]Have you seen the videos on TV? Do you wear Hip-Hop is very hot baggy jeans? Or have you heard someone rap (说唱) ? now. Hip-Hop music was started in the middle of the 1970s by African Americans in New York. The music, break-dancing(霹雳 舞) and graffiti (涂 Hip-Hop songs are 鸦 ) make up Western Hip- Hop culture. Most of the about love, jobs or even games. Usually in rap, singers speak words very quickly to a certain beat. Most of the wants are fun. Singers play off words to make fun
 

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