阅读理解
题型及技巧
细节理解题: 一、细节理解题:
  1、直接事实题: 、直接事实题:
先阅读题干,确定读材料的时候要查找的 先阅读题干, 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读 略读的手法 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读的手法 找出出处。 找出出处。

  2、间接事实题: 、间接事实题: 需结合上下文提供的语境和信息进行 简单的概括和判断。 简单的概括和判断。
1 Many American presidents in the 19th century were born in poor families. They spent their childrenhood in little wooden rooms. They got little education. Washington and Lincoln, for example, never went to school and they taught themselves. Lincoln once did jobs of a worker, shop-keeper and post officer in his early years. A large number of U.S presidents had experiences in the army. The two best known were Ulysses Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Grant was a general in the American Civil War and Eisenhower was a hero in the second World War. It happened that they graduated from the same school──West Point Military Academy(西点军校)……
Q: President Eisenhower became well. known A. while studying in West Point Military Academy B. during the American Civil War C. after he was elected President of the U.S. D. during World War II. Eisenhower was a hero in the second World War.
2 Invited by Mr. Ye Huixian, host of the well received TV programme “Stars Tonight”, Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 19
  91, appeared as the guest hostess on the Shan ghai TV screen last Sunday.? Born in Shanghai and taken to Hong Kong when she was only six years old, Luo Lin has never dreamed of being Miss Asia. Her childhood dream was to be an air hostess. Before she took part in the competition, she had been an airhostess in Cat hay Airline for seven years.
However, it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on the stage, dancing, singing,making-up and other proper manners, designed by the Asia TV Station.? “It’s really a hard job for me. I won’t enter for such competition any more. Anyhow, I am quite lucky. I am also glad to have had more chance to work for the social welfare since I won the title. This time, in Shanghai, I'd love to make a deep impression on my TV audience," said Luo Lin with a sweet smile.?
Q: Which of the following is NOT true? : ? A. Luo Lin is a native of Shanghai.? B. Luo Lin moved to Hongkong with her parents. C. Luo Lin won the title of Miss Asia in 19
  91. ? D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become
Miss Asia of 1991, Born in Shanghai , designed by the Asia TV Station
Miss Asia.?
主旨判断题: 二、主旨判断题:
范围一般包括: 短文标题、主题(Title); 大意或段落大意(Main idea) 技巧:剔除细节或论据,找到各段的主题句 (topic sentence) 题干形式:
  1)What does the writer mainly tell us?
  2)Which of the following can summarize the main idea of this text?
  3)Which of the following best expresses the main idea?
  4)Which is the subject discussed in the text?
  5)The best title for this newspaper article is .
3 Kleptomania is an illness of the mind that gives a person the desire to steal. Such a person is not really a thief. They are sick and cannot help themselves. All small children act naturally and as they grow up they normally learn to control their actions. People with kleptomania for certain medical reasons have failed to develop control over their desire to take things that do not belong to them. With medical help they may become normal citizens again. They things that a kleptomaniac steals are seldom of great value. They often give away what they have stolen or collect objects without using them.
Q:What is the topic of the text? A. Young Thieves. B. An Unusual Illness. C. Reasons for Stealing D. A Normal Child’s Actions.
Topic Sentence: Kleptomania is an illness of the mind that gives a person the desire to steal.
4
Boston Thieves dressed as police entered a museum early Sunday and stole 11 paintings, including major works by Rembrandt, Dagas, Manet and Vermerr, FBI (美国联邦调查局) and the museum officials said. The first judgment placed value of at least $100 million on the works stolen from the Isabella Gardener Museum, said Boston police spokesman Jim Tordan ……William Bobinson, of Hardvard Univercity’s Foggel Museum, called the objects stolen “major works.”
Q: What is the best headline for this newspaper article ? A. A Theft Took Place in Boston B. Artworks stolen by Thieves C. Major Works D. Investigation into the theft
Topic Sentence: Thieves dressed as police entered a museum early Sunday and stole 11 paintings
5
You dream each night, even though you may not remember your dreams. While you dream your eyes move and your heart beats faster. Even your brain-wave pattern changes. Some scientists think that dreaming is important for the sake of health. They claim that without dream, people would go crazy.
Q: What does the passage mainly tells? A. How people stay healthy B.How sleep is necessary C. Why dreams are important D. When people remember their dreams Topic Sentence: Some scientists think that dreaming is important for the sake of health
6
Reading is the key to school success and, like any skill it takes practice. A child learns to walk by practicing until he no longer has to think about how to put one foot in front of the other. A great athlete practices until he can play quickly, accurately(精确), without thinking. Tennis players call that “ being” in the zone.” Educators call it “ automaticity’ (自动).
Q: The first paragraph tells us . A. what automaticity is B. how accuracy is acquired (获得) C. how a child learns to walk D. how an athlete is trained. Topic Sentence:Educators call it “ automaticity’
7 In America we have Halloween. In Mexico they have Todos Santos, which means “ All Saints”. This is the day in which people remember family and friends who have died. They visit the cemetery instead of going out to trick-or-treat. But they do have pictures of skeletons and ghosts hanging around. They also have many candy skulls to eat.
Q: What does the story mainly tells ? A. What holidays are like B. What Halloween is like in Mexico C. What happens during Todos Santos D. What we do on Halloween
三、推理判断题: 推理判断题:
技巧:找出作者所陈述的细节、事实以及能够表 技巧 露作者思想倾向和感情色彩的词语,进行符合逻 辑的推理。 注意:不能以自己的观点代替作者的观点 注意
解推断题最主要的方法是根据词义关系推断具体细节。 解推断题最主要的方法是根据词义关系推断具体细节。
? ? ? ? ?
题干形式: (
  1) It can be inferred from the text that .? (
  2) From the text we know that .? (
  3) The story implies that .? (
  4) The paragraph following the passage will most probably be .? ? (
  5) The writers attitude toward…is .?
8 One day a man walked a pet shop and said to the shop assistant,“I need two small mice and about five dozen roaches(蟑螂) and two spiders(蜘 蛛).”? “What do you need these things for?” the shop assistant was very surprised.? “Well,”replied the man,“I’m moving out of my apartment and the landlord insists that I should leave the house in exactly the same condition as I found it.”
Q: The passage suggests that when : the writer moved into the apartment, , it was . A. very clean? B. just cleaned by the landlord? C. tidy and comfortable? D. dirty and full of insects? ?
9 Some people are never right. They never have good luck. They usually do the wrong thing and say the wrong thing. And even if what they say or do is OK, they as a rule say it or do it at the wrong time. So these people always have problems. They often break dishes. They sometimes miss buses and airplanes.? Mr Neff is different. He is always right. He is never wrong. He usually has good luck. He seldom has problems. He never breaks dishes. He never misses buses or airplanes. Even if he does miss them, it is always the fault of the buses or air planes. Mr Neff knows almost everything. He doesn’t ask questions; he answers questions. He never says,“I don’t know.” ?
 

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