一般现在时是英语中应用最广泛的时态之一,是中考复习的重点.它表示
  1)经常性,习惯性 的动作或存在的状态.e.g. I go to school on foot. He is very busy now.
  2)表示主 语的特征,性格,能力,爱好等.e.g. He can swim. I work hard. I like watching TV.
  3)表示客观真理 e.g. There are seven days in a week. The moon moves round the earth. 其结构按正常语序,即"主语+谓语+其它",有时为了起强调作用,时间状语也可提前. 其句式变化可分为两种情况
  1)表示动作, 一般人称作主语的,变否定句须在动词前加 助动词don't;变一般疑问句须在句首加助动词do. E.g. They have lunch at 12:
  00. They don't have lunch at 12:
  00. Do they have lunch at 12:00?
  2) 单三人称做主语的,变否定句须在动词前加助动词doesn't;变一般疑问句须在句首 加助动词does. E.g. Jenny speaks English very well. Jenny doesn't speak English very well. Does Jenny speak English very well? 含有be动词的要在be上做变化. E.g. Danny is a good student. Danny isn't a good student. Is Danny a good student? 其时间状语为often, usually, always, sometimes等频率副词,on Saturdays, in the morning(afternoon evening) ,every day 等. 做题时常见错误如下: 一,be动词与行为动词同时出现在句子中 例:We are plant (plant) the trees in spring. 答案:plant 解析:学生往往会用汉语的思维方式去翻译,就成了"我们是在春天植树".这是学习英语 最忌讳的,要看语法是不是正确,在英语中,be是表状态,do是表动作,两种动词不能同时 出现在句子中,可记住如下口诀:"英汉语言有差异,be ,do不能放一起,仔细琢磨细分 析,语法千万要牢记." 专项练习: 一, 单选 1 Jenny in an office. Her parents in a hospital. A work; works B works; work C work; are working D is working; work 2 One of the boys a black hat. A have B there is C there are D has 二,填空 1 I can take Li Ming there when he ( come) to visit.
2 your sister(know)English? 3Her home (远离 )her school. 4The pot(not look) like yours very much. 5 Where you(have)lunch every day? 6 Who(想要 )to go swimming? 7 she(do) the housework every day? 8 Jenny and Danny usually(play) games in the afternoon . 答案:1 comes 2 Does know 3 is away from 4 doesn't look 5 do have 6 wants 7 does do 8 play 二,单三人称形式易出错 例:1 He plaies (play) football very well. 2 Danny gos (go) to school at 7:
  10. 答案:1 plays 2 goes 解析:1以辅音字母加y结尾的动词变单三人称形式才能把y换成i再加es;2与名词变复数不 同,变单三人称形式以o结尾的词要加es. 三,在句式变换时易出错 例:1 Does Jenny has (has) a good friend? 2 Brian doesn't lives (not live) in China. 答案:1 Does have 2 doesn't live
解析: 单三人称做主语的一般现在时做句式变化时, 可记住如下口诀: "见助动, 用原形". 此口诀也可推广用于一般过去时态中.e.g. He didn't go home yesterday. 四,对do的理解易出错 例:We don't (not do) our homework in the afternoon. 答案:don't do
解析:do是一个比较难理解的词,它有三个含义: a)是所有行为动词的总称;b)是助动词, 无实义;c)是一个具体的行为动词"做,干".此句中给出的do指"做,干",not指把此 句变为否定句,故须在do前加助动词don't. 五,对主语的数判断有误 例: Li Ming with me are (be) in Beijing. 答案: is 解析:表面一看是"我和李明两个人在北京",但with在此做伴随状语,不能做主语,故用 is. 另外,宾语从句中,从句部分若是表示客观真理,不管主句是何时态,从句都要用一般 现在时;在时间和条件状语从句中,主句表将来,从句要用一般现在时.
3 We will go shopping if it tomorrow. A don't rain Bdidn't rain Cdoesn't rain Disn't rain 4 He said the sun in the east and in the west. A rose; set B rises; sets C rises, set D rise; sets 5 Wang Mei music and often to music. A like; listen B likes; listens C like; are listening 6 Jenny English every evening. A has study B studies C study D studied 答案:1 B 2D 3C 4B 5B 6B
D liking ; listen
 

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