基础一班英语周测( 泰祺备考 2010 年 MBA 基础一班英语周测(一)
Passage 1 Nearly 54 million cars and trucks in the United States are equipped with driver side air bags located in the center of the steering wheel. 24 million also have a passenger-side device located in the dashboard. Air bags are designed to protect against sudden, fierce frontal highway impacts. Five years ago evidence of serious air-bag injuries began to surface. Drivers in minor fender benders suffered severe eye and ear injuries, broken bones and third-degree burns from the force of the inflating bags. In December 1991 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) advised parents to avoid putting rear-facing infant sets in front of air bags, acknowledging that the force of the explosive bag could harm infants, whose heads were only inches away from the devices. Last October it was determined that all children 12 and under were more susceptible to injury and death than adults; their more fragile bodies were seated lower, increasing the impact of the air bag to the head area. In addition, more children were not properly restrained or were out of position when the air bag inflated. On November 22, 1996, after nearly 60 deaths and thousands of injuries were attributed to the devices, the NHTSA mandated improved labels for all new vehicles, warning of the risk to children under
  13. Despite these problems, officials stress the overall effectiveness of these devices. “All in all, air bags work well and are responsible for an 11 percent reduction in driver fatalities,” says NHTSA Administrator Dr. Ricardo Martinez. “First and foremost, make sure you’re properly buckled up before getting on the road,” says Brain O’Neill, president of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Keep in mind how close you sit to an air bag. Push seats as far back as possible, remaining just close enough to control the pedals. Your face and torso should be at least ten to 12 inches from the steering column. “It’s not a bad idea actually to measure the distance with a ruler to be sure.” adds O’Neill. Adjustable steering wheels should be pointed toward the chest rather than the head to prevent inflating bag from damaging the face or neck. Also, position hands at nine o’clock and three o’clock on the wheel to keep your arms away from an opening air bag. Pregnant women in particular should keep their abdomen as distant from the air bag as possible. In the final trimester, women should point adjustable steering wheels upward, away from their fetus. Perhaps most important, children 12 and under should always ride in the back seat, buckled up.
  1. From the passage, we learned that . A) there are 24 million cars and trucks in the United States B) there are 78 million cars and trucks in the United States C) there are 24 million cars and trucks equipped with air-bags in the United States D) there are 78 million cars and trucks equipped with air-bags in the United States

  2. The air bags are . A) safety devices which can protect people from being hurt during highway accidents B) unsafe devices which hurt many people C) safety devices which saved 11% American drivers D) safety devices but need to be improved
  3. The air-bag is located in the center of the steering wheel, so you should . A) keep in mind how close you sit to an air bag B) push the front seat as far back as possible, remaining just close enough to control the pedal C) keep your face and torso at least 10 to 12 inches from the steering column D) all of the above
  4. Adjustable steering wheels should . A) be pointed toward the chest rather than the head B) be driven at 9 o clock C) be driven at 3 o clock D) keep your arms away from an opening air bag
  5. The air bag is a good safety device, but children 12 and under should always ride in the back seat buckled up means . A) air bags are no good for children B) air bags are only good for the parents who have more than 12 children C) the best position for children to ride a car is in the back seat and be buckled up D) the front seat is unsafe for young people Passage 2 Parents are often upset when their children praise the homes of their friends and regard it as a slur(诋毁) on their own cooking, or cleaning, or furniture, and often are foolish that they are annoyed. They may even accuse them of disloyalty, or make some unpleasant remark about the friends’ parents. Such a loss of dignity and descent into childish behavior on the part of the adults deeply shocks the teenagers, and makes them decide that in future they will not talk to their parents about the places or people they visit. Before very long the parents will be complaining that the child is so secretive and never tells them anything, but they seldom realize that they have brought this on themselves. Disillusionment (幻想破灭) with the parents, however good and adequate they may be both as parents and as individuals, is to some degree inevitable. Most children have such a high ideal of their parents, unless the parents themselves have been unsatisfactory, that it can hardly hope to stand up to a realistic evaluation. Parents would be greatly surprised and deeply touched if they realized how much belief their children usually have in their character and infallibility(一贯正确), and realized that it was a sign that the child was growing up and developing valuable powers of observation and independent judgment, they would not be so hurt, and therefore
would not drive the child into opposition by resenting and resisting it. The teenager, with his passion for sincerity, always respects a parent who admits that he is wrong, or ignorant, or even that he has been unfair or unjust. What the child can’t forgive is the parents’ refusal to admit these charges If the child knows them to be true. Victorian (维多利亚时代的) parents believed that they kept their dignity by retreating behind an unreasoning authoritarian attitude; in fact they did nothing of the kind, but children were then too frightened to let them know how they really felt. Today we tend to go to the other extreme, but on the whole this is a healthier attitude both for the child and the parents. It is always wiser and safer to face up to reality, however painful it may be at the moment.
  6. According to the passage, when the children praise the homes of their friends, their parents tend not to . (A) be sad (B) speak bad words about the friends parents (C) praise with them (D) regard the praise as a slur on their own home
  7. In paragraph 2, by “high ideal”, the auther means. (A) the realistic evaluation (B) children’s deep belief in their parents’ character and infallibility (C) the parents’ preparation for adolescent reaction (D) parents’ being good and adequate
  8.According to the passage, what can’t be accepted by the teenager? (A) The parents’ ignorance (B) His own slur (C) The parents’ refusal to admit their mistake (D) His resentment to his parents
  9. In the last sentence of paragraph 4, “retreating behind an unreasoning authoritarian attitude” may mean. (A) not caring what their children’s behavior (B) stating no reason for their attitude (C) drawing back from their unreasonable authoritarian attitude (D) covering themselves with an unreasonable strict attitude
  10. According to the passage, which statement is true? (A) The children may forgive their parents at all times. (B) The parents realize that they are responsible for the secretiveness of their children (C) If the parents act improperly, their children would always regard themselves as the most ideal. (D) The children would respect their parents as long as they admit their wrong doings.
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