2007 年 专四冲刺班语法词汇专项练习(内部资料) 专四冲刺班语法词汇专项练习(内部资料) 练习 ??英语外事管理系 ??英语外事管理系
英语专业四级考试历年各语法考点的分布表 考点 数目 比例(%) 总比例(%) 非谓语动词 不定式短语 17
  8.9
  23.0 分词短语 12
  6.3 动名词短语 10
  5.2 独立主格结构 5
  2.6 并列句和复合 状语从句 27
  14.1
  26.2 句 定语从句 16
  8.4 名词性从句 7
  3.7 虚拟语气 22
  11.5
  11.5 形容词和副词 17
  8.9
  8.9 情态动词 12
  6.3
  6.3 倒装 10
  5.2
  5.2 省略 10
  5.2
  5.2 时态 9
  4.7
  4.7 反意疑问句 5
  2.6
  2.6 代词 4
  2.1
  2.1 强调句 2
  1.1
  1.1 主谓一致 2
  1.1
  1.1 其他(插入语,冠词,数词,系动 10
  5.2
  5.2 词) 历年试题中出现的重点词汇 2006 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Superstition, discrimination, misfortune, Cathedral, executive, splendor, rainforest, renovate, drastically, accommodation, distinction, squeeze, trickle, conspicuous, Stock Exchange, implication, squander, stereotype, inferiority, tendency, conflict, jealousy, counterbalance, initiation, irritation, stimulate, attachment, intimacy, subtle, reveal, affectionate, excursion 重点词组 Plunge in, accommodation officer, at the junction of, on the run, text message, intrude on, be inclined to do, feel ashamed of, be occupied with, take my word (for it) 2005 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Deficiency, weakness, insufficiency, drain, proceed, enhance, issue, concern, concern with, habitually, consequently, rarely, tolerant, hostile, indifferent, good-tempered, consensus, compromise, humid, enthusiasm, hesitation, caution, equivalent, similarity, imaginative, ingenious, impractical, theoretical, minority, scarcity, rarity, minimum, finance, budge, concentrated, extensive, exclude, deny, availability, convenience, sparsely
1
重点词组 Get over, get in, get back, get along, go about, go over, nothing but, anything but, so as to, such as to, on occasion, on purpose, on condition that, take no notice of, move on, move off, go in for, go though, call in, call over, call upon, call out, object to sth/ doing sth, move out, move along, carry into effect, take effect, put into effect, pull back, pull up, pull through, pull out 2004 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Jurisdiction, withdrawal, chaos, regime, dramatically, urban, aggression, militant, intelligence, reject, cycle, reversed, former, regular, temporary, tendency, preference, disclose, grudge, bear a grudge/ grudges, worthless, invaluable, priceless, restore, revive, renew, drain, spill, shiver, spin, stagger, empathic, eloquent, emotional, vibrant, energetic, thereof, thereby, thereabouts, mortality 重点词组 Call for, react to, in a word, no sooner…than…, catch up (on), clear up, make up, pick up, to the exclusion of 2003 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Intermediate, book, medium, mid, afford, fragrance, perfume, flavor, massively, plentifully, adequately, identical, alike, acquire, brand, stuff, commodity, nevertheless, extraordinary, unique, rare, acknowledge, switch to, divert from/ to, modify, alter, ensure, enrich, scale, strip, peel, slice, stiff 重点词组 Show off, show up, show around, answer for ,answer to, answer back, allow for, stem from, tend to, shift to, account for 2002 年专四出现的考试词汇重点词汇 重点词汇 Promising, pleasing, obliging, vacant, deserted, fragment, extract, preset, late, misguided, narrowly, award, compensation, prize, reward 重点词组 Rather than, concentrate on, get over, get away, get off, get across, refer to sth as sth, apply to, make a bid for, on no account, put forward, be committed to, start out 2001 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Characteristic, obliging, vacant, extract, preset, late, cyclical, staggering, descent, declined, application, use, utility, quality, feature, frustrate, discourage, assign, tackle, usage 重点词组 Get over, refer to sth as sth, amount to, come to, make a bid for, on no account, in proportion t, by/in comparison with, disapproval of, distaste for, dissatisfaction with, dismay at, do away with, in order, in (good/bad) form, in good (working) order, reduce to, as regards, in that, what's more, as well, for one thing… for another, in addition, be restricted to doing, rather
2
than, be confronted with, require sth of sb, be faced with, lack of, a nodding acquaintance, familiarity with, acquaintance with, on one's own 2000 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Rudimentary, swerve, uninformative, startling, eclipse, pedestrian, mystique, stifling, exploited, controversial, sensible, infect, primitive, adequate, ambitious, scarf, considerate, checkup 重点词组 Get about, get on, get in, set through, put by, be allergic to, without fail, without hesitation, take a back seat to, on one's behalf, make a clear distinction, put off, put up, put by, by no means, get rid of, have trouble with, call off 1999 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Traumatic, jeopardize, instant, urgent, prompt, hasty, exceedingly, excessively, extensively, peculiar, specific 重点词组 Hand down, hand in, agree upon, agree in, agree with, not…any more than…, no more than, no less than, much more than
1998 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Ample, authentically, spontaneous, eternal, simultaneous, synthetic, dispel, disqualify, infinite, ceaseless, everlasting, cultivation, upbringing, innocently, genuinely, substantial, subsequently, successively, preliminarily, halt, surrender, abandon 重点词组 Be available to sb, cope with, 1997 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Renovate, engagement, gleam, prohibit 重点词组 For all, draw upon, be concerned with, reaction to, restrain sb from doing sth, be relevant to, adapt oneself to, conform oneself to 1996 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Considerate, considerable, profound, respectful, respecting, respectable, vacate, dweller, tenant, primitive, initial, original, elementary, spoilt, deliberate, compulsory, spontaneous, voluntary 重点词组 At the heart of, discourage sb from doing sth, be involved in, have no way of doing sth, come to, come around, come on, come up with, look up, look up to, pay up, keep up, stand up to, carry off, carry away, carry on, for lack of, other than 1995 年专四出现的考试词汇
3
重点词汇 Repel, sovereign, resent, proprietor, nuisance, annoyance, refresh, restore, pedigree, hectic, autograph, potential, coexist, honorary, honorific, splash, scatter, insistent, persistent, consistent, resistant, mute, illusion, vision, client, landlord, tenant, proprietor, massacre, bid, auction, embarrassment, distress 重点词组 Uphold the sentence, pull through, acquaint sb with sth, throw off, throw down, throw over, acquaint sb with sth, over a cup of coffee/tea, get over, success in doing sth, influence on 1994 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Volume, pitch, reclaim, deprive, punch, whip, unsurpassed, inadvertently, fascinating, scatter, dignity, sensible, faint, pale, bleach, fade, withhold, scarcity, proficiency, capacity, excursion, attendant, subsequently, affection, disassemble 重点词组 Shut sb up, close up, stop up, in the first place, appeal to, be intent on, be absorbed in, be engrossed in, be involved in, bring forward, bring about, bring on, withhold…from, deprive of, obtain sth from, benefit from, dispose of, later on 1993 年专四出现的考试词汇 重点词汇 Imaginable, imaginative, imaginary, playful, obscurity, ignorance, misgiving, squeezed, eyestrain, exemption, amateur, certificate, elegance, leisure, miserly, disgusted, discard, dispel, discharge, worthless, invaluable, priceless, unworthy, hint, clue, neglectful, negligible, neglected, negligent, proficient, outstanding, prominent, stale, misty, incident, marvelous, recipe, ingredient 重点词组 Be lacking in, catch on, draw up, draw on, draw out, draw back, comment on sth, dispose of, in half, regret to do sth, regret doing sth, preside over, mow that, on the road, on the march, on the move, come upon, come on
语法点一: 语法点一:主谓一致

  1. 在一般现在时中,若主语是单数第三人称,谓语动词则要加 或-es, 具体变化同名词的单数变 在一般现在时中,若主语是单数第三人称, 语动词则要加-s 复数.如: 复数 He goes to school at 8 every morning. 不说:He go….
  1) 单数第三人称作主语的词包括: 单数人称代词:he, she, it 不定代词:each, everyone 人名:John, Bill Gates 等. 普通单数名词:my brother, English 等.
  2)单数动词的变化有:be?is; have?has; 其他动词在词尾加-s 或-es, 具体变化同名词的单数变 复数,work?works,study--studies. 若主语是单数第一,第二人称或复数,则谓语动词永原形,不需要加-s 或-es.常见的这样的主语 有:单数人称代词:I, you 复数人称代词:we, you, they 复数名词:students, books 等.
  2. 在助动词或情态动词后面,直接接动词原型. . 在助动词或情态动词后面,直接接动词原型. a. She can sing in English. b. He goes to school early. He doesn't go to school early.
  3. There be 句型的主谓一致.研究下列句子: 句型的主谓一致.
4
There is a book on the desk. There are two books on the desk. There be 句型是一倒装结构,因此谓语动词的单复数要与 be 动词后面的名词一致.
  4. "数量词 名词"结构的主谓一致 . 数量词+名词 名词" 只与可数 只 接 单 数 名词连用 的 One Each every 只 接 复 数 Two, three, etc. 的 Both A couple of A few Few Several Many A number of 只与不可 A little 数名词连 Little 用 Much A great deal of A large amount of 与可数名 Not any 词复数或 不可数名 Some 词连用均 可 A lot of Lots of Plenty of Most all
One boy Each boy Every boy Two boys Both boys A couple of boys A few boys Few boys Several boys Many boys A number of boys A little water Little water Much water A great deal of water A large amount of water Not any boys, not any water Some boys, some water A lot of boys, a lot of water Lots of boys, lots of water Plenty of boys, plenty of water Most boys, most water All boys, all water
单数谓语 Every boy is smart. Every boy has a gift. Every boy studies hard. 复数谓语 Many boys are smart. Many boys have a gift. Many boys study hard.
单数谓语 Much water is clean. Much water has bacteria.
接可数复数名词时用复 数谓语; 接不可数名词时 用单数谓语. Some water is clean. Some boys are smart.
在上述数量词中,有些还可以接 of 短于连用.具体用法如下: All/most/some/any of + 特指限定词+复数可数或不可数名词 Most of my/these/the/John's books are interesting. Most of the information is useless. Many/a few/few/several/both/two/three/of +特指限定词+复数可数名词 Many of these students are good at English. Much/a little/little of +特指限定词+不可数名词 Much of the water is wasted One of Each of + 特指限定词+复数可数名词+单数谓语 Every one of One of my students is good at English. Every one of my students is good at English.
5
总的规则: 接可数复数名词时用 复数谓语;接不可数 名词时用单数谓语.

  5. 单数形式的名词作主语与谓语动词形式的关系 . 一般来说,单数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数形式,这个符合英语中的语法上一致原则. 但此种情况 也有例外.现在详细归纳如下:
  1)Many a +名词单数,虽为复数概念,但谓语用单数. a. There is many an error that he has neglected. b. Many a man and (many a) woman has wished that he or she had had a better education. (Many men and women have….)
  2)More than one+可数名词单数,是复数概念,但谓语用单数. a. There is more than one answer to this question. b. More than one topic has been discussed at the meeting. 与此类似的另一个结构:more+复数名词+than one, 谓语用复数. a. More topics than one have been discussed at the meeting. b. More persons than one were killed.
  3) a+单数名词+or two 作主语,谓语用单数. One or two+复数名词,谓语用复数. a. A word or two is misused in the sentence. b. One or two words are misused in the sentence.
  4) 对于集体名词,如:party, crowd, class, team, family, crew, government, committee, audience, public 等,则要视情况而定: a. 若集体名词被看成一个整体,则用单数谓语. b. 若集体名词被看成是有具体若干成员组成的,则用复数谓语. 试比较: The public is the best judge. The public are requested to write down their names in this book. He has joined the football team who are all famous footballers. A football team which keeps on training hard is more likely to win. There was a large audience in the great hall. The audience were excited. 但集体名词:police, militia(民兵),cattle, people 等总是接复数动词,而 mankind, humanity 接 单数动词. Police in Guangdong Province are investigating an organized cheating operation in Dianbai Country of the province during national college entrance exams.
  5) 定冠词 the+adj. 或过去分词 (
  1) 若表示抽象概念,谓语用单数. (见 a,b,c 句) (
  2) 表示一类人,则为复数概念,谓语用复数. (见 d,e 句) (
  3) 有时根据上下文来判断. (见 f,g 句) a. The good in him overweight the bad. (抽象概念)他身上的优点比缺点多. b.
 

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