? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

  1. The largest city in Canada is. A. Vancouver B. Montreal C. Toronto D. Ottawa 各国首都及重要城市
  2. According to the United States Constitution, the legislative power is invested in__. A. the Federal government (the executive) B. the Supreme court (the judicial) C. the Cabinet D. the Congress (the legislative) 各国政治体制,政府机构
?
  3. Which of the following is the oldest sport in the United States? ? A. Baseball (1840s,Cartwright N.Y.) ? B. Tennis (1870s, Britain) ? C. Basketball (1891, Massachusetts) ? D. American football (1870s) ?
  4. The head of the executive branch in New Zealand is. ? A. the President B. the Governor-general ? C. the British Monarch D. the Prime minister
?
  5. The Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories told by a group of pilgrims on their way to Canterbury, is an important poetic work by__ ? A. William Langland ? B. Geoffrey Chaucer ? C. William Shakespeare ? D. Alfred Tennyson ? 作家及其作品
? ? ? ? ? ?

  6. Who wrote The American? A. Herman Melville B. Nathanial Hawthorne C. Henry James D. Theodore Dreiser
  7. All of the following are well-known female writers in 20th-century Britain except__. ? A. Gorge Elliot B. Iris Jean Murdoch ? C. Doris Lessing D. Muriel Spark ? 作家所处的时代 及所属文学流派(英美现当代作家)
?
  8. Which of the following is not a designed feature of human language? ? A. Arbitrariness B. Displacement ? C. Duality D. Diachronicity 语言的特点 ?
  9. What type of sentence is “Mark likes fiction, but Tim is interested in poetry.”? ? A. a simple sentence B. a coordinate sentence ? C. a complex sentence D. none of the above ? 句法学
? The phenomenon that words having different meanings have the same form is called . ? A. hyponymy 上下义关系 ? B. synonymy 同义关系 ? C. polysemy 一词多义 ? D. hemonymy 同音同形异义关系 ? 语义学
语言学概论
I.
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7. Introduction to Linguistics What is language?** Designed features of language** Functions of language* What is linguistics?** Main branches of linguistics*** Macrolinguistics* Important distinctions in linguistics**
语音
? I. The basic difference between vowels and consonants : with or without an obstruction of the air stream. ? II. Phonology ? Phoneme** ? Allophones* ? Minimal pairs*
形态学
? ? ? ? ? ? I. The formation of Word***
  1. Morpheme and morphology***
  2. Types of morphemes*** Free and bound morphemes Root, affix and stem Inflection, inflection affixes and derivational affixes
? Word formation: compound and derivation ? II. Lexical change*** ?
  1. blending, abbreviation, acronym, backformation, borrowing. ?
  2. Semantic change*** ? Broadening (extension), narrowing, meaning shift (elevation, degradation)
句法学
?
  1. Transformational Generative Grammar:** Chomsky. Deep structure and surface structure ?
  2. Systematic-functional grammar: Halliday** ? The systemic part and the functional part
语义学
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
  1. Sense and reference*
  2. Major sense relations*** Synonym Polysemy Homonymy Hyponomy Antynomy
语用学
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? I. Speech Act Theory**:John Austin
  1. Performative and constative*
  2. A theory of illocutionary act** II. The cooperative principles*: Herbert Grice Quantity maxim Quality maxim Relation maxim Manner maxim
现代语言学理论和学派
? I. Saussure*** ? “father of modern linguistics”, “Course in General Linguistics” ? His theory ? II. The London school: Firth ? Halliday: Systemic-Functional Grammar** ? III. Chomsky: Transformational-generative grammar**
语言与社会
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Speech community** Speech variety** Varieties of language Regional dialect Social dialect Ethnic dialect Register Standard dialect Pidgin** Creole** Bilingualism
语言习得
? ? ? ?
  1. Language acquisition
  2. A behaviorist’s view
  3. An innatist’s view Chomsky: universal grammar
第二语言习得
? ? ? ? ?
  1. Definition
  2. Acquisition
  3. Contrastive analysis
  4. Error Analysis
  5. Input Hypothesis
Reference

  1. 朱永涛主编,英语国家社会与文化入门(上 下).
  2. 戴炜栋, 何兆熊, 新编简明英语语言学教 程,上外出版社.
  3. 张定铨,吴刚,新编简明英国文学史,上海外 语教育出版社.
  4. 常耀信,美国文学简史,南开大学出版社.
 

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