1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。
  2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在
  3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
  4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被 动语态): be absorbed in 全神贯注于… 近 :be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
  5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富 于,富有
  6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解
  7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
  8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
  9. in accord with 与…一致 out of one’s accord with 同….不一致
  10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
  11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
  12. on one’s own account
  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account 不论什么原因也不; of …account 有…..重要性.
  13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
  14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
  15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解 释, 说明.
  16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
  17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无 论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)
  18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
  19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习 惯于.
  20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉
  21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代 理
  22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应 于
  23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改 编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
  24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

  25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
  26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
  27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
  28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
  29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可 能,留有…的余地.
  30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
  31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
  32. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
  33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
  34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
  35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
  36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过 ahead of time 提前.
  37. in the air
  1)不肯定, 不具体.
  38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其 是, 最重要的.
  39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
  40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
  41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.
  42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
  43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.
  44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
  45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for
  46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
  47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
  48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 apply for 申请; apply to 适用.
  49. apply to 与…有关;适用
  50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

  51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
  52. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
  74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
  53. arrive on 到达;
  75. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出;
  76. for the better 好转 arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
  77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.
  54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because
  78. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 of sth. done) 以…为羞耻 at birth 在出生时;
  55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in give birth to 出生 sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.
  79. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 .
  56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
  57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…
  80. in blossom 开花(指树木)
  58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注 be in blossom 开花(强调状态) 意,照顾; come into blossom 开花(强调动作) attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,
  81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 照料
  82. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
  59. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法
  83. out of breath 喘不过气来
  60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)
  84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果
  85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
  61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
  86. take the floor 起立发言
  62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge
  87. on business 出差办事. or consciousness)意识到,知道.
  88. be busy with sth.于某事
  63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
  64. in the back of 在…后部(里面);
  89. last but one 倒数第二. on the back of 在…后部(外面);
  90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.
  91. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
  65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维
  92. be capable of 能够, 有能力 护; be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的
  93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
  66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃
  94. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
  67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
  95. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一
  68. be based on / upon 基于 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
  69. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
  96. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
  70. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
  97. be cautious of 谨防
  98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on)
  71. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首 先, 第一(经常用于开始语) 把某人的注意力集中在…上
  72. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
  99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.
  73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to 1
  00. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 英语专业八级阅读备考核心词汇 . Most people abhor cruelty to animals.
  2. The pain-killer abated his splitting headache.
  3. The mountain village is adjacent to a highway.
  4. A good student does not need to be admonished about being absent too much.
  5. People are much better informed since the advent of television.
  6. A good friend will not desert you in time of adversity.
  7. The French and Italian languages have many affinities with each other.
  8. The young man spends money like water in that he comes from an affluent family.
  9. She didn’t mention Mr. Smith by name, but it was clear she was alluding to him.

  10. The little restaurant has a pleasant ambience.
  11. Kate Chopin, a great American writer, maintains an ambivalent attitude towards mother-women in her fiction.
  12. Parks and a theater are just some of the town’s local amenities.
  13. Her whole being was filled with a vague anguish, which was like a shadow, like a mist passing across her soul’s summer day.
  14. The army annihilated the enemy.
  15. The people of that tribe are dressed in strange apparel.
  16. The aroma of lilacs lingers about the garden.
  17. He finds it very difficult to articulate his distress.
  18. The police are trying to ascertain exactly who was at the party.
  19. The luxurious furniture attests to the family’s wealth.
  20. His audacious action turned out to be a disaster.
  21. He received an avalanche of thank letters.
  22. Hester Prynne wears a letter A on her bosom that serves as a badge of shame.
  23. Christians believe that God is benevolent.
  24. The exotic bazaar seems quite bizarre to me.
  25. Brevity is the soul of writing.
  26. The drowsing boy didn’t even browse the book.
  27. The husband failed to catch his wife’s capricious mind.
  28. The First World War served as a catalyst for major social changes in Europe.
  29. Nuclear explosion can be a fatal catastrophe that will cause heavy loss of life.
  30. Professor Smith possesses a charisma. That’s why he is so popular with his students.
  31. The project is not compatible with the company’s long-term plans.
  32. The two judges concurred with each other on the ruling.
  33. His military service was deferred until he finished college.
  34. It’s hard to cope with that old cranky/eccentric old man.
  35. Overeating has made him corpulent/obese.
  36. A series of hard experiences has made the diffident man become confident again.
  37. He narrated in his book about his doleful experiences in war.
  38. Marriage rolled on and their love gradually dwindled away.
  39. Overhearing is quite different from eavesdropping.
  40. He heard an eerie sound while crossing a dark wood at night.
  41. His large hear melted their enmity and hatred.
  42. It’s an erudite book on the history of the Roman Empire.
  43. It’s advisable that you eschew bad company and alcoholic drinks.
  44. The girl was extremely exasperated at her boyfriend’s forgetting her birthday.
  45. I could not understand her evasive answer.
  46. As she had forgotten her keys, she got into the house by the simple expedient of climbing through a window.
  47. He flunked the exam again.
  48. His fallacious arguments cannot hold water.
  49. Her merits are extolled in the newspaper.
  50. Peter handled the meeting with great finesse.



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