英语专业八级考试( 英语专业八级考试(TEM-
  8) ) 解析
TEM-8 专业八级考试构成
听力部分( ):含 迷你演讲+5%对话 对话+5%新闻 听力部分(20%):含10%迷你演讲 ): 迷你演讲 对话 新闻 阅读部分( ):四篇精读 阅读部分(20%):四篇精读 ): 人文知识部分(10%):含10道选择题 人文知识部分( ):含 道选择题 ): 改错部分( ):含 道改错题 改错部分(10%):含10道改错题 ): 翻译部分( ):含 中译英+10%英译中 翻译部分(20%):含10%中译英 ): 中译英 英译中 写作部分( ):一篇文章 写作部分(20%):一篇文章 ):
考试流程
8:15进考场,发草稿纸,试卷,答题卡。 进考场,发草稿纸,试卷,答题卡。 进考场 先做听力(25分钟 分钟)第一部分 先做听力 分钟 第一部分 MINI-LECTURE,放录音,学 ,放录音, 生先在草稿纸上做笔记,等放音完毕, 生先在草稿纸上做笔记,等放音完毕,发答题纸 (ANSWER SHEET ONE)答题。 答题。 答题 10分钟后收听力试卷 10分钟后收听力试卷; 分钟后收听力试卷; 听力第二部分INTERVIEW和NEWS BROADCAST,以及 听力第二部分 和 , 阅读、人文知识。 阅读、人文知识。 65分钟后第二次收卷 收答题卡),发改错试卷; 分钟后第二次收卷(收答题卡 ,发改错试卷; 分钟后第二次收卷 收答题卡 15分钟后第三次收卷 收改错试卷 。 分钟后第三次收卷(收改错试卷 分钟后第三次收卷 收改错试卷)。 然后发翻译答题纸,做翻译; 然后发翻译答题纸,做翻译; 60分钟后收翻译卷发作文答题纸,开始写作。 分钟后收翻译卷发作文答题纸, 分钟后收翻译卷发作文答题纸 开始写作。 45分钟后收作文答题纸,草稿纸,试卷,考试完毕。 分钟后收作文答题纸, 分钟后收作文答题纸 草稿纸,试卷,考试完毕。
听力部分概述
测试要求: 测试要求: (a)能听懂交际场合中各种英语会话和讲话。 能听懂交际场合中各种英语会话和讲话。 能听懂交际场合中各种英语会话和讲话 (b)能听懂 能听懂VOA或BBC、CNN等国外传媒的节目中有关 能听懂 或 、 等国外传媒的节目中有关 政治、经济、文化教育、科技等方面的专题报道。 政治、经济、文化教育、科技等方面的专题报道。 (c)能听懂有关政治、经济、历史、文化教育、语言文 能听懂有关政治、经济、历史、文化教育、 能听懂有关政治 学、科普方面的一般讲座及讲座后的答问。 科普方面的一般讲座及讲座后的答问。 (d)时间 分钟。 时间25分钟 时间 分钟。
听力部分之Mini-lecture
900字 10个空10分 内容广泛,题材多样 具有逻辑性,从几个方面论证或是叙述某一问题
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Writing a Research Paper (科研 科研) 科研 Meaning in Literature (文学) 文学) What Can We Learn from Art? (艺术) 艺术) The Popularity of English (语言) 语言) Writing Experimental Reports (科研) 科研) Paralinguistic Features of language (语言) 语言) 语言
题型分析
关键信息题型* 一级要点:讲座提纲的主要节点/大标题 二级要点:讲座提纲的次要节点/小标题 推理判断题型** 根据听到的内容和记录的笔记推理而出,一般会 有多种正确答案 概括总结题型*** 在理解讲座原话的基础上进行概括、总结,有一 定难度
关键信息题型
一级要点:讲座提纲的主要节点 大标题 一级要点:讲座提纲的主要节点/大标题
II. Reasons for the popular use of English

  1) (
  3)
  2) Economic reasons;
  3) (
  6) in international travel;
  4) Information exchange;
  5) Popular culture; 2008 要点排列有序, 要点排列有序,此类题目一般笔记不遗漏要点就能准确 回答
关键信息题型
二级要点:讲座提纲的次要节点/小标题
II. Types of Information A. Information in history is (
  2) facts, but no opinion B. Information in art history is subjective (
  3) and opinion 2007
二级要点在一级要点之下,一般是列举、阐述、解释、 分类等细节信息;题目很直观,解题有赖于认真仔细的 记录和准确记忆
推理判断题型
根据听到的内容和记录的笔记推理而出,听到的答案 一般不能直接照搬 II. Reasons for the popular use of English
  1) (
  3) ? the Pilgrim Fathers brought the language to America; ? British settlers brought the language to Australia; ? English was used as a means of control in (
  4) 2008 通过分析推理,可以概括出三种答案:India, colonies, British colonies.
2008原文线索(续前页) “For example, it became a lingua franca in India, where a variety of indigenous languages made the use of any one of them as a wholecountry system/problematic. So, the imposition of English as the one language of administration helped maintain the colonizer's control and power.”

  2.3 概括总结题型
在理解讲座原话的基础上进行概括、总结;对逻辑思维能 力和通篇理解力是一种考验
III. Art as reflection of religious beliefs A……. B……. C. Africa and the Pacific Islands: masks, headdress and costumes in special ceremonies Purpose: to seek the help of __(
  6) to protect crops, animals and people. 2007
2007原文线索(续前页)
“Christian art influences people’s religious feelings towards God. But the goal of traditional art in Africa and the Pacific Islands is to influence spiritual powers, that is gods, to enter people’s lives. Each tribe or village there has special ceremonies with songs and dances to make sure that crops, animals, and people are healthy and increase in number.” God gods; lives crops, animals, and people
Mini-lecture建议
把主要精力放在听的方面,也就是说,以听为主, 记为辅 做记录时要围绕演讲的课题,结合“新闻六要 素”,快速记下讲话的重点和要点 把握文章结构及句型结构 速记符号的使用 答案大多是名词居多,然后是形容词,最后才是 动词 可用近义词或同义词 注意大小写,拼写
一般学术讲座的结构
Opening 开场白 Thesis 主题 Connection 承接 Body 正文 Summary 总结 Closing 收尾
讲座的结构实例分析 ??2008 (
  1)
Opening 开场白:
? “Good morning, everyone.”
Thesis 主题:
? “Today‘s lecture is about the popularity of English.”
Connection 承接:
? “Although English is NOT the language with the largest number of native or “first” language speakers, ...what is a lingua franca? The term refers to…” ? “Then, actually how many people speak English as either a ‘first’ or a ‘ second ’ language…”
讲座的结构实例分析 ??2008 (
  2)
Body 正文
“Then, we may ask a question…” “First is the historical reason… ” “Now, the second major factor… ” “And the third factor related to the popular use of English is …” ? “Another factor has something to do with information exchange …” ? “The last factor I cite here concerns popular culture…” ? ? ? ?
讲座的结构实例分析 ??2008 (
  3)
Summary 总结
? “Now, to sum up, in today’s lecture, we have reviewed some of the reasons…”
Closing 收尾
? “OK, this brings us to the end of today’s lecture. Thank you for your attention. ”
熟悉讲座常见的话语标记
Introducing 介绍/导入 Giving background information 交代背景 Defining 定义 Listing 列举 Giving examples 举例 Emphasizing 强调 Clarifying/Explaining 解释 Moving on/Changing direction 承接/转接 Giving further information 递进 Giving contrasting information 转折 Classifying 分类 Concluding 总结
Introducing 介绍/导入
What I intend to say is What I’d like to do is to discuss What I intend to do is to explain In my talk today, / My topic today is Today, I’m going to talk about I’m going to talk to you about In this talk, I would like to concentrate on The subject of this talk is
Giving background information 交代背景
As we know As we have already seen As we have all read It’s clear that It goes without saying We all understand It is understood You’ll remember
Defining 定义
is is called is known as may be defined as is a type of Y that/which
X
Listing 列举
Firstly Secondly Next Then Thirdly Lastly Finally
First of all The In the first place first/second/ For one thing next/last To begin with point I’d like to make is In the second place For another thing
Giving examples 举例
For example, For instance, You only have to think of Remember, Say, Take something for example,
Emphasizing 强调
I want to stress I’d like to put emphasis on It’s important to remember that We should bear in mind that Don’t forget that The essential point is
Clarifying/Explaining 解释
In other words, That is to say, To put it another way, By which I mean Or you could say The point I’m making is That is, Namely, i.e. That means
Moving on/Changing direction 承接/转接
That’s all I want to say about X. OK / Now / All right Having looked at … , I’d now like to consider I’d like now to move on to Turning now to So let’s turn to Moving on now to
Giving further information 递进
Furthermore, Another point A further point In addition / Moreover / Similarly Apart from, Not only …, but We can add / I could add that Further / As well as / Besides
Giving contrasting information 转折
Although However On the other hand Whereas Despite Nevertheless But Alternatively
Classifying 分类
types kinds classes categories sorts varieties
There are N
of X
Concluding 总结
That completes my lecture. We’ve seen that First we looked at … and we saw that Then we considered . .. and I argued that In short, To sum up In conclusion, I’d like to emphasize that
结构把握 2010
I. Vocal Paralinguistic Features
  1. whispering- the needs for secrecy
  2. breathiness- deep emotion
  3. huskiness- unimportant
  4. nasality- anxiety
  5. extra lip-rounding- greater intimacy II. physical paralinguistic features
  1. facial expression- powerful conveyer of meaning. --e.g.1 smiling: pleasure or welcome --e.g.2 raising eye-brows: surprised or interested in something --e.g.3 biting your lip: deep in thinking/ uncertain about something --e.g.4 compressing the lips: making decisions --e.g.5 clenching of the teeth: angry
  2. gesture- culture bound --e.g.1 shrugging shoulders: 'I don't care', or 'I don't know' --e.g.2 crossing your arms: relaxation/ bored --e.g.3 waving: welcome and farewell --e.g.4 scratching your head: at a loss --e.g.5 placing your hand upon your heart: telling the truth --e.g.6 pointing your finger at your nose: it's a secret
  3. proximity, posture and echoing
  1). proximity: personal style & culture bound --e.g.1 closeness: intimacy, threat --e.g.2 distance: formality, lack of interest
  2). posture: the way in which someone holds his or her body --e.g.1 Hunched shoulders and a hanging head: happy or not --e.g.2 A lowered head, eye contact: the appropriate relationship --e.g.3 direct level eye contact: open or challenging
  3). echoing: to complement the verbal communication
词性
1 tones of voice 2 huskiness 3 universal signal; 4 thought or uncertainty 5 indifference 6 honesty 7 distance; 8 situation; 9 mood; 10 unconsciously same posture (20
  10)
  1. study result/ findings
  2. unknowledgeable audience
  3. disciplined
  4. what you did
  5. DISCUSSION
  6. a common mistake
  7. in reality
  8. obtained / that you obtained
  9. attention / focus / emphasis
  10. lack (20
  09)
  1. native language
  2. 350
  3. Historical
  4. India
  5. commerce
  6. Boom
  7. sea travel communication
  8. conference
  9. many radios
  10. split (20
  08)
听力部分之Conversation & Interview
约800个单词的会话组成,之后,有5道多选题 内容涉及日常生活的各个方面。比如家庭.生 活,工作,学习,社会关注的焦点等 谈话双方都可能涉及到对所谈论问题的看法和 态度
Conversation & Interview 建议
提前读题,这不仅包括要读题的题干,还要读题 的选项 标记每个选项的主题词, 题干的反正意(即到底这句话是肯定的?还是否定 的?) 注意题干中的 NOT,EXCEPT,INCORRECT,WHY,HOW等词 一般说来,选择项都是按照采访者提问的顺序来 排列

  2. The following are job benefits by joining Toastmasters EXCEPT(20
  09) A. becoming familiar with various means of communication. B. learning how to deliver messages in an organized way. C. becoming aware of audience expectations. D. learning how to get along with friends.

  4. Toastmasters aims to train people to be all the following EXCEPT(20
  09) A. public speakers. B. grammar teachers. C. masters of ceremonies. D. evaluators.
听力部分之 News broadcast
若干新闻报道后,会有5道多选题 录音速度为每分钟约为150个单词 新闻的题材多样,内容新、词汇新,上至 天文,下至地理,政治、科技,军事,经 济,无所不有
News broadcast 建议
新闻六要素(who,what, when,where, why, how) news的速度可能有些快,所以看完选项后 才能更有目的的听 多听BBC或VOA的新闻
 

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