无忧英语 www.hopp.cn 下载历年四六级考试真题,听力 MP3 最新预测试卷
无忧英语编辑整理 www.hopp.cn 英语四级,英语六级,专业四级,专业八级考试历年真题 听力下载 模拟 预测试题下载
  1. A Tale of Two Cities was written by Charles Dickens.
  2. Phonology: The study of speech sounds in language or a language with reference to their distribution and patterning and to tacit rules governing pronunciation. 音位学; 在语言或一门语言中,对有关其分类和模式以及 为大家所默认的发音规则的研究音韵学, 音系学
  3. Syntax: The study of the rules whereby words or other elements of sentence structure are combined to form grammatical sentences. 句法,研究词或其它句子成分如何联合起来形成合乎语法的句子规则的学科
  4. Semantics: The study or science of meaning in language forms.语义学,以语言形式表示意思的研究或科 学
  5. acronym : 首字母组合词,首字母缩略词,比如,NATO, UNESCO, BASIC,它们可以连拼,但 VOA 是 Initialism.
  6. Metonymy: A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated, as in the use of Washington for the United States government or of the sword for military power. 换喻或转喻,一种,一个词或词组被另一个与之有紧密联系的词或词组替换的修辞方法,如用华盛顿代替美 ==或用剑代替军事力量,对面来了三个"红领巾"也是,以红领巾指代少先队员.
  7. Simile: A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as, as in How like the winter hath my absence been or So are you to my thoughts as food to life (Shakespeare).明喻, 一种修辞手法, 把两种基本不相像的东西进行比较, 通常在由 like 或 as 引导的短语中, 如 "我的离开好象是冬天来临"或"你对我的思想就象食物对于生命一样重要" (莎士比亚)
  8. Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in a sea of troubles or All the world's a stage(Shakespeare) 隐喻一种语言表达手法,通常用指某物的词或词组来指代他物,从而暗示它们之间的相 似之处,如 "忧愁之海"或"整个世界一台戏"(莎士比亚) the ship of desert 沙漠之舟
  9. Oxymoron: A rhetorical figure in which incongruous or contradictory terms are combined, as in a deafening silence and a mournful optimist. 矛盾修饰法, 一种把互相矛盾或不调和的词合在一起的修辞手法, 如在 震耳 欲聋的沉默和悲伤的乐观 cruel kindness
  10. The affection name given to the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament, Westminster is Big Ben.
  11. John Milton the poet wrote of Adam and Eve's expulsion from the Garden of Eden in Paradise Lost. Paradise Regained was also written by him.
  12. Sonnet: A 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes. 十四行诗体, 一 种由十四行组成的诗歌形式,通常有一种传统的押韵形式, 莎士比亚用过此诗体.
  13. Slang: A kind of language occurring chiefly in casual and playful speech, made up typically of short-lived coinages and figures of speech that are deliberately used in place of standard terms for added raciness, humor, irreverence, or other effect. 俚语主要出现在非正式的,游戏性的话语中的一种语言,基本由存在时间很短的 派生词和修辞构成,它们被故意地用来取代标准的词语以达到生动,幽默,无礼或其它效果
  14. Catch Phrase: A phrase in wide or popular use, especially one serving as a slogan for a group or movement. 警句,妙句,吸引人的词句广泛使用的或流行的用语,尤指用作集团或运动的口号的用语.
  15. Jargon: The specialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group. 行话, 一个行业, 职 业或类似的团体中使用的专业的或技术的语言.
  16. Platitude: A trite or banal remark or statement, especially one expressed as if it were original or significant. 陈腔滥调, 陈腐的或平庸的评论或陈述,尤指某人表述它时好象它是新颖的或有意义的
  17. Hyperbole: A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton. 夸张法,一种比喻,使用夸张来强调或产生某种效果,比如在我能睡一年或 这书有一吨重
  18. onomatopoeia: The formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that imitate the sounds associated
无忧英语 www.hopp.cn 下载历年四六级考试真题,听力 MP3 最新预测试卷
with the objects or actions they refer to. 象声词, 词的构成或用法,例如 buzz 或 nurmur 模仿事物或行动的声 音.
  19. hypotaxis: 从属关系
  20. parataxis: 并列结构,指 短语或分句间不用连词, 如:I came, I saw, I conquered.
  21. Transcendentalism: A literary and philosophical movement, associated with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller, asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition. 超验主义, 一种文学和哲学运动, 与拉尔夫沃尔多爱默生和玛格丽特富勒有 关,宣称存在一种理想的精神实体,超越于经验和科学之处,通过直觉得以把握
  22. Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote the Scarlet Letter. 美国
  23. Morphology: The study of the structure and form of words in language or a language, including inflection, derivation, and the formation of compounds.词法,词态学,形态音位学, 语言或某一语言中对于单词的结构和 形式的研究,包括词尾变化,派生和合成词的构成
  24. affricate: A complex speech sound consisting of a stop consonant 辅音 followed by a fricative 摩擦; for example, the initial sounds of child and joy. 塞擦音由闭塞音伴随着摩擦音而形成的复杂的语音; 例如 child 和 joy 的第一个音 Also called: affricative.
  25. Vanity Fair 名利场 was written William Makepeace Thackray
  26. Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the moon. Edwin Aldrin, Michael Collins 尼尔.阿姆斯特朗,埃德温.奥尔德林,迈克尔.柯林斯
  27. The title of the national anthem 国歌 of Canada is O Canada. 此种类型题同学们可自己多找几个国 家.
  28. Henry David Thoreau's work, Walden, has always been regarded as a masterpiece of New England Transcendentalism.
  29. etymology: the history of a word. 词源学
  30. The dominant accent in the United States is General American. 除纽约市,南方,新英格兰
  31. John Lennon is a member of the band of Beatles 披头士或甲壳虫乐队 in the 1960s.
  32. In Gulliver's Travels 格列佛游记, Jonathan Swift describes the island of the Houyhnhnms as the world' s most perfect society. 有理智和人性的马 Houyhnhnms are horses in fact.
  33. Ceoffrey Chaucer wrote Canterbury Tales in fourteenth century.
  34. morpheme: A meaningful linguistic unit consisting of a word, such as man, or a word element, such as -ed in walked, that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful parts. 词素, 一种含有一个单词的有意义的语言单位, 如 -ed 在单词 walked 中,不能被划分为更小的有意义单位
  35. The name of the famous stadium 露天体育场 in the north of London is Wembley.
  36. Wimbledon 温布尔登[英国英格兰东南部城市](位于伦敦附近, 是著名的国际网球比赛地)
  37. Toad in the hole is a Traditional English recipe 食谱, originating from Yorkshire, a county in the north of England. 烤面拖牛肉, ,面拖烤香肠
  38. Boycott: To act together in abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with as an expression of protest or disfavor or as a means of coercion(强制). 联合抵制, 联合起来拒绝使用,购买或经销以示抗议,不满或作 为强制的手段
  39. Segregation: The policy and practice of imposing the social separation of races, as in schools, housing, and industry, especially so as to practice discrimination against people of color in a predominantly white society. 种族 隔离, 强制实行种族的社会分离政策及实践,如在学校,居住和工业中,尤指在白人居多的社会中实行有色 人种歧视的政策
  40. Apartheid: An official policy of racial segregation practiced in the Republic of South Africa, involving political, legal, and economic discrimination against nonwhites. 种族隔离制, 南非共和国实行的一种官方的种 族隔离政策,包括在政治,法律和经济诸方面对非白色人种的歧视.
  41. Integration: The bringing of people of different racial or ethnic groups into unrestricted and equal
无忧英语 www.hopp.cn 下载历年四六级考试真题,听力 MP3 最新预测试卷
association, as in society or an organization; desegregation. 种族或宗教融合, 在社会或组织中,使不同的种族 或宗教派别的人处于无限制的平等的关系中;取消种族隔离
  42. The majority of French-speaking Canadians live in Quebec.
  43. Sir Thomas More coined the word "Utopia", it means nowhere land in Greek.
  44. The Hemingway Code heroes are best remembered for their indestructible spirit.
  45. Phoneme: any one of the set of smallest distinctive speech sounds in a language that distinguish one word from another 音位,音素, 语言中最小的语音单位,如英语里 mat 中的 m 和 bat 中的 b
  46. polysemy: 一词多义
  47. patron saint:保护圣徒, 守护神
  48. Parentese: 父母语
  49. back formation: 逆构词 脱落一词的词缀以构成新词 typewriter → typewrite
  50. allomorph: Any of the variant forms of a morpheme. For example, the phonetic s of cats, z of dogs, and z of horses and the en of oxen are allomorphs of the English plural morpheme. 语素变体, 语素的一种变体形式, 如语音学的中之 s 在 cats 中,z 在 dogs 中,和 iz 在 horses 中,还有 en 在 oxen 中都是英语复数语素的 语素变体. 无忧英语编辑整理 www.hopp.cn 英语四级,英语六级,专业四级,专业八级考试历年真题 听力下载 模拟预测试题下载.
 

相关内容

英语专业八级考试人文知识必背

   英语专业八级考试人文知识必背 1. A Tale of Two Cities was written by Charles Dickens. 2. Phonology: The study of speech sounds in language or a language with reference to their distribution and patterning and to tacit rules governing pronunciation. 音位学; 在语言或一门语言中 ...

英语专业八级测试人文知识

   " " " " " " " " " " 1. The largest city in Canada is. A. Vancouver B. Montreal C. Toronto D. Ottawa 各国首都及重要城市 2. According to the United States Constitution, the legislative power is invested in__. A. the Federal government (the executive) B. the ...

英语专业八级考试题型分析与应试技巧

   恒星英语学习网 http://www.Hxen 英语专业八级考试题型分析与应试技巧 听力理解(Listening Comprehension) 题型分析与应试技巧 英语专业八级考试的听力理解部分包括四个项目: Section A, Section B, Section C 与 Section D.前三项,考试时间共 20 分钟. Section A:Talk Section B:Conversation or Interview Section C:News Broadcast 以上各项均由 ...

英语专业八级考试题型分析与应试技巧

   恒星英语学习网 http://www.Hxen 英语专业八级考试题型分析与应试技巧 听的目的在于懂,那么,如何衡量自己是否听懂了呢?一个行之有效的方法就是"复述". 我们在听完一个片段后,可将所听的内容重复一遍,如果具有较高的准确度,就说明真正听 懂了;否则需要再听一遍,如果连听几遍还无法较为满意地复述,说明所听内容太难,应予 以更换. 在学习听新闻的初级阶段,我们可以阅读一些大众媒体文献,如报纸,刊物,从中积累一 些新闻用语,一些重要组织的名称如 EEC(Europea ...

英语专业八级考试人文知识

   英语专业八级人文知识(1) 英语专业八级人文知识 美国概况 练习题: 1 The traditional dividing line in America between "east" and "west" is. 2 The earliest part in America to be found and taken over by early settlers is . 3 The largest racial group in the whole ...

英语专业八级考试?人文知识精编

   本文由止ぃ心贡献 pdf文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 近年来%随着中国经济的发展%英语专业人才的需求也不断增加& 为了满足社会需求许 多高等教育院校相继开设了英语专业和英语相关专业%因而参加英语专业八级考试的人数 也不断增加& 英语专业八级考试作为英语专业高年级阶段的评价性考试%其要求也自然较 高& 特别是自 !""# 起实施的新的英语本科专业教学评估标准更注重学生人文知识的掌握& ...

英语专业八级人文知识汇总

   英语专业八级人文知识(1) 美国概况 练习题: 1 The traditional dividing line in America between “east” and “west” is. 2 The earliest part in America to be found and taken over by early settlers is . 3 The largest racial group in the whole population of U.S.A is. 4 Befo ...

英语专业八级人文知识精讲

   General Knowledge What is not a nationally observed holiday of American? A. Easter Sunday B. Veterans’ Day C. Independence Day D.Christmas 解答: 解答 在美国有 10 个节日是全国性的节日:圣诞节(Christmas, Dec 25) 、新年(New Year’s Day, Jan. 1)、 感恩节(Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thurs ...

英语专业八级人文知识英国文学

   英语专业八级人文知识美国英国文学 Part 1. Old and medieval Beowulf 贝尔武甫(the national epic of the English people) striking feature: alliteration, metaphors and understatements. William Langland 威廉。兰格伦 Piers the Plowman 耕者皮尔斯 Geoffrey Chaucer 杰佛利 "乔叟 1340-1400 长诗: Ho ...

2011年英语专业八级报考须知及考试指导

   2011 年英语专业八级报考须知 编辑提醒 2010 年的英语专业高年级阶段统测(TEM8)已于 2010 年 3 月 6 日(星期六)上午,2 010 年的英语专业基础阶段统测(TEM4)已于 2010 年 4 月 17 日(星期六)上午全部结束, 2011 年专四专八考试时间还没有确定,具体考试时间敬请关注考试大专四专八站点。为了 帮助大家有效的复习, 考试大专四专八站点编辑收集整理了相关信息供大家参考, 希望对大 家有所帮助,考试大祝大家顺利通过考试! 2011 年专四专八考试流程:报 ...

热门内容

英语口语王 想说就说(二)听力原文

   Chapter 3. Stating Opinions 表达看法 Section 1: giving opinions. 提供意见 【例句】 】 A: What do you think about violence in movies? 你对电影的暴力情节有什么看法? movie theater 电影院 B: Personally, I'm not for it. I feel it's bad for kids to watch. 我个人并不喜欢,我觉得小孩子看那种东西不好。 A: Bu ...

[考试宝典]2011么建华职称英语保过班精讲班 第14讲 概括大意与完成句子(三)

   职称英语考试宝典 系列软件 第十四篇 1 Heartbeat of America New York?the Statue of Liberty1,the skyscrapers,the beautiful shops on Fifth Avenue2 and 3 the many theaters on Broadway This is America’s cultural capital. It is also her biggest city, with a population of ...

毕业总复习资料-PEP小学英语六年级[1]

   专注教育, 专注教育,服务教师--PEP 小学英语毕业总复习 6. 疑问词的选择:what (什么 who (谁) where (哪里 whose 什么) 哪里) 疑问词的选择 什么 谁 哪里 (谁的 why(为什么)when(什么时候)which(哪一个)how old 谁的) 什么时候) 谁的 (为什么) 什么时候 (哪一个) 一:学生易错词汇 1. a, an 的选择 元音音素开头的单词用 an,辅音音素开头的 的选择: , (多大 how many (多少)how much(多少钱) ...

英语四六级高频词汇包括 超纲词组和固定搭配

   一、名词词组和固定搭配 1.介词+名词 by accident 偶然 on account of 因为,由于,为了……的缘故 in addition to 另外,加之 in addition 除…之外(还) in the air 流传中 on (the/an) average 按平均值,通常 on the basis of 根据,在…的基础上 at best 充其量,至多 for the better 好转,向好的方向发展 on board 在船(车或飞机)上 out of breath 喘 ...

英语口语妙用

   英语口语妙用 英语口语妙用 史上最牛英语口语学习法:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 史上最牛英语口语学习法:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 太平洋在线英语,可免费体验全部外教一对一课程: 太平洋在线英语,可免费体验全部外教一对一课程:www.pacificenglish.cn 1 当别人在你旁边罗嗦个没完, 你烦透了, you are so boring “.(你真烦! 说“ )。 “shut up !”(闭嘴!)自然没错,可人家受得了吗?不如来一句“oh ...