英语专业8 英语专业8级
听力
大纲要求
? 听懂真实交际场合中的各种英语会话; ? 听懂英语国家广播电台以及电视台有关政 治、经济、文化、教育、科技等方面的专 题报道以及与此题材相关的演讲和演讲后 的问答; ? 听懂电视时事报道和电视短剧中的对话。 语速1
  50-180 words/M, 两遍听懂,理解准 确率
  60%为合格。
I.听力理解(Part I:Listening .听力理解(Part I: Comprehension)测试要求: Comprehension)测试要求:
? (a)能听懂交际场合中各种英语会话和讲话。 (b)能听懂VOA或BBC、CNN等国外传媒的 节目中有关政治、经济、文化教育、科技 等方面的专题报道。 (c)能听懂有关政治、经济、历史、文化教 育、语言文学、科普方面的一般讲座及讲 座后的答问。 (d)时间25分钟。
题型(填空题和多项选择题)
包括三个项目(共20题): ? SectionA:Mini-lecture 由 900个单词的讲座和一项填空人物组成,要求边听边做笔 记,然后完成填空人物。答题时间10分钟。本部分共10题。 ? SectionB:Conversation & Interview 约800个单词的会话组成,之后,有5道多选题。 ? SectionC:NewsBroadcast 若干新闻报道后,会有5道多选题。 注意:Section B&C的每一道题目后面有10秒的间隙,选一 最佳答案。录音速度为每分钟约为150个单词。 念一遍!!! 念一遍!!!
计分
? 听力25分钟 ? A) 主观题 10 题,10分, ? B)C)客观题各5题,共10分。
样题
? 2009 ? PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION (35 MIN) SECTION A MINI-LECTURE ? In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over, you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking.
Writing Experimental Reports
? I. Content of an experimental report, e.g. study subject/ area study purpose 1 ? II.Presentation of an experimental report providing details regarding readers as 2
? III.Structure of an experimental report feature: highly structured and 3 sections and their content: INTRODUCTION 4; why you did it METHOD how you did it RESULT what you found out 5 what you think it shows
? IV. Sense of readership 6: reader is the marker 7: reader is an idealized, hypothetical, intelligent person with little knowledge of your study tasks to fulfill in an experimental report: ν introduction to relevant area necessary background informationν ν development of clear arguments definition of technical termsν preciseν description of data 8
? V. Demands and expectations in report writing early stage: ν understanding of study subject/area and its implications basic grasp of theν report's format later stage: 9 on researchν significance things to avoid in writing INTRODUCTION: inadequateν material 10 of research justification for the studyν
? SECTION B INTERVIEW ? In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your coloured answer sheet. ? Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. ? Now listen to the interview.
?
  1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? A. Toastmasters was originally set up to train speaking skills. B. Toastmasters only accepts prospective professional speakers. C. Toastmasters accepts members from the general public. D. Toastmasters is an exclusive club for professional speakers. ?
  2. The following are job benefits by joining Toastmasters EXCEPT A. becoming familiar with various means of communication. B. learning how to deliver messages in an organized way. C. becoming aware of audience expectations. D. learning how to get along with friends.
?
  3. Toastmasters' general approach to training can be summarized as A. practice plus overall training. B. practice plus lectures. C. practice plus voice training. D. practice plus speech writing.
?
  4. Toastmasters aims to train people to be all the following EXCEPT A. public speakers. B. grammar teachers. C. masters of ceremonies. D. evaluators. ?
  5. The interview mainly focuses on A. the background information. B. the description of training courses. C. the requirements of public speaking. D. the overall personal growth.
? SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST ? In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your coloured answer sheet. Questions 6 and 7 are'based on the foUowing news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. ? Now listen to the news.
?
  6. Which of the following is the main cause of global warming? A. Fossil fuel. B. Greenhouse gases. C. Increased dryness. D. Violent storm patterns. ?
  7. The news item implies that in the last report. A. there were fewer studies done B. there were fewer policy proposals C. there was less agreement D. there were fewer objectives
? Questions 8 and 9 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. ? Now listen to the news. ?
?
  8. The cause of the Indian train accident was ? A. terrorist sabotage. B. yet to be determined. C. lack of communications. D. bad weather. ?
  9. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? A. The accident occurred on a bridge. B. The accident occurred in New Delhi. C. There were about 600 casualties. D. Victims were rescued immediately.
? Question 10 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. ? Now listen to the news. ?
  10. What is the main message of the news item? A. Young people should seek careers advice. B. Careers service needs to be improved. C. Businesses are not getting talented people. D. Careers advice is not offered on the Intenet.
听力考察的目的
? 语言基础:听音准(发音和听音的结合) ? 英语交际的基础能力:听懂内容/意义/信息, 并能自如提取所需要的细节内容,根据常 识做出合理的推理/判断和总结。 ? 由此,需要训练三方面的能力:
? 记忆能力 (复述单句/1-2分钟材料……) ? 背景知识 (多读/多听/开阔视野) ? 快速笔记能力 (一定放在扩展了基本的记忆空 间之后)
? 为了提高听力效果,考生 应在听力训练中有意识地 注意以下方面的训练:
? (
  1)加强储存记忆(memory span): 做到这一点需要按意群捕捉讲述 内容, ? 不要一字一字地听,而要抓住关 键词或句。听完一段不可能一字 一句地回忆, ? 而要建立整体概念。
? (
  2)加强及时反映 (immediate recall):只有 当你建立了整体概念,才 能达到立即回忆。
? (

  3)做简短笔记(brief note? taking):在听较长材料时, 用缩写或自己能看懂的点、 线或其它标记做些快速记录, 如:数字、地点、人名或其 它关键词语等。
?
(
  4)多做听写和记笔记训 练(dictating & note? taking):这种练习有助 于储存记忆,训练抓住 关键词或句,以及中心 思想 。
?
(
  5)精听与泛听 精听与泛听 (intensive & extensive listening ):同一段内容反复听若干次,这 :同一段内容反复听若干次, 样有助于增加记忆的持续时间; 样有助于增加记忆的持续时间;听 不同内容的材料, 不同内容的材料,有助于增加听各 种不同声音,口音及语速的经验。 种不同声音,口音及语速的经验。 前者属于精听,后者为泛听, 前者属于精听,后者为泛听,两者 应有机结合起来。 应有机结合起来。
 

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