青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
摘要
在跨文化交际中经常会遇到这种情况, 当两个人初次见面时会互相介绍自己 的姓名.由此可见,姓名在文化交际中发挥着重要作用.在社会中,姓名也被看 作是区别独立个体的标志并伴随人的一生.作为人类语言的重要组成部分,姓名 被赋予了深刻的文化内涵.不同的姓名能反映出不同的文化.通过对中美姓名文 化的研究,本论文分为五部分,旨在分析其所体现的中美价值观的差异.首先, 前言部分主要阐述了语言的习得离不开一国独有的文化背景及了解姓名文化在 跨文化交际中发挥的重要作用;然后通过举例,对比分析中美两国姓名的出现时 间,起源,命名方式等方面的差异所体现的两国集体主义和个人主义,平等观, 宗教观的不同; 结论部分总结了姓名文化对文化交流的影响及对今后英语方面的 学习和两国间的交流有重要作用.
关键字:中美姓名,差异,价值观
5
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
ABSTRACT
In the cross-cultural communication, it's commonly experienced by people that they introduce each other' name when they meet at the first time. So, names play an indispensable part in cultural exchange. It's used by human beings as symbols, which usually accompanies them for the whole life, indicating each particular member in society. As an essential part of human language, name is also bestowed with profound cultural connotations. Different personal names reflect different cultures. By making a close study of Chinese and American names, this paper attempts to display the differences in Chinese and American values. This paper consists of five parts. It begins with a brief introduction that says learning a language is inseparable from learning its culture, and name culture plays a very important role in the cross-cultural communication. Then by exploring the differences between Chinese and American name roots and examining the different characteristics of Chinese and American name, this paper shows that there are three different values reflected in the cultural connotation of name. Finally, this paper concludes that it can help people deeply understand the Chinese and American culture and it's useful for language study and the cross-cultural communication.
KEY WORDS: Chinese and American names, difference, value
6
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
Contents
Introduction………………………………………………………………………… (
  8) Chapter One The Exploration of Chinese and American Name Roots…………….. (
  9)
  1.1 Origin and evolution of Chinese name…………………………………… (
  9)
  1.2 Origin and evolution of American name………………………………… (
  11) Chapter Two The Characteristics and Forms of Chinese and American Name….. . (
  12)
  2.1The Components and forms of Chinese name…………………………......(
  12)
  2.2 The Components and forms of American name………………………..... (
  13)
  2.3Different ways of naming between China and America…………………. (
  14) Chapter Three The Cultural Connotation of Name……………………………….. (
  16)
  3.1 The family psychology?"more attention to surname than given name" and "more attention to given name than surname"……………………..…....... (
  16)
  3.2 Different equality value………………………………………………...... (
  17)
  3.3 Different religious value………………………………………………..... (
  18) Conclusion............................................................................................................... (
  20) Acknowledgements ...................................................................................…….... (
  21)
Bibliography ...................................................................................…………...... (
  22)
7
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
Introduction
The cross-cultural communication plays a great role in modern society. The mobility of people and the contact between countries have greatly increased international communication. English, as an international language, has called for Chinese learners' international awareness. People used to assume that learning the rules of English grammar and a large amount of vocabulary was sufficient in learning English. However, experience has shown that many learners, while knowing a lot about the target language were unable to communicate effectively in it(Zhang 1999:
  2). Learning a foreign language well means to see the world as native speakers of that language see it, learning the ways in which their language reflects the ideas, customs, and behavior of their society, learning to understand their "language of the mind"(Deng & Liu 1991:1
  60). Learning a language, in fact, is inseparable from learning its culture. People's name is one of the most universal language phenomena in each human society. It is the specific symbol, which people use to distinguish themselves from other people and which usually accompany them for the whole of their lifetime. To be exact, different personal names reflect different culture because people's name is the carrier of its respective culture. With this function, names play a significant role in people's social interactions, political involvement, as well as in economical life. Meanwhile, in naming the newborns, people are inevitably influenced by their cultural surroundings. They put in names their expectation of best wishes for the newborn, which manifests their value and aesthetical taste. The ordering of family name and given name and the preference of a certain name truthfully reveal a nation's psychology and reflect its social reality. In a word, personal names are windows for people to see through different cultures in different societies. By comparing and analyzing the origins and characteristics of the names, this paper will display three different values between China and America.
8
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
Chapter One
The Exploration of Chinese and American Name Roots
At first, people do not have their own names. With the development of economy and the reformation of society, people have to create a special sign to distinguish themselves from others in society. So "name" comes into being gradually in the world. But the time of appearance of name and origin of name between China and America are different.

  1.1 Origin and evolution of Chinese name In Chinese history, family name appears before given name. As a mark of blood relationship, Chinese family name was first used around 5000 years ago. People used the surname to represent the whole family. While the given name came into being much later until after Shang Dynasty to mark individuals. People get to know a person first of all through which family he belongs to. And it is secondary to know him by his own features. Surname, at first, in the tribal matriarchal society is the code, that later becomes the family's flag. A person's surname refers to his descendent blood relationship. Primitive people living in ancient times, due to blood relationship will be divided into different tribes; differences between the various tribes form their own names, these names are the name of the prototype. After Shang and Zhou dynasty, because of the increasing in population and social development, China's last names become popular. In the long history of development, these names after differentiation, evolution, become the names we use today. After researching on the family name, this paper finds that different surnames have different origins. For example, some surnames evolve from the country's name: names like Qi (齐), Lu (鲁), Qin (秦), Wu (吴), etc., are still commonly used today. The royal clan and the common people of Qi, Lu, Qin, Wu and other countries, to commemorate the old countries, use their countries' names as their surnames. Some surnames descend
9
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
form the official post and the posthumous title of the ancestors. At the period of Western Zhou, the feudal lord's son is called "Gong Zi", and Gong Zi's son is called "Gong Sun". So people use "Gong-zi" and "Gong-sun" as their last names. The source of some surnames of some families relate to families' totem and the name and job of the ancestors. Lu Qing gong's son, Gong zisui(公子遂) lives in the capital Lu East Gate. And children and grandchildren will use "Dong Men"(东门) as the surname. In addition, most of the original family names, such as Wu(巫), Bu(卜), Jiang(匠), Tao(陶), are concerned with the jobs which their ancestors did before (Wang 2000:
  12). In the process of evolution of the surnames, many old surnames are abolished, while many new surnames are born. Among these surnames, some belong to this situation that people change their names in order to evade the empire's name. For instance, the family Ji (籍) in Qin-Han Dynasty change their name into Xi (席) to dodge the name of Xiang ji(项籍).Some are willing to alter their name by themselves. Take Tian Qianqiu (田千秋), the prime minister in Han Dynasty for example. He alters his surname to Che (车),because the empire HanWu allows him to take a carriage to the palace. It is a great honor for his family, so he changes his family name. Chinese people have surname first. With the progress of social development and increased population, interpersonal communication become more frequently. To distinguish each other in a certain group, there is only a personal mark, which is name. Early human's names are also not so fixed. After the letter appears, the name originally expressed by oral stage evolutes to the letter. In short, the Chinese name in the original period of human society is a cultural phenomenon, its origins and development has undergone a process of imperfection to perfection, and become indispensable to human society.

  1.2 Origin and evolution of American name In the West, things are much different. American family name is originally used in the 11
th
century and is not popularized until the 18th century. Before the 18th
century, it is not very common for people to have family names. They are
10
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
distinguished only by their given names. However, as society develops, people are compelled to apply family names to reduce the problem of homonymous. In the United States, at first, the person's name is produced on the basis of the name of the totem. Tribes within a group often regard a totem as their ancestors, and the name of this totem is also their name, such as birch, rose, fox, lions and so on. However, with the intensive human interaction, economic development and complex political factors, individual consciousness is on the rise, everyone wants to find a unique symbol to distinguish themselves with others. Then person's name appears. American surname appears much later than the name. The production of the name is gradually formed and fixed in the long course of history. With the development of society, the use of single-name is no longer enough. Especially around the 11th century, due to alien invasion, the same name causes a serious phenomenon, which gives a lot of troubles to people's communication. So people have to use a group of instructions after the original name to be distinguished. Although the name jointed with description language has some role in communication, the structure appears cumbersome and is often omitted in conversation in order to simplify the form. For example, when people call John who is living in the mountains, John from the hill can be simplified to John hill. Thus, the formation of the embryonic form is the American surname. Description Language in the evolution of American surnames plays an important role. Through the changes of history, it turns into a fixed American surname. Therefore, the name is not only the differences between each other's symbols, but also a microcosm of the national culture.
11
青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸
Chapter Two The Characteristics and Forms of Chinese and American Name
Name is a sign with the national feature. Each country's name has its unique connotation and content and shows the characteristic of its name culture. This chapter will analyze the differences in name culture of China and America from two parts?components of name and feature of naming.

  2.1 The components and forms of Chinese name Most Chinese today only have one surname and one given name. But in ancient times, in addition to first and last name people also have word (字)and number (号).In fact, "name" in ancient times, includes three parts?"surname"(姓), "name" (名), "word"(字), each part having its own role, but still dependent on each other in a whole. "Name" is used to distinguish each other; "word" is the expression of virtue. Xiao Ming is used in one's childhood, it is also called nickname .There is this habit both in ancient and modern times. People choose a nickname for their children before taking a formal name. In ancient times, up to the emperor down to the common people, all have nicknames. For example, Cao Cao's small name is A Man(阿瞒). First Ming emperor Zhu Di's nickname is Chong Ba(重八). Modern people take the situation more common than before, such as Zhou
 

相关内容

英语专业毕业论文答辩

   英语专业毕业论文答辩 英语本科的论文答辩主要分为两部分:自我陈述和回答答辩老师问题, 英语本科的论文答辩主要分为两部分:自我陈述和回答答辩老师问题,下面对 这两部分进行详细讲解。 这两部分进行详细讲解。 一、自述(用英语完成): 1、先问好,再开始自述,自述时间为 5-10 分钟,要简明扼要,必须将自述内 容提纲制作成 Powerpoint 文件。 2、主要陈述内容(即 Powerpoint 文件主要内容): (1)自己选择这个题目的原因; (2)设计和实施的简单过程(如,商务方向:采用什么 ...

商务英语专业毕业论文

   商务英语专业毕业论文 毕业论文 2009-03-24 19:22 阅读 2938 评论 3 字号: 大 中 小 商务英语专业毕业论文 (一)论文选题 论文选题是毕业论文写作的开端。能否选择恰当的题目,对于整篇毕业论文写作是否顺利,关系极 大。好比走路,这开始的第十步是具有决定意义的,第一步迈向何方,需要慎重考虑。否则,就可能走许 多弯路,费许多周折,甚至南辕北辙,难以到达目的地。毕业生选题,要遵循这样两条基本原则:第一条 是价值原则,即论文的选题要有价值。论文价值有理论价值和应用价值之分,选 ...

英语专业毕业论文05

   英语专业毕业论文选题举例 英语专业毕业论文选题举例 论文选题 英美文学研究: 英美文学研究: 1) 论乔叟在英国文学史上的独特地位 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 哈姆雷特之性格分析 论悲剧《李尔王》的艺术技巧 浪漫主义文学与新古典主义文学之对比研究 由爱反映出的个性?《简.爱》中情爱的分析 托马斯.哈代?一个传统主义者还是现代主义者 苔丝:一个纯洁的女人 殖民地时期美国文学的特点 华盛.欧文?真正的美国文学之父 10) 清教与美国文学 11) 论马克吐温的艺术风格 12) ...

商务英语专业毕业论文选题

   商务英语专业毕业论文选题 一、论文写作目的: 毕业论文是商务英语专业教学计划的最后一个环节,也是对学生 2 年半学期各门课程学 习效果的检查.其主要目的是: 1、培养学生的英语阅读、写作能力及运用商务知识分析问题和解决问题的能力,达到学 以致用的目的。 2、检查学生对所学专业理论知识和基本技能的掌握程度,并将论文成绩作为学生能否毕 业的主要依据之一。 3、训练学生搜集运用资料的技能,同时培养学生理论联系实际,增强独立思考问题和解决 问题的能力。 二、 论文写作要求: 1、以英文/汉语完成论文 ...

英语专业毕业论文该怎么写

   英语专业毕业论文该怎么写 一.关于本专业毕业论文的选题 英语专业本科生毕业论文选题可以在三个大的方向中进行,即英语文学,语言学和翻译学。各个大方向中又可以选择小的方向,具体解释如下: 1.英语文学:选择英语文学的毕业论文选题可以从三个方向进行:国别文学研究、文学批评理论研究和比较文学研究。 在进行国别文学研究选题时,一般选取英国文学或美国文学中的某一经典作家(如海明威),某一经典作品(如《双城记》),某一写作手法(如象征手法的运用)或某一文学思潮(如浪漫主义运动)作深入研究。但在选择作家或作品 ...

英语专业毕业论文

   第 18 卷第 2 期 2005 年 4 月 高等函授学报 ( 哲学社会科学版) Journal of Higher Correspondence Education ( Philo sop hy and Social Sciences) Vol . 18 No . 2 Ap ril 2005 ● 毕业论文写作指导 ● 英语专业毕业论文面面观 张  萍 ( 中南财经政法大学 外国语学院 ,武汉 430064) 摘  :  要 英语专业毕业论文不仅反映大学生四年所学的英语专业知识水平 ,也可锻 ...

英语专业毕业论文

   The Effective Teaching of Oral English in Middle School 1. Introduction Oral communication is a special social activity. The final purpose of foreign language learning is to communicate with the native speakers. Speaking is the fundamental need of ...

英语专业毕业论文

   The Use of Body Language in Children English Teaching I. Introduction Children were born with a unique feeling and a special observational angle to the world, they are lively, curious about the surroundings; and they have a strong imitation ability ...

英语专业毕业论文

   青岛理工大学毕业设计(论文)用纸 摘要 在跨文化交际中经常会遇到这种情况, 当两个人初次见面时会互相介绍自己 的姓名.由此可见,姓名在文化交际中发挥着重要作用.在社会中,姓名也被看 作是区别独立个体的标志并伴随人的一生.作为人类语言的重要组成部分,姓名 被赋予了深刻的文化内涵.不同的姓名能反映出不同的文化.通过对中美姓名文 化的研究,本论文分为五部分,旨在分析其所体现的中美价值观的差异.首先, 前言部分主要阐述了语言的习得离不开一国独有的文化背景及了解姓名文化在 跨文化交际中发挥的重要作用; ...

英语专业毕业论文

   xx 学院本科生毕业论文 题 目: ENLIGHTENMENT FORM JANE AUSTEN’S VIEWS OF MARRIAGE IN PRIDE AND PREJUDICE 专业班级: 专业班级: 05 级英语 4 班 作者姓名: xxx 作者姓名: 作者学号: 作者学号: xxxxxxx 指导教师: 指导教师:xx 撰文时间: 撰文时间: 2009 年 2 月 12 日 Enlightenment from Jane Austen’s views of Marriage in P ...

热门内容

商务英语

   考试常用口语 1 Do I have to make a reconfirmation? 我还要再确认吗? 2 Is there any earlier one? 还有更早一点的吗? 3 Could you tell me my reservation number, please? 请你告诉我我的预订号码好吗? 4 Can I get a seat for today's 7:00 a.m. train? 我可 以买到今天上午 7 点的火车座位吗? 5 Could you change m ...

01?科技英语概论

   材料科学与工程专业英语 01?科技英语概论 EST (English for science and technology) 用英语来阐述科学技术中的理论、技术、实验 和现象等的英语体系 科技英语不等于英语+科技词汇 科技英语阅读+科技英语写作 EST的特点:四多 1.词类转移多:汉、英两种语言表达方式不同 名词 动词, 动词 词 动词 名词 , 形容词 动词,副 (1)Total determination of molecular structure is possible by mea ...

2011年高考英语第一轮专题复习-必修4 Unit 5

   高考总复习?人教版 英语 高考总复习 人教版?英语 人教版 必修 4 Unit 5 Theme parks 高考总复习?人教版 英语 高考总复习 人教版?英语 人教版 考点要求 高考总复习?人教版 英语 高考总复习 人教版?英语 人教版 Ⅰ.写出下列必考单词 1.主题;题目n. 2.小册子,指南n. 3.漫画,动画片n. 4.幻想n. 5.秋千;摇摆n.&v. 6.独一无二的,仅有的adj. theme   brochure   cartoon ...

PEP小学六年级英语期中试卷

   PEP 小学六年级英语期中试卷 一、选出录音中所读的单词。 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )1、A traffic )2、A bookstore )3、A sister )4、A south )5、A tomorrow )6、A train )7、A subway )8、A right )9、A always )10、A library B B B B B giraffe C tree C bus stop C six C mouth C twelve C traffic C sh ...

小学生英语日常用语100句

   小学生英语日常用语( 小学生英语日常用语(100 句 ) 1. Hello, … 你好。 2. Hi, … 喂,你好。 3. Good morning/ afternoon/evening. 早上/下午/晚上好。 4. How are you(this morning/afternoon/evening)? 你今天早晨/下午/晚上好吗? 5. Fine, thank you/ thanks. 我很好,谢谢。 6. Not bad, thank you. 不错,谢谢。 7. Welcome b ...