英语专业四级词汇与语法模拟练习一

  1.in the past, at the moment it is a favorite choice for wedding gown. A. Unpopular has as white been B. White has been as unpopular C. Unpopular has been as white D. Unpopular as white has been
  1. D) 【句意】虽然白色过去不受欢迎,但目前它 是婚纱的首选颜色. 【难点】as是连词,引导让步状语从句时, 往往使用半倒装形式.又如:Beautiful as she is, she is foolish.


  2.for a long time, the fields are all dried up. A. There has been no rain B. Having no rain C. There having been no rain D. There being no rain

  2. C) 【句意】由于长时间无雨,田野变得十分干 燥. 【难点】该句的前半部分是There be结构, 完成式独立结构形式,这与时间状语for a long time相吻合.

  3. The millions of calculations involved, by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished. A. had they been done B. they had been done C. having been done D. they were done
  3. A) 【句意】数百万次计算如果用手工操作,那 么,到计算结束的时候,就将失去其全部实际意 义. 【难点】这是一句虚拟语气的句子,条件句 使用了考试&大省略if的倒装句形式,动作与过去 事实相反.

  4. Televisions enable us to see things happen almost at the exact moment. A. which they are happening B. they are happening C. which they happen D. they have happened
  4. B) 【句意】电视使我们能够在事情发生 的那一瞬间就看到它们是如何发生的. 【难点】moment后接的是省略关系副 词when的定语从句.B)符合题意要求.

  5.me most was that the young boy who had lost both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet. A. That amazed B. It amazed C. Which amazed D. What amazed
  5. D) 【句意】最令我惊讶的是,这个在车祸中失 去双臂的小男孩能够用脚使用钢笔. 【难点】这是一个what从句作主语的典型句 子.

  6. Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very young, she was twenty five. A. her first real success did not come until B. her real first success came until not C. since her first real success did not come until D. not until her first real success
  6. A) 【句意】虽然她很小的时候就写了很多短篇 小说和诗歌,但她直到25岁才迎来第一次真正的 成功. 【难点】这是一个练习not until结构的句子.

  7. You should know better than your little sister at home by herself. A. to leave B. leaving C. to have left D. left
  7. A) 【句意】你应该知道,不该把你小妹 妹一个人留在家里. 【难点】to know better than to do sth. 是一个常见的表示责备的句型,意为"应 该知道不该做某事".

  8. As the train will not leave until one hour later, we grab a bite at the snack bar. A. may well B. just as well C. might as well D. as well
  8. C) 【句意】既然火车一个小时以后才开, 我们不妨到快餐店吃口东西. 【难点】might as well后接动词原形, 意为"不妨,何不".

  9. She resorted to when she had no money to buy foods for her children. A. have stolen B. steal C. stole D. stealing
  9. D) 【句意】当她没钱为孩子买吃的东西 时,她开始偷. 【难点】resort to意为:求助于,其中to 是介词,后接动名词.

  10. The boy has admitted to the window while playing football yesterday. A. breaking B. having been broken C. break D. be breaking
  10. A) 【句意】那个男孩承认在昨天踢足球 的时候打破了窗子. 【难点】admit to中的to是介词,后接 名词或动名词.

  11. Betty advised me to label our luggage carefully in case it gets in transit. A. misused B. mishandled C. mistaken D. mislaid
  11. D) 【句意】贝蒂建议我把我们的行李 认真地贴上标签以免运输中放错位置. 【难点】mislay意为"把……放错地 方";misuse意为"错用滥用"; mishandle意为"瞎弄,胡乱操作"; mistake意为"误选".

  12.money, she is quite rich. However, this does not mean that she is happy. A. Concerning B. As to C. In terms of D. In the light of
  12. C) 【句意】就钱而言,她很富裕.然而这并 不意味着她幸福. 【难点】in terms of意为"从……方面来 说";concerning意为"关于";as to也是"关 于;至于";in the light of 意为"鉴于,由于".

  13. A wellwritten composition good choice of words and clear organization among other things. A. calls for B. calls on C. calls up D. calls off
  13. A) 【句意】一篇好文章,除其它因素外,还 要求选词优美,组织清晰. 【难点】call for意为"要求,需要";call on意为"号召,请求";call up意为"使人想起" ; call off意为"取消,停止做".

  14. It is with the customer not to let the shop assistants guess what she really likes and wants until the last moment. A. in her honor B. on her honor C. a point of honor D. an honor
  14. C) 【句意】对于顾客来说,直到最后 时刻才让售货员猜出她真正喜欢什么,真 正想买什么,这是一个涉及面子的问题. 【难点】a point of honor意为"涉及名 誉的事情";in one's honor意为"为某人 的荣誉"; on one's honor意为"以名誉担 保";an honor意为"光荣的人或事".

  15. This house will probably come on the next month. A. fair B. market C. shop D. store
  15. B)【句意】这座房子可能下月上市. 【难点】on the market意为"上市, 出售"; fair意为"集市;庙会;交易 会";shop是"商店";store是"储存;仓 库".

  16. George was introduced to activities at a young age, when she was hire to act as a lookout for drugdealers. A. illegal B. lawful C. faithful D. peaceful
  16. A) 【句意】很小的时候,乔治被介绍参与了 非法活动,他受雇为毒贩子放哨. 【难点】illegal 意为"不合法的,非法的"; lawful 意为"依法的,守定的";faithful意为 "忠实的,守信的";peaceful 意为"平静的; 安宁的".

  17. An institution that properly carries the name university is a more comprehensive and complex institution than any other kind of higher education. A. settlement B. establishment C. costruction D. structure
  17. B ) 【句意】能称得上大学称号的机构是一个 比其他种类高等教育机构都更复杂更综合的机构. 【难点】establishment 意为"企业,设施 (公司,学校,医院,教会等)";settlement 意为"定居点;殖民地";construction意为"建 造;建筑物";structure是"结构,构造".

  18. People's status in society is frequently by how much they own. A. measured B. examined C. tested D. questioned
  18. A) 【句意】人的社会地位常常由他们拥 有的财富的多少来衡量. 【难点】measure 意为"估量,衡 量";examine 意为"检查;仔细观察"; test意为"试验,测试";question意为 "询问,审问".

  19. Jack is so to his appearance that he never has his clothes pressed. A. adverse B. anonymous C. indifferent D. casual
  19. C) 【句意】杰克从不注意自己的外表,衣服 从来不烫. 【难点】indifferent意为"漠不关心的"; adverse意为"不利的,反对的";anonymous 意为"匿名的"; casual意为"非正式的,不拘 礼节的".

  20. There is an increasing to make movies describing violence. A. strength B. direction C. tradition D. trend
  20. D) 【句意】暴力片的拍摄大有上升趋 势. 【难点】trend意为"倾向,趋势"; strength意为"力量,实力";direction意 为"方向";tradition 意为"传统".

  21. Outside my office window there is a fire on the right. A. escape B. ladder C. steps D. stairs
  21. A) 【句意】我办公室的考试&大窗外右 侧有一个救生楼梯. 【难点】fire escape 意为"防火安全 楼梯(位于楼房的外侧面)";ladder意为 "梯子";steps意为"台阶";stairs意为 "楼梯",指室内的.

  22. I with the Browns during my stay in New York City. A. put in B. put down C. put on D. put up
  22. D) 【句意】我在纽约市逗留期间和布 朗一家人过了一夜. 【难点】put up意为"宿夜";put in 意为"度过,消磨(时间等)";put down 意为"写下,记录";put on 意为"上演, 演出".

  23. Operations which left patients and in need of long periods of discovery time now leave them feeling relaxed and comfortable. A. exhausted B. unhealthy C. upset D. fearful
  23. A) 【句意】以前,病人手术后精疲力竭,需 长时间才能恢复,现在手术的病人却感到既轻松 又舒适. 【难点】exhausted 意为"精疲力竭的"; unhealthy意为"不健康的";upset意为"苦恼 的,不适的";fearful 意为"担心的,可怕的".

  24. Farmers are allowed to grow small gardens of their own and they sell their vegetables the black market. A. on B. at C. in D. for
  24. A) 【句意】农夫们被允许在自己的菜园 耕种,并将蔬菜拿到黑市上去卖. 【难点】on the market 意为"上市, 出售中",其它介词搭配不合适.

  25. The electric fan does not work because of the of service. A. pause B. break C. interruption D. breakdown
  25. C) 【句意】由于中止了服务,所以电 扇不转了. 【难点】interruption 意为"中止,中断"; pause 意为"暂停,间歇";break意为 "停顿,间歇";breakdown意为"损坏, 故障".
英语专业四级词汇与语法模拟练习二

  1.native to North America, corn has now spread all over the world. A. In spite of B. That it is C. It was D. Although
  1. D) 【句意】玉米虽原产于北美洲,但现 在已遍及全世界. 【难点】四个选项中,B)和C)不合理. A)项的in spite of 是复合介词,后接名词. D)项的although是连词,后接从句,在本句 中接的是一个省略主语的从句.

  2. Our civilization cannot be thought of asin a short period of time. A. to have been created B. to be created C. having been created D. being created
  2. C) 【句意】不应把我们的文明看作是短 期内创造出来的. 【难点】as 在这里是介词,后面应接 名词性质的词,create的动作是过去发生的, 所以选C).

  3. We feel it is high time that the Government something to check the inflation. A. did B. do C.should do D. would do
  3. A) 【句意】我们认为该到政府采取措施 抑制通货膨胀的时候了. 【难点】it is high time that后面接虚拟 语气,时态用一般过去时,意为"该到… 时候了".

  4. It has been proposed that weour decision until the next meeting. A.delayed B.delay C. can delay D. are to delay
  4. B) 【句意】有人建议我们应将我们的决 定推迟到下次会议作出. 【难点】在suggest, propose, demand ,insist 等动词后面的宾语从句中, 应使用(should)+动词原形的虚拟语气.
A. which B. who hour originate over tropical ocean waters. C. where D.how to
  5. Hurricanes are severe cyclones with winds over seventyfive miles an
  5. A) 【句意】 飓风是生成于热带海洋水域 上空,风速达每小时75英里以上的强烈气 旋. 【难点】关系代词which引导的定语从 句修饰名词winds.

  6.is announced in the papers, our country has launched a largescale movement against smuggling and fraudulent activities in foreign currency exchange deals. A. What B. As C. Which D. That
  6. B) B)【句意】正如报界所宣传的那样,我国已发 起大规模反走私和反欺诈性外币交易的运动. 【难点】as在这里是一个代词,常用在类似 as is well known这样的句子中,意为"这一点".

  7. All the flightsbecause of the snowstorm, we had to take the train instead. A.were canceled B. had been canceled C. having canceled D. having been canceled
  7. D) 【句意】所有航班因暴风雪都被取消, 我们不得不改乘火车. 【难点】该句的前半句使用的是独立 结构由于动作发生在过去,所以根据题意 要求,使用了完成式被动语态.

  8. Once , this power station will supply all the neighboring towns and villages with electricity. A. it being completed B. it completed C. completed D. it completes
  8. C) 【句意】这座电站一建成竣工,就将 向周围城乡供电. 【难点】once在这里是连词,意为 "一旦…就…",后面省略了it is.[ZK)]

  9. He might have been killed the timely arrival of the ambulance. A. but for B. except for C. besides D. except
  9. A) 【句意】要不是救护车及时到达,他 可能就没命了. 【难点】but for 意为"要不是",它 的典型使用就是在虚拟语气的句子中,所 以正合题意.

  10. If you have never planted anything, you won't be able to know the pleasure of watching the thing you have planted . A.grow B. to grow C. growing D. to be growing
  10. A)【句意】如果你从未种植过任何东西, 你就不会明白观察你种植的东西生长所带 来的快乐. 【难点】watch 后接不带to的不定式作 宾语补足语.

  11. He did me a turn by lending me ten pounds. A. good B. nice C. fine D. pretty
  11. A) 【句意】他借给我十英磅,算是给我 做了件好事. 【难点】当turn为"行为,举止"时, 常与good,bad,ill,evil连用.do sb. a good turn意为"做利于某人的事".
A. output B. surplus C. production D. plenty
  12. B) 【句意】我们的鸡
 

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