2009 英语专四词汇语法模拟练习(
  1) 英语专四词汇语法模拟练习( )

  1. Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its alwayswith other elements, most commonly with oxygen. A. being combined B. having combined ? C. to combine D. combined
  2. Physics is the present?day equivalent of used to be called natural philosophy, from most of present day science arose. A. which, what B. that, which C. what, which D. what, that
  3. On no account ever leave the baby at home alone. A. should you B. you should C. shall you D. you shall
  4. the center of our planetary system was considered as heresy by the church in the Middle Ages. A. It is the sun and not the earth ?B. That the sun and not the earth C. Being the sun and not the earth ?D. The sun and not the earth
  5. The reason that his property was confiscated by the country, it , was that he was involved in a lot of fraudulent activities during the war. A. was turned out B. was being turned out? C. being turned out D. turned out
  6. I’d rather you by train because the weather forecast said there would be heavy snow tomorrow. A. went B. should go C. will go D. go
  7. Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 1921 and enjoyed great fame in Germany until the rise of Nazism ?he was expelled from Germany because he was a Jew. A. when B. who C. then D. which
  8. Nowhere but in the remotest region of the country find a place to settle down. A. can he B. he can C. he D. for him to
  9. With one leg broken in that car accident, he cannot even walk,run. A. let alone B. that’s to say ? C. not to speak D. not to mention
  10., she led a life of complete seclusion. A. Being disgraced B. Disgraced C. Disgracing D. She was disgraced
  11. Sometimes a bus gets on the bus to check the tickets. A. agent B. officer C. conductor D. inspector
  12. He made a quick from his illness. A. relief B. recovery C. survival D. relaxation
  13.the stress of examinations are over, we can all relax. A. While B. Even though C. Now that D. For
  14. My cousin Nancy is often in a poisonous mood; I suppose it’s because she is child. A. one B. a lone C. a single D. an only
  15.the factors already referred to, people sometimes feel insecure because their motives are misunderstood by others. A. But for B. Except for C. Apart from D. Except that

  16. If the scheme is carried out without waste of time or energy I shall be completely satisfied. A.relatively B. noticeably ? C. appropriately D. efficiently
  17. One day we all may find it useful to have a(n) for sending documents, writing any pictures across the telephone lines. A. receiver B. echo C. extension D. facility
  18. To their credit the Department of Energy these ideas and funded a detailed study. A. took over B. took on C. took up D. took to
  19. Feeling that she was in the right, she took at the dirty remark. A. protection B. offense C. defense D. guard
  20. They agreed to share in common any of funds after all expenses were paid in full. A. sufficiency B. surpass C. excess D. surplus
  21. He was her in intelligence. A. below B. under C. beneath D. down
  22. It took a lot of imagination to come up with such an plan. A. bright B. clever C. brilliant D. ingenious
  23. In the refining process, rice and flour lose much of their . A. acid B. alcohol C. vitamin D. sulphur
  24. Individual lines of the poem were very beautiful, but I didn’t see how the lines fit together. To me, the poem wasn’t . A. inherent B. coherent C. logical D. corporate
  25. To an especially sensitive child, a simple scolding can be a experience. A. hysterical B. grievous C. gracious D. sensible 试题答案与解析
  1. A) 【句意】由于铝总是和其它元素结合在一起,最常见的是和氧气在一起,所以自 然界中哪里也不会找到单独的铝元素。 【难点】owing to 是介词,后应接名词或动名词,根据题意,应接被动语态形式。
  2. C) 【句意】当今的物理就是以前被称之为自然哲学的等同物,大多数现代科学都产 生于自然哲学。 【难点】what used to be called 作定语,修饰 natural philosophy,from which 引导一个非限制性定语从句。
  3. A) 【句意】你决不应该把小孩一个人放在家里。 【难点】on no account 意为“决不”属否定意义的词,引导倒装句,所以只有 A)项正 确。
  4. B)【句意】 太阳系的中心是太阳而不是地球这一事实被中世纪的教会认为是异端邪 说。 【难点】 That 引导主语从句,全句的谓语是 was considered.
  5. D) 【句意】后来证明他的财产被国家没收的原因是,战争期间他参与了诈骗活动。
【难点】it turned out (to be)这里作插入语,意为“证明?是…”。
  6. A) 【句意】我宁愿你乘火车去,因为天气预报说明天将有大雪。 【难点】would rather 后接虚拟语气的从句,用一般过去时。
  7. A) 【句意】爱因斯坦于 1921 年获诺贝尔奖金,在德国享有盛誉。后来随着纳粹主 义的兴起,他被逐出德国,因为他是个犹太人。 【难点】关系副词 when 引导的定语从句修饰名词词组 the rise of Nazism。
  8. A) 【句意】他只能在最遥远的地方找个安身之处。 【难点】Nowhere 是否定副词,位于句首引导倒装句。
  9. A) 【句意】在车祸中,他的一条腿骨折,他连走路都不行,更不用说跑了。 【难点】let alone 意为“更不必说”;not to mention 意为“再加上”;that is to say 意为“也就是说”。
  10. B) 【句意】失宠后,她过着完全隐居的生活。 【难点】disgraced 在这里是过去分词作状语,表示伴随状态。
  11. C) 【句意】有时,公共汽车检票员上车查票。 【难点】 bus conductor 意为“公共汽车售票员”; agent 意为“代理人, 中介人”; officer 意为“军官,官员”;inspector 意为“检查员,视察员”。
  12. B) 【句意】他很快恢复了健康。 【难点】recovery 意为“恢复,复苏”,后接介词 from;relief 意为“宽慰,安心”; relaxation 意为“放松”;survival 意为“生存”。
  13. C) 【句意】既然考试的紧张已经过去,我们现在可以放松了。 【难点】now that 意为“既然;由于”,用于新的事情的发生,接一般现在时的句子。 while 意为“虽然”;even though 意为“即使”,for 意为“因为”,不能用于句首。
  14. D)【句意】我表妹南希的情绪经常很糟,我想这是因为她是独生子的缘故。 【难点】表示“独生子”的时候,只能说 an only child。
  15. C) 【句意】除了已经提及的因素外,有时人们感到不安全是因为他们的动机被他 人误解。 【难点】apart from 是包含在内的“除了”;excepr for 和 except that 是不包含在 内的除了;but for 意为“要不是”。
  16. D) 【句意】如果计划能在不浪费时间和精力的情况下得到有效实施,我将十分满 意。 【难点】efficiently 意为“有效地”;relatively 意为“相对地”;noticeably 意为“显而 易见地”;appropriately 意为“恰当地”。
  17. D) 【句意】 有朝一日我们会发现,拥有一个能通过电话线发送信息、绘制图片 的设备是非常有用的。 【难点】facility 意为“设备”;receiver 意为“电话听筒”;echo 意为“回声;回音”; extension 意为“分机”。
  18. C) 【句意】令他们感到光荣的是,能源部采纳了这些想法并为一个详细的研究报 告作了资助。
【难点】take up 意为“采纳(观点)”;take over 意为“接收,接管,占据”;take on 意为“承担”;take to 意为“喜欢上”。
  19. B) 【句意】她觉得自己有理,因此,她对这样肮脏的话语十分恼怒。 【难点】 take offence 意为“对…生气”;protection 意为“保护”;defense 意为“防 卫”;guard 意为“看守;警戒”。
  20. D) 【句意】他们同意在全部费用支出后共享剩余的资金。 【难点】surplus 意为“剩余,剩余额”;sufficiency 意为“足量,充足”;surpass 是 动词,不适合本句;excess 意为“超过”。
  21. A) 【句意】他的智力不如她。 【难点】below 意为“(智力、地位、军阶等)低于”;under 意为“(尺寸、价值、数量、 程度、标准等)少于,低于”;beneath 意为“在…下方;(地位,级别等)低于,次于”;down 意为“往…下端”。
  22. D) 【句意】想出这样一个天才的计划需要丰富的想象力。 【难点】ingenious 意为“(方法等)巧妙的;制作精巧的;bright 意为“聪明的,机灵 的”;clever 意为“头脑机敏的,伶俐的”;brilliant 意为“才华横溢的,有才能的”。
  23. C) 【句意】在加工过程中,大米和面粉失去大量维生素。 【难点】vitamin 是“维生素”,其它词义不符本题。acid 是“酸”;alcohol 是“酒精”; sulphur 是“硫”。
  24. B) 【句意】这首诗的每个单行写得很美,但我不明白各行是如何联 系在一起的。依我看,这首诗不连贯。 【难点】coherent 意为“连贯的,紧凑的”;inherent 意为“内在的,固有的”;logical 意为“逻辑的”;corporate 意为“社团的,法人的”。
  25. B)【句意】对十分敏感的儿童来说,一次简单的呵斥可能会成为极其痛苦的经历。 【难点】 grievous 意为“极痛苦的”; hysterical 意为“情绪暴躁不能控制的”; gracious 意为“亲切的,有礼的”;sensible 意为“明白事理的;合情理的”。
2009 英语专四词汇语法模拟练习(
  2) 英语专四词汇语法模拟练习( )

  1.in the past, at the moment it is a favorite choice for wedding gown. A. Unpopular has as white been ? B. White has been as unpopular Unpopular has been as white ? D. Unpopular as white has been
  2.for a long time, the fields are all dried up. A. There has been no rain ? B. Having no rain rain? D. There being no rain
  3. The millions of calculations involved, by hand, would have lost all practical value by the time they were finished. C. There having been no C.
A. had they been done ? B. they had been done ? D. they were done
C. having been done

  4. Televisions enable us to see things happen almost at the exact moment. A. which they are happening ? B. they are happening happen ? D. they have happened
  5.me most was that the young boy who had lost both arms in an accident could handle a pen with his feet. A. That amazed ? B. It amazed? C. Which amazed ? D. What amazed
  6. Although she wrote a lot of short stories and poems when she was very young, she was twenty?five. A. her first real success did not come until came until not B. her real first success D. not C. which they
C. since her first real success did not come until
until her first real success
  7. You should know better than your little sister at home by herself. A. to leave ? B. leaving ? C. to have left ? D. left
  8. As the train will not leave until one hour later, we grab a bite at the snack bar. A. may well ? B. just as well ? C. might as well ? D. as well
  9. She resorted to when she had no money to buy foods for her children. A. have stolen ? B. steal ? C. stole ? D. stealing
  10. The boy has admitted to the window while playing football yesterday. A. breaking ? B. having been broken ?C. break ? D. be breaking
  11. Betty advised me to label our luggage carefully in case it gets in transit. A. misused ? B. mishandled ? C. mistaken ? D. mislaid
  12.money, she is quite rich. However, this does not mean that she is happy. A. Concerning ? B. As to ? C. In terms of ? D. In the light of
  13. A well?written composition good choice of words and clear organization among other things. A. calls for ? B. calls on ? C. calls up ? D. calls off
  14. It is with the customer not to let the shop assistants guess what she really likes and wants until the last moment. A. in her honor ? B. on her honor ? C. a point of honor ? D. an honor
  15. This house will probably come on the next month. A. fair ? B. market ? C. shop ? D. store

  16. George was introduced to activities at a young age, when she was hire to act as a lookout for drugdealers. A. illegal ? B. lawful ? C. faithful ? D. peaceful
  17. An institution that properly carries the name university is a more comprehensive and complex institution than any other kind of higher education. A. settlement ? B. establishment ? C. costruction ? D. structure
  18. People’s status in society is frequently by how much they own. A. measured ? B. examined ? C. tested ? D. questioned
  19. Jack is so to his appearance that he never has his clothes pressed. A. adverse ? B. anonymous ? C. indifferent ? D. casual
  20. There is an increasing to make movies describing violence. A. strength ? B. direction ? C. tradition ? D. trend
  21. Outside my office window there is a fire on the right. A. escape ? B. ladder ? C. steps ? D. stairs
  22. I with the Browns during my stay in New York City. A. put in ? B. put down ? C. put on ? D. put up
  23. Operations which lef
 

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