中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com
官方网站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com
Travel for Work You can see them in every airport in the world. They are businessmen and women who have to travel for their work. When they first applied for the job, they may have thought of good food and hotels, huge expense accounts and fashionable cities. Now they have to sit in airport lounges, tired and uncomfortable in their smart clothes, listening to the loudspeaker announce “The fight of Tokyo, or Berlin, or New York is delayed for another two hours.” Some people say to me, “How lucky you are to be able to travel abroad in your work! You can go sightseeing without paying any money by yourself!” They think that my job is like a continual holiday. It is not. There are advantages, of course, and I do thin I am lucky, but only because I can go to places I would never visit if I was a tourist. Intelligence Are some people born clever, and others born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experience? Strangely enough, the answer to these questions is yes. To some extent our intelligence is given us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence. On the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus, the limits of a person’s intelligence are fixed at birth, whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment. This view, held by most experts now, can be supported in a number of ways. As is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people is, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. A Free Dress Every Week The temptation to steal is greater than ever before especially in large shops and people are not so honest as they once were. A detective recently watched a well-dressed woman who always went into a large store on Monday mornings. One Monday, there were fewer people in the shop than usual when the woman came in, so it was easier for the detective to watch her. The woman first bought a few small articles. After a little time, she chose one of the most expensive dresses in the shop and handed it to an assistant who wrapped it up for her as quickly as possible. The woman simply took the parcel and walked out of the shop without paying. When she was arrested, the detective found out that the shop assistant was her daughter. Believe it or not, the girl “gave” her mother a free dress every week! Time Time is tangible. One can gain time, spend time, waste time, save time, or even kill time. Common questions in American English reveal this concrete quality as though time were a possession. “Do you have any time?”, “Can you get some time for this?”, “How much free time do you have?” The treatment of time as a possession influences the way that time is carefully divided. Generally, Americans are taught to do one thing at a time and may be uncomfortable when an activity is interrupted. In businesses, the careful scheduling of time and the separation of activities are common practices. Appointment calendars are printed with 15-,30-, and 60-minute time slots. The idea that “there is a time and place for everything” extends to American social life. Visitors who drop by without prior notice may interrupt their host’s personal time. Thus, calling friends on
中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com
官方网站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com
the telephone before visiting them is generally preferred to visitors’ dropping by. Useful words and expressions:
  1. tangible 切实的
  2. kill time 消磨时间
  3. reveal 显示,揭示
  4. scheduling 行程安排
  5. slot 缝隙
  6. drop by 随便访问
  7. preferred 首选的 Cartoonists In a good cartoon, the artist can tell in a few lines as much as a writer can tell in half a dozen paragraphs. The cartoonist not only tells a story but he also tries to persuade the reader to his way of thinking. He has great influence on public opinion. In a political campaign, he plays an important part. Controversial issues in Congress or at meetings of the United Nations may keep the cartoonist well-supplied with current materials. A clever cartoonist may cause laughter because he often uses humor in his drawings. If he is sketching a famous person, he takes a prominent feature and exaggerates it. Cartoonists, for instance, like to lengthen an already long nose and to widen an already broad grin. This exaggeration of a person’s characteristics is called caricature. The artist uses such exaggeration to put his message across. Useful Words and Expressions:
  1. cartoonist 漫画家
  2. campaign 活动
  3. controversial 争论的,争议的
  4. sketch 素描
  5. prominent 卓越的
  6. exaggerate 夸张
  7. lengthen 延长
  8. grin 露齿笑 Water Pollution Water is very important to us. Factories and plants need water for industrial uses and large pieces of farmland need it for irrigation. Without water to drink, people die in a short time. Today most water sources are so dirty that people must purify water before drinking. Water becomes dirty in many ways: industrial pollution is one of them. With the development of industry, plants and factories pour tons of industrial wasters into rivers every day. The rivers have become seriously polluted, and the water is becoming unfit for drinking or irrigation. The same thing has also happened to our seas and oceans. So, the problem of water pollution is almost worldwide. Scientists of many countries have done a lot of work to stop pollution. The polluted water in some places has become clean and drinkable again. Perhaps one day the people in all towns and cities will be drinking clean water. That day, we believe, is not very far off. Making a Complaint Complaining about faulty goods or bad services is never easy. But if something you have
中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com
官方网站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com
brought is faulty or does not do what was claimed for it, you are not asking for a favor to get it put right. Complaints should be made to a responsible person. Go back to the shop where you bought the goods, taking with you any receipt you may have. In a small store the assistant may also be the owner so you can complain direct. In a chain store, ask the manager. If you telephone, ask the name of the person who handles your enquiry, otherwise you may never find out who dealt with the complaint later. If you do not want to do it in person, write a letter. Stick to the facts and keep a copy of what you write. At this stage you should give any receipt numbers, but you should not need to give receipts or other papers to prove you bought the article. Where Do the British Live Nearly everyone in Britain would like to own their own home and, whether they do or not, they are prepared to put time and money into decorating and furnishing it or even making structural alterations to it. Because of the climate and because of the expense involved in going out for the evening, the British spend a lot of time at home and a large part of their social life takes place there. Young people tend to stay with their families longer these days as accommodation is expensive but, when they move away to a job or college, there are various options open to them. They can get lodgings with a landlady. This means that they rent a room in someone’s house and have breakfast with the family. They can also get a bed-sitting room, that is to say one self-contained room in which they can cook, live and sleep. Alternatively, they can share a rented flat or house with a group of young people, perhaps the most popular option of all. Useful Words and Expressions:
  1. lodging 寄宿处
  2. bedsit 卧室兼起居室
  3. bed-sitting 卧室兼起居室的
  4. self-contained 设备齐全的 Will Computers Replace Human Beings? We are in the computer age today. The computers are working all kinds of wonders now. They are very useful in automatic control and data processing. At the same time, computers are finding their way into the home. They seem to be so clever and can solve such complicated problems that some people think sooner or later they will replace us. But I do not think that there is such a possibility. My reason is very simple: computers are machines, not humans. And our tasks are far too various and complicated for any one single kind of machine to perform. Probably the greatest difference between man and computer is that the former can do things of his own while the latter can do nothing without being programmed. In my opinion, computers will remain nothing but an extension of our human brains, no matter how clever and complicated they may become. Soccer Soccer has had a slow start in America. In fact, the majority of schools still have no official soccer teams or coaches. But the blossoming popularity of the game cannot be denied. Thanks to the efforts of some world-famous soccer stars, soccer is soon to have its place in American culture. Although soccer has enjoyed decades of popularity elsewhere, it was literally ignored in
中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com
官方网站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com
America. Instead, a variation of the game called “football” was most popular in the U.S. and still is to this day. But the obvious advantages of playing soccer instead will soon win even the most avid football enthusiasts. For one thing, soccer is a much safer game to play than football. No one deliberately tries to knock an opponent down in soccer. In fact, they players are discouraged from even touching each other. Soccer is a game that requires skill and dexterity in controlling the ball. Since no one may use hands to do this, soccer players soon acquire incredible control of their heads, knees, and feet. Useful Words and Expresisons:
  1. slow start 缓慢起动
  2. blossom 兴旺,发展
  3. ignore 忽视
  4. avid 渴望的
  5. discourage from 劝阻
  6. dexterity 灵巧,机敏 Artists Every artist knows in his heart that he is saying something to the public. Not only does he want to say it well, but he wants it to be something which has not been said before. What visual artists, like painters, want to say is easy to make out but difficult to explain, because painters translate their experiences into shapes and colors, not words. They seem to feel that a certain selection of shapes and colors, out of the countless billions of possible, is exceptionally interesting for them and worth showing to us. Most artists take their shapes and colors from the world of nature and from human bodies in motion and response; their choices indicate that these aspects of the world are worth looking at, that they contain beautiful sights. Contemporary artists might say that they merely choose subjects that provide an interesting pattern, that there is nothing more in it. Yet even they do not choose entirely without reference to the character of their subjects. Useful words and Expressions:
  1. visual artist 视觉艺术家
  2. selection 挑选,选择
  3. exceptional 例外的,异常的
  4. motion 运动,动作
  5. indicate 显示,象征
  6. contemporary 当代的,同时代的
  7. without reference to 不论,与……无关 Professioanl Sports in the U.S. Professional sports are not only very popular in the United States, but also a big business. The most popular sports are baseball, football and basketball. Each sport has its own season and individual teams have millions of supporters. Professional teams are named for the cities where they are located. For example, the Lakers are in Los Angeles. The strongest supporters of the Lakers are residents of Los Angeles and Southern California. When the Lakers play, many people in Los Angeles enthusiastically follow the game. When we mention “NBA”, almost every one knows it ahs some relationship with U.S. professional basketball. However, what does it really stand for? N.B.A is gaining new fans and supporters around the world. Basketball has been called
中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com
官方网站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com
the “national pastime”. However, football is the most popular professional sport in the U.S.. American football is different from international football, which Americans call “soccer”. Both games require strength and specialized skills. Useful Words and Expressions:
  1. be named for 被指定为
  2. be short for 是……的简称
  3. stand for 代表 “How to” Books Books which give instructions on how to do things are popular in the United States today. Thousands of these “how to” books are available. In fact, there are about for thousand books with titles that begin with the words “how to’. Many “how to” books give advice on careers. They tell you how to choose a career and how to succeed in it. Many of these books help people to use their free time better. Some people want book which will give them useful information about sports, hobbies and travel. Other people use their free time to make repairs and improvements on their homes. They prefer books which give step-by-step instructions on how to repair things like plumbing and electrical wiring or on how to redecorate or enlarge a house. Why have “how to” books become so popular? Probably because life has become more comple



   中华英语学习网 www.100yingyu.com 官方网站:圣才学习网 www.100xuexi.com Travel for Work You can see them in every airport in the world. They are businessmen and women who have to travel for their work. When they first applied for the job, they may have thought of go ...


   英语专业四级听写 (41)Apology Helps ) It is never easy to admit you are in the wrong. Being human, we all need to know the art of apologizing. Look back with honesty and think how often you have judged roughly, you said unkind things, and pushed yourself ah ...


   合肥新东方教研处 英语专业四级新闻听力重点词汇 打*的请重点掌握 的请重点掌握 1. 国际关系 常见国家及地区名称 *Afghanistan 阿富汗 Kabul 喀布尔(阿富汗首都) *Pakistan 巴基斯坦 Palestine 巴勒斯坦 *Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korean) 朝鲜 Pyongyang 平壤 Philippines 菲律宾 Seoul 首尔 Lebanon 黎巴嫩 Maldives 马尔代夫 Nepal ...


   ======================2011年英语专业四级听力必背新闻词汇=========== ======政治新闻常用词汇 absolute majority 绝对多数 ad hoc committee 特别委员会 advisory body 咨询机构 anti-establishment反政府情绪 all-embracing agreement包罗万象的协定 arbitration 调停 bipartisan diplomacy两党一致的对外政策 carrot-and-stick ...


   本文由janicejoke贡献 ppt文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 英语专业四级考试 考试时间与命题: 英语专业四级考试于每年5月份举行。 由英语专业学生四级考试命题小组负责 命题与实施。 考试形式: 为了较好地考核学生运用各项基本技能的 能力,既照顾到科学性,客观性,又照顾到可 行性以及基础阶段英语水平测试的特点,同时 为确保试卷的信度,本考试除写作及听写部分 写作及听写部分 为主观试题外,其余都采取多项选择题形式 ...


   英语专业四级考试 考试时间与命题: " 英语专业四级考试于每年5月份举行。 由英语专业学生四级考试命题小组负责 命题与实施。 考试形式: " 为了较好地考核学生运用各项基本技能的 能力,既照顾到科学性,客观性,又照顾到可 行性以及基础阶段英语水平测试的特点,同时 为确保试卷的信度,本考试除写作及听写部分 写作及听写部分 为主观试题外,其余都采取多项选择题形式。 为主观试题 主观试题部分旨在较好地测试学生灵活运用语 言的能力,从而提高试卷的效度。 考试内容: " 本考试共有六个部分:一. ...


   本文由eliza9贡献 ppt文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 英语专业四级 阅读理解 辅导 Outline 1、英语专业四级考试阅读试题简介及新 、 变化 2、应试阅读与解题技巧 、 3、四级阅读练习(体裁分类) 、四级阅读练习(体裁分类) 考试内容 考试共有六个部分: 考试共有六个部分:一、写作 二、听写 三 、听力理解 四、完形填空 五、语法及词汇 阅读理解。前两部分需时60分钟 分钟, 六、阅读理解。前两部分需时 ...


   解码英语专业四级和专业八级考试 作者:唐静 文章来源:北京新东方学校 点击数: 1629 更新时间:2006-6-29 11:28:05 【字体:小 大】 英语专业学生的考试(TEM, Test for English Majors),它是由国家教育部下属的英语专业 教学指导委员会组织实施,主要针对我国英语专业学生的考试,考试证书由教育部颁发,所以具 有很高的权威性. 由于其指向性几乎是只对英语专业的学生开放, 只有少数非英语专业的学生能够在自己学校 许可的情况下参加,专四和专八证书在目前各 ...


   英语专业四级考试备考须知 英语专业四级考试备考须知 备考 关于专业 级和专 关于专业四级和专业八级的报名资格问题 级的报名资格问题 教育部《高等学校英语专业基础阶段英语教学大纲》规定,报名参加英语专 业四级和八级考试者,应具备下列资格之一: 1.通过全国普通高校入学统一考试的在校二年级和四年级英语专业本科 生.参加当年高年级阶段统测(TEM8)的报名对象必须是四年前入学 的在校英语专业四年级学生.参加当年基础阶段统测(TEM4)的报名 对象必须是两年前入学的在校英语专业二年级本科生. 2.通 ...


   本文由碧银天贡献 pdf文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 ( ) 英语专业四级词汇(新大纲) absorb / Eb5sR:b/ vt.吸收;使专心 abstract / 5AbstrAkt/ a.抽象的 n.摘要的 abundant / E5bQndEnt/ a.丰富的;大量的 academic / AkE5demik/ a.学院的;学术的 accelerate / Ak5selEreit/ vt.(使)加快;促进 acciden ...



   八年级上学期英语词组 欢迎回来 写下来 在课堂上 贴近 其它的什么 听收音机 互相 帮助某人做某事 寻求 ……的数量 深呼吸 使你害羞 一直 良好的祝愿 在……方面好 做个清单 ……的意思 建议某人做某事 做……的最好方式 玩得愉快 带领某人参观 交朋友 考虑 想出 英国口音 尽力做…… 犯错误 在电视中 宇宙飞船 听说 最近的新闻 把……给某人看 绕着……转 出差 在宇宙 在太空 ……的一部分 完成做某事 与……一样好 保密 在我的一生中 某天 参加比赛 周游世界 今日的报纸 一周假期 起 ...


   《奇速英语.全国名师大联盟》(每日练+周周测)免费赠送试题 中考专项完形填空训练 中考专项完形填空训练 (A) Jack is an English teacher at a college.He moved to New York City with _41__family.Jack is an excellent teacher.So we all missed him very much since he _42__.Two weeks ago, Jack came back to N ...


   中考英语语法讲解资料及练习 中考英语语法讲解资料及练习( 中考英语语法讲解资料及练习(共 18 讲) 第 1 讲:名词 名词当然是大家都很熟悉的了,我们吃的 food,喝的 drinks,穿的 clothes 都是名词.It is easy, right? 但是你可能被名词的单复数变化,名词作定语以及名词所有格等问题搞得糊里糊涂的,到底该怎么用 呢?OK,follow me. First, 名词复数的特殊变化. 普通名词的复数我们知道是直接加-s 或 -es,可是偏偏有一些名词不听话,变化不 ...


   英语字根 1,ag=do,act 做,动 2,agri=field 田地,农田(agri 也做 agro,agr) 3,ann=year 年 4,audi=hear 听 5,bell=war 战争 6,brev=short 短 7,ced,ceed,cess=go 行走 8,cept=take 拿取 9,cid,cis=cut,kill 切,杀 10,circ=ring 环,圈 11,claim,clam=cry,shout 喊叫 12,clar=clear 清楚,明白 13,clud=cl ...


   江苏2009届高考英语听力试题 第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分) 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £19.15. B. £9.15. C. £9.18. 答案是B。 1. What do the speakers need to buy? A. A fridge. B ...