名词复数
stomach-stomachs,a German- three Germans, an American-two Americans, man cook - men cooks; papers 报纸, 文件 manners礼貌 drinks饮料jeans (年仔裤), headphones (耳机), trousers (裤子), clothes (衣 服), pants (短裤), glasses (眼镜), shoes (鞋子), sunglasses (太阳镜), scissors (剪刀), compasses (圆规) 一些表示庆祝、祝贺的名词只 有复数形式,常见的有:celebrations (庆祝), congratulations (祝贺)
Mother’s day Father’s day Boy’s day Girl’s day Children’s day Women’s day Teachers’ day I met her at the doctor’s (office). She went to Mr. Black ‘s (house) yesterday.
在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名 词 所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如: the barber‘s 理发店。 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有‘s,则表示 “分别有”;只有一个’s,则表示‘共有’。 John‘s and Mary’s room(两间) John and Mary‘s room(一间) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。 如:a month or two's absence
固定短语中的名词只有复数形式
常见有的express one’s thanks to sb. (向某人表 达感激之情), a letter of thanks (一封感谢信), in high/low spirits (情绪高涨/低落), have sports (进 行体育活动)。 in a word 简言之in other words 换句话说 have words with 与某人吵 嘴 have a few words (a word) with sb.与某人说 几句话 The crowd were running for their lives. 某些集体名词, 如people, police, cattle等, 只当复 数看待, 谓语动词必须用复数。
一些不可数名词只有复数形式,但 却表示单数概念
常见的有news (消息), means (手段)。 As we all know, no news is good news. 如果复数名词前有many、few,不可数名词前有much、little等表 示量的形容词时,该用so而不用such。如: I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over. Mr White got so little money a month that he could hardly keep body and soul together. 但little不表示数量而表示“小”的意思时,仍用such。如: They are such little children that the they cannot clean the hous e by themselves 专有名词: The Smiths; at Harold's; buy a China Daily; a chemist and mathematician; in the 1980s; in his fifties; The United States(America); the Spring Festival; (an art festival) a + 不可数名词 a good knowledge of English; a science
双重所有格
物主代词不可与 a, an, this, that, these, those, some, any, several, no, each, every, such, another, which等词一起前置,修饰一个名词, 而必须用双重所有格。 公式为: a, an, this, that +名词+of +名词性物主代词。 如: a friend of mine. each brother of his.
不定代词的用法: 不定代词的用法
all与none用法一样。跟单数名词,用单数动 词;跟复数名词,用复数动词。All of the students are there. 所有的学生都在那。 All (of) the milk is there.所有的牛奶都在那 固定搭配:only a few (=few) not a few (=many) quite a few(=many) many a (=many) Many books were sold. Many a book was sold. 卖出了许多书。
代词比较辩异 one,that 和it ,
one表示泛指,that和it 表示特指。that与所指名 词为同类,但不是同一个,而it 与所指名词为同 一个。 I can‘t find my hat. I think I must buy one.(不定) The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought. (同类但不同个) I can't find my hat. I don' t know where I put it. ( 同一物)
one/another/the other
one… the other 、 some… the others one… another,another… some… others,others… others = other people/things the others = the rest 剩余的全部
  1) 泛指另一个用another。
  2) 一定范围内两人(物),一个用one,另一个用the other。
  3) 一定范围内三者,一个用one,另一个用one (another),第三个可用the other,a third。
  4) 一定范围内,除去一部分人/物,剩余的全部用the others。
  5) 泛指别的人或物时,用others当在一定范围内,除去 一部分后,剩余部分但不是全部时,也用others。
some /any
肯定句用some:I have some toys in my bedroom. 一般疑问句和否定句any:Do you have any brothers or sisters? 表示建议、请求等:Would you like some juice? Can I have some stamps ①some亦可用于表示盼望得到对方肯定的答复或表示建议、委 婉请求的疑问句中,例如: Would you like to have some apples?你想吃苹果吗? ②any也可用于肯定句中,表示"任何的"。例如: Any one of us can do this.我们当中任何一个都能做这个。 some 和any的用法是经常出现的考点,希望大家能准确地掌握 它们的用法。 记忆:请求邀请委婉时, 用于疑问句( 记忆:请求邀请委婉时,some用于疑问句(常出现情态动词); 用于疑问句 常出现情态动词); 否定疑问用any。肯定句中用 否定疑问用 。肯定句中用any,任何一个接单数 ,
It用作形式主语 用作形式主语
  1. 代作主语的动词不定式,其句型为 (
  1)It be adj.(for sb.)to do sth.此处adj. 通常为描述事件的形 容词:easy,difficult,hard,necessary,unnecessary, possible,impossible,likely,unlikely,right,wrong, important,unimportant,legal,illegal,well-mannered,illmannered,polite,impolite,clear,obvious,certain, suitable,proper,fit,useful,useless,dangerous… 例 It is illegal(for a teenager)to drive a car without a license. (
  2)It be adj. of sb. to do sth. 此处adj. 通常为描述人的形容词:kind,unkind,nice,rude, cruel,considerate,thoughtful,thoughtless,careful, careless,silly,foolish,stupid,clever,wise,crazy. 例 It's kind of you to help me with the problem.
“It” 用法及其句型和固定搭配
It替代作主语的动名词的常见句型
It's no good/use doing… It's(well)worth doing… It's(well)worth one's while doing/to do… It's(well)worth while doing/ to do 例 It's no use crying over spilt milk.

  1)It is + noun +从句 例 It is no secret that the president wants to have a second term at office. (
  2)It is adj. +clause It's surprising that…(should)… ……竟然…… It's a pity/shame that…(should)… ……竟然…… that… should … …… …… 例 It's important that you should apologize to her for your rudeness.(=It's of much importance that you should apologize to her for your rudeness.) (
  3)It verb sb. + clause= It is v-ing + clause It+surprise/delight/interest/disappoint/worry/disturb/annoy/amaz e /bother/concern/frighten/please/anger sb. that… 例 It worried me that she drove so fast.(= It was worrying that she drove so fast.)
It替代作主语的从句常见句型

  4)It verb(to sb.)that…= sb/sth verb to do (verb = appear,seem,come about,emerge,follow, chance,happen,occur,transpire,turn out ,work out) 例 It(so)happened/chanced that they were out.(= They happened/chanced to be out.) (
  5)It is v-ed that…=sb/sth is to do (verb=say,report,think,believe,hope,expect,agree, accept,decide,determine,intend,plan,understand, know) 例 It is said that the couple have gotten divorced.(=The couple are said to have gotten divorced.) (
  6)It is v-ed that …(should)… (verb=demand,request,require,order,suggest,advise, recommend 例 It is suggested that they should begin with the third question.
It作主语的句型 作主语的句型

  1. It takes sb. … to do…(=sb takes…to do…)某人用多长时间做 某事 It took the men a week to mend our roof.(= The men took a week to mend our roof.)
  2. It's(about/high)time that… should /v-ed…是该做某事的时候 了 It's(about/high)time that we should take action.
  3. It's the x-th time(that)… have v-ed…第几次做某事了 It's the third time that he has failed the driving test.
  4. It is/has been… since …continuous v-ed(延续性动词)某动作 已有多长时间不发生了 It's 10 years that he lived here
  5. It was(not)… before…过(不)了多长时间某动作发生了 It was not long before they arrived.
It 作形式宾语
用来替代作宾语的从句、动词不定式、动 名词,而把真正作宾语的从句、动词不定 式、动名词置于句尾。
It 作形式宾语的常见句型:
  1. verb+ it+ adj./noun(for/of)to do/clause (verb=think,believe, suppose,consider,feel,make,keep…) I think it hard for you to do the task on your own
  2. verb+it+adj./noun(one's)doing(adj.=useless/worth/worthwhile) (noun=no use/no good/worth one's while/a waste of time/money/energy/words)(verb=think,believe,suppose, consider,feel,make,keep…) I'll make it worth your while telling me about his secret.
  3. verb+it+ important/unimportant/necessary/unnecessary/natural/essential that …(should)… verb+it+of much/great/no/little importance that…(should)… (verb=think,believe,suppose,consider,feel,make,keep…) I think it important that you(should)attendthe conference.

  4. verb + it+ as+ noun/adj.+ clause(verb=accept,regard, take,see,view) The lecturer takes it as encouraging when so many students attend his lecture.
  5. v. +it + prep. + that…owe it to sb. that…把…归功于… leave it to sb that…把…留给某人去做 take it for granted that …想当然 keep it in mind that… Don't bother to arrange anything. Just leave it to me to sort out.
  6. It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的动词后面,尤其是表示好恶的动 词后,enjoy,like,love,dislike,resent,hate,don't mind, be fond of,feel like,see to 宾语从句紧跟it之后 I hate it you can swim so well and I can't.
  7. It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的介词后面,宾语从句紧跟it之后 (except that例外) I'm for it that you will follow their advice.
数词的用法

  1)倍数表示法 a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多。 b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of… The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 地球是月球 的49倍。 49 c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than… The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year.今年比去年粮食产量增加8%。 d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍 The production of grain has been increased by four times this year.今年粮食产量增加了4倍。
  2)分数表示法 构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分 子的序数词用单数,分母序数词用复数: 1/3 one-third ; 3/37 three and three-sevenths.
形容词和副词
形容词和副词的比较级和最高级①一般的比较级和 最高级在形容词或副词后加-er或-est,如:small -- smaller smallest ② 以不发音-e结尾的形容词或副词直接加 ?r或 ?st, 如 large largest largest ③ 重读闭音节词尾是一个辅音字母的,需双写该辅 音字母,再加-er或-est。 ④ 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的形容词和副词,把“y”变“i”, 再加 ?er或-est. busybusierbusiest happyhappierhappiest
但一些双音节及多音节形容词或副词前要加more和 most,如: slowly more slowly most slowly difficultmore difficultmost difficult beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful 但还有一些不规则的变化: good / wellbetterbest manymoremost bad / ill / badly worseworst littlelessleast far farther / further farther / furthest
形容词和副词的等比句型
①as…as… 和……一样 I’m as tall as you. ② not as(so)…as 不和…… 一样(在否定句 中常用so 来代替as)如, I can’t run so fast as you. 另外as…as possible 为固定结构,如,as soon as possible, as quickly as possible 等。 在以上两个句型中形容词或副词一定要用原级。
形容词和副词的其它句型
① 形容词/ 副词 比较级 + than 句型 ,在than 后面的人称 代词 用主语和宾语均可。 He is older than I / me. 但是如果人称代词后有动词时,则只能用主格形式。 Tom found more red leaves than I did. ② “the + 比较级, the + 比较级” 结构表示两个变化一起 发生。如, The more you learn, the more you’ll know. ③ “more and more”结构(指两个形容词比较级用and 连 接)表示持续不断的变化。 如: I’m getting thinner and thinner.

  1) more B than A 与其说A不如说B less A than B He is more lazy than slow at his work. = He is less slow than lazy at his work.
  2) no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多 The officials could see no more than the Emperor. no less… than… 与……一样……He is no less diligent than you.
  3) more than 不只是,非常She is more than kind to us all.
典型例题

  1)The weather in China is different from. A. in America B. one in America C. America D. that in America 答案:D. 本题意为"中国的天气比美国热。"比较的是天气而不 是国家,C不能选
 

相关内容

英语自考

   全国 2010 年 10 月高等教育自学考试 综合英语( 综合英语(二)试题 课程代码: 课程代码:00795 I. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points i ...

英语自我介绍

   英文自我介绍 终身受益 来源: 邓旭X的日志 Good morning ! It is really my honor to have this opportunity for an interview, I hope i can make a good performance today. I'm confident that I can succeed. Now i will introduce myself briefly I am 26 years old,born in shand ...

英语自我介绍

   hello,everyone. (大家好) . very glad to be here.(非常高兴能来到这里给大家发言) my name is ###, and i am ** years old.(我的名字是###,今年××岁了) now i am a school student.(我现在是一名……学生) my favourite subject is English . and i like sports very much . (我最喜欢的科目是英语,而且我很喜欢 ...

商务英语自考

   广东自考招生中心 www.gdzhaokao.cn 商务英语自考试题 商务英语自考试题 自考 READING PART ONE Question 1-5 Look at questions 1-5. In each question, while phrase or is correct? For each question, mark one letter(A,B or C)on your Answer Sheet. Example: Don't forgetThe plane arriv ...

大学英语B网考辅导

   大学英语B网考辅导 语法精讲与样题分析 词汇: 词汇:根据考试大纲的要求,考生 应认知3000个单词,并熟练掌握其 中的1800个单词及其基本的搭配。 主要涉及到名词、动词、动词短语、 形容词、副词的近义词、同义词、 近形词之间的辨析,词的搭配及惯 用法。 语法: 语法:根据考试大纲的要求,考生 应掌握基本的英语语法知识,并能 在听、说、读、写、译中较正确地 加以应用。 语法结构部分主要涉及到从句、不 定式、分词、动名词、虚拟语气等 基本语法结构。 词汇与结构: 词汇与结构: 选择题和完型题 ...

《大学英语》网考辅导总结

   《大学英语》网考辅导总结 大学英语》 为了迎接全国高校网络教育部组织的统一考试, 外语教研室在教 学处的统一安排下,对学生进行了系统的辅导,现将辅导情况总结如 下。 一. 考前准备。 考试之前,学校领导,教学处处长,外语教研室主任,开放教 育学院院长给予高度的重视,积极组织班主任教师及时通知学生,不 厌其烦地向学生讲明考试的重要性,让学生必须参加补习,有的班任 甚至去单位亲自给学生请假,使学生的出勤数达到最大值,在客观上 保障了网考补习的顺利进行。 外语教研室感谢帮助我们的领导和各位 同志。 ...

英语11(2)网考辅导一

   网考辅导一 网考辅导一 题型,题量,分值分配及机上界面显示介绍 题型,题量,分值分配及机上界面显示介绍 题型 由教育部统一组织的网考共由六个部分组成, 第一部分:交际用语, (共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 第二部分阅读理解; (共 10 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 30 分) 第三部分:词汇与语法; (共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 第四部分:完型填空; (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 第五部分:英译汉(共 3 句,每句 5 分,满分 ...

网络教育大学英语统考辅导

   网络教育大学英语统考辅导 写作 阅读 完形填空 考试短文写作应试技巧 1.提纲式作文 提纲式作文 (1)认识提纲式作文 ) 提纲式作文是考试中最常见的一种题型。 提纲式作文是考试中最常见的一种题型。提纲式 作文的命题式形式是先给出英文作文标题, 作文的命题式形式是先给出英文作文标题,再 用英语或汉语列出提纲, 用英语或汉语列出提纲,要求考生按照提纲的 要求写出文章。提纲有时是短语,有时是句子。 要求写出文章。提纲有时是短语,有时是句子。 提纲作文已经以提纲的形式对整体文章的范围、 提纲作文已 ...

句子先行_自考_英语写作基础_辅导_(2)

   句 子 先 行 ?自考《英语写作基础》辅导(Ⅲ) (赵海燕  上海外国语大学国际教育学院) III. 常见的错误 (2) 上期我们就常见的错误中的吊句和残缺句两类错误进行了分析和练习, 这一期我们来分析另 外三类错误: (三)   错误平行结构 (faulty parallelism) 平行结构是一种有效表达思想的手段,它使句子整齐、对称、流畅,使句意贯通并富有节奏 感。平行结构是把两个或两个以上意思并列的成分用同等的语法形式表达出来。 平行结构可以是 单词、词组、从句,也可以是句子。如果意 ...

大学英语B级语法部分网考辅导2

   大学英语B网考辅导 语法精讲与样题分析 主讲 曾仲贤 语法知识归纳 一、非谓语动词 二、情态动词和虚拟语气 非谓语动词 不定式 非谓语动词 动名词 分 词 现在分词 过去分词 非谓语动词的三种形式 语态 时态 主动 to do to have done doing having done doing having done 被动 to be done to have been done being done having been done being done having been do ...

热门内容

中考英语分析

   试题:1. It is in the garden we plant trees every year。 2. It is the garden we plant trees every year。 3. It is a good idea we plant trees every year。 4. It is a month we planted trees last time。 5. It was a long time I got to sleep again。 这几道题的结构很相似, ...

大学英语四级高频词汇[带音标](免费)

   1.alter /’T:ltY/ v. 改变,改动,变更 2.burst / bY:st/ vi. n.突然发生,爆裂 3.dispose / dis’pYuz/ vi. 除掉,处置,解决,处理 (of) 4.blast / bl?:st/ n. 爆炸,气流 vi. 炸,炸掉 5.consume / kYn’sju:m/ v.消耗,耗尽 6.split / split/ v.劈开,割裂,分裂 a. 裂开的 7.spill / spil/ v. 溢出,溅出,倒出 8.slip /slip/ v. ...

工程建设现场英语五百句

   工程建设现场英语五百句 工程建设现场英语五百句 目 1、 问候和介绍(36 句) GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTIONS 2、 交谈语言(24 名) TALKING ABOUT LANGUAGES 3、 日期和时间(20 句) DATES AND TIMES 4、 天气和环境(20 句) WEATHER AND ENVIRONMENT 5、 在会议上(34 句) AT THE MEETING 6、 工程项目(20 句) 9、 8、 录 7、 ENGINEERING PROJE ...

[欧盟口译训练A2,英语].Euit-en-10101421

   1 策马翻译培训 www.cemachina.com Euit EU interpretation training 欧盟口译训练 cemachina.com Copyright 2010 CEMACHINA.COM, All Rights Reserved EU interpretation training | A zh-en 2 策马翻译培训 www.cemachina.com 经济复苏路漫长 THE CRISIS IS DEAD; LONG LIVE THE CRISIS Is t ...

英语常用的重要词汇

   英语常用重要词汇 1.abide by (=be faithful to; obey) 忠于; 遵守 2.be absent from…… 缺席,不在 3.absence or mind (=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 4.absorb (=take up the attention of) 吸 引……的注意力 (被动语态) be absorbed ; in 全神注贯注于……近;be engrossed in; be lost in; be rapt in; be c ...