名词复数
stomach-stomachs,a German- three Germans, an American-two Americans, man cook - men cooks; papers 报纸, 文件 manners礼貌 drinks饮料jeans (年仔裤), headphones (耳机), trousers (裤子), clothes (衣 服), pants (短裤), glasses (眼镜), shoes (鞋子), sunglasses (太阳镜), scissors (剪刀), compasses (圆规) 一些表示庆祝、祝贺的名词只 有复数形式,常见的有:celebrations (庆祝), congratulations (祝贺)
Mother’s day Father’s day Boy’s day Girl’s day Children’s day Women’s day Teachers’ day I met her at the doctor’s (office). She went to Mr. Black ‘s (house) yesterday.
在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名 词 所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如: the barber‘s 理发店。 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有‘s,则表示 “分别有”;只有一个’s,则表示‘共有’。 John‘s and Mary’s room(两间) John and Mary‘s room(一间) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。 如:a month or two's absence
固定短语中的名词只有复数形式
常见有的express one’s thanks to sb. (向某人表 达感激之情), a letter of thanks (一封感谢信), in high/low spirits (情绪高涨/低落), have sports (进 行体育活动)。 in a word 简言之in other words 换句话说 have words with 与某人吵 嘴 have a few words (a word) with sb.与某人说 几句话 The crowd were running for their lives. 某些集体名词, 如people, police, cattle等, 只当复 数看待, 谓语动词必须用复数。
一些不可数名词只有复数形式,但 却表示单数概念
常见的有news (消息), means (手段)。 As we all know, no news is good news. 如果复数名词前有many、few,不可数名词前有much、little等表 示量的形容词时,该用so而不用such。如: I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over. Mr White got so little money a month that he could hardly keep body and soul together. 但little不表示数量而表示“小”的意思时,仍用such。如: They are such little children that the they cannot clean the hous e by themselves 专有名词: The Smiths; at Harold's; buy a China Daily; a chemist and mathematician; in the 1980s; in his fifties; The United States(America); the Spring Festival; (an art festival) a + 不可数名词 a good knowledge of English; a science
双重所有格
物主代词不可与 a, an, this, that, these, those, some, any, several, no, each, every, such, another, which等词一起前置,修饰一个名词, 而必须用双重所有格。 公式为: a, an, this, that +名词+of +名词性物主代词。 如: a friend of mine. each brother of his.
不定代词的用法: 不定代词的用法
all与none用法一样。跟单数名词,用单数动 词;跟复数名词,用复数动词。All of the students are there. 所有的学生都在那。 All (of) the milk is there.所有的牛奶都在那 固定搭配:only a few (=few) not a few (=many) quite a few(=many) many a (=many) Many books were sold. Many a book was sold. 卖出了许多书。
代词比较辩异 one,that 和it ,
one表示泛指,that和it 表示特指。that与所指名 词为同类,但不是同一个,而it 与所指名词为同 一个。 I can‘t find my hat. I think I must buy one.(不定) The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought. (同类但不同个) I can't find my hat. I don' t know where I put it. ( 同一物)
one/another/the other
one… the other 、 some… the others one… another,another… some… others,others… others = other people/things the others = the rest 剩余的全部
  1) 泛指另一个用another。
  2) 一定范围内两人(物),一个用one,另一个用the other。
  3) 一定范围内三者,一个用one,另一个用one (another),第三个可用the other,a third。
  4) 一定范围内,除去一部分人/物,剩余的全部用the others。
  5) 泛指别的人或物时,用others当在一定范围内,除去 一部分后,剩余部分但不是全部时,也用others。
some /any
肯定句用some:I have some toys in my bedroom. 一般疑问句和否定句any:Do you have any brothers or sisters? 表示建议、请求等:Would you like some juice? Can I have some stamps ①some亦可用于表示盼望得到对方肯定的答复或表示建议、委 婉请求的疑问句中,例如: Would you like to have some apples?你想吃苹果吗? ②any也可用于肯定句中,表示"任何的"。例如: Any one of us can do this.我们当中任何一个都能做这个。 some 和any的用法是经常出现的考点,希望大家能准确地掌握 它们的用法。 记忆:请求邀请委婉时, 用于疑问句( 记忆:请求邀请委婉时,some用于疑问句(常出现情态动词); 用于疑问句 常出现情态动词); 否定疑问用any。肯定句中用 否定疑问用 。肯定句中用any,任何一个接单数 ,
It用作形式主语 用作形式主语
  1. 代作主语的动词不定式,其句型为 (
  1)It be adj.(for sb.)to do sth.此处adj. 通常为描述事件的形 容词:easy,difficult,hard,necessary,unnecessary, possible,impossible,likely,unlikely,right,wrong, important,unimportant,legal,illegal,well-mannered,illmannered,polite,impolite,clear,obvious,certain, suitable,proper,fit,useful,useless,dangerous… 例 It is illegal(for a teenager)to drive a car without a license. (
  2)It be adj. of sb. to do sth. 此处adj. 通常为描述人的形容词:kind,unkind,nice,rude, cruel,considerate,thoughtful,thoughtless,careful, careless,silly,foolish,stupid,clever,wise,crazy. 例 It's kind of you to help me with the problem.
“It” 用法及其句型和固定搭配
It替代作主语的动名词的常见句型
It's no good/use doing… It's(well)worth doing… It's(well)worth one's while doing/to do… It's(well)worth while doing/ to do 例 It's no use crying over spilt milk.

  1)It is + noun +从句 例 It is no secret that the president wants to have a second term at office. (
  2)It is adj. +clause It's surprising that…(should)… ……竟然…… It's a pity/shame that…(should)… ……竟然…… that… should … …… …… 例 It's important that you should apologize to her for your rudeness.(=It's of much importance that you should apologize to her for your rudeness.) (
  3)It verb sb. + clause= It is v-ing + clause It+surprise/delight/interest/disappoint/worry/disturb/annoy/amaz e /bother/concern/frighten/please/anger sb. that… 例 It worried me that she drove so fast.(= It was worrying that she drove so fast.)
It替代作主语的从句常见句型

  4)It verb(to sb.)that…= sb/sth verb to do (verb = appear,seem,come about,emerge,follow, chance,happen,occur,transpire,turn out ,work out) 例 It(so)happened/chanced that they were out.(= They happened/chanced to be out.) (
  5)It is v-ed that…=sb/sth is to do (verb=say,report,think,believe,hope,expect,agree, accept,decide,determine,intend,plan,understand, know) 例 It is said that the couple have gotten divorced.(=The couple are said to have gotten divorced.) (
  6)It is v-ed that …(should)… (verb=demand,request,require,order,suggest,advise, recommend 例 It is suggested that they should begin with the third question.
It作主语的句型 作主语的句型

  1. It takes sb. … to do…(=sb takes…to do…)某人用多长时间做 某事 It took the men a week to mend our roof.(= The men took a week to mend our roof.)
  2. It's(about/high)time that… should /v-ed…是该做某事的时候 了 It's(about/high)time that we should take action.
  3. It's the x-th time(that)… have v-ed…第几次做某事了 It's the third time that he has failed the driving test.
  4. It is/has been… since …continuous v-ed(延续性动词)某动作 已有多长时间不发生了 It's 10 years that he lived here
  5. It was(not)… before…过(不)了多长时间某动作发生了 It was not long before they arrived.
It 作形式宾语
用来替代作宾语的从句、动词不定式、动 名词,而把真正作宾语的从句、动词不定 式、动名词置于句尾。
It 作形式宾语的常见句型:
  1. verb+ it+ adj./noun(for/of)to do/clause (verb=think,believe, suppose,consider,feel,make,keep…) I think it hard for you to do the task on your own
  2. verb+it+adj./noun(one's)doing(adj.=useless/worth/worthwhile) (noun=no use/no good/worth one's while/a waste of time/money/energy/words)(verb=think,believe,suppose, consider,feel,make,keep…) I'll make it worth your while telling me about his secret.
  3. verb+it+ important/unimportant/necessary/unnecessary/natural/essential that …(should)… verb+it+of much/great/no/little importance that…(should)… (verb=think,believe,suppose,consider,feel,make,keep…) I think it important that you(should)attendthe conference.

  4. verb + it+ as+ noun/adj.+ clause(verb=accept,regard, take,see,view) The lecturer takes it as encouraging when so many students attend his lecture.
  5. v. +it + prep. + that…owe it to sb. that…把…归功于… leave it to sb that…把…留给某人去做 take it for granted that …想当然 keep it in mind that… Don't bother to arrange anything. Just leave it to me to sort out.
  6. It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的动词后面,尤其是表示好恶的动 词后,enjoy,like,love,dislike,resent,hate,don't mind, be fond of,feel like,see to 宾语从句紧跟it之后 I hate it you can swim so well and I can't.
  7. It用在不能直接跟宾语从句的介词后面,宾语从句紧跟it之后 (except that例外) I'm for it that you will follow their advice.
数词的用法

  1)倍数表示法 a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多。 b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of… The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 地球是月球 的49倍。 49 c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than… The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year.今年比去年粮食产量增加8%。 d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍 The production of grain has been increased by four times this year.今年粮食产量增加了4倍。
  2)分数表示法 构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分 子的序数词用单数,分母序数词用复数: 1/3 one-third ; 3/37 three and three-sevenths.
形容词和副词
形容词和副词的比较级和最高级①一般的比较级和 最高级在形容词或副词后加-er或-est,如:small -- smaller smallest ② 以不发音-e结尾的形容词或副词直接加 ?r或 ?st, 如 large largest largest ③ 重读闭音节词尾是一个辅音字母的,需双写该辅 音字母,再加-er或-est。 ④ 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的形容词和副词,把“y”变“i”, 再加 ?er或-est. busybusierbusiest happyhappierhappiest
但一些双音节及多音节形容词或副词前要加more和 most,如: slowly more slowly most slowly difficultmore difficultmost difficult beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful 但还有一些不规则的变化: good / wellbetterbest manymoremost bad / ill / badly worseworst littlelessleast far farther / further farther / furthest
形容词和副词的等比句型
①as…as… 和……一样 I’m as tall as you. ② not as(so)…as 不和…… 一样(在否定句 中常用so 来代替as)如, I can’t run so fast as you. 另外as…as possible 为固定结构,如,as soon as possible, as quickly as possible 等。 在以上两个句型中形容词或副词一定要用原级。
形容词和副词的其它句型
① 形容词/ 副词 比较级 + than 句型 ,在than 后面的人称 代词 用主语和宾语均可。 He is older than I / me. 但是如果人称代词后有动词时,则只能用主格形式。 Tom found more red leaves than I did. ② “the + 比较级, the + 比较级” 结构表示两个变化一起 发生。如, The more you learn, the more you’ll know. ③ “more and more”结构(指两个形容词比较级用and 连 接)表示持续不断的变化。 如: I’m getting thinner and thinner.

  1) more B than A 与其说A不如说B less A than B He is more lazy than slow at his work. = He is less slow than lazy at his work.
  2) no more… than… 与……一样……,不比……多 The officials could see no more than the Emperor. no less… than… 与……一样……He is no less diligent than you.
  3) more than 不只是,非常She is more than kind to us all.
典型例题

  1)The weather in China is different from. A. in America B. one in America C. America D. that in America 答案:D. 本题意为"中国的天气比美国热。"比较的是天气而不 是国家,C不能选
 

相关内容

英语自考

   全国 2010 年 10 月高等教育自学考试 综合英语( 综合英语(二)试题 课程代码: 课程代码:00795 I. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points i ...

英语自我介绍

   Good morning ! It is really my honor to have this opportunity to stand here,i hope i can make a good performance today and i'm confident that i can succeed. Now i will introduce myself briefly i am 23 years old,born in JiangXi province. i was gradu ...

英语自我介绍

   hello,everyone. (大家好) . very glad to be here.(非常高兴能来到这里给大家发言) my name is ###, and i am ** years old.(我的名字是###,今年××岁了) now i am a school student.(我现在是一名……学生) my favourite subject is English . and i like sports very much . (我最喜欢的科目是英语,而且我很喜欢 ...

英语自考资料

   广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn 词形变化( Word Form )应试技巧 1.熟练掌握动词词形变化规律.注意:动词形式既包括谓语动词的各种形式,如时态, 语态及语气(直陈,虚拟)等,虚拟语气为重点,几年来的考题中都有这方面内容;也包括 非谓语动词的各种形式. 所以做动词的词形变化时, 首先要搞清楚它在句中是谓语动词还是 非谓语动词,然后再作相应的变化. 2.认真学好并熟悉课文.本题所选用的句子是根据教材中出现的句子编写的,其中多数 来自课文,所以熟悉教材十 ...

英语自考答案

   Text A Unit 1 Exercises for the Text I. 1.d 2.a 3.c 4.d 5.d II. 1.task 2.intelligent 3.research 4.clue 5.conclusion 6.repeat 7.communicate 8.purpose 9.probably 10.outline III. 1.Instead of 2.therefore 3.more...than 4.even 5.First of all 6.because 7 ...

英语自考试题

   一:选词填空 选词填空 tendency, accomplish, precedent, goal, skilled 1. This decision set a fro future cases of a similar nature. 2. Although he has received no formal education, he is in biology. 3. She had always wanted to have a house of her own, and now ...

0901英语自考

   请将答案填在答题纸相应的位置上 一、词汇应用和语法结构(本大题共 30 小题,每小题 1 分,共 30 分) (一)词汇应用(15 分) 选择最佳答案完成句子,错选、多选或未选均无分。 1.Each country has to import the articles and commodities it does not itself . A. produce B. increase C. design D. sell 2.The import and export trades are ...

大学英语B网考辅导

   大学英语B 大学英语B网考辅导 语法精讲与样题分析 词汇:根据考试大纲的要求, 词汇:根据考试大纲的要求,考生 应认知3000个单词, 3000个单词 应认知3000个单词,并熟练掌握其 中的1800个单词及其基本的搭配。 1800个单词及其基本的搭配 中的1800个单词及其基本的搭配。 主要涉及到名词、动词、动词短语、 主要涉及到名词、动词、动词短语、 形容词、副词的近义词、同义词、 形容词、副词的近义词、同义词、 近形词之间的辨析, 近形词之间的辨析,词的搭配及惯 用法。 用法。 语法: ...

大学英语B网考辅导

   大学英语B网考辅导 语法精讲与样题分析 词汇: 词汇:根据考试大纲的要求,考生 应认知3000个单词,并熟练掌握其 中的1800个单词及其基本的搭配。 主要涉及到名词、动词、动词短语、 形容词、副词的近义词、同义词、 近形词之间的辨析,词的搭配及惯 用法。 语法: 语法:根据考试大纲的要求,考生 应掌握基本的英语语法知识,并能 在听、说、读、写、译中较正确地 加以应用。 语法结构部分主要涉及到从句、不 定式、分词、动名词、虚拟语气等 基本语法结构。 词汇与结构: 词汇与结构: 选择题和完型题 ...

《大学英语》网考辅导总结

   《大学英语》网考辅导总结 大学英语》 为了迎接全国高校网络教育部组织的统一考试, 外语教研室在教 学处的统一安排下,对学生进行了系统的辅导,现将辅导情况总结如 下。 一. 考前准备。 考试之前,学校领导,教学处处长,外语教研室主任,开放教 育学院院长给予高度的重视,积极组织班主任教师及时通知学生,不 厌其烦地向学生讲明考试的重要性,让学生必须参加补习,有的班任 甚至去单位亲自给学生请假,使学生的出勤数达到最大值,在客观上 保障了网考补习的顺利进行。 外语教研室感谢帮助我们的领导和各位 同志。 ...

热门内容

高中英语语法专练

   第一单元 非谓语动词 英语中非谓语动词有三种形式,即不定式、动名 词和分词。三种非谓语动词保留了动词的特 性,具有语态和时式的变化。 1. 1.不定式的语态和时式 以动词do为例 do 时式 一般式 完成式 进行式 语态 主动 to do to have done to be doing 被动 to be done to have been done 2.动名词的语态和时式 以动词do为例 时式 一般式 完成式 语态 主动 doing having done 被动 being done ha ...

个人简历英语词汇大全

   个人简历英语词汇大全品质 able 有才干的,能干的 active 主动的,活跃的 adaptable 适应性强的 adroit 灵巧的,机敏的 aggressive 有进取心的 alert 机灵的 ambitious 有雄心壮志的 amiable 和蔼可亲的 amicable 友好的 analytical 善于分析的 apprehensive 有理解力的 aspiring 有志气的,有抱负的 audacious 大胆的,有冒险精神的 capable 有能力的,有才能的 careful 办事 ...

三年级英语教案

   外研版小学英语三年级起点第二册教案Ⅰ 外研版小学英语三年级起点第二册教案Ⅰ (2010-03-10 06:12:44) 转载 标签: 分类: 小学教案 外研版 小学英语 三年级 第二册 教案 教育 Module 1 Unit 1 It’s the ABC songs. Teaching aim: Describing the alphabets Teaching importance and difficulty: alphabets Vocabulary: favourite, song. ...

高中英语语法_倒装句复习讲解练习

   高中英语语法 倒装句复习讲解练习 (一)倒装句的意义 1、适应一定的语法结构的需要,主要是指疑问句句型结构的需要。 e.g. May I come in? Was the People’s Liberation Army founded in 1927? 2、为了强调某一部分,而把这部分放到句首,构成倒装。 e.g. Never have I been late for school this term. So early did he come to school that no othe ...

四年级英语上册lesson1教案示例

   教学步骤与建议 1、热身/复习(Warm-up/Revision) (1)请同学观察事先准备的字母卡片,注意字母的大小写及占格。 (2)说出以该字母开头的地名单词。 (3)让学生利用学过的句型 This is…造句,为导人新课做准备。 2、新课导入(Presentation) (1)设立情景:新学期开始了,同学们该怎样互致问候呢?教师可以组织小组讨 论和表演,充分调动学生参与活动的积极性。 (Hi./Hello.Nice to meet you./Nice to see you again. ...