广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn 词形变化( Word Form )应试技巧
  1.熟练掌握动词词形变化规律。注意:动词形式既包括谓语动词的各种形式,如时态、 语态及语气(直陈、虚拟)等,虚拟语气为重点,几年来的考题中都有这方面内容;也包括 非谓语动词的各种形式。 所以做动词的词形变化时, 首先要搞清楚它在句中是谓语动词还是 非谓语动词,然后再作相应的变化。
  2.认真学好并熟悉课文。本题所选用的句子是根据教材中出现的句子编写的,其中多数 来自课文,所以熟悉教材十分重要。
  3.认真钻研相关的语法讲解。主要指谓语动词、非谓语动词、形容词、副词比较等级、 情态动词、虚拟语气\形容词比较级、最高级,等部分。 动词:动词是考试的重点。主要包括:动词的时态、语态、语气和非谓语动词。
  1)动词的时态:重点是动词的过去时、完成时。 So far, Irving (live) in New York City for ten years. has lived Many a writer of newspaper articles (trun) to writing novels during the past decade. has turned Some people think relations between people ( deteriorate ) so much that understanding and friendship are almost impossible . have deteriorated Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what (happen) to her. had happened In the past two decades, research (expand) our knowledge about sleep and dreams . has expanded
  2)动词的语态:主要掌握各个时态的被动式。 The nations that actively (involve) in earthquake prediction programs include Japan, Russia, and the United States. are involved There (estimate) to be more than
  20,000 overseas domestic servants working in Brtain in 19
  95. were estimated
  3)动词的语气: A.掌握非真实条件句中,谓语动词在主句和条件句中的虚拟语气形式。 If you had come earlier, you (not miss) the first act of the play.
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn
would not have missed If it hadn‘t been for your help, we (be) in real trouble. would have been B.在表示建议、命令、要求以及表示“重要性”和“紧迫性”等含义的主语从句、宾语 从句、表语从句和同位语从句中,谓语动词常用虚拟语气,由“动词原形”或“should + 动 词原形”构成。 should 常常省略 I would recommend that you (think) about doing something similar for yourself. (should) think It was imperative that students (finish) their papers before July 1st. (should) finish C.动词 wish 、would rather (sooner) only、as if 后的虚拟语气。 、if I would rather he (buy) the house next year. bought ( 表示从句中动作尚未发生) She treats me as if I (be) a stranger. were The manager told us to be friendly to the visitors as if we ( meet) them before. had met If only we (have) a phone! I‘m tired of waiting outside the public phone box. D.in case , for fear that , lest 等词后从句的谓语动词为(should) + 原形。 He took his umbrella with him lest it (rain.) (should) rain E.在 It is (high) time that 从句中谓语动词一般用过去时动词。 It‘s high time that we (take) firm measures to protect our environment. took F.时间错综条件句,动词的形式要根据表示的时间调整。
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn 如果我们早动身,现在就不会在雨中走了。 If we had set out earlier,we wouldn‘t be walking in the rain. (从句中动作发生在过去,主句中动作发生在现在。 )
  4)动词的非谓语动词形式: A.动词不定式:主要考查动词不定式作定语、宾语、宾语或主语补足语等的用法。还要 注意动词不定式的被动式与完成式。 不定式作定语:If there is no choice, there is no decision (make) to be made 不定式作宾语: Robots , already taking over human tasks in the automotive field, are beginning (see) . to be seen 不定式作宾补 I notice him ( leave ) the classroom. leave (可省略 to) 不定式作主补:They were often compelled (work) twelve or fourteen hours a day. to work( 不可省略 to) We make them (to) work day and night. 不定式作宾语补语,在有些动词后可以省略 TO They are made to work day and night. 不定式作主语补语时,不可省略 TO B.分词:主要考查分词作定语、状语、宾语补足语的用法。注意现在分词与过去分词的 区别。 另外,还有现在分词的被动式与完成式的形式。 分词作定语:Anyone (want) to understand the industry of the future will have to know about robotics. wanting As research techniques become more advanced, the number of animals (use) in experiments may decrease. used 分词作状语: When (present) with a common case, sales managers tend to see sales problems and production managers see production problems. presented (tell) that some guests were coming , she shopped all morning in the supermarket. Having been told Her body, with hands and feet (bind) , was discovered by a traveler early in the morning. bound
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn
分词做宾补: They may have their passports (remove) , making leaving or “escaping” actually impossible. removed 动名词作宾语:If you cannot understand , ask: “ Would you mind (rephrase) the question , please ?” rephrasing If we don‘t start out now, we must risk (miss) the train. missing 形容词副词: The more time you waste, the (easy) it is to continue wasting time. easier As Jane was the (old) , she looked after the other children in the family. eldest 词性转换: The explorers were puzzled over what to do next because they were in a (trick) situation . trick 是名词或动词,应把它变为形容词 tricky These electric appliances are all similar in construction but each one is (specialize) in its function. specialize 是动词,应把它变为形容词 specific 或 special 阅读理解(Reading Comprehension)应试技巧
  1.两种方法 方法一:先看文章后做题。主要针对简单易懂的文章,时间又较充裕的情况。 方法二:先看题目后读文章再做题。这种方法在时间紧、文章长的情况下更为实用。 , 这样可以带着问题去阅读,文章中的内容与考题有关系时仔细阅读,与题目无关时,可以置 之不理,很快跳过去。还有一些题目涉及一般常识或科普知识,可以在未阅读文章之前自己 先行判断,在阅读时只要对自己的判断进行验证就可以了。
  2.三个侧重 除了题目本身所要求查找的细节外, 阅读时一定要注意不要逐字逐句地死抠, 而要有所 侧重。
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn
  1)侧重首段、尾段,首句、尾句、 因为这些部分往往是作者所要谈及的论点、主题或中心思想,抓住了主干,那么细节问 题就会迎刃而解。
  2)侧重语篇标志词。 语篇中句子和句子之间、 段落和段落之间就是通过这种词语连接起来的, 把握住这些词 语就等于把握了句与句、段与段之间的关系,对于获取所需信息、准确答题至关重要。语篇 标志词主要表示: (
  1)例解: 如, for instance , for example, (
  2) 列举(
  3)比较; (
  4) 转折和对比; (
  5)原因; (
  6) 结果; (
  7) 方式手段; (
  8) 时间; (
  9)地点; (
  10) 目的; (
  11)分类; (
  12)补充; (
  13)强调; (
  14)条件; (
  15)结论。
  3)侧重长句、难句。 因为英语表达多以冗长著称, 论理性很强的文章更是如此。 通过较长的句子来表达复杂 的思想内容,从而使文章更具有说服力。所以,我们在阅读时,必须重视长句、难句,认真 分析句子,把握关键。事实上,不少问题就是针对这些长句、难句而设置的。
  3.阅读理解题型
  1)主旨题: 这类问题主要测试考生把握主题与中心思想的能力。主要形式有: a.The main idea of this passage is . b.The passage mainly discusses . c.What is the passage primarily concerned about? d.What is the main topic of this passage? e.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? f.The best title for this passage might be . 作者的态度、写作目的与主题和中心思想关系密切,可以看作主旨题的延伸。主要形式 有: 问写作目的: g.The author writes this passage mainly to . h.The author‘s purpose in writing this passage is .
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn 问态度: i.The author‘s attitude towards … is . j.The tone of this passage can be described as .
  2)细节题: 这类问题测试考生把握文章细节的能力,主要与文中的考点相联系,如:最高级、唯一 性、其他对比、数字年代、原因等。主要形式有: 是非题: (三正一误或三误一正) a.Which of the following is True ? b.Which of the following is NOT True ? c.Which of the following is Not mentioned in Paragraph …? 例证题 a.The author gives an example in Paragraph …… mainly to show that . 其他具体细节题 From the passage , it can be seen that …。 The main reason for …is .
  3)推理题 这类题主要测试考生能否在理解字面意义的基础上, 根据所读材料进行一定的判断和推 论,进而理解文章的隐含意义和深层意义。主要形式有: A It is implied in the passage that . B The passage implies (suggests) that . C It can be inferred from the passage that . D It can be concluded from the passage that . E Form the passage we can infer (draw the conclusion) that .
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn
  4)词义题 这类问题主要测试考生使用词语搭配和根据上下文判断词义的能力。主要形式有: g.The word “…” in line (Paragragh )…… most probably means . h.In paragraph …, the word “…” refers to (stands for) . i.The word “…” in Paragraph … can be best replaced by . 词汇题考查的词汇主要是熟词僻义或生词
  4.猜字的几种技巧 在阅读过程中,经常会遇到一些生词、难词,考试中又不允许查字典,这就需要利用猜 字的技巧了。 通过构词法推测词义是最常用的方法之一, 下面重点介绍如何通过上下文线索 来猜测词义。
  1)利用词根、词缀构词法
  2)直接定义 作者在行文中有时不得不使用某些难词、偏词,为使读者理解,作者常常会在文章中直 接解释该词语。作者或通过同位语,或使用定语从句加以阐明,或用冒号、破折号、括号给 出,或用语篇标志词引出, 这类语篇标志词有:that is (to say) ; e .g.;or,in other words; to put it in another way 等。 例如:She is bilingual. In other words,she speaks English and French equally well. (bilingual:会说两种语言的) 。
  3)近义复述 同一短文中前后两个句子、 短语或单词通常有互释作用, 可以从上下文的复述中获取与 某一单词或短语相关的信息以猜测词义。例如: It is difficult to list all of my father‘s attributes because he has so many different talents and abilities, (attribute:特质;才能)
  4)对比和并列表述 利用上下文中的对比或并列表达猜测词义是最常用、 最可靠的方法。 有不少句子会在上 下文中给出某个生词(尤其是偏词、难词)的同义词或反义词,运用对比或并列表达对这些 生词加以提示。通过了解词与词之间的连接关系,特别是一些语篇标志词,如:however; on the other hand;nevertheless 等,我们不难推断这些生词的词义。如:
广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn If you agree,write “yes” you dissent,write “no” (dissent:不同意) ;if 。
  5) 根据常识 有些生词看似很难,但根据语境,根据读者的经历或常识,很容易猜出词义。如果所读 的材料是考生熟悉的内容或在自己专业知识范围内,生词就更易化解了。 其实,猜词的方法并不限于以上这些,大家在阅读中要多动脑筋,善于总结,还能总结 出一些更适合白己的技巧和方法来。
完型填空(Cloze Test)应试技巧 完型填空是测试考生语篇理解能力和词汇运用能力的一种综合手段。 做完型填空题, 考 生必须具有扎实的语法基础、比较牢固的词汇基础以及良好的语感。
  1.做题步骤
  1)通览全篇,分文体,定结构,知大意。 做完型填空题,答题的关键在于准确理解短文的大意。要做到这一点,就要分清文章的 文体与行文结构。 本题
 

相关内容

英语自考

   复习资料:自考英语 二 重点句型总结 重点句型总结(一 复习资料:自考英语(二)重点句型总结 一) 自考“英语(二)”重点句型总结 1. 强调句 It was lightening that caused the forest fire last year。正是闪电引 起了去年的那场火灾。 2. 虚拟语气 We hurried back to school lest/ for fear that it (should) rain. 我 们匆匆忙忙地赶回学校,生怕天会下雨。 3. 比较级 th ...

英语自考

   全国 2010 年 10 月高等教育自学考试 综合英语( 综合英语(二)试题 课程代码: 课程代码:00795 I. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY Complete each of the following 15 sentences with the most likely answer. Write the letter corresponding to your choice on the answer sheet. (1 point each, 15 points i ...

英语听力资料

   US National Recording Registry Adds New Music Selections 美国国家录音登记处增添新音乐选集 Each year, the United States Library of Congress selects 25 songs at least 10-years-old that are “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant” to add to the Nation ...

英语听力资料

   一、语音问题:连读小练习 1. rush hour 高峰时间,尖峰时刻; 2. cheer up 使振奋,使高兴; 3. check (it) out 借书;办理出院手续;彻底检查;退房(check in 开房) ; ;financial aid 经济资助; 4. travel agent 旅行社(travel agency, travel bureau) 5. turn down 关掉,拒绝; turn on 打开 be sold out 售 光了wear out 穿破了; be worn ...

商务英语自考

   广东自考招生中心 www.gdzhaokao.cn 商务英语自考试题 商务英语自考试题 自考 READING PART ONE Question 1-5 Look at questions 1-5. In each question, while phrase or is correct? For each question, mark one letter(A,B or C)on your Answer Sheet. Example: Don't forgetThe plane arriv ...

英语自考答案

   Text A Unit 1 Exercises for the Text I. 1.d 2.a 3.c 4.d 5.d II. 1.task 2.intelligent 3.research 4.clue 5.conclusion 6.repeat 7.communicate 8.purpose 9.probably 10.outline III. 1.Instead of 2.therefore 3.more...than 4.even 5.First of all 6.because 7 ...

英语自考辅导

   名词复数 stomach-stomachs,a German- three Germans, an American-two Americans, man cook - men cooks; papers 报纸, 文件 manners礼貌 drinks饮料jeans (年仔裤), headphones (耳机), trousers (裤子), clothes (衣 服), pants (短裤), glasses (眼镜), shoes (鞋子), sunglasses (太阳镜), sci ...

英语自考资料

   广东自考招生中心 http://www.gdzhaokao.cn 词形变化( Word Form )应试技巧 1.熟练掌握动词词形变化规律。注意:动词形式既包括谓语动词的各种形式,如时态、 语态及语气(直陈、虚拟)等,虚拟语气为重点,几年来的考题中都有这方面内容;也包括 非谓语动词的各种形式。 所以做动词的词形变化时, 首先要搞清楚它在句中是谓语动词还是 非谓语动词,然后再作相应的变化。 2.认真学好并熟悉课文。本题所选用的句子是根据教材中出现的句子编写的,其中多数 来自课文,所以熟悉教材十 ...

电大英语网考资料

   一、交际用语 1. How are you, Bob? Ted. B. I’m fine. Thank you. 2. Thank you for your help. A. My pleasure. 3. Hello, I’m Harry Potter. Hello, my name is Charles Green, butC. call me Charles. 4. Paul,?Oh, that’s my father! And beside him, my mother. B. Wh ...

英语自考(二)答案2009年07月

   亲爱的好好加油啊! 2009 年 7 月自考综合英语(二)试题参考答案 月自考综合英语( 1 2009 年 7 月自考综合英语(二)试题参考答案 亲爱的好好加油啊! 2 2009 年 7 月自考综合英语(二)试题参考答案 ...

热门内容

英译汉中常见的重要短语及典型句型 考研英语

   最全,最新, 最全,最新,完全免费的考试资料下载站 www.Free133.com 精华汇集 随心所取 胡小平:英译汉中常见的重要短语及典型句型 1. (1) ... not so much...... as (but) ... 与其说……还不如说…… (2) ... not so much that.....as (but) that...... 与其说……还不如说…… (3) ... not so much as.... (=not even) as..... (4) ... might ...

英语语法基础

   one, little/ few, this, 第一章 冠词和 one,a little/a few, this, that a/an(不定冠词) 1 a/an(不定冠词) a 用在以辅音字母开头,或以读做辅音的元音字母开头的单词前面: a man 一个男人 a university 一所大学 a hat 一顶帽子 a European 一个欧洲人 a one-way street 一条单行马路 an 用在以元音字母(a,e,i,o,u)开头,或以不发音的 h 字母开头的单 词前面: an ...

英语单词词根记忆法

   别再用中国人的方法背英语单词了,英国人是这样背的! 请大家想一想,英语是谁发明的?英国人呗!英国人认不认识汉语?不认识!那么英国人在学英语单 词的时候需不需要记住单词的汉语意思?不需要,英国人的英语课本里根本就没有汉字,何谈记住单词的 汉语意思?那么既然英国人学英语不需要记住(甚至根本就见不到)单词的汉语意思,那么中国人学英语为 什么要去记住单词的汉语意思呢?这种做法大家不觉得奇怪吗? 然而由于中国人学英语时都在背单词的汉语意思,因此大家反而觉不出"背汉字"有什么奇怪的了 ...

英语四六级高频词汇(内部权威资料)

   频率出现七次的词汇 case 意 义 n.事例,实例,事实,情况;病例;案件;箱,盒,套;手提箱 搭 配 a case in point 有关的事例,例证 a case in point 恰当的例子 in any case 无论如何,不管怎样 in case 假使,以防(引导虚拟语气) sum up the case 概括事实 in case of 假如,如果发生;防备 in no case 无论如何不,决不 in this/that case 如果这样.那样的话 a case of mea ...

中考英语满分作文。

   四川成都中考英语满分作文 上周,你们班就初中生能否骑电动自行车上学进行了一次讨论。现在,请你根据下表用 英语写一篇介绍讨论情况的短文。 注意: 1.短文须包括写作提示和表格中所列的全部内容; 2.时态运用正确,书写工整规范; 3.词数 80-100 个左右。 生词提示: electric adj. 电动的 同意理由 1.这样很方便 2.能节约上学途中的时间 不同意理由 1.年龄太小,骑电动自行车不安全 2.早上交通拥挤,骑电动自行车也快不起来 whether conj 能否 讨论结果 25 ...