E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com
人教版初一上英语看似简单易学,其实并非如此。如果适当拓展和延伸,不难发现中学 英语语法体系的各个部分在这本书中都有所涉及, 英语语言结构的基本框架悄然呈现。 如果 在学习过程中对这些分散的语言点进行系统的整合,对其中的基本规则达到熟练掌握的程 度,显然会为整个中学阶段的英语学习奠定基础,今后的学习就会事半功倍,成功是水到渠 成的事了。 中学英语语法体系: 中学英语语法体系: 一、词法: (一)名词:可数与不可数;专有名词;名词所属格;名词功能;辨析。 (二)代词:人称代词;物主代词;反身代词;相互代词;指示代词;不定代词;疑问 代词;代词功能。 (三)数词:基数词;序数词;数词功能。 (四)介词:介词功能;常用介词;固定短语。 (五)连词:并列连词;从属连词;连词功能。 (六)形容词:形容词的句法功能;复合形容词;比较级和最高级;形容词的位置;部 分形容词辨析。 (七)副词:副词的句法功能;分类;位置;比较级与最高级;辨析。 (八)冠词:不定冠词与定冠词的用法;不加冠词的情况;辨析。 (九)动词:行为动词、情态动词、助动词和连系动词;及物动词与不及物动词;动词 辨析。 (十)构词法:合成;转化;派生。 二、句法: (一)句子成分:主、谓、宾、表、定、状、补、同位、插入语。 (二)句子分类:简单句(陈述句;疑问句、祈使句、感叹句) ;并列句;复合句(名词 性从句;定语从句;状语从句) 。 (三)时态:八大时态(现在时态;过去时态;将来时态。 ) (四)语态:主动语态与被动语态;时态与语态。 (五)语气:陈述语气、虚拟语气、祈使语气。 (六)非谓语动词:不定式;过去分词;现在分词;动名词;独立主格。 中国最大的教育门户网站 E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com (七)主谓一致。 (八)直接引语和间接引语:时态变化;代词变化;状语变动;直接引语为疑问句和祈 使句时的变动。 (九)倒装。 (十)省略。 附 1 短语与句型 附 2 选词填空 附 3 期末范文背诵 初一上相关知识链接 一、词法: 词法: (一)名词:可数与不可数;专有名词;名词所属格;名词功能;辨析。 名词:可数与不可数;专有名词;名词所属格;名词功能;辨析。
  1.单项选择 单项选择 (
  1)Would you like ( A A ice cream C ice creams ice creams )? I have three ( B ice creams )for you . ice cream ice cream
ice creams D ice cream

  2)Jerry isn’t __C. He’s . A. an English, American C. English, American B. English boy, American D. English, a American I like B.

  3)What kind of movie do you like? A. action movie and comedy C. action movies and comedy (
  4)This room is their ( A parents’ C parents’ , John’s and Mike’s ,John and Mike’s C
B. action movies and comedies D. action movie and comedies ) and that room is ( B parent’s , John and Mike’s D parent’s ,John and Mike’s ).

  5)He is a famousD ; he likes very much. A. music, music (
  6)I have ( A much work A B.musician,musician C. music,musician D.musician,music )to do every day. C many work )hour. E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com D much works
B many works D ) in (

  7)There are 60 (
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com A minutes a B minutes the Cminute an D minutes an

  8)Do you have __A today? A.Chinese B.a Chinese B C.the Chinese D.an Chinese ) in my home .but I don’t like eating ( chicken ).

  9)There are some ( A chicken chickens
B chickens
C chicken chicken Dchickens chickens )on the table. D vegetable fruit

  10)There are a lot of ( A/ C )and ( A vegetables fruits
  2.单词百变 单词百变 B vegetable
fruits Cvegetables fruit(水果的总称)

  1) There are 56 ( peoples )(people) in China.(
  2) often take photos/pictures__in the park. We (
  3) .My sister has five teethnow (tooth). (
  4).There are six tomatoes (tomato) on the table. (
  5).There aren’t any libraries(library) in Jiyang. (
  6)Let’s go to the elephants’(elephant) house.(
  7)There are many zoos_(zoo) in this city. (
  8)We are an international school forchildren(child)of 5-
  12. (
  9)There are threepolicemen(policeman) over there. (
  10)You often say “Best wishes” to your teacher on Teachers’ Day. (
  11)I have a lot of (
  3.句型转换 句型转换 (
  1)He is a Chinese.=He ( is ) ( Chinese ). from ) ( Monday ) homework )(homework) to do in the evening.

  2)He goes to school on weekdays.=He goes to school ( ( to) ( Friday ).

  3) often goes to see a movie on weekends.=He often goes to see a movie on (Saturdays He and ( Sundays ). (
  4)I have Chinese on Monday morning.=I have ( a Monday morning. ) ( Chinese )( class
) on
(二)代词:人称代词;物主代词;反身代词;相互代词;指示代词;不定代词;疑问代 代词:人称代词;物主代词;反身代词;相互代词;指示代词;不定代词; 词;代词功能。 代词功能。
  1.单项选择 单项选择 (
  1)??Who’s that? ??( A 中国最大的教育门户网站 ) E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com A It’s my brother. B That’s my brother.C He’s my brother D This is my brother. (
  2). Mom, this is my teacher, Miss Lin. Miss Lin, C A. thank you. B. how are you? C. this is my mom.

  3)B__ are in the same class. A. I,she and you B. You,she and I C. I, you and she D. You,I and she

  4) __A a cute dog. But I don’t know name. A. It’s, its B. Its, it’s C. It’s, it’s D. Its, its (
  5) ( A )must come here on time. D We ,they and you Cmine DI
A We, you and they B You, we and they C They ,you and we (
  6)A friend of ( C )came to see me yesterday.A me B my

  7)Mr. Smith teaches B. A. my English (
  8)We have ( A many B. me English )( B C. I English D. English me ). Dmany sports much.
)clubs :basketball,ping-pong,soccer,and (
sport more B many sports more C much sport many )orange and eats( C many D )oranges. many

  9)She drinks ( A lots of
much B a lot many
many D much

  10)??Could you bring me ( B ) apples? ??But I don’t have ( A some some B some any C any some D any
). any

  11)Lucy, Jim and Li Lei __B__good friends. A. is all B. are all C. all is D. all are

  12)?B__ bread do you want? ??Two pieces. ? A. How many B. How much?C. How much pieces (
  13)I like art best, because it’s (
  2.句型转换 句型转换 (
  1)How much is the pant?=( What’s )( the )( price )of the pant? ) ( any )trees around our house. any )bread in the fridge. A D. How many piece? B so C such a D so a
)fun. A such

  2)There are no trees around our house.=There are ( not (
  3)There is no bread in the fridge.=There is ( not (
  4)There is no apple on the table.=There is ( not )( )(
an )on the table. any books in the
  5) I can see some books in the backpack . (改为否定句) I can’t see 中国最大的教育门户网站
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com backpack. How much are they? (
  7) There is a little milk in the glass. (
  6) They are 65 yuan. (划线提问) How much milk is there in the glass? (
  8) There is only one people in his family. 同上) ( How many people are there in his family?(
  9)The girl in red is my cousin.(同上)Which girl is your cousin? (
  10)These are some English dictionaries. (变为单数) This is an English dictionary. (
  11)Whose are these clothes?(同义句) Whose clothes__ are these?

  12)This book is my favorite.(变复数)These books are my(our) favourite(s) (
  13)All my classes finish at 2:
  00. = ( All (
  14)( All )( )( of )my classes finish at 2:
the )children look nice.= All of the children look nice. What )( about )the school trip?

  15)How about the school trip? =(

  16)There are some apples on the table . (对画线部分提问)What’s on the table?
  3.单词百变 单词百变 (
  1)They are his cousins(cousin).We are going to the park with_them(they). (
  2)Dick ishis(he) brother. All of __us(we) like__him(he) (
  3) These are __their__(they) _children_(child) (
  4) (Anybody )can afford our prices.(somebody) (
  5) This bag is big. I want the small ( one l_ittle__
  4.翻译句子 . (
  1)你姓什么?What’s your family? (
  2)你名是什么? What’s your first name? ).(
  6) Tom has lots of money , but I have

  3).你的电话号码是多少?What’s your telephone number? (
  4)1+2=?(两种)What’s one and two?=What’s one plus and two? 的?(两种)What does he do?=What’s he?=What’s his job? (
  6)盒子里有什么?What’s in the box? (
  7)你觉这本书怎么样?(两种表达方式) (
How do you like this book?=What do you think of this book? ( 8 ) 现 在 什 么 时 间 了 ? ( 两 种 ) What’s the time now?=What time is it now? (
  9)他喜欢什么?What does he like?(
  10)他喜欢做什么?What does he like doing?
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com (
  11)你有什么?What do you have? (
  12)他会做什么? What can he do?

  13) 你想做什么?What do you want to do? (
  14) 你中午饭吃什么?What do you have/eat for lunch? (
  15)这本书是多少钱?(两种)How much is the book?=What’s the price of the book? (
  16).今天是几月几号?What’s the date today? (
  17).你最喜欢的科目是什么? What’s your favorite subject? (
  18)你的爱好是什么? What’s your hobby?/What are your hobbies? (
  19)我能为你做什么? Can I help you ?=What can I do for you? (
  20)今天是星期几? What day is it today? (
  21).他什么时候起床?What time does he get up?(
  22).他在哪个班级? What class is he in?(
  23).你的毛衣是什么颜色的? What color is your sweater?(
  24).你想参加哪个俱乐部?What club do you want to join? (
  25).你想看哪种电影?What kind of movies do you want to see? (
  26)谁在 6:20 上学?Who goes to school at 6:20?(
  27)这是谁的书?Whose book is this? (
  28) 那是谁的钢笔? Whose pen is that? (
  29) 你喜欢哪个书包?Which bag do you like? (
  30) 我所有的课都在下午 2 点结束。 All__ __my__ lessons finish at 2:00 in the afternoon.
  5. 默写人称代词(主宾格)和物主代词(形容词性与名词性) 并用适当的代词填空。 默写人称代词(主宾格)和物主代词(形容词性与名词性) 并用适当的代词填空。 ,并用适当的代词填空 , 人称代词 一、 二、 三人称 我 我们 你,你们 他 她 它 中国最大的教育门户网站 宾格 me us you him her it 主格 I we you he she it 形容词性 my our your his her its 物主代词 名词性 mine ours yours his hers its
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com
E 度中考网 www.zhongkao.com 他/她/它们 them they their theirs

  1). Mary works in a book store. She__ likes her__work very much. (
  2).John and I are in the same school. __We go to school together. (
  3). Everybody likes that sport, doesn’t __he? (
  4). She is a friend of mine__ . We got to know each other two years ago. (
  5). Her sister makes all __her own dresses. (
  6). I have many friends. Some ofthemare good at English. (
  7). May I use your bike? Mine__is broken. (三)数词:基数词;序数词;数词功能。 数词:基数词;序数词;数词功能。
  1.单词百变 单词百变 (
  1) Today is his twentieth__(twenty) birthday. (
  2) Let’s go to see the pandas first_(one) (
  3)December is the __twelfth month of the year. (twelve) (
  4)Today is my friend’s __ninth ( nine ) birthday. (
  5)Thefifth ( five) lesson(课) is interesting.
  2.句型转换 句型转换 (
  1)This is Unit One = This is ( the )( first ) ( number )( unit ) 107 bus birthday ) is ( February ) ).

  2)This is Bus 107 = This is ( the

  3)His date of birth is on February 20th.=His ( ( 20th ) a ) ( quarter

  4)It’s seven fifteen.=It’s (
) (
) (
seven )

  5)It’s eight thirty in Paris.=It’s (
half ) (
past ) eight (
)in Paris.

  6)We only have one shower.(对划线部分提问)How many showers do you have? (
  7)今天是 11 月 11 号,星期五。
  3.单项选择 单项选择 (
  1)His name is Li Dawei. Li is his ( A first last B last first B ) name ,but Dawei is his ( C first family D family ) name. first It's Friday, __November 11th today.
(四)介词:介词功能;常用介词;固定短语。 介词:介词功能;常用介词 固定短语。
  1.介词填空 介词填空 (



   牛津小学英语 4A 重点单词与句型 Unit1 单词: pen , ruler , rubber , ball pen , pencil case , bookmark , pencil , notebook , book , this , that 短语: 1、my ball pen 我的圆珠笔 2、her pencil 她的铅笔 3、come in 进来 4、have a notebook 要一本笔记本 5、this pen 这支钢笔 6、that ruler 那把尺 7、in your ...


   小学英语总复习语法、 一、名词的单数、复数、所有格 小学英语总复习(二)语法 一、名词的单数、复数、所有格 基础知识 名词分为专有名词和普通名词。专有名词是表示具体的人、事物、地点、或机构 等的专有名称。如:GuangZhou,Mike,UNESCO 等。专有名词一般情况下第一个 字母要大写,前面不加定冠词 the。普通名词是表示一类人、事物或抽象概念的 名称。如:police,uggs,rice 等。普通名词又可分为个体名词、集体名词、物 质名词和抽象名词。 个体名词:表示某一类人或某一类 ...


   初中英语总复习第一轮教案7 初中英语总复习第一轮教案7 新目标九年级英语期末复习手册 Unit1-15重点知识梳理 Unit 1 一:知识点 1.Check in : 在旅馆的登记入住。 Check out: 在旅馆结账离开。 2.By: ①通过…..方式(途径)。例:I learn English by listening to tapes. ②在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car ④在……之前,到……为止。例:by Oc ...


   小学英语总复习-常用句子 小学英语常用句子 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, Hello, … Hi, … How do you do? Good morning/ afternoon/evening. Goodbye. Good night. 你好. 喂,你好. 你好. 早上/下午/晚上好. 再见 晚安. How are you(this morning/afternoon/evening)? 你今天早晨/下午/晚上好吗? Fine, thank you/ thanks ...


   小学英语常用句子 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, Hello, … Hi, … How do you do? Good morning/ afternoon/evening. Goodbye. 你好. 喂,你好. 你好. 早上/下午/晚上好. 再见 Good night. 晚安. How are you(this morning/afternoon/evening)? 你今天早晨/下午/晚上好吗? Fine, thank you/ thanks. 我很好,谢谢. Not ...


   六年级 毕业复习计划 板块一字母 复习目标:能熟练地听、说、读、写英语二十六个字母。 能熟知常用的缩略词。能正确地将二十六个字母按读音归 类。 具体操作:俗话说:麻雀虽小,却五脏俱全。字母这一板 块咋看起来很简单,但只要我们仔细琢磨,就不难看出里 面的小玩艺儿还是蛮多的,就字母的认读这一块,就让学 生头疼,有的字母形特别相似,如:LI EF CG NH WM JL ;有的字母音相似。如:GJ YI MN bd qu 等,对于字 母中音形相似的,教师都应该把它们一一归纳出来,让学 生反复认读、 ...


   备战 2010 中考英语总复习资料 介 词 (一) 知识概要 介词在英语中用法很活, 也无一定规律可循。 在初中范围内还应学一个记住一个, 特别是那些和动词的特殊搭配。 这样长期下去不断学习自然会总结出一套自己的 规律来。下面是一般的规律,可帮助学习时参考,千万不要作为定律去背诵,照 搬。 介词 表示时间 表示地点方位 表示原因方式 其 他 about 大约在……时间 about five o'clock 在周围,大约多远 about five kilometres 关于、涉及 ...


   2011 级英语总复习 非谓语动词 重要考点: 重要考点: 不定式; 形式; 一、不定式;-ing 形式;-ed 形式 的不定式; 二、省略 to 的不定式; 意思不同的情况 情况; 三、带 to 与不带 to 意思不同的情况; 只用-ing 做宾语的动词 四、只用 五、只用 to 的不定式做宾语的动词 在句子中充当除谓语以外的句子成分的动词形式叫做非谓语动词。 具体含义为在句中起名词 形容词或副词 在句中起名词,形容词或副词 在句中起名词 作用的动词形式,而不是作谓语的动词形式 而不是作谓 ...


   2011 备战 2011 中考英语总复习资料 名词 (一) 知识概要 名词的概念在不同的语法教课书中有不同的解释和分类方法, 但就实际应用来讲还是不要过分地追求其理论 概念,而更多的要把注意力放在其应用上来。我们不妨把它分为两大类:专有名词与普通名词。顾名思义,专有 名词是指:个人、事物、机关等所专有的名称,如,the Great Wall, America…它们是不能随意变动的。而普通 名词中则包括个体名词,如 pen, worker…它表示单一的个体人或事物;集体名词,如:family, ...


   2011 备战 2011 中考英语总复习资料 代词 代词 (一) 知识概要 英语中代词可以分为人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、疑问代词、不定代词。人称代词主要有主格 和宾格之别。请看下表 人称 我 你 他 她 它 我们 你们 他们 主格 i you he she it we you they 宾格 me you him her it us you them 物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词两种。请看下表 人称 我的 你的 他的 她的 它的 我们的 你们的 他们的 形 ...



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