现代英语语法综合能力素质检测试题 现代英语语法综合能力素质检测试题 语法
选择题)和第Ⅱ 非选择题)两部分。 本试卷分第一 I 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。第 1 卷 1 至 10 页,第Ⅱ卷 分钟。考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 11 至 12 页。满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第 I 卷
注意事项: 注意事项:
  1.答第 1 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。
  2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上。 第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节 共两节, 第一部分:英语知识运用 共两节,满分 45 分) 项填空(共 小题; 第一节 单项填空 共 30 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 30 分) 从 A、B、c、D 四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A.however B.whatever C.whichever D.whenever 答案是 B。
  1. Unlike the owl, bats cannot see very well, but they do have . A. a good hearing B. good hearing C. very well hearing D. quite a good hearing
  2. Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal program included designed to provide relief and counteract the effects of the economic depression that had begun in 19
  29. A. measures were temporary B. in temporary measures C. temporary and measures D. temporary measures
  3. Nebraska has floods in some years, . A. in others drought B. droughts are others C. while other droughts D. others in droughts
  4. about Lucy, the teacher called her parents to find out why she was so often absent from class. A. Concerning B. Considering C. Concerned D. considered
  5. I have never been to London, but that is the city . A. where I like to visit most B. I’d most like to visit C. which I like to visit mostly D. where I’d like most to visit
  6. Have you ever been in a situation you know the other person is right yet you cannot agree with him? A. by which B. that C. in where D. where
  7. I never regretted the offer, for it was not where my interest lay. A. not to accept B. not having accepted C. having not accepted D. not accepting
  8. He noticed the helicopter hovering over the field. Then to his astonishment, he saw a rope ladder out and three men climbing down it. A. throwing B. being thrown C. having thrown D. having been thrown
  9. no cause for alarm, the old man went back to his room. A. There was B. Since C. Being D. There being
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  10. , I’ll marry him all the same. A. Was he rich or poor B. Whether rich or poor C. were he rich or poor D. Be he rich or poor
  11. ?Did you sing at his birthday party? --I should love a song, but I had a headache that day. A. to sing B. to have sung C. to be singing D. singing
  12.. A group of young people are dancing happily the rhythm of the music. A. on B. at C. in D. to
  13. ??Why haven’t you asked her to come here? ??She an important experiment when I found her and she it. A. had done ; didn’t finish B. was doing ; hasn’t finished C. did ; wouldn’t finish D. hadn’t finished
  14.We’ll never give up our pilot project whatever people say or do. A. will B. shall C. should D. may
  15. Many people would rather ride bicycles, as bicycle riding has of the trouble of taking buses. A. nothing B. none C. some D. any
  16. In the last ten years, there many changes in family life. Are these changes for better or for worse? A. are B. have been C. had been D. will have been
  17. Having been selected to represent the Association of American Engineers at the International Conversation, . A. the members applauded him B. he gave a short acceptance speech C. a speech had to be given by him D. the members congratulated him.
  18. “ What did Peggy come here for ?” “She said she would appreciate you come to her party.” A. have B. to have C. had D. having
  19. at temperatures above 1250℃, clay fuses and becomes non-porous stone ware or porcelain. A. When fired B. It is fired C. Firing D. When firing it
  20. This is the young man from sister I have just received a letter. A. who B. whom C. that D. whose
  21. --What do you think of the price of these computers? -- They are at least equal in price to, if not cheaper than, at the other companies. A. it B. ones C. that D. the ones
  22. Mr. Smith left word with my assistant __ he had returned to his own country for winter holidays. A. which B. that C. as D. what
  23. --Have you read the thick book placed on the top of your bookshelf? --Yes. I it last Wednesday. A. have seen B. had seen C. saw D. was seen
  24. I'm in low spirits today. Would you like to keep me for a while? A. touch B. reach C. company D. hold
2

  25. I would like to have given you a valuable present for your birthday, but I __ short of money at that time. A. was B. were C. had been D. have been
  26. Recently the weather in our city has hot. Can you get used to it, Helen? A. been stayed B. stayed C. been staying D. being stayed
  27. When was it he began to be lost in all kinds of games? A. before B. since C. that D. after to his work to serve people, the famous scientist is deeply loved and respected by
  28. those who know him. A. Devoting B. Devote C. Being devoted D. Devoted
  39. In the end, they found themselves at the foot of a mountain to the right of which stood a tower and down to have a rest. A. sitting B. having sat C. to sit D. sat
  30. Don't use up all your money now; you should some for the future use. A. put away B. throw away C. give away D. carry out 词汇辨析(共 小题; 第二节 词汇辨析 共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、c、D 四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。
  31. The of the Egyptian Pyramids is considered as a miracle A. construction B. constitution C. instruction D. contribution
  32. I am by what you said just now. Can you explain it a little bit? A. confused B. surprised C. mistaken D. corrected
  33. Our new house is very for me as I can get to the office in five minutes. A. available B. suitable C. convenient D. comfortable
  34. Let’s hold a cocktail party and have a good tonight. A. communication B. conference C. conservation D. conversation
  35. Wang Zhizhi's return has basketball fans of a far better result in the coming title contest. A. convinced B. expected C. accused D. believed
  36. Short sight can be by the use of suitable glasses. A. improved B. fixed C. reduced D. corrected
  37. Tom and I seldom get together, but we with each other frequently. A. write B. correspond C. respond D. count
  38. The driver managed not to hit the child who ran in front of his car, but only injuring himself. A. in hopes of B. as a consequence of C. at the mercy of D. at the cost of
  39. Dress well for a job interview because first impressions really do . A. count B. correspond C. convince D. important
  40. I have a dream that we will one day live in a where we'll have a lot of trees and fresh air. A. counter B. country C. nation D. space
3

  41. Surely it doesn’t matter where the student associations get their money from; what is what they do with it. A. functions B. applies C. stresses D. counts
  42. The manager needs an assistant that he can to take care of problems in his absence. A. count up B. count it C. count on D. count out
  43. His book on European history the period from 1914 to 20
  01. A. covers B. about C. crosses D. deals
  44. People have always been curious how living things on the earth exactly began. A. in B. at C. of D. about
  45. Christians believe that man is the of God. A. creation B. creature C. product D. producer
完形填空( 小题; 第三节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题
  1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 46?65 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选 出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Several years ago, while attending a communication course, I experienced a most unusual process. The instructor asked us to list 46 in our past that we felt 47 of, regretted, or incomplete about and read our lists aloud.? This seemed like a very 48 process, but there’ s always some 49 soul in the crowd who will volunteer. The instructor then 50 that we find ways to 51 people, or take some action to right any wrongdoings. I was seriously wondering how this could ever 52 my communication. Then the man next to me raised his hand and volunteered this story: Making my _53 , I remembered an incident from high school. I grew up in a small town. There was a Sheriff 54_ of us kids liked. One night, my two friends and I decided to play a 55 on him.? After drinking a few beers, we climbed the tall water tank in the middle of the town, and wrote on the tank in bright red paint: Sheriff Brown is an sob. The next day, almost the whole town saw our glorious 56 . Within two hours, Sheriff Brown had us in his office. My friends told the truth but I lied. No one 57 found out. Nearly 20 years later, Sheriff Brown’s name 58 on my list. I didn’t even know if he was still 59 . Last weekend, I dialed the information in my hometown and found there was a Roger Brown still listed. I tried his number. After a few 60 , I heard, “Hello?” I said, “Sheriff Brown?” Paused. “Yes.” “Well, this is Jimmy Calkins.” “And I want you to know that I did it!” Paused. “I knew it!” he yelled back. We had a good laugh and a 61 discussion. His closing words were: “Jimmy, I always felt bad for you 62 your friends got it off their chest, but you were carrying it 63 all these years. I want to thank you for calling me…for your sake.” Jimmy inspired me to 64 all 101 items on my list within two years, and I always remember what I learned from the course: It’ s never too late to 65 the past wrongdoings.?
  46. A. something B. anything C. somebody D. anybody?
  47. A. ashamed B. afraid C. sure D. proud?
  48. A. private B. secret C. interesting D. funny?
  49. A. foolish B. polite C. simple D. brave?
  50. A. expected B. suggested C. ordered D. demanded
4

  51. A. connect with
  52. A. improve
  53. A. notes
  54. A. any
  55. A. part
  56. A. view
  57. A. also
  58. A. appears
  59. A. angry
  60. A. words
  61. A. cold
  62. A. in case
  63. A. around
  64. A. build up
  65. A. regret
B. depend on B. continue B. list B. most B. game B. sign B. even B. considers B. happy B. rings B. plain B. so long as B. out B. make up B. forgive
C. make apologies to C. realize C. plan C. none C. trick C. attention C. still C. presents C. doubtful C. repeats C. nervous C. unless C. up C. clear up C. right
D. get along with? D. keep? D. stories? D. all? D. record? D. remark? D. ever? D. remembers? D. alive? D. calls? D. lively? D. because? D. away? D. give up? D. punish?
第二部分: 小题; 第二部分:阅读理解 l 共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Richard Wagner was a German musician who lived in the mid-19th century. He gained fame by writing opera, a form of performance combining singing, music on instruments, and drama. Wagner's life and work have been very controversial (有争议的). While he wrote excellent music, many people think his operas are too dark and serious, lacking the fun common in operas written before his time. Wagner, on the other hand, thought the opera of his time was too simple. He wanted to make opera a serious form of art that combined drama and music to tell deep stories that would have a strong effect on the audience. Some people thought Wagner's new kind of music was too different from the operas they were used to hearing. Wagner agreed with them. In fact, he didn't call his works "operas" at all, using instead a German word that means "Musical Festival" or "Musical play". While many people today still do not like Wagner's operas, they cannot deny that Wagner has had a lot of influence on opera as a form of art. Wagner invented the tradition of turning off the lights before starting a play. He also was the first person to make the whole audience sit down for an entire play. Today, almost all operas are performed in this manner. Wagner as a man was even more controversial than Wagner as a writer of music. He hated Jewish people, slept with his friends' wives, and made many people angry--things we would today think of as evil. Some would say he was a good musician, while others that he was a bad musician. But it would be difficult to say he was not an important person in music and in the world.
  66. Which of the following best express the main idea of the passage? A. Richard Wagner is not worth talking about. B. Richard Wagner is an evil man. C. Richard Wagner writes opera. D. Richard Wagner is a very controversial man.
5

  67. Which of the following uses the word "deep" in the same sense as
 

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