英语作文 14 讲
第 一 讲 第 二 讲 第 三 讲 第 四 讲 第 五 讲 第 六 讲 第 七 讲 第 八 讲 第 九 讲 第 十 讲 第十一讲 第十二讲 第十三讲 第十四讲 句子的写作(五大句型 ) 句子的写作(简单句和复合句) 段落的写作:主题与扩展 文章的结构:开头、主体和结尾 应用文:书信、电子邮件 应用文:发言稿、通知 记叙文:写人、叙事 说明文:介绍人物、事物的说明文 议论文 图表、图画作文 提示性作文 (半)开放式作文 体验中考高分写作(一) 体验中考高分写作(二) 写作指导 ↓ 针对性练习 ↓ 满分作文 ↓ 必备词句 ↓ 实战演练 ↓ 家庭作业
师生互动、发散性思维、 演练结合、当堂点评。
第一讲: 第一讲:句子的写作
Ⅰ. 中考书面表达综述
  1. 中考书面表达答题步骤
步骤 1: 认真审题。内容包括: a) 文字信息 b) 表格、图标信息 步骤 2: 巧妙构思。 利用列提纲确定写作中心、 组织/筛检材料 (注: 提纲一定要涉及所有提供得要点) 。 步骤 3: 信息转换 a) 以词及点:用一两个单词或短语写出每句话的细节要点。 b) 连词成句:用联词成句的方法将上述要点的词语扩展成句子。 c) 连句成文:正确使用表逻辑关系的连接词,使文章前后连贯,结构紧凑, 过度自然。 步骤 4: 检查修改。重点检查单词拼写、大小写、标点符号等。
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步骤 5: 规范抄写。保持卷面整洁。如书写较差,以致影响阅读,分数将降低一个档次。

  2. 案例分析
例题:你班进行了一次综合实践活动。通过活动,同学们收获很大,尤其是李华同学进步最快。请你 根据表格内容写一篇关于李华的短文。词数 80 个左右,文章开头已给出,不计入总词数。 过去的表现 现在的表现 经常与别人吵架 乱扔垃圾 沉溺于电脑游戏 与别人相处融洽 爱护环境 积极参加各种活动
参考作文对比,注意划线部分。 参考作文对比,注意划线部分。 三类一般作文 We are very glad that Li hua has made great progress. Before the activity, he often quarreled with other students, and never said sorry to others. He always threw trash in the classroom. Sometimes, he played computer games for a very long time. But now, he can make good friends with others. Also, he is very active in taking part in a lot of activities, such as playing basketball, visiting the museums, go swimming…... We all like him very much. 一类优秀作文 We are very glad that Li Hua has made great progress. But he used to be impolite and even often quarreled with others. He threw litter about and made our classroom dirty. After class, he usually lost himself in playing computer games. After this activity, Li Hua has changed a lot. He gets on well with others and is ready to help them. He also takes good care of the environment. He takes an active part in all kinds of activities, too. We are all glad of his progress.
(初一、初二)练习题:通过讨论、分析以下例题,找出写作题材、要点、人称和时态。 例题:下面六幅图描述了十月九日星期三早晨你所经历的一件事。请根据这些图画,用英语写一篇日 记。
注意:
  1. 日记须包括所有图画的内容,可以适当增加细节,使其连贯。
  2. 词数:100 左右。
Ⅱ. 句子的写作
文章无论长短,都是由句子组成的。要想写出漂亮的英文作文,就需使用正确无误的、符合英文文法 的句子。从用途来分,句子可以分为陈述句,疑问句,祈使句和感叹句;从结构来分,句子可分为简单句, 并列句,复合句和并列复合句。英文句子千变万化,但无论怎样,都离不开五种基本句型。

  1. 写作指导 五种基本句型 写作指导--五种基本句型

  1)主语+谓语 My father smokes a lot. Some are dancing, some are singing.
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  2)主语+连系动词+表语 She is an English teacher. The one in red shirt is my uncle. (
  3)主语+谓语+宾语 He likes learning Chinese. We all donated our pocket money. (
  4)主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语 Mr. Wang teaches us English. I lent her my book. 【注意】并不是所有得动词都能用于此句型。除以上两词外,能用于此句型的动词主要有两大类: (
  1) bring, give, sell, show, take, tell, throw, write 等; (
  2) buy, find, get, leave, make, save, choose 等。 (
  5)主语+谓语+宾语+宾补 I often ask him to help me with my homework. We chose him our monitor.
练习题( 、请将下列词连成句子。 练习题(一) 请将下列词连成句子。 、请将下列词连成句子
  1). walk, supper, shall, we, have, after, a ?
  2). I, him, my, considered, friend, best.
  3). has, homework, he, not, done, his.
  4). to, work, finish, we, difficult, the, it, found. 练习题( 、分析句子并改错。 练习题(二) 分析句子并改错。 、分析句子并改错
  1). There was no people to take care of the children. 改:
  2). There are a desk and two chairs in the room. 改:
  3). Mr. Wang went to bed until 12 last night. 改:
  4). When one have knowledge, he can do what he want to do. 改:
  5). When I get to the station the train leave. 改:
  6). Could you tell me where shall we meet tomorrow?
改:
  7). Watch TV too much is bad for our eyes. 改:
  8). Though we were very tired, but we felt very happy. 改:
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  2. 满分作文 用优美的语言描写你的学校。要求:请你用英语写一篇短文,词数 80 左右。短文要求达 意、正确、连贯。 My School At the foot of the mountain there is a river. By the river there is a small school. The school has no tall building. It has only four old houses. Though old, it is funny and interesting. Before the houses there is a wooden yard. Students can play freely there after classes. Behind the houses there is a nut garden. When autumn comes, the nuts are in harvest. They are delicious. On the top of a house there stands a big iron bowl. Do you know what it is? It is used to receive TV programs. Wth its help students can know the world far away. It’s amazing, isn’t it? This is my school. Please come and see it.
  3. 必备(背)词句。要求仿例模仿造句。 必备( 词句。要求仿例模仿造句。
be crazy about 发狂的喜欢… 发狂的喜欢… 例句:I am really crazy about Michael Jackson's rock'n'roll. 造句 give sb. a hand / give a hand to sb. 帮助某人
翻译:向危难之人伸出援助之手。 the 比较级… the 比较级… 比较级… 比较级… 越…越…
翻译:你越努力,你进步越大。 make (full) use of … (充分)利用… 充分)利用… 翻译:我们应该充分利用水。 There’s no point in doing sth. 做某事无意义、没必要 ’ 做某事无意义 无意义、 翻译:等待毫无意义。 would rather do sth. than do sth. 宁愿(可)做… 不愿做… 宁愿( 不愿做… 翻译:我宁愿在家看电视也不愿去看电影。 .

  4. 实战演练:佳句仿写 实战演练: a) To tell you the truth, all of us were born in the year of goat. 实话告诉你吧,我们都是羊年出生的。
实话告诉你吧,她是我们班学习最好的。 . b) Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我见过最美丽的女孩。 张老师是我遇到的最仁慈的老师。 . c) Reading is good for our mind. 读书对我们的心智有益。 做早操对我们有好处。. d) Nothing is difficult to do as long as you want to have a try. 只要你需要我,我就愿意伸出援助之手。 .
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只要肯尝试,任何事情都不难!
书面表达评分标准: 说明:先根据文章整体内容和语言表达确定档次,然后在该档次内评出分数。 第一档:(
  12-10 分) 完全符合题目要求,表达思想清楚,内容丰富。使用多种语法结构和丰富的词汇,语言通顺,语意连贯,具有逻辑性。 允许个别语言错误。 第二档:(
  9-7 分) 符合题目要求,表达思想基本清楚,内容完整。语法结构和词汇基本满足文章需要。语言基本通顺,语意基本连贯。有 少量语言错误,但不影响整体理解。 第三档:(
  6-4 分) 部分内容符合题目要求,表达思想不清楚,内容不完整。语法结构和词汇错误较多,语言不通顺,影响整体理解。 第四档:(
  3-0 分) 与题目有关的内容不多,不能表达自己的思想。只是简单拼凑提示词语,所写内容难以理解。

  5. 初二家庭作业:根据中、英文提示,将下列要点连成一个小段落 初二家庭作业:根据中、英文提示, 家庭作业
Appearance Personalities Shortcomings(缺点) Your opinion(s) 又高又壮 随和;有创新精神 (creative) 花钱太多 ……
Tom

初三家庭作业 作文北京四中 2009 根据中文大意,写出意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于 50 词的短文。所给英语提示词语供选用。 目前洋快餐在中国非常流行,许多中学生都很喜欢。洋快餐餐厅不仅拥有较好的环境,而且能够提供 方便快捷的服务。但是……请结合你自己的经历,谈谈你对洋快餐的看法。 提示词语: foreign fast food, popular, like, clean, service, fast and convenient (方便的), too much
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作文讲座收获的短语、 作文讲座收获的短语、句型 发狂的喜欢 向某人伸出援手(
  2) 越… 越…. 充分利用 做某事无意义,没必要 宁愿做某事…不愿 做…. 实话告诉你吧 我见过的最美的女孩 做早操对我们有好处 只要….. 如此….以至于…..
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作文北京四中 2009 答案 Foreign fast food is so popular in China that many students like eating it. They like eating in fast food restaurants because most of them are clean and the service is fast and convenient. But fast food has too much salt, sugar and fat, and eating it too much is bad for people’s health. Although the fast food is not very healthy to us, I like it because it is quite different from Chinese food and it tastes good. When we hold a party, we usually choose eating there. But I don’t think it’s all right to eat foreign fast food very often. If we eat it only once a month, we needn’t worry about anything.
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第二讲: 第二讲:句子的写作
简单句和复合句 简单句和复合句
中考书面表达对优秀作文要求之一是句法的正确使用。简单句与复合句的选择和灵活运 用不但可以增强文章的表现力,而且还使文章富有节奏感。写出漂亮的简单句,使简单句不 简单;巧妙使用各种复合句,提升文章的档次。这是写出优秀作文的必要条件。 切记】考试时不使用没有把握的句子。 【切记】考试时不使用没有把握的句子。 Ⅰ. 简单句
  1. 写作指导 精彩的简
 

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