2010 年考研英语写作热点话题预测及示例
2010 年 01 月 05 日 09:19 第一部分: 第一部分:大作文 来源:新东方在线
一、大学生
可能性分析:2009 年,大学毕业生成为了继下岗失业人员、农民工等社会弱势敏感群体之后的又一老 大难问题,也成了当下“心照不宣”的热点。
分析前几年的考研作文,有很多都是和现今学生生活息息相关的。其中涉及了学生生活中的一些现象, 比如 2003 年“温室的花朵经不起风雨”,讲的是年轻人被溺爱的问题;2005 年的“养老足球赛”,讲的 是年轻人啃老的问题;再如 2006 年的“把崇拜写在脸上”,“花 300 块钱做个小贝头”,讲的是大学生偶 像崇拜的问题 ,以及 2009 年的网络等等,这些都与大学生的日常生活息息相关。还有一些就是主流价值 观里经常标榜的一些学生需要具有的“精神”,比如 2004 年“终点又是新起点”,讲的是坚持不懈的精神; 2007 年讲的是自信心问题;2008 年“你一条腿,我一条腿,你我一起,走南闯北”,讲的是团结合作的精 神。这些也都是社会大众价值观认可,年轻人应该具备的品德和精神。并且,考虑到考研不考热点的这个 原则,学生也符合这个原则,因为对于学生的问题并不是一两个事件将其炒热的,因为它一直都很热,经 常被人提起,所以反倒没有太多人会注意了。

  1. 考点:找工作就业,技能为王
图画预测:一个戴着眼镜的大学生怀抱一大堆证书,但找不到工作。
e.g. Holding a multitude of certificates, a college student can not find a desired job.
关键词:
job-hunting, employment, employer, employee, degree, certificate, academic records, interview, experienced, lack of experience, apply sth. into practice, practical skills, technician, career life
原因一:在学校里面学习的课程很难满足社会和实际的需要。结果,学校里面学到的只是不能被运用 于实践。
The courses taught in college can hardly meet the social and practical demands. Consequently, the knowledge learned in school can not be applied into practice.
原因二:在大学里,大家都重视学习成绩而不是工作经验的积累,这一点对他们以后的职业生涯造成 了很大的负面影响。
In universities, students attach great importance to the academic records rather than working
experience, which has a negative influence on their future career life.

  2. 考点:找什么样的工作(面包还是理想)
图画预测:一个大学生面前有个天枰,一边是自己喜欢的工作(并写着工资低),一边是自己不喜欢 的工作(并写着工资高)。
e.g. Considering two positions, a desirable job with low income and an undesirable one with extremely high salary, a boy is thinking which one to choose.
关键词:
personal preference, salary, income, sustain / support one’s family, ideal, interest, favorite job, future development
原因一:做喜欢的事情没有意义,要喜欢做你正在做的事情。
It is no use doing what you like; you have to like what you do。
原因二:工作的目的不仅是实现个人的梦想和报复,还要养家糊口。
Working not only aims to realize one’s dream and ambition but also to sustain himself and his family.
二、环境
可能性分析:“环境”恐怕是 2009 年留给我们最值得回味的问题了。全球气候持续变暖,要不了五十 年水城威尼斯将被海水淹没, 南太平洋上的弹丸小国三分之二的国土已经被水淹没, 不复存在, 是谁之过? 气候变暖,温室效应,全球 60 亿居民欠他们一句道歉。环境的恶化所引发的不仅仅如此,温度的升高不仅 将融化两极引发洪水,它同样能使某些地方极具干旱,颗粒无收。这一切的始作俑者??人类, 开始着手 修补这个千疮百孔的世界,这一切会有好的转机吗?

  1. 考点:干旱(大地的皱纹)
图画预测:一个农民面对一片颗粒无收的干涸的田地。
e.g. Witnessing the arid field, a farmer is hopeless.
关键词:
green effect, temperature rising, deforestation, arid, drought, fertile, barren, poverty
原因一:随着气温的升高,土地变得比以前更加干旱了。
With the ever increasing temperature, the land becomes more arid than before.
原因二:由于大量的砍伐森林,土地被严重地破环并变得贫瘠。
Due to the extensive deforestation, the land has been seriously destroyed and becomes barren.

  2. 考点:饥饿
图画预测:一个骨瘦如柴的儿童捧着一个空空荡荡的碗。
e.g. Holding an empty bowl in his hands, a skinny boy is starving to death.
关键词:
hungry, starvation, poverty, war, imbalance
原因一:由于气温升高,土地变得贫瘠而减产。
Owing to the rise of the temperature, the land becomes barren and unproductive.
原因二:发达国家没有有效地帮助落后国家,导致这些国家缺少粮食。
Developed countries fail to offer effective assistance to those undeveloped ones, which leads to the shortage of food in these nations.

  3. 考点:空气(节能减排)
图画预测:图表显示近几年私家车的飙升;图画显示大城市中拥堵的街道和盘旋天空的黑烟。
e.g. With the increase of the number of private cars, the quality of the air condition is decreasing. Running on the city roads, a multitude of cars produce an amount of black smoke.
关键词:
private cars, toxic fumes, poisonous fumes, black smoke, air condition, atmosphere, traffic jam, noise, occupy, space(空间)
原因一:私家车排除的尾气污染空气,对人类健康产生了可怕的影响。
The toxic fumes made by cars can pollute the air and have a dreadful influence on human beings.
原因二:私家车没日没夜地制造噪音干扰人们的生活。
The noise produced by cars day and night disturbs people’s daily life.
原因三:随着私家车的数量的增加,很多空地被用来停车,这一点会给人们的生活带来很大不便。
With the rise of the cars, an amount of space is occupied by them, which will give rise to the inconvenience of our lives.

  4. 考点:水(节约水资源)
图画预测:一个人打开水龙头,没有水了。
e.g. Opening the tap, the man finds there is no water on the earth.
关键词:
water resource, save water, thrifty, tap water, abuse water
三、经济
可能性分析:去年还有一件大事便是美国的金融危机,这个次热点不容忽视,关于金融危机考到的可 能性是有的。当然,可能不一定是直接关于这个危机,让考生分析金融危机产生的原因,这个太过于专业, 不会考到。更有可能是让考生透过现象看本质,分析这个危机后面蕴含的实质:透支未来与储蓄现在?? 中西消费方式和观念的巨大差别。
图画预测:一个不停消费的美国人,和一个在存钱的中国人;一幅图的人不停在砍伐树木,最后什么 都没有了;一幅图的人在精心培育植物,最后花开满地。

  1.考点:中西方消费观念对比
economic crisis (金融危机) consuming habits/ attitudes (消费习惯/观念) consume in advance(提前消费) advance consuming (提前消费)
四、灾难(精神) 精神)
可行性分析:地震和雪灾必定是中国人 2008 年心中无法忘记的痛。当然,这两件事也是 2008 年的头 号大事,尤其是地震。考研不考最热点,所以最大可能性是考次热点。因此,由于不能出一些明显的热点
现象,这容易押到题,所以只有用别的图像来表现当下的热点话题。比如像上文提到的 2007 的自信和 2008 年的团结合作的两个题,其实就有点隐隐约约说体育精神之嫌。言归正传,地震和雪灾所造成的一系列心 理和社会影响与奥运会比绝对是要强大很多的。因为,灾难让人目睹了死亡,让人重新思考了人生。所以, 今年十分有可能考到有关灾难的题目。当然了,图画里的灾难或许不是现实中的,并且有可能根本就没有 灾难,有的只是在图画背后隐藏着的那些在面对灾难时人们需要的伟大精神。

  1. 考点:乐观(精神)
optimism, optimistic, pessimistic, pessimism

  2. 考点:谦虚谨慎(对待成功的态度)
modest, modesty, proud, be proud of

  3. 考点:创新精神
innovation, innovative, conservation, conservative
第二部分:小作文 第二部分: 虽然 2009 年英语考试大纲小作文部分有反往常地列举了摘要,但是,2010 年考信件的可能性依然非常 之大,考生还是要重点复习信件的写作,辅助摘要汉译英翻译的能力提高。以下是重点信件写作方式,希 望对广大考生的备考复习起到最后冲刺的作用。
  1.邀请信 邀请信
  1) 表明写作目的
  2) 邀请的原因 邀请的细节:时间,地点,日期,活动性质,程序,有关要求
  3) 再次盛情邀请,希望尽快答复
Dear Mr. Smith, I am writing this letter on behalf of to invite you to participate in . As you are the most authoritative professor in China, we would be very honored if you could show up on the occasion. The speech / party / occasion will start at 时间 and finish at时间__ on 日期_ and will be held in __地点__. Besides, _附加条件. If you do not have prior appointment on _日期__, we look forward to seeing you in 地点. Yours faithfully, Li Ming

  2.投诉信 投诉信
  1) 自我介绍,不要罗唆,表明写作目的。
  2) 投诉的原因,提出改进措施。
  3) 希望问题快速解决,表示感谢,希望尽快答复。
Dear Sir or Madam, I am a student of department of University. I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about . I must explain the reasons for my dissatisfaction. First and foremost,_抱怨的第一个方面_. Furthermore,__抱 怨的第二个方面_.I appreciate it very much if you could _解决办法 , and I would like to have this matter settled by 设定最后期限. I sincerely hope that the problem could be solved as soon as possible. Thank you for your efforts and look forward to your early reply. Yours faithfully, Li Ming
  3. 求职信

  1)写信目的

  2)求职的原因和强烈愿望

  3)表示感谢并期待回复
Dear Sir or Madam, The purpose of my letter is to reveal my willingness to get the position which you have advertised in the newspaper by your company. Due to the reason that your company enjoys great reputation in the related field, I would be honored if I could word with your staff one day. Not only do I have the qualifications for this job, but I also have the right personality for the job. On one hand, _资历 . On the other hand, __性格_. I would appreciate it if you could grant me a personal interview. If you need to know more about me, please feel free to contact me at any time at 电话号码. Thank you for considering my application and I am looking forward to hearing from you as soon as possible. Yours faithfully, Li Ming
  4. 求学信

  1)自我介绍+写信目的。

  2)求学的原因和强烈愿望,并询问细节。

  3)表示感谢并期待回复。
Dear Sir or Madam, I am a student of department of University. The purpose of me letter is to reveal my willingness to study in your prestigious / famous university. I would be grateful if you could offer me an opportunity to attend your university. First of all, it is said that your university has a great reputation in the related field. Furthermore, as a student of major, I strongly believe that your university is a perfect choice for due to the fact that you have made great achievement in the major. Finally, your university is widely praised for its teaching staff, which will definitely /certainly / absolutely benefit my studies. I do want to further my study in your famous university and look forward to your reply as soon as possible. Yours faithfully, Li Ming
  5. 推荐信
Dear Mr. Smith, The purpose of my letter is to reveal my willingness to recommend one of my best friends/ classmates, 名字 , for the position advertised in the newspaper by your company yesterday. Not only does he have the qualifications for the job, but he also has the proper personality for it. On one hand, __资历. On the other, __性格__. Therefore, I recommend him without any hesitation and believe he is certainly a helpful and responsible staff member. Thank you for considering my recommendation letter. I am sure you will make a wise decision in hiring him and look forward to you reply as soon as possible. Yours faithfully, Li Ming
  6. 咨询信
Dear Mr. Smith, The purpose of my letter is to reveal my willingness to ask for / inquire about / consult with some information about . I would be grateful if you could offer me the following information. First of all, I would like to learn abut a general introduction of . I will really appreciate it if it can be explained in details. Furthermore, could you please mak
 

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