开头结尾 遣词造句
英语作文的开头:
  1.开门见山,揭示主题。 I spent my last vacation happily.
  2.以交代人物、事情、时间或环境开头。 The day before yesterday my class went on a bus trip to the Great Wall. The bus ride there took three hours. The trip made us very tired, but the sight of the Great Wall refreshed us.
  3.回忆性开头。 I remember my first trip to Beijing last year as if it were yesterday.
  4.概括性开头。 People often say that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I hold the view that reading books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledge and knowledge gives us power.
  5.介绍环境式开头。 It was a rainy and windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, and the street was nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speeding car came around the corner.
  6.交代写作目的的开头。 In this article I shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control. 英语文章的结尾
  1.首尾呼应,画龙点睛。 After her death, I felt as if something were missing in my life. I was sad over her passing away, but I knew she would not have had any regrets at having given her life for the benefit of the people.
  2.重复主题句。 I love my hometown, and I love its people. They too have changed. They are going all out to do more for the good of our motherland.
  3.自然结尾。 I caught as many as twenty fish in two hours, but my brother caught many more. Tired from fishing, we lay down on the riverbank, bathing in the sun. We returned home very late.
  4.含蓄性结尾。 Evening came before we realized it. We put down our sickles and looked at each other. Our clothes were wet with sweat, but on every face there was a smile.
  5.反问结尾。 Everyone should learn to do housework. Don’t you agree, boys and girls?
  6.指明方向,激励读者。 As we have said above, sports can be of great value. They not only make people live happily but also help people to learn virtues and do their work better. A sound mind is in a sound body. Let’s go in for sports. 注意: 文章的开头与结尾没有一成不变的模式,可以根据主题的表达的需要灵活创造。 一般的习惯是: 一些记叙文和描写类的文章经常采用自然结尾的方法; 但说理性和逻辑性较 强的说明文和议论文则往往都有结束语,以便使文章首尾呼应,结构完整。 遣词造句化腐朽为神奇 选词原则:准确,鲜明,生动,多样。 句子使用原则:多用简单句,少用复合句;多用短句,少用长句;讲究简明扼要,摒弃繁琐
1
复杂,意思混浊不清。这一阶段是得分高低的关键所在!
突破写作词汇
我很吃惊! I am afraid! 自行车对人们很重要。 Bikes are important to people.
准确传神的高级词汇:
  1. 准确性 这种书包物美价廉。 This bag is good and cheap.
  2. 鲜明度、生动感 原 词 hard very pay attention to happy more and more
替换词
More and more students find learning English has become more and more difficult. More and more teenagers smoke cigarettes in recent years.
英语写作中常犯七大句式错误: 英语写作中常犯七大句式错误
  1. 选词或搭配不当 [误]Peter is a warm-hearted person, so everybody likes to have friends with him.
  1) It only spends us 15 minutes to go to the park from the center of the city by bus.
  2) I hope you to become a lawyer.
  3) Mr Wang forgot his wallet in the classroom yesterday.
  4) She will remember firmly what her teacher said and did.
  5) Can you borrow me your dictionary?
  6) I must keep your words in mind and work hard to raise my English.
  7) John caught a bad cold, so he had to live in hospital.
  8) I saw an animal this afternoon.
  2. 逻辑错误 [误]Liu Hua is a kind-hearted girl; she will be successful in anything she tries.
2

  1) Americans are tall.
  2) Every bird can fly.
  3) She must be ill because I saw a doctor going into her room.
  4) When I was going out, it began to rain.
  5) The army men had been marching all day and their uniforms were green.
  6) I was born and grew up in the town of Yidu in 19
  53.
  3. 不合英语表达习惯 [误]The price of oil is more expensive than before.
  1) China’s population is the most in the world.
  2) Zhang Hang studies in Jiangxi Province, Wanzai County, Kangle High School.
  3) Li Ping has four classes in the morning. Afternoon has two classes.
  4) Since the telephone was invented, people’s life has taken place great changes.
  5) My parents both don’t like to go to the cinema, I also don’t.
  6) Everywhere can see red flowers and green grass.
  7) Today there are still some students don’t know how to use English dictionaries.
  8) If use your head, this problem can be solved quickly.
  9) Is your work busy?
  10) Your student has gone to a work post.
  11) It’s he suggested that I write to you.
  12) Modern science technology development makes society great changes.
  13) After graduated from Beijing University, my uncle became a teacher.
  4. 句子缺乏统一性 [误]To control the birth rate in the world, scientists are looking for new sources of energy.
  1) Being an honest man, Mr Wang worked very hard.
  2) Some television programs are harmful to children, so parents must be prevented from watching TV.
  3) Henry was ill and it was the reason why he was absent so long.
  4) My niece is not good at maths and seldom comes to see me, and she got married last week.
  5) This mountain is six thousand feet high, and it is only four miles from the airport, and the field is not a very large one, but no plane has ever crashed on it.
  5. 句子缺乏连贯性 [误]My best friend in high school was our English teacher. Her name was Gao Hui. She taught us English for three years.
  1) Rose is in love with John, John is in love with Mary.
  2) Tom wrote a quick note. It was to Nancy. She was his friend.
  3) Speaking before a crowd of people for the first time, my knees shook.
  4) She likes to play tennis and watching basketball games.
  5) He told my brother that he was wrong.
  6) Every university has many rules and regulations and they must obey all of them.
  7) I returned to my room. There was a note under my book. It was from Jack. He said he was in the city looking for a job. He hadn’t found anything yet. He added that he was sorry not to have seen me.
  6. Chinglish(汉式英语)错误
  1) My home has a dog.
3

  2) They played very happily last night.
  3) We find that to learn English well is difficult.
  4) I think she can not swim.
  5) Her age is very young.
  6) We didn’t know evening had fallen.
  7) He has a lot of students go to college.
  8) Learn English well is not easy.
  9) There are many teachers taught me English.
  10) I very like English.
  11) Though he was ill, but he went on working.
  12) Because she is ill, so she is absent today.
  13) He was married with Anna last month.
  14) Have you suggested him to try again?
  15) He has reached the age of going to school.
  16) In winter it is colder in Changsha than Guangzhou.
  17) It’s a good chance that the sky gave me.
  18) All the students had started reading English before I did not get up.
  19) Beijing rains much in August.
  20) The hospital broke out a fire yesterday.
  21) She at home.
  22) This is Jiangxi Province, Jiujiang County, No.4 Middle School.
  7. 标点符号误用 [误]Li Ping isn’t old enough, he can not join the army.
  1) Mr Yu reads 《China Daily》every day.
  2) Some people prefer cooked food, others prefer fried food.
  3) “I joined the League in 19
  89.” he said.
  4) Walk along this road, and take the second turning on the left。
  5) His parents ran to him and asked what had happened?
  6) I like Chinese、maths、history and English.
  7) John says Bill will fly to North Korea in the coming year. But I am not sure……
打造经典句型
经典句型 一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Zhang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V
4
例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 三、 ~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. 再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。 ( ) 例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。 四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...) 例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我`们是不可或缺的。 六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...) 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。 七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子(...的优点是...) 例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子(...的原因是...) 例句: The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。 九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子(如此...以致于...) 例句:So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 十、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ The + more (愈...愈...) + Adj + S + V, the + ~er + S + V ~~~ ~~~ the + more+ Adj + S + V ~~~
例句:The harder you 你愈努力,你愈进步。
work,
the more progress you
make.
The more books we read, 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。 十一、By +Ving, ~~ 例句:By taking
the more learned we become.
can ~~ (借着...,..能够..) we can always stay healthy.
exercise,
借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。
5
十二、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ 例句:Listening to
to + V (..使..能够..)
music enables us to feel relaxed.
听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。
巧换句型四量拨千斤 巧换句型 四量拨千斤

  1.改变句子的开头方式,不要一味地都是主语开头,接着是谓语、宾语,最后再加一个状语。 可以把状语置于句首,或用分词, adj 等做状语等 [原文
  1]We met at the school gate and went there together early in the morning. [修正] [原文
  2]The young man couldn’t help crying when he heard the bad news. [修正]
  2.在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如强调句、主从复合句、分词状语、 倒装句、虚拟语气等。 ①强调句 [原文]My parents praised my pet warmly. It had saved my little sister bravely. [修正] ②由 what 等引导的名词性从句,相当于中文的“所……”,有很大的概括力,如: [原文]We had to stand there to catch the offender. [修正] [原文]To my surprise, many high school students smoke cigarettes. [修正] 经典例句: China is no longer what it used to be. ③由 with 或 without 引导的短语。 [原文]She came to China in order to study Chinese. [修正] …with … ④分词短语。 [原文]They sang and laughed as they went back to school. [修正] [原文]She walked out of the lab and many students followed her. [修正] ⑤倒装句。 [原文]Though I am weak, I will try my utmost to complete the task. [修正] Only in this way can we achieve our goal. Never before have I seen such a wonderful film. ⑥虚拟语气。 [原文]I passed the physics exam because of your help. [修正] 补充:通过分句和合句,增强句子的连贯性和表现力。
6
[原文
  1]He stopped us half an hour ago. He made us catch the next offender. [修正] [原文
  2]We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced. Some told stories. Some played chess. [修正] [原文
  3] Xi’an is my hometown, it lies in the north of Qinling. It is the capital of Shanxi. It has an area of 860 k ? and a population of 700 0
  00. It is a beautiful city. It is known as the home of Terra Cotta Worries. [修正]
[原文
  4]Yesterday, there was a policeman in the street. He stopped a car. The car was at the corner. It looked like a BMW. There was a boy on the sidewalk. He was riding his bicycle. The bicycle was a two-wheeler. The car nearly knocked the boy. [修正]
不可不背的经典句式: 不可不背的经典句式
  1. Living near the sea, we enjoy healthy air and beautiful sight. 分词短语作状语
  2. Seen from the moon, the earth looks like a blue ball.
  3. To learn English well, we must study even harder.
  4. So precious is time that we can’t
 

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