1.人口老龄化问题正困 扰着中国.
  2.人口老龄化带来的问 题.
  3.应采取怎样的措施, 谈谈自己的观点
关键词: 关键词: 人口老龄化 Population old age 人口负担 Population burden 老年社会保障 Old age social security 可持续发展 Sustainable development

. Aging of Population in China Many countries will experience aging populations in the next century because of declining birth and mortality rates. China will soon join their ranks. According to statistics, the aging of China's population will approach its peak by the middle of the next century,with the percentage of the people aged beyond 60 making up
  27.4 percent of the total. That means one out of every four people will be elderly. As for the issue of aging, its situation has been growing increasingly severe in spite of the fact most people are still ignorant of the problems it brings about. Firstly, with families becoming smaller and living , it is even graver for families to care for aged members adequately. Secondly, aging causes a relative decline in working force in that fewer people have to support the increasing aged people. Consequently, the productivity of the whole society is affected to some extent. Thirdly and most importantly,the aging of population in China resulted from the successful implementation of family planning has not been synchronized with national economic progress. The rapidity of the population's aging has made it more urgent for the adoption of countermeasures. No doubt they key is to build a solid economic foundation. Meanwhile, importance shall be attached to overall changing the backward situation in social security,welfare and service. What's more, family care and community services shall also be encouraged.

Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Statistics in People's Daily Expenses in Xi'an. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below: 1, Describe the changes indicated in the table. 2, The reasons for the change. 3, Make predictions about the future tendency.

在世界人口走向老龄化和发达国家人口老龄化发展的同时,中国人口老龄化也在加剧.人口老龄化的产生,正是社会进步,经济发展的结果. 中国人口转变新中国成立,起先是死亡率明显而迅速地下降.而全国性的生育率转变则始于20世纪70年代初期国家计划生育政策的介入,并迅 速由高生育率水平转向低生育率水平.这样,人口的老龄化就导致了劳动力人口负担不断增大的问题,影响了我国社会经济的发展,并对相应 基础设施,法律制度等物质及精神各方面的建设提出了新的要求. 针对这一情况全国老龄委发布了《中国老龄事业发展"十一五"规划》,提出了"十一五"期间,,医疗保障,社会救助等,以及老龄事 业基础设施建设,老年产业,老年精神文化生活等方面所要实现的目标和任务.我们既要正确认识中国人口老龄化的形成原因,基本特征,发 展趋势以及可能产生的社会经济后果,更要弄清人口老龄化对社会经济运行及可持续发展的影响.惟此,才能提高决策的科学性和可行性,解 决好人口老龄化问题,为实施可持续发展战略创造有利的人口环境.通过对人口老龄化的科学内涵的界定,明确我国人口老龄化的成因.通过 对人口老龄化的演进过程的研究,重点阐述我国人口老龄化的特征及其对经济,社会和家庭等各方面的影响,从,提出解决人口老龄化问题的 相应对策措施. Of the world's population aging and the aging of the population in developed countries the same time, China's aging population has intensified. The aging of the population have is social progress and economic development. China's population changes are generally believed to have started in the founding of new China, the mortality rate is initially clear and rapid decline. And the national fertility rate change is the 20th century began in the early 1970s to the national family planning policy intervention and quickly from the high level of fertility to low fertility level. Thus, the aging of the population has led to the burden of the working population growing problems affecting China's social and economic development, as well as the corresponding infrastructure, legal system and other material and the spirit of building the new requirements. In view of this situation the National Committee on Aging issued a "development of the cause of aging," 11th Five-Year "plan" the "11th Five-Year Plan" period, China's old-age security, medical insurance, social relief, and the cause of aging infrastructure construction, older industries, the elderly spiritual and cultural life, and other fields to achieve the objectives and tasks. We should correctly understand China's population aging of the formation, basic features, Development trends and possible socio-economic consequences, more to be cognizant of the aging of the population and sustainable socio-economic operations development. Only then can we make decision-making more scientific and feasibility of solving the problem of aging population. to the implementation of a sustainable development strategy to create an enabling environment for the population. Based on the aging of the population scientific content defined clearly China's aging population causes. Based on the aging of the population evolution of the study focuses on the aging of China's population and the characteristics of the economy, society and the family, as well as the impact, so as to solve their own inadequate solve the problem of aging population in the corresponding countermeasures.

What is shown in the table above indicates that dramatic changes have taken place in the daily expenses in Xi'an from 1995 to 19
  99.The have declined by 30% while those on clothing and recreation have increased respectively by 9% and 7%. There are two factors accounting for these changes. In the first place, the risen income resulting from economic growth plays a vital role in the less expense on food. In the second place, when food presents no worry to the average, people begin to focus more of their interest on handsome appearance and happy leisure time. As a result of such a shift, spending on clothing and recreation increases year by year. From the analyses made above, growth in economy and more changes in life style, the tendency indicated in the table will continue in the better direction.
Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The most unforgettable Person I ever Know.You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below: 1, 我生活中最难忘的人是 2, 为什么他(或她)令我难以忘怀 3, 结论
In my life I have met many people who are really worth recalling.But perhaps the most unforgettable person I ever know is my English teacher. What frequently brings back memories of my school teacher is his special qualities. First of all, he gave us the greatest gift a teacher can offer?an awakening of a passion for learning. He not only led us to an appreciation of the beauty and perfection of English language and literature, but also aroused our great interest in explorating something deeper in this field. Second, I was attracted by his lively wit. I remember that we students always anticipated his class with great eagerness because his lecture were humorously delivered, never failing to provoke chuckles or loud laughs. Although it is nearly two years since I attended his last class, he is the talk of our old classmates, and I know part of him has already stayed in my heart.
The place of Science and Technology in Modern Life. Human life can not continue without science and technology. For many years, human society has developed with the advance of science and technology while the development of science and technology has in turn brought the process to mankind. So the life we are living now is more civilized than that of our fore fathers. The development of science and technology have brought about many changes in people's life. For example, the invention of television and space rocket have opened a new era for mankind. Through the use of TV people can hear the sound and learn the events happening thousands of miles away. Owing to the invention of spaceship and rocket, the dream of man's landing on the moon has now come true. Science and technology also play an important role in our socialist construction. We may say, our socialist construction is just like a skyscraper, while science and technology are its base. Without the base, the skyscraper can't be built. Therefore, we should try our best to contribute to the development of science and technology so as to provide a more solid base to

  1.On Open Policy The open policy means that our country is open to investment, trade and technical and economic cooperation with other countries on the basis of equality and mutual benefit. The purpose of open policy is to acquire advanced technology, management skills to serve our socialist construction so as to promote the realization of the four modernizations. We must adhere to the open policy. Because economic relations between states today have become increasingly close, and no country can possibly advance behind close doors. Only in this way, can we gradually close the gap between our country and the developed countries. Through the implementation of policy, we can learn advanced technology and managerial expertise from abroad; make full use of the foreign capitals to set up great enterprises; absorb useful and healthy ideas and new knowledge of the modern civilization; and broaden our views and raise our level of competence.
Importance of Education China, as a developing country, is determined to catch up with and even surpass the developed ones. I think that one of the best possible ways to do so is to give first priority(优先)to the development of culture, science and especially education. In modern times, when science and technology are making great progress, the education of the work force is of primary importance. Moreover, many of the success in advanced countries have demonstrated that a nation 's prosperity mainly depends on the quality of its labour force, namely those who have been well educated. In a developing country such as China, our investment in culture, education and science, and especially elementary education, must enjoy top priority. This is crucial(决定性的)for China to catch up with the developed nations in today's surging(汹 涌的) waves of technological revolution. Otherwise, the gap between China and advanced countries will be widened rather than bridged.
Air Pollution Air pollution is one of the major problems of the modern world. A great deal of energy is needed to run the factories of modern industrial nations. Automobile, trains, planes and busses need energy, too. Nearly all of this energy is produced by burning fuels. The burning produces wastes, some of which remain in the air, causing air pollution. Scientists are finding ways to stop air pollution especially in big industrial areas and densely-populated cities. They are studying new ways of generating electricity that may be less damaging to the environment. In the meantime, many power plants are being modernized to give off less polluted material. Also, engineers try to design and locate new power plants to do minimum damage to the environment. However, it may be that we still have a long way to go before we have a "clean" world. Nearly all of the countries are trying hard to prevent and control air pollution. There indeed seems to be no end to tasks that environmentalists will be required to do. People will continually find new ways to control pollution.
Environmental Protection Today the quality of our natural environment has become an important issue. The world population is rising so quickly that the world has become too crowded. We are using up our natural resources and at the same time polluting our environment with dangerous chemicals. If we continue to do this, life on earth cannot survive. Concerned people have made some progress in environmental protection. Governments of many countries have established laws to protect the air, forests and sea resources and to stop environmental pollution. Still more measures should be taken to solve environmental problems. People should be further educated to recognize the importance of the problems, to use modern methods of birth control, to conserve(保存) our natural resources and recycle(再 循环) our products. We are sure that we can have a better and cleaner place in the future.
Automobiles Automobiles, as a product of modern civilization, have been playing a vital part in the daily activities of human society. Industry needs automobiles for farming as well as transportation. Every day, automobiles drive people to and from work. On weekends automobiles take families for joyful outings. And during holiday seasons, automobiles fill the highways everywhere, even in remote areas. It could be said that the wheels of automobiles move society forward. But aut



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