书信是人们在日常生活和工作中进行交际的工具, 也是高考书面表达中常见的考试文体。 由 于民族语言和习惯上的差异, 英语信件在书写格式及表达方式上与汉语不大一样, 有些地方 迥然不同。本章将向大家介绍一般格式及各种常见信件,如家信、祝贺信、道歉信及自荐信 等。 一般格式 英文书信的构成可分为 8 个部分: 信头(Heading) 日期(Date) 收信人姓名及地址(Inside Name and Address) 称呼(Salutation) 信文(Body of the letter) 结束语(Complimentary close) 署名(Signature) 附言(P. S.) (
  1)信头(Heading) 信头是指发信人的单位名称或地址。一般情况下发信人只需把自己的地址写(打字,手写均 可)在信的右上角,离开信纸的顶头约 1 英寸,占二三行或四行均可,格式如下: ①齐头式 ②缩进式 注意:写地址的次序与中文不同,应先写门牌号码街道,然后城市和国名。写地址时采用齐 头或缩进式,以及每行后要不要加标点符号,都没有固定的规定。如写给经常往来的亲友, 这项地址也可以省略。 (
  2)日期(Date) 写日期注意下列各点: ①年份应写全,例如不能用“99”来代替“1999”; ②月份应写英文名称,除 May, July 外,可用缩写,如:Sep., Oct.。但不要用数字来代替, 如
  7/
  4/99 或
  7,
  4,
  99,因为在英国此日期代表 7th April,19
  99,而美国则代表 4th July,19
  99。 ③日期可用
  1,
  2,
  3,4…
  11,12…
  21,22…31 等,也可用 lst,2nd,3rd,4th…11th, 21th…22nd…31st 等。 日期的几种写法: a.July
  7,1998 b.1st October, 1998 c.30 Nov., 1997 d.Sep. 3rd, 1999 ④特别注意英文书信日期应紧接着写信人地址下一行, 不能像写中文书信那样写在书信签名
之后,这是很多学生的常见错误。 精选范文 ① ② (
  3)收信人姓名及地址(Inside Name and Address) 写信人的地址和日期写好以后, 接着就要写收信人的姓名和地址, 一般的事务信件或给较生 疏的朋友的信件要写, 而在给极熟的朋友的信中则可省去。 这一项写在日期下一行的左上角。 收信人姓名写一行,收信人地址可分两行或三行写,和写信人的地址一样,上下可取齐,也 可以向右缩进。在姓名前一般要加上称号,称号因人而异。 ①对普通男子用 Mr; ②对未婚女子用 Miss; ③对已婚女子用 Mrs,对婚姻状况不明确的通常用 Ms(后跟本人姓); ④对男子用 Master; ⑤对教授或博士(医生)用 Prof.或 Dr. 精选范文 (
  4)称呼(Salutation) 称呼指的是信文开头的那种称呼,如 Dear , Mr, Uncle,各种称呼因人而异。在称呼后面 一般是用逗号,但也有用冒号的。现归纳如下: ①对父母、兄弟、姐妹等; a.Father, b.My dear Mother, c. Dear Sister, d. Dear Tom, ②对亲戚: a.My dear Auntie, b.Dear Cousin, c.My dear Cousin, ③对朋友、同学 a.My dear friend, b.Dear Mr Jackson, c.My dear Mr Jackson, d.Dear Sir, ④对未婚女子: a.Dear Miss Luce, b.My dear Miss Luce, ⑤对一般女子,不论是否结婚:
a.Madame, b.Dear Madame, ⑥对已婚女子: a.Dear Mrs Helen Jackson, b.My dear Mrs Helen Jackson, ⑦对公司、工厂、学校等: a.Dear Sirs, b.Sirs, c.Gentlemen, (
  5)信文(Body of the letter) 信文是信件的主体部分,也就是信的内容。正文应在称呼下两行开始。信的开头第一个字母 通常和称呼开头第一个词平齐。 也有往后退四个或八个字母的。 下面介绍一些开头语和结尾 语。 开头语 ①相当于中文的“敬君者”。 a.I beg to inform you that… b.I beg to take this opportunity to inform you that … c.I have the honor to address you that… d. I write in a hurry to inform you that… e.I have the pleasure to tell you that… f. I'm very much delighted to inform you that… ②相当于中文的“接读某月某日来信,一切知悉”。 a.I thank you very much for your letter of May 20th … b.Your letter of May 20th has been received with thanks. c.It gives me great pleasure to receive your kind of May 20th. d.In answer to your kind letter of May 20th, I deeply regret that … e.I have received your kind letter of May 20th. f.Words can't express my delight on finding your favor of yesterday on my desk this morning. g.Your letter dated May 20th has been received. 结尾语 采用三种方法: ①采用分词短语:句末用逗号,不用句号。例如: a.Waiting for your good news, b.Looking forward to your early reply, c.Hoping to hear from you soon, d.Hoping you are enjoying good he
alth, cerely, Barbara ④感谢信 Dear Sir, With feelings of deep gratitude I address y 参考词语 senior grade three appreciate spare ⑤下面是某中外合资企业刊登在 China Daily 上的一则招聘广告。 Office secretary, with experience in book-keeping, Type-writing Public relations, op 第一段只写两句 第一句:I am writing this letter today to … 第二句:My name is … and I am … 第二段按照题目要求写 cooyu.net collected 第三段只写三句 第一句:I sincerely hope you can take my letter seriously. 第二句:Your prompt response will be highly appreciated. 第三句:Thanks a lot for your time and consideration
2008 年奥运会和我(The 2008 Olympic Games and I) 年奥运会和我(The
来源:http://www.24en.com/write 日期:2007-06-20 阅读 949 次 作者:24EN_write
The year of 2008 is getting closer and closer to us. We need to take actions from now on to prepare for the game. What we need to do most is to work on our disadvantages and shortcomings. As a student of Senior high, I can do my own part. Although I can't transform our city into more a beautiful place on my own, I can help Beijing in small ways and encourage our classmates and people around me to follow my lead. NCJ 中国英语学习网 Let me take the environment for example, the atmosphere around Beijing is quite disappointing, factories and cars keep giving off exhausts into the air, we can hardly see the blue sky with our naked eyes, because the sky is covered
with a thick layer of harmful substances. The sky is gray instead of blue. To our delight, the government has passed some laws of protecting the air, and we can do something useful, too. For example, whenever we go out for a long distance, ride the bike or take the buses and subways instead of taxis. You may not have a clue how it works. Of course doing that only by one person is far from enough, but we can let more people do that together. In that case the result may be more than we bargained for. NCJ 中国英语学习网 Another thing we need to work on is our English skills. Teachers and parents often put great emphasis on our English skills especially listening and speaking. I want to be a volunteer in 2008, to be an interpreter. For now, I must do something helpful to improve my spoken English. Rome isn't build in a day, so is English. It can't be improved in a day or two. It takes time and energy. There are no shortcuts to improve your spoken English; the most productive way is to grab all opportunities around you to open your mouth. For instance, taking part in all kinds of English contests is a good way, you can meet some excellent contestants, and you can share the experience of learning and some good method of learning. I will keep participating in all English activities to polish up my English. I'm sure by the year of 2008, I will be able to master English well just as my mother tongue. NCJ 中国英语学习网 All in all, I'm sure that Beijing Olympic Games will be one of the most successful Games in history. I believe our long-cherished dream will be fulfilled in a perfect way! NCJ 中国英语学习网 NCJ 中国英语学习网 译文: NCJ 中国英语学习网 2008 年奥运会和我 NCJ 中国英语学习网 2008 年离我们越来越近了,我们必须从现在开始采取行动,来为奥运会做准备。我们 最需要做的,是克服缺点和改进不足之处。作为一名高中生,我们可以做我们力所能及的事 情。虽然我不能光靠我自身的力量把这座城市妆点得更美丽,但我可以用自己的方式,来改 变北京并且鼓励我的同学们和我周围的人和我一起做。 NCJ 中国英语学习网 让我以环境为例, 北京周围的大气环境比较令人失望, 工厂和汽车不断地向空中排放废
气,我们几乎用肉眼看不到蓝色的天空了。因为天空被一层厚厚的有害物质所覆盖, 天空 成了灰色,而不是蓝色。令我们高兴的是,政府已经出台一些保护大气环境的相关法规。我 们呢,也可以做一些有用的事情。比如说,每当我们要出远门的时候,骑自行车或乘坐公交 车和地铁来代替出租车。你可能不知道这会有什么用。当然,只靠一个人的力量是远远不够 的,但是我们可以让更多的人一起去做。 这样的话,结果才有可能收效显著。 NCJ 中国 英语学习网 我们需要做的另一件事, 是提高我们的英语水平。 老师和家长总是着重强调要提高我们 的英语能力,尤其是听力和口语方面,在 2008 年,我想成为一名志愿者,做一名口语翻译。 现在我必须做一些有助于提高我口语的事情。“罗马非一日建成”,英语也不可以在一、两 天内得到提高。它需要花费很多的时间和精力,在提高口语方面,没有捷径可走,最有效的 方式就是抓住身边的机会开口讲英语。比如:参加各种英语竞赛是一种很好的方式。你会遇 到些非常优秀的选手,与他们交流学习体会,借鉴好的学习方法。我将继续参加各类英语活 动,来提高我的口语能力。我相信在 2008 年,我将会像掌握母语一样熟练掌握英语。 NCJ 中国英语学习网 总之,我相信,2008 北京奥运会将是有史以来最出色的奥运会之一,我坚信,我们长 时间以来的梦想会以完美的方式得以实现。
转自:《世界商业评论》ICXO.COM 第一种、介绍信 Letters of Introduction 实例之一: Dear Mr. / Ms., This is to introduce Mr. Frank Jones, our new marketing specialist who will be in London from April 5 to mid April on business. We shall appreciate any help you can give Mr. Jones and will always be happy to reciprocate. Yours faithfully 尊敬的先生/小姐,
现向您推荐我们的市场专家弗兰克?琼斯先生。他将因公务在四月 15 日到四月 中旬期间停留伦敦。 我们将非常感谢您向琼斯先生提供的任何帮助,并非常高兴施以回报。 您诚挚的 实例之二: Dear Mr. / Ms, We are pleased to introduce Mr. Wang You, our import manager of Textiles Department. Mr. Wang is spending three weeks in your city to develop our business with chief manufactures and to make purchases of decorative fabrics for the coming season. We shall be most grateful if you will introduce him to reliable manufacturers and give him any help or advice he may need. Yours faithfully 尊敬的先生/小姐, 我们非常高兴向您介绍我们纺织部的进口经理王有先生。 王先生将在你市度过三 周,他要与主要的生产厂家拓展商务并为下一季度采购装饰织品。 如能介绍他给可靠的生产厂家,向他提供所需的任何帮助或建议,我们将不胜感 谢。 您诚挚的 第二种、约定 Appointments 实例之一: Dear Mr./Ms, Mr. John Green, our General Manager, will be in Paris from June 2 to 7 and would like to come and see you, say, on June 3 at
  2.00 p.m. about the opening of a sample room there.Please let us know if the time is convenient for you. If not, what time you would suggest.
Yours faithfully, 尊敬的先生/小姐 我们的总经理约翰格林将于六月 2 日到 7 日在巴黎,有关在那开样品房的事宜, 他会于 六月 3 日下午
  2:00 点拜访您。 请告知这个时间对您是否方便。如不方便,请建议具体时间。 您诚挚的 < 以下为回信范文 > Dear Mr. / Ms, Thank you for your letter informing us of Mr. Green’s visit during June 2-
  7. Unfortunately, Mr. Edwards, our manager, is now in Cairo and will not be back until the second half of June. He would, however, be pleased to see Mr. Green any time after his return. We look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, 尊敬的先生/小姐 谢谢来函告知我方六月 2-7 日格林先生的来访。不巧,我们的总经理艾得华先生 现正在巴黎,到六月中旬才能回来。但他回来后愿意在任何时间会见格林先生。 希望收到您的来信。 您诚挚的 Back to Top 实例之二: Dear Mr/Ms, I represent the W/P Electronics Company in Dallas, and will be in Kunming from next Monday to Friday, (October 5-
  9). I should like to call on you to discuss our new monitor. Would 0930 hours on Tuesday, October 6 be convenient?
I shall be in Beijing, at the Great Wall Hotel, from Tuesday, September 29, until Sunday, October 4, where a message will reach me. If the day is not convenient, will you please suggest another. Yours faithfully 尊敬的先生/小姐 我是达拉斯 W/P 电子公司的代表,将于下
 

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