through->in term of/via
leading to->contribute to/ conduce to/result in
more and more->increasing/growing
in fact->actually/virtually
want->intend to/tend to/be inclined to
because->in that
may be->probably
to sum->to summarize/in conclusion
devote to->dedicate to
agree partly->agree with reserve
want to->desire
big city->metropolis
hand in->render
get into chaos->with chaos ensuing
fanatic patriotism->jingoism/chauvinism
consider->take into account

  1.important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important)

  2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

  3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people's needs and wants)

  4.stick=adhere, cling(hold on something tightly)

  5.neglect=ignore.(difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.)

  6.near=adjacent(twothings next to each other), adjoin(the same as adjacent)

  7.pursue=woo(man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek(if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)

  8.accurate=precise(precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact(correct in every detail)

  9.vague=obscure(unknown or known by only a few people)

  10.top=peak, summit

  11.competitor=rival, opponent(especially in sports and politics)1

  12.blame=condemn(if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)

  13.opinon=perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

  14.fame=prestige(describe those who are admired), reputation

  15.build=erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish

  16.insult=humiliate(do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)

  17.complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)

  18.primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental

  19.relieve=alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)

  20.force=coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to),compel

  21.enlarge=magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is)

  22.complex=intricate(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

  23. Lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her

  24.small=minuscule(very small), minute, V. A. B8 Q6 w, p$ S

  25.praise=extol(stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)

  26.hard-working=assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly

  27.difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)

  28.poor(soil)=barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)

  29.fragile=brittle, vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)

  30.show=demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people.)

  31.big=massive(large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal(use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous

  32.avoid=shun(if someone shuns something, s/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it.)

  33.fair=impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.)

  34.attack=assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently

  35.dislike=abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe(dislike very much)!

  36.ruin=devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.)

  39.always=invariably(the same as always, but better than always)4

  40.forever=perpetual(a perpetual state never changes), immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed)

  41.surprise=startle(it means surprise you slightly), astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound)

  42.enthusiasm=zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)

  43.quiet=tranquil(calm and peaceful), serene(calm and quiet)!

  44.expensive=exorbitant(it means too expensive that it should be)

  45.luxurious=lavish(impressive and very expensive), sumptuous(grand and very expensive

  46.boring=tedious(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

  47.respect=esteem(if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL)

  48.worry=fret(if you fret about something, you worry about it)

  49.cold=chilly(unpleasantly cold), icy(extremely cold)

  50.hot=boiling(very hot)

  51.dangerous=perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)


  53.only=unique(the only one of its kind), distinctive;

  54.stop=cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)

  55.part=component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of)

  56.result=consequence(the results or effects of something)

  57.obvious=apparent, manifest

  58.basedon=derived fromcan see or notice them very easily)


  61.pathetic=lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing

  62.field=domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

  63.appear=emerge(come into existence)

  64.whole=entire(the whole of something)8

  65.wet=moist(slightly wet), damp(slightly wet), humid(very damp and hot)!

  66.wrong=erroneous(incorrect or partly correct)


  68.change=convert(change into another form)

  69.typical=quintessential(this word means represent a typical example of something)

  70.careful=cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)

  71.ability=capacity, capability(the same as abilit

  72.strange=eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from mostpeople)

  73.rich=affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

  74.use= utilize (the same as use)

  75.dubious=skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)

  76.satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and

  77.short=fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)


  79.angry=enraged(extremely angry)

  80.smelly=malodorous(used to describe an unpleasant smell)

  81.ugly=hideous(if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)#

  82.attractive=appealing(pleasing and attractive), absorbing(something absorbing can attract you a great deal)



   英文写作第一反应词替换表 through->in term of/via operate->manipulate offspring->descendant inevitable-dispensable detail->specific explain->interpret obvious->conspicuous hurt->vulnerable use->employ/utilize value->merit provide->l ...


   1. A number of many/ a lot of 2. A great deal of a lot of 3. A great many al lot of 4. A great variety of many kinds of 5. A variety of many kind of 6. Abundantsufficientampleenough 7. A small sum of little money 8. Adequate enough 9. A majority of ...


   1 Pollution of environment These days we often hear that our living conditions are getting more and more serious because of the destruction of our environment .It is common that (many trees and animals are near extinction, and the all-important foo ...


   Many people insist that... 很多人坚持认为... With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为... A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为... 引出不同观点: People's views on... vary from person to person. ...


   一些学生认为学英语很重要;一些学生则认为不必学英语;我认 为。。。(观点、理由) 。。。 Some students think it is very important to master English. They believe “A foreign language is a weapon in the struggle of life” , Others consider English useless. They feel learning English is nothing ...


   6楼 对比观点题型 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为…… 2. 另一些人认为…… 3. 我的看法…… The topic of ①(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason o ...


   对比观点题型 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 ) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为。。 . 另一些人认为。。 . 我的看法。。 . 有一些人认为。 2. 另一些人认为。 3. 我的看法。 。 。 。 The topic of X 主题) becoming more and more popular is (主题) recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say ...


   If you have received possibly have the earthquake warning, continues to maintain listens to the local broadcasting station newest report and the suggestion, like the suggestion switches off the liquid gas, the power source. Greatly but the heavy ob ...


   1.alter v. 改变,改动,变更 2.burst vi.,n. 突然发生,爆裂 3.dispose vi. 除掉;处置;解决;处理(of 4.blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉 5.consume v. 消耗,耗尽 6.split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a.裂开的 7.spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃 8.spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出 9.slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略 10.slide v. 滑动,滑落 n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片 11.bacteria n. ...


   开头万能公式一:名人名言 有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编! 原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是 一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧? 经典句型: A proverb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言) It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言) 2 ...



   附 1: : 05 秋学期小学英语口语测试试题结构 三年级 30% % 1 歌曲或儿歌:唱一首英语歌曲或背诵一段英语儿歌。3 分 2 背诵字母表。 5 分 3 字母认读:教师将本学期所学单词分组,让学生拼读 拼读其中的 5 个。5 分 拼读 4 朗读:选读教材 A 部分,抽签决定。7 分 5 对话:和老师对话,也可同学互相对话。 个来回)5 分 (5 6 简述:介绍自己或朋友。 (不少于 5 个句子)5 分 四年级 20% % 1 拼读单词:教师将本学期所学单词分组,让学生拼读其中的 5-1 ...


   高考英语句型归纳总结 李阳老师的话 有了骨骼,我们才可以傲然挺立。同样,正是有了句型,英语学习的高楼大厦才 能拔地而起!而建好英语大厦要一步一步打好地基, 句型就是大厦的地基和框架。 在这些框架上添加各种各样的材料(单词、短语、口语要素),才能建造大厦。你 掌握的句型有多少,就决定了你盖的楼有多高,行动起来吧!将我们为大家精心 挑选的 300 个句型一网打尽! 特别说明 这些都是我们从高中英语课文及《跟李阳老师学中学英语》高中系列中精选出的 重点句型。同时它们也都是高考常考和口语常用的经典句 ...


   The brief introduction to Scotland " The second largest zone of the UK. Scotland’s capital city is Edinburgh Scotland’s largest city is Glasgow " North and South: " Sparsely populated mountains and lakes. " population lives in the lowland zone. ...


   英语作文是考试最大的漏洞 (一)段首句 1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为…… There are different opinions among people as to .Some people suggest that . 2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。 There is an old saying. It"s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is co ...


   点 , 是 没 有根据 的 , , 是 应 当破 除 的 , 。 尽 管如 , 性 不 仅 影 响 到这 一 学 科本 身 而 且 学 生 为 了 , , 此 由 于 历 史 的 原 因 外 语 教 学仍 然 处 于 落 后 , 弥 补 外 语 学 习拉 下 的 步 子 , 需要 挤 占其 他 学 , 状 态 是 各 学科 中的 拉 腿 田 全 区 中 考 各科 总 分 及格 率 为 为 , “ ”。 比如 , 年 、 科 的 学 习时 间 , 妨 碍 了 各 学科 学 习 的 整 体 发 ...