备考英语四级考试作文模板-综合运用篇
 
 综合运用篇
  Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that....
  随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是。
  As to whether it is a blessing or a curse, however, people take different attitudes.
  然而,对于此类问题,人们持不同的看法。(Hold different attitudes 持不同的看;Come up with different attitudes 有不同的看法)
  As society develops, people are attaching much importance to....
  随着社会的发展,人们开始关注............
  People are attaching more and more importance to the interview during job hunting
  求职的过程中,人们慢慢意识到面试的重要性。
  As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial debate. It is quite natural that people from different backgrounds may have divergent attitudes towards it.
  关于是否值得的问题,一直以来争论不休。当然,不同的人对此可能持不同的观点。
  In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma.
  在都市的发展中,我们往往会陷入困境。
  Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that....
  最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心。
  The human race has entered a completely new stage in its history, with the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention.
  人类进入了一个历史的崭新的阶段,经济全球化、都市化的速度不断加快,随之给我们带来了很多问题。
  ...... plays such an important role that it undeniably becomes the biggest concern of the present world, there comes a question, is it a blessing or a curse?"
  显得非常重要而成为当今世界所关注的最大的问题,这是无可厚非的。不过,问题是:"我们该如何抉择?"
  Now we are entering a new era, full of opportunities and challenges,
  现在我们正在进入一个充满机会和挑战的新时代。
 
 展现问题篇
  问题的常用词:question, problem, issue
  Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.
  近来,的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。
  Now we are entering a brand new era full of opportunities and innovations, and great changes have taken place in people's attitude towards some traditional practice.
  现在我们进入了一个充满机遇和创新的崭新时代,很多人对某些传统的看法也发生了很大改变。
  Recently the issue of whether or not ... has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in the public.
  近来,是否的问题已经非常明确而且引起了社会的广泛关注。
  The issue whether it is good or not to .... has aroused a heated discussion all over the country.
  的利与弊已在全国范围内引起热烈的讨论。
  At present, some people think ....while others claim ...Both sides have their merits.
  目前,一些人认为而另一些人则认为。其实,两种观点都其可取之处。
  People rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue
大学英语四六级考试作文部分题目及范文10例
Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled Asking for Leave of Absence. You should write at least 120 words according to
the following guidelines:
Your name and role : Sam , a sophomore in English Class Two
Your Foreign Teacher’s name : Ms.Riddle
Incident: you cannot come to her class for some reason
Task: write her a note , asking for leave of absence
Asking for Leave of Absence
To: Ms.Riddle , my dear Oral English teacher
From: Sam , a respectful sophomore student of yours in Oral English Class Two
Date : January 8,2005
Subject: Asking for Leave of Absence
Dear Ms.Riddle,
I would like to know if I could ask for a casual leave of absence from your Oral English class this Wednesday morning.
Yesterday evening I got a phone call from my cousin , who is now running a small firm in suburbs of this city . He needs an interpreter for two days but cannot find
the most reliable person, so he wants me to have a try. Personally , I regard this as a golden opportunity to put what I have learned in your class into practice, but
I need your permission of absence . If you think I may go and help him get over the difficulty, I am confident that I ‘ll do a good job and both of us will grateful.
Earnestly yours,
Sam

Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled On Power Failure. You should write at least 120 words according to the following
guidelines(given in Chinese):

  1.很多城市缺电现象严重

  2.分析原因

  3.提出建议
On Power Failure
Recently, every morning when I wake up, I find my air-conditioner automatically turned off . I didn’t understand why at first , but soon I learned that there was a
great shortage of electricity supply in our city ? my air-conditioner turned off because of a power failure midnight.
With the rapidly developing industry and the ever-increasing population, demand for electricity supply is soaring. Besides, summers in recent years are much hotter
than before , so most working places and households are air-conditioned , which consumes additional electricity.
Face with such a hard nut , we have to find ways to crack it . Above all , in western areas China , there is surplus of electricity supply. So , cities that are thirsty for
electricity may ask for remote help. Then ,when we have electricity , we should remember to save it . Set your air-conditioners at 27C and you won’t feel less
comfortable than when they are at 26C . In fact , some factories already shift their working hours to avoid the peak time of electricity consuming. My parents don’t
work from Monday to Friday as before ? they work form Saturday to Wednesday and have the following two days off instead. This is also a way out , isn’t it?

怎样写好大学英语四级作文-六-写好段落

首先,一个段落必须有一个中心即主题思想,该中心由主题句特别是其中的题旨来表达。整个段落必须紧扣这个主题(stick or hold to the topic),这就是段落的统一性(unity)。
其次,一个段落必须有若干推展句,使主题思想得到充分展开,从而给读者一个完整的感觉,这就是完整性(completeness or adequateness)。
再者,一个段落不是杂乱无章的,而是有机的组合,句子的排列顺序必须合乎逻辑,从一个句子到另一个句子的过渡必须流畅(smooth),这就是连贯性(coherence)。
下面我们就对这三个标准分别加以说明。

  1. 统一性
一个段落内的各个句子必须从属于一个中心,任何游离于中心思想之外的句子都是不可取的。
请看下例:
Joe and I decided to take the long trip wed always wanted across the country. We were like young kids buying our camper and stocking it with all the necessities of life. Bella bakes the best rhubarb pie. We started out in early spring from Minneapolis and headed west across the northern part of the country. We both enjoyed those people we met at the trailer park. Joe received a watch at his retirement dinner. To our surprise, we found that we liked the warm southern regions very much, and so we decided to stay here in New Mexico.
本段的主题句是段首句,controlling idea(中心思想)是take the long trip across the country。文中出现两个irrelevant sentences,一个是Bella bakes the best rhubarb pie,这一段是讲的是Joe and I ,中间出现一个Bella是不合适的。还有,Joe received a watch at his retirement dinner这一句更是与主题句不相关。考生在四级统考的作文卷上常常因为造出irrelevant sentences(不相关语句)而丢分,值得引起注意。
再看一个例子:
My name is Roseanna, and I like to keep physically fit. I used to weigh two hundred pounds, but I joined the YMCA for an exercise class and diet program. In one year I lost eighty pounds. I feel much better and never want to have that much weight on my five-feet frame again. I bought two new suitcases last week. Everyday I practice jogging three miles, swimming fifteen laps, lifting twenty-pound weights and playing tennis for one hour. My mother was a premature baby.
本段的controlling idea 是like to deep physically fit,但段中有两个irrelevant sentences,一个是I bought two new suitcases last week,另一个是My mother was a premature baby。
从上面两个例子可以看出,native speakers同样会造出来irrelevant sentences。卷面上如果这种句子多了,造成偏题或离题,那问题就更严重了。

  2. 完整性
正象我们前面说得那样,一个段落的主题思想靠推展句来实现,如果只有主题句而没有推展句来进一步交待和充实,就不能构成一个完整的段落。同样,虽然有推展句,但主题思想没有得到相对圆满的交待,给读者一种意犹未尽的感觉。这样的段落也不能完成其交际功能。例如:
Physical work can be a useful form of therapy for a mind in turmoil. Work concentrates your thoughts on a concrete task. Besides, it is more useful to work you produce something rather than more anxiety or depression.
本段的主题句是段首句。本段的两个推展句均不能回答主题句中提出的问题。什么是 "a mind in turmoil"(心境不平静)Physical work又如何能改变这种情况?为什么它能起therapy的作用?读者得不到明确的答案。
由于四级统考的作文部分只要求写一篇1
  00~120个词的三段式短文,每一段只有大约40个词左右,因此,要达到完整就必须尽可能地简明。
例如:
It is not always true that a good picture is worth a thousand words. Often writing is much clearer than a picture. It is sometimes difficult to figure out what a picture means, but a careful writer can almost always explain it.
段首句所表达的主题思想是一种看法,必须有具体事例加以验证。上述两个推展句只是在文字上对主题作些解释,整个段落内容空洞,简而不明。如果用一两个具体的例子的话,就可以把主题解释清楚了。
比如下段:
It is not always true that a picture is worth a thousand words. Sometimes, pictures are pretty useless things. If you cant swim and fall in the river and start gulping water, will you be better off to hold up a picture of yourself drowning, or start screaming "Help"?

  3.连贯性(coherence)
连贯性包括意连和形连两个方面,前者指的是内在的逻辑性,后者指的是使用转换词语。当然这两者常常是不可分割的。只有形连而没有意连,句子之间就没有内在的有机的联系;反之,只有意连而没有形连,有时行文就不够流畅。

  1) 意连
段落中句子的排列应遵循一定的次序,不能想到什么就写什么。如果在下笔之前没有构思,边写边想,写写停停,那就写不出一气呵成的好文章来。下面介绍几种常见的排列方式。
A.按时间先后排列(chronological arrangement)
例如:
We had a number of close calls that day. When we rose, it was obviously late and we had to hurry so as not to miss breakfast. we knew the dining room staff was strict about closing at nine oclock. Then, when we had been driving in the desert for nearly two hours it must have been close to noon the heat nearly hid us in. the radiator boiled over and we had to use most of our drinking water to cool it down. By the time we reached the mountain, it was four oclock and we were exhausted. Here, judgement ran out of us and we started the tough climb to the summit, not realizing that darkness came suddenly in the desert. Sure enough, by six we were struggling and Andrew very nearly went down a steep cliff, dragging Mohammed and me along with him. By nine, when the wind howled across the flat ledge of the summit, we knew as we shivered together for warmth that it had not been our lucky day.
本段从 "rose"(起床)写起,然后是吃早餐("not to miss breakfast", "closing at nine oclock"),然后是 "close to noon",一直写到这一天结束("By nine--")。
B. 按位置远近排列(spatial arrangement)。
例如:
From a distance, it looked like a skinny tube, but as we got closer, we could see it flesh out before our eyes. It was tubular, all right, but fatter than we could see from far away. Furthermore, we were also astonished to notice that the building was really in two parts: a pagoda sitting on top of a tubular one-story structure. Standing ten feet away, we could marvel at how much of the pagoda was made up of glass windows. Almo
 

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