考研英语作文专用词汇
教育类 词汇
文凭 diplomas and certificates
考研热 the craze for graduate school study
应试教育 the examination-oriented education
义务教育 compulsory education
复合型人才 interdisciplinary talents
文化底蕴 the rich cultural deposits
大学生创业 the university students’ innovative undertakings
扩招 expand enrollment
被授予学位 be granted a an official certificate from
高分低能 good scores but low qualities
片面追求升学率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level
退学 drop out of the school
形成淘汰制度 frame an elimination system
教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people
因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude
德才兼备 possess political integrity and professional ability
品学兼优 be a students of fine qualities and fine scholar
提高学生身心素质 improve the health and psychological quality
适应社会的改变 adjust to the social changes quickly
满足社会的急需 meet the urgent need of the society
保护知识产权 protect the intellectual property
才疏学浅 be wanting in ability and shallow in knowledge
努力获得精神文明 make efforts to seek cultural and ideological progress
减轻负担 reduce the heavy burdens
更加有意义和丰富的生活 a more vigorous, colorful and dynamic life
工作类 词汇
崇高职业 noble career
白领工作 white-collar workers
跳槽 job-hopping
试用期 probationary period
人才流动和双向选择 talent flow and a dual-way selection
自由职业 freelance work
拜金主义 money worship
获得名利 achieve fame and wealth
充分发挥个人的潜力 develop fully one’s potential and creativity
实干精神 steadfast and earnest in one’s work
工作出色 excel in one’s work
无忧无虑 be care-free
社会和个人的尊重 social and personal esteem
生计问题 a bread and butter issue
生活补助 living subsidies
人才交流 talents exchange
培养人才 cultivate talents
推荐人才 recommend the virtuous and able
人才外流 brain drain
优化产业结构 optimize the structure
精简人员 cut off the overstaffed offices
提高综合素质 improve the comprehensive quality
解决劳动就业问题tackle the problem of labor force utilization
砸掉大锅饭 shatter the convention of iron bowl
坚持改革 be persistent in the reform progress
造成失业问题 bring about the unemployment problem
下岗人员 the laid-off workers
自谋生路 be self-employed
给出优惠政策 give preferential treatment
享受失业救济金 enjoy unemployment pension
需要 安全 感和生活保障 need a sense of security and guarantee of life
劳动力短缺 shortage of manpower
提高文化,智慧,品质修养 enhance their cultural and moral quality
商业类 词汇
服务行业 service trade
家用电器 household electrical appliances
物美价廉 with low price and high quality
售后服务 after-sale service
旺季 during peak selling seasons
销售渠道 distribution channel
商标冒用 trade-mark infringement
稳定物价 stabilize the commodity prices
加强品牌效应 strengthen the brand effect
提高购买力 raise the purchasing power
保持市场的良好的秩序 keep to market in good order
适销对路 be good for sale
脱销 out of stock
刺激购买欲 stimulate the desire to buy
促销 promote sales
超前消费 premature consumption
有效期 term of validity
零售价 retail price
批发价 whole price
紧俏 商品 commodities in short supply
假冒伪劣 forged and fake commodities
工业类 词汇
产业结构升级 upgrade the structure of industry
外向型经济:export-oriented economy
企业 凝聚力 the cohesive force in enterprise
亏损 企业 enterprise in the red
创收 generate profits
精简开支 cut down the outlay
扭转局面 reverse the tide
有外需 have a potential in overseas market
医药健康 词汇
杀虫剂 pesticide
卫生环境 sanitary environment
营养不良 malnourished
传染病 infectious disease
呼吸疾病 respiratory disease
建设 卫生城市 hygienic city
政治经济 词汇
立法会议 legislative sessions
行政处罚 administrative penalty
司法 部门 enforcement apartment
侵犯个人隐私 invasion of privacy
修改宪法 revise the constitution
假账 deceptive accounting
漏税 tax evasion
刑事诉讼 criminal proceeding
行贿和受贿 take and offer bribes
要求索赔 claim compensation
目无法规 defy the law and social disciplines
法律监督 function as a legal supervisor
扰乱治安 disturb the social order
建立奖励和制约机制 establish a incentive and disincentive system
物质和精神文明建设 material and ideological progress
精简机构 streamline government organs
集思广益 pool ones wisdom
扩大内需 expand the domestic demand
环境保护类单词
沙尘暴 Sand/dust storms
生态失衡 Disruption of ecological balance
温室效应 Greenhouse effect
全球变暖 Global warming
淡水资源短缺 Shortage of fresh water
环境意识 Environmental awareness
生态系统 Ecosystem
市场类单词
国有企业 state-owned enterprise
私人企业 private enterprise
市场 monopolize the market
偷税漏税 tax evasion
跨国集团 multinational corporation
贸易制裁 trade sanction
贸易壁垒 trade barriers
全球经济一体化 integration with the global economy
西部大开发 Go-West Campaign
中国加入WTO China’s entry into WTO
乱摊派乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge
考研英语作文经常遇到的中国特色词汇
中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festival)
国庆节 National Day
中秋节 Mia-Autumn Festival
春节 Spring Festival
元宵节 Lantern Festival
台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. 西部大开发 Development of the West Regions
持续性发展 sustainable development
风险投资risk investment
通货紧缩 deflation
扩大内需 to expand domestic demand
儿童节 Children's Day
妇女节 Women's Day
泼水节 Water-Splashing Day
教师节 Teachers' Day
五四青年节 Youth Day
中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods)
馄饨 wonton
锅贴 gouty (fried jazzy)
花卷 steamed twisted rolls
套餐 set meal
盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away
豆腐 rice tofu
魔芋豆腐 kanji tofu
米粉 rice noodles
冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)
火锅 chafing dish
八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding
粉丝 glass noodles
豆腐脑 jellied bean curd
中国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things)
中国电信 China Telecom
中国移动 China Mobile
十五计划 the 10th Five-Year Plan
中国电脑联网 China net
三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project
希望工程 Project Hope
京九铁路 Beijing?Colon Railway
扶贫工程 Anti-Poverty Project
菜篮子工程 Vegetable Basket Project
温饱工程 Decent-Life Project
安居工程 Economy Housing Project
扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign
西部大开发 Go-West Campaign
具有文化特色的现代表述
大陆中国 Mainland China
红宝书 little red book
红色中国 socialist China
四化 Four Modernizations
终生职业 job-for-life
铁饭碗 iron rice bow大锅饭 communal pot
关系户 closely-related units
外出打工人员 migrant workers
关系网 personal nets,closely-knitted guild
五讲(讲文明、讲礼貌、讲卫生、讲秩序、讲道德):the Five Merits focus on decorum,manners,hygiene,disciplines and morals
四美(心灵美、语言美、行为美、环境美): the Four Virtues are golden heart,refined language,civilized behavior,and green environment
基层监督 grass-roots supervision
基础税率 base tariff level
婚介所 matrimonial agency
婚外恋 extramarital love
婚纱摄影 bride photo
黑心棉 shoddy cotton
机器阅卷 machine scoring
即开型奖券 scratch-open ticket/lottery
集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development
价格听证会 public price hearings
甲A球队 Division A Soccer Team
家政服务 household management service
加强舆论监督 ensure the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion
假帐 accounting fraud
叫板 challenge; Pick a quarrel
矫情 use lame arguments
渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence
借调 temporarily transfer
扩大中等收入者比重 Raise the proportion of the middle-income group
扩大内需,刺激消费expand domestic demand and consumption
安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents
外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises
下岗职工 laid-off workers
分流 reposition of redundant personnel
三角债 chain debts
素质教育 education for all-round development
豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects
社会治安情况 law-and-order situation
民族国家 nation state
“台独” "independence of Taiwan"
台湾政权 Taiwan authorities
台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots
计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI )
网络空间 cyberspace
虚拟现实 virtual reality
电脑犯罪 computer crime
电子商务 the e-business
网上购物 shopping online
应试教育 exam-oriented education
学生减负 to reduce study load
总裁助理 assistant president
  综合治理 comprehensive treatment
  安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents
  信息化 information-based; Informationization
  智力密集型 concentration of brain power; Knowledge-intensive
  外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises
  下岗职工 laid-off workers
  分流 reposition of redundant personnel
  三角债 chain debts
  素质教育 education for all-round development
  豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects
  社会治安情况 law-and-order situation
  西部大开发 Development of the West Regions
  可持续性发展 sustainable development
  风险投资 risk investment
  通货紧缩 deflation
  下岗 laid-off workers
  下海 plunge into the commercial sea
  下网 off line
  小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family
  新秀 up-and-coming star,rising star
  新新人类 New Human Being ; X Generation
  信息港 info port
  形象小姐 / 先生 image representative of a product or a brand
  虚拟网 virtual net
  学生处 students' affairs division
  研究生毕业证 / 学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree’s diploma
  摇钱树 cash cow
  以人为本 people oriented; people foremost
  义务教育 compulsory education
  易拉罐 pop can
  应试教育 examination-oriented education system
  舆论导向 direction of public opinion
  运球 dribble
  在职博士生 on-job doctorate
  早恋 puppy love
  招生就业指导办公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office
  证券营业部 stock exchange; security exchange
  知识产权 intellectual property rights
  中专生 secondary specialized or technical school student
  中流砥柱 mainstay,chief corner stone
  专卖店 exclusive agency; franchised store
  自我保护意识 self-protection awareness
  综合国力 comprehensive national strength
  综合业务数字网 integrated service digital network (ISDN)
  公正、公平、公开 just,fair and open
  好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster
  黄金时段 prime time
  假唱 lip-synch
  劲射 power shot
  拉拉队 cheering squad
  来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone
  论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense
  泡沫经济 bubble economy
  票贩子 scalper,ticket tout
  拳头产品 competitive products; knock-out products; Blockbuster
  三角恋爱 love triangle
  三维动画片 three-dimensional animation
  “扫黄”、“打非” eliminate pornography and illegal publications
  申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games
  实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
  市场疲软 sluggish market
  素质教育 education for all-around development
  筒子楼: tube-shaped apartment
  脱贫致富 cast (shake,throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity
  网吧 Internet bar
  网恋 online love affair
  网上冲浪 surf the Internet
  网上交易平台 online trading platform
  网友 net friend
  无人售票 self-service ticketing
  无绳来电显示电话 cordless telephone with
 

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