Unit 9 【学习目标】
How was your weekend?
词汇: did, went, was, spent, had, saw, wrote, sat, geography test, stay at home, practice, go to the mountain, last week, talk show, change, cat, anything, students at No.3 Middle School, have a party, cook dinner, go for a walk, on Saturday morning / afternoon / evening / night, play sports, for most kids, a book about history, go shopping. 句型: What did you do last weekend? I did some reading. What about / How about your friend, Carol? I studied for the geography test. Last week, we asked them what they did last weekend. It was a little / kind of / a bit / a little bit difficult. Do you know everyone enjoys their weekends? He watched Wang Wang play with a friendly black cat. It was time to go home. He doesn’t want to do anything. 语法: Ⅰ. 一般过去时态: ◆ 一般过去时的构成 动词 be work there be 肯定式 was / were worked there was / there were 构成规则 一般在动词原形末尾加-ed 以不发音的 e 结尾的动词加-d 以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节词, 先双写最后一个辅音字母再加-ed 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的单词,先变 y 为 i 再加-ed ◆ 常见的不规则动词 am / is was have had get got see saw bring brought feel felt give gave let let are were do did come came take took buy bought fight fought know knew lie lay 否定式 was not (wasn’t) / were not (weren’t) did not (didn’t) there was not (wasn’t) / there were not (weren’t) 原形 look start live describe stop plan study worry 过去时 looked started lived described stopped planned studied worried go went eat ate say said begin began draw drew find found learn learnt make made
◆ 规则动词过去时的构成
meet met pay paid read read run ran sell sold sit sat sleep slept speak spoke spell spelt spend spent stand stood swim swam tell told think thought wear wore write wrote ◆ 一般过去时的用法
  1. 表示过去的动作。 例:He began to learn the piano in 19
  90.
  2. 表示过去的习惯动作或过去反复发生的事情。 例:She often went to school by bus last year.
  3. 疑问句和否定句使用了助动词 did 后,实义动词应变为原形。 例:What did you have for breakfast yesterday morning? They didn’t buy anything for their friends.
  4. 主句是一般过去时,从句应用相应的过去时,若从句是客观事实则用一般现在时。 例:I thought you weren’t at home yesterday. My mother told me the sun is bigger than the earth. ◆一般过去时的标志。 yesterday, last year (month, week, night, Monday), just now, the other day, then, ago, in 1987, at that time. Ⅱ. how about 和 what about 的用法 ◆ how about / what about + sth. 例:How about / What about your friend, Carol? ◆ how about / what about + doing 例:How about / What about going to swim next weekend? Ⅲ. it is time 的用法 ◆ It is time for sth. 例:It is time for school. ◆ It is time to do sth. 例:It is time to go to school. ◆ It is time for sb. to do sth. 例:It is time for you to do your homework.
【重点例析】
例:- How do you usually come to school? - I usually come . A. by bike B. by foot C. on bus D. by plane 析:选 A. 这里的 by bike 是骑自行车的意思。 如果要选 B 要把 B 改为 on foot 就正 确了,表示步行。如果要选 C 就要把 C 改为 by bus,表示坐公共汽车。D 答案在语法上是 正确的,表示坐飞机,但不符合情理,故不能选 D。 例:Don’t stand me, but me. A. in front of, next B. in the front of, next to C. in front of, next to D. in the front of, next 析:选 C. in front of 表示‘在……外部的前面’ ,而 in the front of 表示‘在……内部
的前面’‘在……旁边’只能说成 next to.所以此题选 C. 。
【能力训练】
Ⅰ. 英汉词组互译。 (10×1 分)
  1. 地理考试
  2. 呆在家里
  3. 登山
  4. 中学
  5. 脱口秀
  6. It is time to
  7. for most kids
  8. go shopping
  9. visit friends
  10. a book about history Ⅱ. 写出下列动词的过去式。 (15×1 分)
  1. are
  2. go
  3. have
  4. study
  5. do
  6. spend
  7. am
  8. read
  9. stay
  10. practice
  11. see
  12. write
  13. get
  14. is
  15. sit Ⅲ. 用所给词的适当形式填空。 (10×1 分)
  1. I (do) my homework last Sunday night.
  2. They (go) to the beach last Sunday morning.
  3. She (don’t visit) her grandmother last night.
  4. We (study) for the math test this morning.
  5. He (stay) at home yesterday.
  6. We (have) a party last Saturday.
  7. How (be) your last weekend? (go)to the beach.
  8. Last summer my family and I
  9. When it (rain),I stayed at home and watched TV.
  10. We (be) in Da Lian last year. Ⅳ.根据所给词的汉语意思填空。 (5×1 分) (大部分)of the students enjoyed the party.
  1.
  2. What did you do to (度过)your weekend?
  3. Her mother is ill (生病的). She felt very (不高兴). (地理学)is one of our subjects.
  4.
  5. It’s 7 now, so it is (时间) to go to school. Ⅴ. 单项选择。 (10×1 分)
  1. Last week, seven kids a movie. A. saw B. watch C. looked D. see
  2. Last Sunday, my aunt cooked pizza me. A. to B. on C. for D. in
  3. What did you do last weekend? A. in B. / C. for D. under
  4. I English yesterday evening. A. study B. studied C. studyed D. studies
  5.?Where were you yesterday? ?I stayed home, reading books. A. at B. in C. for D. on

  6. My mother would like to visit on Saturday. A. my B. friend C. they D. friends their holidays.
  7. Everyone in our class A. enjoy B. enjoying C. enjoys D. enjoyed
  8. He sat there for a long time without doing . A. one B. it C. something D. anything
  9. Did he to sleep late last night? A. went B. go C. goes D. going Sunday morning, I played soccer on my computer.
  10. A. In B. At C. On D. Next Ⅵ. 完形填空。 (10×1 分) Most American families like to have a holiday 1 summer. Summer is a good season __2 holidays. It is very hot during the months of July and August. Children do not go to school during these 3 months. Some 4 like to stay at home during the holiday. They work in the garden, visit friends, 5 books, or 6 TV. Many families 7 their lunch to a park or somewhere far from the
  8. They like to eat where there are many trees or there is a nice lake. If they live near the sea, they often go to the beach. They can fish, swim or enjoy the sun there. American is a large country. Many families travel by 9 or by train to see interesting places. They also travel by plane to a foreign country. Many big cities have many famous buildings, theatres, shops and other places 10 travelers.
  1. A. for B. in C. on D. at
  2. A. to B. of C. for D. about
  3. A. one B. two C. three D. four
  4. A. people B. peoples C. man D. woman 5 A. see B. watch C. look D. read
  6. A. see B. watch C. look D. read
  7. A. takes B. take C. look D. are taking
  8. A. school B. hospital C. city D. park
  9. A. car B. a car C. their car D. cars
  10. A. for B. in C. on D. at Ⅶ. 阅读理解. (5×1 分) Mr. Smith lived in a country, but he worked in an office in a big city, so five days a week he went to work by train every morning and came home the same way. One morning he was reading his newspaper on the train when a man sitting behind him, who Mr. Smith had never met before, spoke to him. The man said, ‘you’re not living a very interesting life, are you? You get on the same train at the same station at the same time every morning, and you always sit in the same seat and read the same newspaper.’ Mr. Smith put his paper down, turned around, and said to the man angrily, ‘How do you know all that about me?’ ‘Because I’m always sitting in this seat behind you.’ The man answered.
  1. Mr. Smith went to his office every day. A. by train B. by bus C. by bike D. on foot
  2. Mr. Smith didn’t go to work .
A. on weekdays B. on weekends C. on Sundays D. on Saturdays
  3. When Mr. Smith heard what the man said, he was . A. surprised B. happy C. angry D. intereted
  4. The man knew so much about Mr. Smith because he was . A. on the same train with Mr. Smith every day B. Mr. Smith’s neighbor C. Mr. Smith’s friend D. in the same office with Mr. Smith
  5. The best title for this passage is . A. A story of Mr. Smith B. The way from Mr. Smith’s home to his working place C. The life of Mr. Smith D. The hobby of Mr. Smith Ⅷ.句型转换. (15×1 分)
  1. Tom listened to CDs yesterday. (变否定句) Tom to CDs yesterday.
  2. Father read a book all day last Monday. (改一般疑问句) father a book all day last Monday?
  3. I was very busy last week. (改否定句和一般疑问句) I very busy last week. you very busy last week?
  4. She took the wallet away from the table. (对划线部分提问) she the wallet away from?
  5. Last weekend, she got up very early. (对划线部分提问) she up very early?
  6. Jimmy read a book about history.(对划线部分提问) Jimmy ? Ⅸ. 阅读下面短文,用所给词的正确形式填空。(10×1 分) can, get, look, ask, stand, begin, run, come, buy, fourteen Linda was born in Paris on December 24, 19
  88.It was her 1 birthday yesterday. She2 her friends to her party a few days ago. Her parents were busy yesterday. But they 3 ready for the party. They 4 some fish, chicken, beef, vegetables, drinks and fruit. Everything was ready. They put all the food and drinks on the table. And there was a nice birthday cake on the table, too. It was ten to eight and the party 5 .The girl 6 by the window 7 out. She saw her friends 8 .She 9 to meet them at the door. His parents 10 hear the children say “Happy Birthday to you!” outside.
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9.
  10. Ⅹ. 作文。 (10 分) 请将你和你朋友上周做的事情写成一篇短文。
Unit 9 Ⅰ.
  1. geography test
  2. stay at home
  3. go to mountains
  4. middle school
  5. talk show
  6. 该是做……的时候了
  7. 对于大多数孩子来说
  8. 购物
  9. 拜访朋友
  10. 一本关于历史 的书 Ⅱ.
  1. were
  2. went
  3. had
  4. studied
  5. did
  6. spent
  7. was
  8. read
  9. stayed
  10. practiced
  11. saw
  12. wrote
  13. got
  14. was
  15. sat Ⅲ.
  1. did
  2. went
  3. didn’t visit
  4. studied
  5. stayed
  6. had
  7. was
  8. went
  9. rained
  10. were Ⅳ.
  1. Most
  2. spend
  3. unhappy
  4. Geography
  5. time Ⅴ. 1?5 ACBBA 6?10 DCDBC Ⅵ. 1?5 BCBAD 6?10 BBCDA Ⅶ. 1?5 ABCAA Ⅷ.
  1. didn’t listen
  2. Did, read
  3. wasn’t, were
  4. Where did, take
  5. When did, get
  6. What did, do Ⅸ.
  1. fourteenth
  2. asked
  3. got
  4. bought
  5. began
  6. standing
  7. looked
  8. come
  9. ran
  10. could Ⅹ. 略
 

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