怎样写大学英语图表式作文
Dec-8th-2003 图表式作文是四级考试中较难的一种作文类型(2002 年 6 月的考试便是一 例)。它要求考生根据图表所给出的信息,写出所要表达主题的作文。图表式作 文最大的特点是所给的信息表达很集中,给人以一目了然之感。图表式作文一般 可分三段来写:第一段描述出图表反映的总情况,用能充分说明主题的典型数据 来描写。第二段对数字进行仔细的分析比较,归纳出增减速率并找出产生变化的 原因。第三段写读图表后的想法和评论,从而得出自己的结论。请看实例: People's Changes in People's Diet:
food\Year Grain Milk Meat 1986 49% 10% 17% 24% 100% 1987 47% 11% 20% 22% 100% 1988
  46.5% 11%
  22.5% 20% 100% 1989 45% 12% 23% 20% 100% 1990 45% 13% 21% 21% 100%
Fruit and vegetable
Total
"Changes in People's Diet"一文是 1991 年 6 月份四级考试作文题。实际上 从此文表格的提示中不难把握文章的内涵和范围。根据三段法写作的原则,第一 段阐述近 6 年来人们饮食上变化的总况(包括哪些需求的降低或增加)。第二段 是文章的重点,着重说明变化的原因。从归纳出的原因中反映出了人们现在在经 济实力提高的前提下更加注意科学的营养。第三段则从个人的理解得出结论,展 示人们饮食结构的变化所带来的益处和光明的前景,从而使主题思想更突出。? Changes in People's Diet? ? As can be seen from the table, great changes took place in people's diet from 1986 to 19
  90. The consumption of grain decreased year by year, while that of some high-energy food, such as milk and meat, increased steadily.? While were there changes in people's diet? There were two major reasons, I think. First, people could afford to buy more expensive food with better nutrition. Second, people paid more attention to the quality of their diet, because they knew it was of great benefit to their health to eat in a scientific way. Therefore, they were trying their best to improve the structure of their food.? From the above, we can see that people's living standard improved markedly in the five years between 1986-19
  90. And we can also expect that their life would be more prosperous in years to come. ? 写作中常见的几种表达方式 列举法中常用的句型:? First (ly),…; second (ly),…; third (ly), …?
First of all, … ; then, … ; thirdly,…? To start with … ; moreover, … ; last, …? To begin with, … ; most important of, … ; in addition, …? First and foremost, … ; second, … ; finally ? 举例时常用的句型:? For example/instance … A case in point is …? This can be illustrated by … Take … for example,…? Such … as … Another example is … say/suppose … as an illustration ? 表示比较和对比的常用词语:? There are a lot of similarities between X and Y X is like Y in … X has nothing in common with Y Compared with X, Y …We can compare X to Y … , on the contrary/on the other hand in contrast. In comparison with in spite of the fact nevertheless whereas conversely.? 表示分类法常用的句型:? X may be classified/divided according to … / on the basis of … The classification is based on …? X may be put into … groups… consists of / comprises ? 表示时间顺序的常用句型:? Before / until something has been done ( doing something),…? While / As something is done ( doing something), …? During this time / process ? The process begins ( finishes / concludes ) with …? 表示数量之间比较的语句:? increase / decrease by X times (净增/减 X 倍)? It increased ( rose, jumped, shot up ) to X ? It decreased ( dropped, fell ) to X ? The figure ( percentage, number, population, amount) has almost doubled as against that of last year ? 表示观点的语句:? The first thing to be considered is … I believe that … It is a fact that … This is unlikely to be true These views are open to doubt They would seem to be mistaken It is generally, / widely argued ( held / believed) that …? 表示扩展的语句:? On the other hand …aside from …There is limit to …No one can claim that …The surprising thing is that … The same is true of … What's more series is that …No one can deny that … There 's no doubt that …? 表示概括和总结:? In short … ; In a word, … ; In brief, … ;In conclusion, … ;On the whole, … ;In all, … ;Altogether, … ;There fore, it can be concluded that…On the basis, / Given this, it can be inferred that …Finally, it can / may be said that …to sump up in summary ? 表示因果的词语:?
consequently, as a result, in consequence, therefore, hence, thus, accordingly, so, for, since ? 表示递进过渡的词语:? besides, in addition ( to ), moreover, furthermore, what's more, to make things still worse ?? 从上面所讲中大家应该知道作文的套路,万变不离其中,再加上平时的积累, 相信大家不会在作文中失分太多。
英语四六级写作试题模板??图表式作文
写作模板??图表式作文 It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第 一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第 三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括 号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).
Part V
Writing
(30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition based on the following graph: What Jobs Do College Students Want to Do (A) Study the following graph carefully and write an essay at least 120 words. (B) Your essay must be written neatly on Answer Sheet II. (C) Your essay should meet the requirement below: (
  1) 目前学生择业状况 (
  2) 男女学生就业选择的区别 (
  3) 我的观点
What Jobs Do College Students Want to Do
What Jobs Do College Students Want to Do
It goes without saying that college students have a clear idea about their future occupation. Boys are to some extend different from girls in their choices as is seen from the graph. As can be seen from the picture, the most striking contrast is in the occupation of teaching: 45% of girls students would like to do the job. What boys like to do most is to become managers (40%) and the second largest group is to be businessmen (30%). Girls also like to pursue these two professions, with a percentage of 15% and 25% respectively choosing these two jobs. 15% of boys want to become lawyers while 10% of girls preferring this professions. It can be easily proved that teaching is preferred by females as it provides a more regular and purer life. Women’s patience also fits the job well. Boys consider working as scientist, managers, businessmen and lawyers more demanding and stimulating. It is true that more boys want to show their talents in these fields. One thing worthy of note is that the number of girls wanting to do business is not small. This shows that girls also want to do the challenging and exciting jobs. Nevertheless, it can be easily proved that no matter what job you will chose, it will be more challenge. As for me, I like science and with the development of economy and the progress of society. Science and technology will become more and more important. As for me, I will choose scientist as my career.
 

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