英语四六级写作中词汇量不足的应急措施
在四六级作文中,词汇量不足是影响成绩的一个重要因素。一个意思往往因 为一个单词不会而表达不清,一个好的句子也会因为一个词汇想不起来而不能完 成。如何应付这种情况使作文顺利进行下去?下面是三种简便易行的应急措施可 能对你会有所帮助。
  1.试用笼统词 英语语言中笼统词有 have, take 等,笼统词的重要特点在于意义广泛,搭 配性强,构成词组后可以替代众多具体动词。虽然不能精确表达一个动作,却能 大致表达意思。在一些具体动词写不出来的时候,用这些笼统词取代,也能收到 异曲同工的效果。 例如:我经历了一个极其艰苦的时代。 I experienced a terrible hard time. 这一句中, experience 被遗忘时, have 代替, 用 成为: had a terrible hard I time. 其效果及表达的意义决不亚于第一句。这样的例子还很多。如: Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir? I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting. I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper. They occupied the city. = They took the city. The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.
从以上的例句不难看出,具体词音节较多,使用频率不高,容易遗忘,而笼 统词则不然。因此,在作文应试中,笼统词取代具体词,不失为一种应急良策。
  2.联想有关词汇 当遗忘产生时,或遇到未曾学过的词时,应采取放射性思维,发挥想象力, 想出一切与之有关的单词,利用语言的内在联系,多层次,多角度地运用语言。 一般情况下,联想可按下列思路进行:1 联想同义词;2 联想反义词。 英语语言中众多的同义词在许多情况下是可以通用的。利用这一规律,由于 某个单词受阻而影响全篇写作的情况便不会出现。试看下列句子: I had a nightmare last night. = I had a bad dream last night. Nightmare 使用频率不太高,因此不太好记。而其同义词 bad dream 却很容 易记。 以后者取代前者丝毫不影响原句的意义。 再比如: don understand this I ‘t word. 也可以说成 I don’t know this word. 另外: He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly. The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat. They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five. His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper. 英语语言中词与词之间是有联系的,词与词之间语义的“共核”现象即所谓 的同义词。丰富的同义词给我们提供了极大的方便。
同样,用其反义词来取代某一遗忘了的词也是可行的,请看下面的例子: He is stubborn. = He is not tame. The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp. This is expensive. = This is not cheap. She is talkative. = She is never quiet.
  3. 试用解释性语句 语言的功能在于表达,而表达的方式是多种多样的。当一个词影响到??以沟 通。英语当中多功能解释性语句,就可以起到这一作用。请看下面的句子: He is a dumb. = He is a person who can not speak. He refused. = He said “no”. I‘ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other‘s advice. 解释性语句能帮助我们巧妙地避开一些大词,难词,又能使意思表达流畅, 不失为一聪明之举。比较下面两篇文章: (
  1)Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all detest is, but all being domineered by it. It represents a trial; the grade its verdict. Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can dominate one‘s future. I am not exaggerating; for you all know it
is true. If we want to obtain a diploma, we must first pass the exams. If we do not have a diploma, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may concern their future. But as long as examination is on its peak of power, we must be philosophical of it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may indulge ourselves in other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and thoroughly? (
  2)Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all dislike it (hate it), but all being ruled by it. It is a trial; the grade its decision. Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can control one‘s future. I am telling the truth, for you all know it is true. If we want to get a graduation paper, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may have something to do with their future. But as long as examination is on its highest point of power, we must have a calm attitude to it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may
spend our time on other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and deeply? 比较两篇文章,第一篇短小精干,用词准确,不失为一篇优秀作文。而第二 篇全篇采用最普通的词汇,意思同样清楚,也不失得体,流畅。 四六级作文的评分标准一般侧重于能清楚地表达意义, 段落, 层次有系统性, 语法正确,而并不过分强调用词的精确度。因此作文应试的要领应该是快捷、清 楚、流畅。所以,就考试而言,碰到难词或遗忘词时,过分地把时间花在“钻牛 角尖”上是不明智的,而应该采取灵活的思维方法、迂回的战术,运用简单、易 记的词汇及表达方式,从而能够运用有限的词汇作出美妙的文章,轻松自如地驾 驭语言, 把握时机, 以聪明克服缺陷, 以机智灵巧克服学究式的笨拙, 以少胜多, 最大限度地发挥自己的潜能。
 

相关内容

怎样写英语作文(用)3

   How to Write a Composition ? 1.记叙文 1.记叙文 2.说明文 2.说明文 3.议论文 3.议论文 英语写作多数为指导性写作或 称: 半命题写作,也就是说,是先 给一定的材料,然后让学生依据所 给的材料按要求作文. 作文: 作文: 方法:组写,缩写,扩写, 改写, 或看图作文等. 如何写好英语作文呢? 一.写好句子 句子要正确. 1,句子要正确. 2,句子要平行. 句子要平行. 句子要连贯. 3,句子要连贯. 句子要有逻辑性. 4,句子要有逻辑性. 句子要避免过 ...

《怎样写英语作文》

   怎样写英语作文? 怎样写英语作文? 其实英语作文无须像语文作文那样写得很优美, 只要语法对就行了!!如果考试想多拿分,那么 就把句子写长,如果没办法写长,就在句子里多使用逗号,那么还没有使用句号句子就还没有 结束,那样,句子就会长!!!! 英语写作能力也是灵活运用知识的一种综合能力。 1.中国有句古话,叫"熟读唐诗三百首,不会吟诗也会作"。同样,要使自己具有较强的写作 能力, 首先应该熟读和背诵一些句型和短文。 许多同学写出来的语言根本不符合英语的语言 习惯,相当一部分人 ...

英语作文

   English composition YangLiuQing No.4 Middle School WangZhenbao Hi, everyone. I likes travelling very much. Where did I go? Listening Practice A B C D Chinatown Greenwich Maritime Museum London IMAX cinema E Round-house composition My trip Where did ...

英语作文

   英语作文的文章的开头 来源:网络 作者:佚名 点击: 197 次 写作素材:英语作文的文章的开头 一篇文章通常可分为三个部分,即开头、正文和结尾。这三个部分安排 是否得体,直接影响到文章的质量。 文章的开头一般来说应尽量做到开门见山, 用简单明白的叙述引出文章 的话题,使读者了解文章要谈论什么,一下于引起读者的兴趣。 作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种: 1.开门见山,揭示主题 文章一开头,,就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度假)的开头是 ...

英语作文

   Many people insist that... 很多人坚持认为... With the development of science and technology, more and more people believe that... 随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为... A lot of people seem to think that... 很多人似乎认为... 引出不同观点: People's views on... vary from person to person. ...

英语作文

   请以"My Classmate"为标题写一篇记叙文 要求:1、主题明确。语言流畅。思路清晰。 2、字数在 100 字以内。 思路点拨 写记叙文要按照事物发展的客观规律叙述,所叙述的内容要交代清楚,条理清晰,重点突 出,主次分明,详略得当。 这篇文章也是记叙文,主人公应该用第三人称,时态以一般过去时为主。 本文以主人公为 中心线索,以一、 两件事件为重点内容去组织材料,反映主人公的形象特征。 整个内容情节要 合情合理,有真实感,叙述时可按事情发展的顺序进行,同时加以点评。 ...

英语作文

   Hi Peter, I am writing to tell you the schedule of your coming visit.After your safe arrival,in the morning,we will lead you to meet the teachers and students firstly.Then we will have a Chinese music class to enjoy with you.At last,you will learn ...

英语作文

   英语作文的模板 比较模式 1 运用比较的手法阐明自己定的取舍,对于赞成的事物,其优点要详细写,对于其缺点要 少写。对于反对的事物,其优点要少写,缺点有多写。 Part1 S1 主题 the subjects to be compared S2 总论点 your preference for B over A Part2 S3 承认 A 的优点 S4 A disadvantages1 S5 A disadvantages2 S6 A disadvantages3 S7 B advantages ...

英语作文

   这篇优秀的 “高考英语作文” 由知识宝库收集, 来源于互联网和会员投稿, 仅供参考和学习, 转载请注明出处。 对比观点题型 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为... 2. 另一些人认为... 3. 我的看法... The topic of ①(主题) becoming more and more popular recently. There are two is sides of opinions about it. Some people say A i ...

英语作文

   If you have received possibly have the earthquake warning, continues to maintain listens to the local broadcasting station newest report and the suggestion, like the suggestion switches off the liquid gas, the power source. Greatly but the heavy ob ...

热门内容

英语演讲即兴演讲,问答话题集合

   Impromptu Public Speaking Topics Real wealth is never measured in money or possessions. Conservation is survival. Real love is not the stuff of pop songs. If I were an animal I'd be a... Plants have feelings too. Junk food's popularity relies on ma ...

最新职称英语考试词汇

   职称英语考试词汇推荐(基本词汇和重点词汇) 职称英语考试词汇推荐(基本词汇和重点词汇) 王霞 职称英语的词汇大纲中提供了约 6000 个词汇, 在这里我们根据 自己的经验向大家推荐 3000 左右应该掌握的和考试中容易考察的词 汇,希望对大家最后的复习有所帮助. 我们建议学员在这最后的时间里采用这样的词汇学习方法 --知识点(考点)拓展复习法:举例如下: A A (an honest man, a university, a piece of paper/message/furniture) ...

九年级英语语法专项复习4-状语从句

   语法专项复习-状语从句 语法专项复习 状语从句 卢翠松 1.[09杭州中考]Don’t talk loudly at the meeting. [ 杭州中考 杭州中考] If you, you will have to leave. A. are B. do C. did D. can 解析】 【解析】选B。句意:开会时不要大声交谈,如果 。句意:开会时不要大声交谈, 大声交谈,你将不得不离开。 引导的条件状语从 大声交谈,你将不得不离开。if引导的条件状语从 用一般现在时表示将来的动作, ...

研英难句之跟我一起突破2010考研英语长难句汇总1-92

   【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(1) 3 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(2) 3 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(3) 4 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(5) 4 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(6) 5 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(7) 5 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(8) 5 【研英难句】和我一起突破 2010 考研英语长难句(9) 6 ...

彰化县民生国民小学九十四学年度第二学期五年级英语课程计画

   彰化~#民生W民小[x九十四[x年度第二[x期五年}英??? 程?uk 18.g朗??雷嘤??。 19.能?}懂N&了解?q中的y?灿??。 20.能熟悉N&正x???脖 Listen and Speak U??木渥印 21.能?}懂、了解,N&g使用日常生活用??“You first.”和“Next one, please.”。 1._疑?x期所[x?N的重要字_Y。 2._疑?x期所[x?N的日常生活用??。 3.能?}懂N&了以 What 引\?bUO他人?q?_x嫉?O句?答句。 ...