2011 职称英语考试综合类 A 级模拟试题 及答案
来源:考试吧(Exam
  8.com) 得好成绩! 第 1 页:第一部分:词汇选项 第 2 页:第二部分:阅读判断 第 3 页:第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 第 4 页:第四部分:阅读理解 第 5 页:第五部分:补全短文 第 6 页:第六部分:完形填空 第 7 页:答案解析 2011-1-2 11:02:04 【考试吧:中国教育培训第一门户】 模拟考场 考试吧整理“2011 职称英语考试综合类 A 级模拟试题及答案”供广大考生备考使用,预祝大家取
第一部分:词汇选项(第 1-15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 第一部分:词汇选项 第 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线, 请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为接 近的选项。
  1. Her father was a quiet man with graceful manners. A. bad B. polite C. similar D. usual
  2. Patricia stared at the other girls with resentment. A. love B. surprise C. doubt D. anger
  3. Your dog needs at least 20 minutes of vigorous exercise every day.
A. energentic B. physical C. regular D. free
  4. Our aggrangements were thrown into complete turmoil. A. failure B. confusion C. doubt D. relief
  5. Steep stairs can present a particular hazard to older people. A. evidence B. danger C. case D. picture
  6. I enjoyed the play-it had a clever plot and very funny dialogues. A. long B. original C. humorous D. boring
  7. He demolished my arguments in minutes. A. disproved B. disputed C. accepted D. supported

  8. The two banks have announced plans to merge next year. A. combine B. sell C. close D. break
  9. Regular visits from a social worker can be of immense value to old people living alone. A. immediate B. great C. equal D. moderate
  10. I want to provide my boys with a decent education. A. private B. general C. good D. special
  11. Lower taxes would spur investment and help economic growth. A. attract B. encourage C. require D. spend
  12. He was kept in appalling conditions in prison. A. critical B. temble
C. necessary D. normal
  13. I can't put up with my neighbor's noise any longer, it's driving me mad. A. measure B. generate C. tolerate D. reduce
  14. The project required ten years of diligent research. A. hardworking B. scientific C. basic D. social
  15. He was rather vague about the reasons why he never finished school. A. unclear B. bright C. bad D. general 第二部分:阅读判断 第 第二部分:阅读判断(第 16-22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) 下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子, 请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断: 如果该句提供 的是正确信息,请选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择 B;如果该句的信息文中没有 提及,请选择 C。 The Writing's on the Wall? Is it art or is it just vandalism (野蛮行为)? Well, it's still a crime, but graffiti (涂鸦) has changed since the days of spraying your name on a wall to mark your territory. Stre et art has become much more sophisticated since a 17-year-old called Demetrius started sp raying his "tag" , TAKI 183, all over the New York underground in 1971, and hip - hop
culture was born. Hip-hop is a mixture of art, music and dancing, poetry, language and f ashion. It came from young inner-city people who fell left out by their richer classmates and who were desperate to express themselves in any way they could. An experiment to control the spread of graffiti in Rochdale, Creater Manchester, has been sosuccessful that plans have been made by local street artists for an international con vention in June. "We're planning to get people together from different countries like Franc e and Cermany for a week, " says Liam, one of the organizers. The scheme started in 20 00, and has attracted people of all age groups and both sexes. " We all share a commen interest and get on really well with each other. " The first site to be chosen was a subwa y. " Before we began, people were afraid to use the subway. We had it cleaned up and now, with all the artists hanging out down there, people are using it again. People can rel ate to graffiti much more now. " By providing places to display their talents legally, there has been a fall in the amount of "tagging" on people's private property. Street artists Temper developed his drawing skills at a young age. In art classes at sc hool he was really frustrated because the Art teacher didn't spend time with him. They th ought he was already very good at art and so spend more time with other students. So, a t 12 years old, Temper started painting with all these guys he'd hooked up with who wer e about 22 years old. He looked up to them and loved what they were doing on the stre ets of Wolvehampicn, England. "The whole hip -hop scene was built up of different thing s and I did a bit of everything. But it was always the graffiti I was best at. " he says.
  16. Demetrius was a teenager bom in New York. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
  17. The graffiti scheme in Rochodale was for teenagers only. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
  18. People did not like using the subway before an organized group of graffiti aritists came. A. Right
B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
  19. Since the scheme started, new wall in the town were sprayed with graffiti. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
  20. Most of the other graffiti artists in England were about ten years older than Tem per. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
  21. Temper, a street artist, is now head of graffiti club in England. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
  22. Temper is involved in many different aspects of hip-hop culture. A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned 第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 第 第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(第 23-30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) 下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务: (
  1)第 23-26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第 2-5 段每段选择 1 个最佳标题; (
  2)第 27-30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个句子确定 1 个最佳选项。 Waste Not, Want Not
I Bob and Clara Darlington, who own and run a farm in the North of England, have alwayslooked for new ways of making money out of the produce they grow. Their succe ss began when they established a shop on their farm, so that people could come and buy fresh vegetables directly from them. 2 The business was an immediate success, and soon scored top marks in a competiti on set up by the Farm Retail Association to find the best farm shop in the country. The Association's inspectors found the Darlingtons' shop offered excellent service and value for money as well as quality fruit and vegetable. 3 Clara Darlington is a trained chef and, in addition to a range of home-grown foods and other local produce, she began offering a variety of prepared meals which she had made herself in the farmhouse kitchen. A small cafe alongside the farm shop was soon a dded, with everything that visitors could taste on the menu also being for sale in the sho p. 4 Clara admits that starting the business was expensive, and she has worked very har d, but maintains that if the product is good, the public recognize this and buy it. "I aim t o offer the highest quality to our customers, whether they come in for a loaf of bread, or take a whole dinner-party menu. I take it as a compliment(恭维) if people take home on e of my dishes to serve to their family and friends and get away with pretending they m ade it themselves. " 5 So it was that the couple realized that they had a surplus of misshapen or damage d vegetables grown on the farm which were unsuitable for selling in the shop. Clara, not wishing to see them get thrown away, decided to turn them into soup. 6 The soup met with the immediate approval of customers to the shop and Clara no w produces ten different varieties. She spent much of the summer traveling up and down to London by rail, doing presentations of the soups. As a result, they are now served in f irst-class railway restaurant cars belonging to three companies as well as being stocked by a number of high-class London stores.
  23. Paragraph 2 .
  24. Paragraph 3 .
  25. Paragraph 4 .
  26. Paragraph 5 . A. Professional recognition is obtained B. Ensuring that nothing gets wasted C. A necessary alternative to farming
D. Time well spent is rewarded E. Continuing investment is necessary alternative to farming in high stand9rds F. Professional skills are exploited
  27. Bob and Clara Darlington established a shop to _
  28. Apart from quality fruit and vegetables, the couple
  29. Instead of throwing the damaged vegetables away , the couple
  30. Clara spent much of the summer going to London to A. sell fresh vegetables B. turn them into soup C. sell as much as possible D. promote her soups E. fill a gap in the market F. offer a variety of prepared meals 第四部分:阅读理解 第 第四部分:阅读理解(第 31-45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 1 个最佳选项。 第1篇 The Iceman On a September day in 1991, two Germans were climbing the mountains between Au stria and Italy. High up on a mountain pass, they found the body of a man lying on the ice. At that height(10,499 feet, or 3,200 meters), the ice is usually permanent, but 1991 h ad been an especially warm year. The mountain ice had melted more than usual and so t he body had come to the surface. It was lying face downward. The skeleton(骨架) was in perfect condition, except for a wound in the head. There was still skin on the bones and the remains of some clothes. The hands were still holding the wooden handle of an ax and on the feet there were ver y simple leather and cloth boots. Nearby was a pair of gloves made of tree bark(树皮) a nd a holder for arrows.
Who was this man? How and when had he died? Everybody had a different answer t o these questions. Some people thought that it was from this century , perhaps the body of a soldier who died in World War I , since several soldiers had already been found in the area. A Swiss woman believed it might be her father, who had died in those mountai ns twenty years before and whose body had never been found. The scientists who rushed to look at the body thought it was probably much older, maybe even a thousand years ol d. With modern dating techniques, the scientists soon learned that the Iceman was about 5,300 years old. Bom in about 3300 B.C., he lived during the Bronze Age in Europe. A t first scientists thought he was probably a hunter who had died from an accident in the high mountains. More recent evidence, however, tells a different story. A new kind of X - ray shows an arrowhead still stuck in his shoulder. It left only a tiny hole in his skin, but it caused internal damage and bleeding. He almost certainly died from this wound, an d not from the wound on the back of his head. This means that he was probably in som e kind of a battle. It may have been part of a larger war, or he may have been fighting bandits. He may even have been a bandit himself. By studying his clothes and tools, scientists have already learned a great deal from th e Iceman about the times he lived in. we may never know the full story of how he died, but he has give us important clues to the history of those distant times.
  31. The body of the Iceman was found in the mountains mainly because . A. he was lying on the ice B. he was just on a mountain pass C. two Germans were climbing the mountains D. the melted ice made him visible
  32. What can be inferred from paragraph 2? A. The Iceman lived a poor life. B. The Iceman was struck dead from behind. C. The Iceman was killed while working. D. The Iceman could have died from the wound in the head.
  33. All the following are assumptions once made about the Ice man EXCEPT . A. he was a soldier in World War I
B. he was a Swiss woman's long-lost father C. he came from Italy D. he was born about a thousand years ago
  34. The scientists made the deduction that the Iceman A. had got a wound on the back of his head B. had a tiny hole in his skin causing his death C. was hit in the shoulder by an arrowhead D. was probably in some kind of a battle
  35. The word "bandits" in paragraph 4 could be best replaced by . A. soldiers B. hunters C. robbers D. shooters 第2篇 The Best Way to Reduce Your Weight You hear this:"No wonder you are fat. All you ever do is eat. " You feel sad:"l skip my breakfast and supper. I run every morning and evening. What else can I do?" Basica lly you can do nothing. Your genes, not your life habits, determine your weight and your body constantly tries to maintain it. Albert Stunkard of the University of Pennsylvania found from experiments that, "80 p ercent of the children of two obese (肥胖的) parents become obese,as compared with no more than 14 percent of the offspring of two parents of normal weight. " How can obese people become normal or even thin through dieting? Well,dieting can be effective, but the health costs are tremendous. Jules Hirsch, a research physician at R ockefeller University, did a study of eight fat people. They were given a liquid formula p roviding 600 calories a day.After more than 10 weeks,the subjects lost 45ka on average. But after leaving the hospital,they all regained weight. The results were surprising: by met abolic (新陈代谢的) measurement, fat people who lost large amounts of weig
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