职称英语补全短文练习题与答案 职称英语补全短文练习题与答案
PASSAGE 1 Teamwork in Tourism
?Growing cooperation among branches of tourism has proved valuable to all concerned. Government b ureaus, trade and travel associations, carriers and properties are all working together to bring about optim um conditions for travelers. Travel operators, specialists in the field of planning, sponsor extensive research programs. They have knowledge of all areas and all carrier services, and they are experts in organizing different types of tour s and (
  1). They distribute materials to agencies, such as journals, brochures and advertising proj ects. They offer familiarization and workshop tours (
  2). Tourist counselors give valuable seminars to acquaint agents with new programs and techniques in selling. In this way agents learn (
  3) and to suggest different modes and combinations of travel - plane s; ships, trains, motor coaches, car-rentals, and even car purchases. Properties and agencies work closely together to make the most suitable contracts, considering both t he comfort of the clients and their own profitable financial arrangement. Agencies rely upon the good ser vices of hotels, and, conversely, (
  4), to fulfill their contracts and to send them clients. The same confidence exists between agencies and carriers, (
  5). Carriers are dependent upon agencies to supply passengers, and agencies are dependent upon carriers to present them with marketable tours. All services must work together for greater efficiency, fair pricing and contented customers. A including car-rental and sight-seeing services. B so that in a short time agents can obtain first-hand knowledge of the tours. C in preparing effective advertising campaigns D as a result tourism is flouring in all countries E hotels rely upon agencies F to explain destinations
PASSAGE 2 Death control
?A very important world problem-in fact, I am incline a ed to say it is the most important of all the great world problems(
  1) -is the rapidly increasing pressure of population on land and on land resources. This enormous increase of population will create immense problems. By 2000 A.D., unless somethin
g desperate happens, there will be as many as 7,000,000,000 people on the surface of the earth! So this is a problem which you are going to see in your lifetime Why is this enormous increase in population taking place? It is really due to the spread of the kno wledge and the practice of (
  2). You have heard of Birth Control? Death Control is s omething rather different. Death Control recognizes the work of the doctors and the nurses and the hospit als and the health services in keeping alive people who,(
  3), Would have died of some of the incredibly serious killing diseases , as they used to do. Squalid conditions, which we can remedy by an improved standard of living, caused a lot of disease and dirt. Medical examinations at school catch dise ases early and ensure healthier school children. Scientists are at work stamping out malaria and other mo re deadly diseases. If you are seriously ill there is an ambulance to take you to a modern hospital. Medi cal care helps (
  4). We used to think seventy was a good age; now eighty, ninety, it may be , are coming to be recognized as a normal age for human beings. People are living longer because of t his Death Control, and (
  5), so the population of the world is shooting up. 练习: A fewer children are dying B a few years ago C what is coming to be called Death Control D which face us at the present time E making it possible for people to live longer F to keep people alive longer
PASSAGE 3 Ludwig van Beethoven ?Ludwig van Beethoven, a major composer of the nineteenth century, overcame many personal proble ms to achieve artistic greatness. Born in B a onn, Germany, in 1770, be first studied music with the court organist, Gilles van deer Eeden. His fath er was excessively strict and given to heavy drinking. When his mother died, Beethoven, (
  1), w as named guardian of his two younger brothers. Appointed deputy court organist to Christian Gottlob Nef f at a surprisingly early age in 1782, Beethoven also played the harpsichord and the viola. In 1792 he w as sent to Vienna by his patron, Count Ferdinand Wald stein, to study music under Haydn. Beethoven remained unmarried. Because of irregular payments from his publishers and erratic support from his patrons, (
  2). Continually plagued by ill health, he developed an ear infection which le d to his tragic deafness in 18
  19. In spited of this handicap, (
  3). He completed mature masterpieces of great musical depth: t hree piano sonata, four string quartets, the Missa Solemnis, and the 9th Symphony. He died in 18
  27. His life was marked (
  4). Noting that Beethoven often flew into fits of rage, Goethe once said of him, "I am astonished by hi
s talent, but he is unfortunately an altogether untamed personality." Although Beethoven's personality _(
  5), his music shows great discipline and control, and this is how we remember him best.
A however, he continued to write music B he was troubled by financial worries throughout his adult life C by a passionate dedication to independence D then a young man E may have been untamed F his music has been loved over the past centuries
KEYS: DBACE 1 2 3 PASSAGE 4 The Importance of Agriculture in China
?The development of agriculture and the balance between food and population are China's fundamenta l economic problems. The classical histories praise emperors for devotion to agriculture and much of Chi na's modern history is (
  1), which has been growing steadily. Today, although agriculture accounts for only a quarter of the Gross National Product, it is still the main determinant of the standard of living and the principal occupation of at least 70 percent of populati on. Agriculture also (
  2) because industry needs both agricultural raw materials and food for its work force. The failure of agriculture to supply raw material and food halted and later reversed the ind ustrial progress of the 1950's, After 1960 new emphasis was placed on agriculture, and the slogan "Agric ulture is the foundation of the economy" has remained a central Chinese economic policy ever since. (
  3), there is an indirect link due to the relationship between agriculture and foreign trade. Ma ny of China's exports are (
  4) or consumer goods based on them. Flourishing agriculture, therefore, promotes exports. It also reduces the need to spend foreign exchange on imports of grain and cotton, th erefore __(
  5). 练习: A determines the progress of industry B the story of the unfolding struggle to feed a peasant population C either agricultural raw materials D enlarging the capacity of the economy to import machinery and commodities for industry E In addition to the direct links between agriculture and industry F thus promoting both import and export
Tests Show Women Suited for Space Travel
?Between 1977 and 1981, three groups of American woman, (
  1), between the age of 35 and 65, were given month-long tests to determine how they would respond to conditions resembling those aboar d the space shuttle. Thoug a h (
  2), the women were volunteers and the pay was barely above the minimum wage. They wer e not allowed (
  3) during the tests, and they were expected to tolerate each other's company at cl ose quarters for the entire period. Among other things they had to stand pressure three times the force o f gravity and carry out both physical and mental tasks __(
  4)__. At the end of ten days, they had to spe nd a further twenty days absolutely confined to bed, during which time they suffered backaches and othe r discomforts, and when they were finally allowed up, the more physically active women were especially subject to pains due to a slight calcium loss. Results of the tests suggest that women will have significant advantages over men in space. They ne ed less food and les oxygen and they stand up to radiation better. Men's advantages __(
  5)__, meanwhile, are virtually wiped out by the zero-gravity condition in space. EXERCISE: A): to smoke or drink alcohol B) carefully selected from among many applicants C) numbering 27 in all D) in terms of strength and stamina E) those who are physically stronger F) while exhausted from strenuous physical exercise KEY:C B A F D
Development in Newspaper Organization ?One of the most important developments in newspaper organization during the first part of the twent ieth century (
  1), which are known as wire services. Wire-service companies employed repo rters, who covered stories all over the world. Their news reports were sent to papers throughout the coun try by telegraph. The papers paid an annual fee for this service. Wire services continue (
  2) . Today the major wire services are the Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (UPI). You will frequently find AP or UPI at the beginning of a news story. Newspaper chains and mergers began to appear in the early 1900s. A chain consists of two or more newspapers (
  3). A a merger involves combining two or more papers into one. During the nineteenth century many cities ha d more than one competitive independent paper. Today in most cities there are only one or two newspap ers, and (
  4). Often newspapers in several cities belong to one chain. Papers have combine
d (
  5). Chains and mergers have cut down production costs and brought the advantages of big-business methods to the newspaper industry.
A. to play an important role in newspaper operations B. was the growth of telegraph services C. and they usually enjoy great prestige D. they are usually operated by a single owner E. in order to survive under the pressure of rising costs F. owned by a single person or organization
PASSAGE 7 The Building of the Pyramids
?The oldest stone buildings in t he world are the pyramids. They have stood for nearly 5,000 years, and it seems like that (
  1). There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Ni le, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the "Ste p" pyramid and the "Bent" pyramid. Some of the pyramids still look much the same as they must have done when they were built thous ands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of men who were l ooking for treasure or, more often, (
  2). The dry climate of Egypt has helped to preserve the py ramids, and their very shape (
  3). These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, b ut perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last for ever. It is practically certain that plans were made for the building of the pyramids(
  4). However, there are no writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids themselve s. Consequently, we are only able to guess at the methods used. Nevertheless, by examining the actual p yramids and various a tools which have been found, archaeologists have formed a fairly clear picture of them. One thing is certain: there must have been months of careful planning(
  5). The first thing they had to do was to choose a suitable place. You may think this would have been easy with miles a nd miles of empty desert around, but a pyramid could not be built just anywhere. Certain rules had to b e followed, and certain problems had to b overcome. EXERCISE: A for stone to use in modern buildings B has made them less likely to fall into ruin C before they could begin to build D because the plans of other large works have fortunately been preserved E while building the pyramids
F they will continue to stand for thousands of years yet Key:FABDC 1 2 3 4 PASSAGE 8 Einstein Named "Person of Century"
?Albert Einstein, whose theories on space time and matter helped unravel the secrets of the atom and of the universe, was chosen as "Person of the Century" by Time magazine on Sunday. A man whose very name is synonymous with scientific genius, Einstein has come to represent_(
  1)_th e flowering of 20th century scientific thought that set the stage for the age of technology. "The world has changed far more in the past 100 years than in any other century in history. The re ason is not political or economic, but technological-technologies_(
  2)_," wrote theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking in a Time essay explaining Einstein's significance. "Clearly, no scientist better represents those advances than Albert Einstein." Time chose as runner-up President Franklin Roosevelt to represent the triumph of freedom and demo cracy over fascism, and Mahatma Gandhi as an icon for a century when civil and human rights became crucial factors in global politics. "What we saw Franklin Roosevelt embodying the great theme of freedom's fight against totalitarianis m, Gandhi personifying the great theme of individuals struggling for their rights, and Einstein being both a great genius and a great symbol of a scientific revolution that brought with it amazing technological a dvances_(
  3)_," said Time Magazine Editor Walter Isaacson. Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany in 18
  79. In h



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