2009 年度全国职称英语等级考试理工类(A 级)真题及答案 年度全国职称英语等级考试理工类(
人事考试教育网整理 2010-10-28 13:2
【大 中 小】【我要纠错】
词汇选项( 第 1 部分:词汇选项(第
  1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) ~ 个词或短语划有横线, 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有横线,请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为接近 的选项。 的选项。 1 Why can't you stop your eternal complaining? A everlasting C temporary B long D boring
2 Hundreds of buildings were wrecked by the earthquake. A shaken C fallen B damaged D jumped
3 These paintings are considered by many to be authentic. A faithful C genuine B royal D sincere
4 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics. A attraction C power B simplicity D rigor
5 Ten years after the event, her death still remains a puzzle. A mist C mystery B fog D secret
6 John was irritated by the necessity for polite conversation, A annoyed C angered B troubled D aroused
7 Academic records cannot be duplicated. A borrowed C rewritten B purchased D copied
8 The emphasis on the importance of education has spurred scientific research A fastened B encouraged
C raised
D initiated
9 We have ample money for the journey A some C extra B little D enough
10 The doctor's pills worked marvels for me. A patients C illness B miracles D recovery
11 Mary's perpetual moaning nearly drove me mad. A monotonous C serious B endless D bitter
12 It was hard to say why the man deserved such shabby treatment A old C funny B unforgettable D unfair
13 You didn't adhere to these principles. A follow C prove B order D handle
14 The farmers also want to use the water to irrigate the barren land. A empty C bare B hairless D smooth
15 Anyone who wants to apply for a loan need read the following specifications. A expressions C instructions B warnings D advertisements
部分:阅读判断( 第 2 部分:阅读判断(第
  16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) ~ 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断: 下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供 的是正确信息, 的是正确信息,请选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择 B;如果该句的信息文中没 ;如果该句提供的是错误信息, ; 有提及, 有提及,请选择 C. Water-the Issue of This Century The world is running short of fresh water. Populations are growing bigger and
Thirstier(渴的), with the result that freshwater is becoming increasingly scarce (缺乏)。 Half the world's wetlands have disappeared during the last century, while estimates suggest that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years. The World Bank report estimates that as much as half of the world's population, concentrated in Africa, the Middle East and south Asia, will face 'severe water shortages' by 20
  25. Local water conflicts and the loss of freshwater ecosystems appear large in some regions. A similar picture emerges from the globe's salt water regions. Three-quarters of the world's people may live within 100km of the sea in 20
  25, putting even more pressure on stretched coastal ecosystems. Two thirds of fisheries (渔业) are exploited at or beyond their sustainable limits, and half the world's coral reefs (珊瑚礁) may perish in 100 years. Almost 60% of coral reefs and 34% of fish species are at risk from human activities, the Bank says. The report concludes that there is ample evidence to justify immediate and coordinated action to safeguard supplies and use water more efficiently. Fresh water consumption is rising quickly, and the availability of water in some regions is likely to become one of the most pressing issues of the 21st century. A third of the world's population - around two billion people - live in countries that are experiencing moderate to high water shortages. That proportion could rise to half or more in the next 30 years unless institutions (制度) change to ensure better conservation and allocation of water. China is one country where the portents (征兆) are gloomy. The most water-stressed country in East Asia, China is exploiting 44% of its usable water, a figure projected to rise to 60% by 20
  20. Primary withdrawal of water of more than 60% is widely considered by water experts to exceed the environmental carrying capacity of a river basin system. Although China's total use appears still to be reasonable, it has several basins that are severely stressed environmentally. Withdrawals exceed environmental limits in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and will exceed them in India by 20
  20. In the Middle East and North Africa, only Morocco has unexploited water resources. The rest have exceeded environmental limits and many are mining aquifers (蓄水层) - bodies of water-bearing rock - the report says. 16 It is estimated that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
17 Most developed countries will face water shortages in 20 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18 Most of the world's population may live within 100km of the sea in 20
  25. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19 Almost all coral reefs may disappear in 100 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20 Some species of fish in the Atlantic are at dangerously low levels. A 21 Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
The World Bank report implies that urgent action should be taken to protect water
supplies. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
22 India exceeds environmental limits for water use. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
部分:概括大意与完成句子( 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子(第
  23~30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) ~ 项测试任务: (
  1) 下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务: )第
  23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第
  1~4 段 ( ~ ~ 选择个最佳标题;( ;(
  2) 每段 1 选择个最佳标题;( )第
  27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个句子确定 1 个 ~ 最佳选项。 最佳选项。 Chimpanzees 1 Chimpanzees (黑猩猩) will soon be extinct (灭绝)。 If the present rate of hunting
and habitat (栖息地) destruction continues, then within 20 years, there will be no chimpanzees living in the wild. But this is more than an environmental or moral tragedy (悲剧) 。 Chimpanzee extinction may also have profound implications (含意) for the survival of their distant relatives - human beings. 2 In 1975 the biologist Marie-Claire King and Allan Wilson discovered that the human and
chimpanzee genomes (基因组) match by over 98%. Compare this to the mouse, used as model for human disease in lab tests, which shares only 60% of its DNA with us. In fact, chimpanzees are far more similar to humans than they are to any other species of monkey. As well as resembling us genetically, chimps are highly intelligent and able to use tools. These facts alone should be enough to make protection of chimps an urgent priority (优先) But there 。 is another, more selfish reason to preserve the chimp. 3 The chimpanzees' trump card (王牌) comes in the field of medical research.
Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that veterinarians (兽医) often refer to human medical textbooks when treating them. Yet chimpanzees do show differences in several key areas. In particular, chimps are much more resistant to a number of major diseases. It is this ability that is so interesting.
4
For example, chimps seem to show a much higher resistance than humans to HIV, the
virus that causes AIDS. Indeed, their use as experimental animals in AIDS research has declined because they are so resistant. 5 By sequencing the chimp genome and pinpointing (找到) the place where the
chimpanzee DNA sequence differs from that of humans, scientists hope to be able to discover which part of the genetic code gives chimps their increased resistance to some diseases. This, they hope, will allow them to develop new and more effective treatments for the human forms of these diseases. Such treatments could include the production of new drugs or even the alteration (改变) of the human genetic sequence. The recently completed human genome sequencing project has shown that such an effort is now well within our reach. 23 Paragraph 1 24 Paragraph 2 25 Paragraph 3 26 Paragraph 4 。 。 。 。
A Reasons for HIV resistance B Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans C Effective AIDS treatment D Genetic similarities between chimps and humans E Chimps' resistance to HIV F Genetic differences between chimps and“ humans 27 Chimpanzee extinction may affect 。 。
28 There is a difference of less than 2% between the chimp and 29 getting
Scientists suspect that genes play a significant role in protecting chimps from 。 。
30 The discovery of the genetic code of chimps will be helpful to A some human disease treatments B some diseases C human survival D human genomes E key areas F healthier lifestyle
部分:阅读理解( 第 4 部分:阅读理解(第
  31~45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) ~ 篇短文, 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 个最佳选项。 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 1 个最佳选项。
31 The “Youth Emancipation” program aims at helping young people A fight for freedom. B live in an independent way.
C fight against social injustice. D get rid of family responsibilities. 32 It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that family ties are stronger in Portugal than in A Finland. B Greece. C Spain. D Italy. 33 Young people's family dependence can be attributed to all the following factors EXCEPT A parents' tolerance. B housing problems. C cultural traditions. D unwillingness to get married. 34 Which of the following statements is ,NOT true of Dionisio Masso? A She is 60 years old. B She has a boyfriend. C She has three children. D She lives in Madrid. 35 The phrase “wary of” in paragraph 8 could be best replaced by A tired of. B afraid of. C cautious about. D worried about. 第二篇
36 Which of the following is true about birdsongs? A Female zebra finches are too shy to sing before males. B Male zebra finches sing louder than females.
C Female zebra finches like to listen to unknown males sing. D Male zebra finches change their songs to attract females. 37 What did the researchers find in their study of female zebra finches? A Female finches only liked songs male finches sang for their mates B Female finches liked songs male finches sang for them. C Female finches liked to listen to songs from both speakers, D Female finches chose the best male singers as their mates. 38 What is meant by “concert songs” in paragraph? A Songs sung by zebra finches at a concert. B Songs sung by female finches for male finches. C Songs sung by male finches for female finches. D Songs sung by male finches to other finches. 39 The expression “directed communication” in the last paragraph means communication in which A the message sender has a specific audience. B the communicator sends messages to himself. C two communicators send messages to each other. D mothers talk to their babies in their mother tongue. 40 Which of the following can best reflect the theme of the passage? A Chirping away. B Zebra finches and their life. C Birdsongs as communication. D Frequencies of birdsongs. 第三篇
The Robot Man According to Hans Moravec, universal robots will take over all the physical 41 What will be the distinctive feature of the second generation robots?
A They will be able to recognize speeches and texts. B They will be able to learn by themselves. C They will be able to predict problems. D They will be able to match human reasoning and behavior. 42 Which of the following statements is true of the future robots? A They will relieve us of many chores. B They will take over the information industry. C They will never surpass us. D They will become high-cost commodity items. 43 The author's main purpose is to A describe the life of Hans Moravec. B support the view that robots will play a major role in our life. C make fun of the views of Hans Moravec. D get people prepared for the threat of future robots. 44 The word “plummet” in paragraph 6 means A decrease. B stretch. C extend. D grow. 45 What does Moravec think of these future robots? A They will look like previous biological children B They will be humans' mind-children. C They will create a dangerous world. D They will rule the world. 部分:补全短文( 第 5 部分:补全短文(第
  46~50 题,每题 2 分,共 10 分) ~ 处空白, 个句子, 个取自短文, 下面的短文有 5 处空白,短文后有 6 个句子,其中 5 个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其 分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。 分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。 My Life at Renda
I learned very quickly that being a teaching assistant(TA)at the University of Iowa would be different from being a teacher at Renmin University. (
  46) Eyes staring, mouths open, students examined my big nose, while I was writing my name on the blackboard. At Iowa, when my first class
 

相关内容

2009年职称英语考试词汇选项的必背解题技巧

   2009 年职称英语考试词汇选项的必背解题技巧 第一节 词汇选项的应试技巧以及注意事项 以上方法的做题实质就是把有语境的句子翻译题目一步转变成在五个单词(组)中寻找 两个同义词的题目。在做词汇选项题目时,应当注意以下问题: 1.不要把词汇选项题做成翻译句子题。 2.查找字典,确定正确答案。在查字典的过程中还是要注意个别问题: (1)题肢选项查找的顺序问题。美国权威机构通过对标准化考试的研究与分析,最终得 出结论:在题肢是 A、B、C、D 四个选项的情况下,往往 B 和 C 正确的机率较大。因 ...

2009职称英语考试六大题型王牌解题技巧汇萃

   2009 职称英语考试六大题型王牌解题技巧汇萃 在上面留了一份,用 word 整理了一份,可以直接看,也可以下载下来看~ 词汇题解题技巧 一、解题思路的转化 在职称英语考试过程中,词汇选项题是较为简单的一种题型,同时该题为整个卷面的第一大题,因此 词汇选项题做得好与坏直接影响到考生全部的临场心理状态。词汇选项题的较为快捷和实用的解决办法 是: 1.把句子对单词的题转化成单词对单词的题,简而言之就是不需要读懂题干句子的意思。 2.查找字典,确定正确答案。在查字典的过程中还是要注意个别问题: ① ...

2009职称英语考试六大题型王牌解题技巧汇萃

   词汇题解题技巧 一、解题思路的转化 在职称英语考试过程中, 词汇选项题是较为简单的一种题型, 同时该题为整个卷面的第 一大题, 因此词汇选项题做得好与坏直接影响到考生全部的临场心理状态。 词汇选项题的较 为快捷和实用的解决办法是: 1.把句子对单词的题转化成单词对单词的题,简而言之就是不需要读懂题干句子的意 思。 2.查找字典,确定正确答案。在查字典的过程中还是要注意个别问题: ①题肢选项查找的顺序问题。 美国权威机构通过对标准化考试的研究与分析, 最终得出 结论:在题肢是 A)、B)、C) ...

职称英语考试解题技巧汇萃

   词汇题解题技巧 一、解题思路的转化 在职称英语考试过程中, 词汇选项题是较为简单的一种题型, 同时该题为整个卷面的第 一大题, 因此词汇选项题做得好与坏直接影响到考生全部的临场心理状态。 词汇选项题的较 为快捷和实用的解决办法是: 1.把句子对单词的题转化成单词对单词的题,简而言之就是不需要读懂题干句子的意 思。 2.查找字典,确定正确答案。在查字典的过程中还是要注意个别问题: ①题肢选项查找的顺序问题。 美国权威机构通过对标准化考试的研究与分析, 最终得出 结论:在题肢是 A)、B)、C) ...

名师王霞解读历年职称英语考试09年访谈实录

   年职称英语考试(访谈实录) 王霞解读 2009 年职称英语考试(访谈实录) 主持人:各位网友大家好,2008 年职称英语考试,由王霞老师主讲的考前辅导网络课程的 通过率创造了一个职称英语考试辅导的神话, 根据调查数据显示, 接受王霞老师辅导的 3802 名学员,其中 3756 人顺利通过考试,27 人未考,7 人的分数在 50 分以上,19 人很遗憾的 没有通过考试。职称英语理工类学员通过率高达惊人的 99。8%,综合类和卫生类均为 98% 左右。而据有关部门了解,2008 年全国职称英语考 ...

职称英语考试时间

   职称英语考试时间 职称英语考试时间 史上最牛英语口语学习法:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 史上最牛英语口语学习法:躺在家里练口语,全程外教一对一,三个月畅谈无阻! 太平洋在线英语,可免费体验全部外教一对一课程: 太平洋在线英语,可免费体验全部外教一对一课程:www.pacificenglish.cn 人事部组织的全国统一标准的职称外语考试,采取统一大纲、闭卷笔试的形式进行。考试设 英语、日语、俄语、德语、法语和西班牙语 6 个语种,每个语种分为 A、B、C 三个等级。 其 ...

职称英语考试指南

       本文由TEDA087贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     职称英语考试题型各个击破: 职称英语考试题型各个击破:阅读判断 阅读判断 题的考查目标是:考查应试者判断识别文章所提供的信息的能力。考试方式为:给 出 一篇 300~450 词的短文,短文后列出 7 个句子,有的句子提供的是正确的信息,有 的句 子提供的是错误的信息, 有的句子的信息在短文中并未直接或间接提及, 要求 应试者根据短 文的内容对每个句子做出判 ...

职称英语考试大纲

   编辑本段专业类别 编辑本段 专业类别 全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试分为三个专业类别:综合类,理 工类和卫生类。每个专业类别的考试各分为 A.B.C 三个等级,其中 A 级考 试的语言难度最高,C 级考试语言难度最低,B 级考试的语言难度介于 A 级 和 C 级之间。综合类的考试中不涉及专业性的文章及专业词汇,考题中所 出现的文章大多通俗易懂,主题涉及社会,文化,教育等方面。三个等级 考试的总分各为 100 分,考试时间均为 2 个小时,参加考试的考生允许带 一本普通的英语字典进入考场。 ...

2011年职称英语考试技巧

   2011 年职称英语考试出题思路与答题技巧 一、词汇选项(15 分) 【书外】5 分钟 1、2010 年职称英语考试出题思路:只从考试用书中出 2~3 个小题,其余都是从书外出 的。一条线只画一个词的占 90%以上,偶尔有一条线画二个词或三个词的。 2、2010 年职称英语考试答题方法与技巧:单词直接查同义词词典,一般前三个义项就 会有答案。词组靠背(书中就 20 个) 。确保 15 分全部拿到。 二、阅读判断(7 分) 【书外】最后做,没有时间就全蒙 A、或者全蒙 B 1.2010 年职称 ...

09年初四英语口语考试试题

   09 年初四英语口语考试试题 试题一 一、朗读下列单词 afternoon cheap sunglasses purple January 二、请正确朗读下列句子,注意句子语调、重音与连读。 1. ?How much is this pair of socks? ?30 yuan. 2. ?Do you have an English Contest at your school? ?Yes, we have the English Contest every year. 三、请用正确的语音 ...

热门内容

色拉英语90-103

   色拉英语 90-103 对话: Good evening everyone! 各位观众 晚上好! Tonight we have the great honor of meeting a most incredible champion. 今天我们非常荣幸能见到这位最不可思异的冠军。 Congratulations! 祝贺你! Congratulations Mr. G! 祝贺你 Mr. G! Thank you thank you! 谢谢 谢谢! I still can’t believe ...

英语学习_外贸常用英语词汇大全_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 外贸常用英语词汇大全(进出口贸易 外贸常用英语词汇大全 进出口贸易) 进出口贸易 Andy's Home 号子网 不详 2006-12-26 17:12:01 出口信贷 export credit 出口津贴 export subsidy 商品倾销 dumping 外汇倾销 exchange dumping 优惠关税 special preferences 保税仓库 bonded warehouse 贸易顺差 favo ...

新视野大学英语听说教程2答案

   新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册 Unit 1 Clock Talk Short Conversations 1.B 7.B 1.D 1.C 1.upset 4.harmless 6.replaced 9.birthday Story-retelling 1. Sit quietly and listen to him 3. Put it a different way 5. In turn/ a great deal of Homework Listening Task 1 Task ...

七下英语期中试卷

   一、单项选择.(15 分) 单项选择 1.He always A.goes B.go to school at seven o’clock. C.going D.to go . 2.My pen pal A.come;Japan from Tokyo.It is a city in B.comes;Japan D.comes;Japanese me . C on D next to C.come ,Japanese 3.Mike,come and sit A.next B between 4 ...

《电子商务英语》--第1章

   《电子商务英语》 电子商务英语》 经济科学出版社 1 Unit 1 Introduction to Ecommerce 【学习目标】 学习目标】 本章简要地介绍了电子商务的概况,通过 本单元的学习,读者应掌握以下内容,并且 能够用英语表达。 什么是电子商务 电子商务的发展过程 电子商务的技术基础 2 Lesson 1 What Is E-commerce Technically, E-commerce represents buying and selling goods and servi ...