2009 年度全国职称英语等级考试理工类(A 级)真题及答案 年度全国职称英语等级考试理工类(
人事考试教育网整理 2010-10-28 13:2
【大 中 小】【我要纠错】
词汇选项( 第 1 部分:词汇选项(第
  1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) ~ 个词或短语划有横线, 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有横线,请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为接近 的选项。 的选项。 1 Why can't you stop your eternal complaining? A everlasting C temporary B long D boring
2 Hundreds of buildings were wrecked by the earthquake. A shaken C fallen B damaged D jumped
3 These paintings are considered by many to be authentic. A faithful C genuine B royal D sincere
4 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics. A attraction C power B simplicity D rigor
5 Ten years after the event, her death still remains a puzzle. A mist C mystery B fog D secret
6 John was irritated by the necessity for polite conversation, A annoyed C angered B troubled D aroused
7 Academic records cannot be duplicated. A borrowed C rewritten B purchased D copied
8 The emphasis on the importance of education has spurred scientific research A fastened B encouraged
C raised
D initiated
9 We have ample money for the journey A some C extra B little D enough
10 The doctor's pills worked marvels for me. A patients C illness B miracles D recovery
11 Mary's perpetual moaning nearly drove me mad. A monotonous C serious B endless D bitter
12 It was hard to say why the man deserved such shabby treatment A old C funny B unforgettable D unfair
13 You didn't adhere to these principles. A follow C prove B order D handle
14 The farmers also want to use the water to irrigate the barren land. A empty C bare B hairless D smooth
15 Anyone who wants to apply for a loan need read the following specifications. A expressions C instructions B warnings D advertisements
部分:阅读判断( 第 2 部分:阅读判断(第
  16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分) ~ 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断: 下面的短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供 的是正确信息, 的是正确信息,请选择 A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择 B;如果该句的信息文中没 ;如果该句提供的是错误信息, ; 有提及, 有提及,请选择 C. Water-the Issue of This Century The world is running short of fresh water. Populations are growing bigger and
Thirstier(渴的), with the result that freshwater is becoming increasingly scarce (缺乏)。 Half the world's wetlands have disappeared during the last century, while estimates suggest that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years. The World Bank report estimates that as much as half of the world's population, concentrated in Africa, the Middle East and south Asia, will face 'severe water shortages' by 20
  25. Local water conflicts and the loss of freshwater ecosystems appear large in some regions. A similar picture emerges from the globe's salt water regions. Three-quarters of the world's people may live within 100km of the sea in 20
  25, putting even more pressure on stretched coastal ecosystems. Two thirds of fisheries (渔业) are exploited at or beyond their sustainable limits, and half the world's coral reefs (珊瑚礁) may perish in 100 years. Almost 60% of coral reefs and 34% of fish species are at risk from human activities, the Bank says. The report concludes that there is ample evidence to justify immediate and coordinated action to safeguard supplies and use water more efficiently. Fresh water consumption is rising quickly, and the availability of water in some regions is likely to become one of the most pressing issues of the 21st century. A third of the world's population - around two billion people - live in countries that are experiencing moderate to high water shortages. That proportion could rise to half or more in the next 30 years unless institutions (制度) change to ensure better conservation and allocation of water. China is one country where the portents (征兆) are gloomy. The most water-stressed country in East Asia, China is exploiting 44% of its usable water, a figure projected to rise to 60% by 20
  20. Primary withdrawal of water of more than 60% is widely considered by water experts to exceed the environmental carrying capacity of a river basin system. Although China's total use appears still to be reasonable, it has several basins that are severely stressed environmentally. Withdrawals exceed environmental limits in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and will exceed them in India by 20
  20. In the Middle East and North Africa, only Morocco has unexploited water resources. The rest have exceeded environmental limits and many are mining aquifers (蓄水层) - bodies of water-bearing rock - the report says. 16 It is estimated that water use will rise by 50% in the next 30 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
17 Most developed countries will face water shortages in 20 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18 Most of the world's population may live within 100km of the sea in 20
  25. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19 Almost all coral reefs may disappear in 100 years. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20 Some species of fish in the Atlantic are at dangerously low levels. A 21 Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
The World Bank report implies that urgent action should be taken to protect water
supplies. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
22 India exceeds environmental limits for water use. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
部分:概括大意与完成句子( 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子(第
  23~30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) ~ 项测试任务: (
  1) 下面的短文后有 2 项测试任务: )第
  23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第
  1~4 段 ( ~ ~ 选择个最佳标题;( ;(
  2) 每段 1 选择个最佳标题;( )第
  27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为每个句子确定 1 个 ~ 最佳选项。 最佳选项。 Chimpanzees 1 Chimpanzees (黑猩猩) will soon be extinct (灭绝)。 If the present rate of hunting
and habitat (栖息地) destruction continues, then within 20 years, there will be no chimpanzees living in the wild. But this is more than an environmental or moral tragedy (悲剧) 。 Chimpanzee extinction may also have profound implications (含意) for the survival of their distant relatives - human beings. 2 In 1975 the biologist Marie-Claire King and Allan Wilson discovered that the human and
chimpanzee genomes (基因组) match by over 98%. Compare this to the mouse, used as model for human disease in lab tests, which shares only 60% of its DNA with us. In fact, chimpanzees are far more similar to humans than they are to any other species of monkey. As well as resembling us genetically, chimps are highly intelligent and able to use tools. These facts alone should be enough to make protection of chimps an urgent priority (优先) But there 。 is another, more selfish reason to preserve the chimp. 3 The chimpanzees' trump card (王牌) comes in the field of medical research.
Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that veterinarians (兽医) often refer to human medical textbooks when treating them. Yet chimpanzees do show differences in several key areas. In particular, chimps are much more resistant to a number of major diseases. It is this ability that is so interesting.
4
For example, chimps seem to show a much higher resistance than humans to HIV, the
virus that causes AIDS. Indeed, their use as experimental animals in AIDS research has declined because they are so resistant. 5 By sequencing the chimp genome and pinpointing (找到) the place where the
chimpanzee DNA sequence differs from that of humans, scientists hope to be able to discover which part of the genetic code gives chimps their increased resistance to some diseases. This, they hope, will allow them to develop new and more effective treatments for the human forms of these diseases. Such treatments could include the production of new drugs or even the alteration (改变) of the human genetic sequence. The recently completed human genome sequencing project has shown that such an effort is now well within our reach. 23 Paragraph 1 24 Paragraph 2 25 Paragraph 3 26 Paragraph 4 。 。 。 。
A Reasons for HIV resistance B Implications of chimpanzee extinction for humans C Effective AIDS treatment D Genetic similarities between chimps and humans E Chimps' resistance to HIV F Genetic differences between chimps and“ humans 27 Chimpanzee extinction may affect 。 。
28 There is a difference of less than 2% between the chimp and 29 getting
Scientists suspect that genes play a significant role in protecting chimps from 。 。
30 The discovery of the genetic code of chimps will be helpful to A some human disease treatments B some diseases C human survival D human genomes E key areas F healthier lifestyle
部分:阅读理解( 第 4 部分:阅读理解(第
  31~45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) ~ 篇短文, 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 个最佳选项。 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定 1 个最佳选项。
31 The “Youth Emancipation” program aims at helping young people A fight for freedom. B live in an independent way.
C fight against social injustice. D get rid of family responsibilities. 32 It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that family ties are stronger in Portugal than in A Finland. B Greece. C Spain. D Italy. 33 Young people's family dependence can be attributed to all the following factors EXCEPT A parents' tolerance. B housing problems. C cultural traditions. D unwillingness to get married. 34 Which of the following statements is ,NOT true of Dionisio Masso? A She is 60 years old. B She has a boyfriend. C She has three children. D She lives in Madrid. 35 The phrase “wary of” in paragraph 8 could be best replaced by A tired of. B afraid of. C cautious about. D worried about. 第二篇
36 Which of the following is true about birdsongs? A Female zebra finches are too shy to sing before males. B Male zebra finches sing louder than females.
C Female zebra finches like to listen to unknown males sing. D Male zebra finches change their songs to attract females. 37 What did the researchers find in their study of female zebra finches? A Female finches only liked songs male finches sang for their mates B Female finches liked songs male finches sang for them. C Female finches liked to listen to songs from both speakers, D Female finches chose the best male singers as their mates. 38 What is meant by “concert songs” in paragraph? A Songs sung by zebra finches at a concert. B Songs sung by female finches for male finches. C Songs sung by male finches for female finches. D Songs sung by male finches to other finches. 39 The expression “directed communication” in the last paragraph means communication in which A the message sender has a specific audience. B the communicator sends messages to himself. C two communicators send messages to each other. D mothers talk to their babies in their mother tongue. 40 Which of the following can best reflect the theme of the passage? A Chirping away. B Zebra finches and their life. C Birdsongs as communication. D Frequencies of birdsongs. 第三篇
The Robot Man According to Hans Moravec, universal robots will take over all the physical 41 What will be the distinctive feature of the second generation robots?
A They will be able to recognize speeches and texts. B They will be able to learn by themselves. C They will be able to predict problems. D They will be able to match human reasoning and behavior. 42 Which of the following statements is true of the future robots? A They will relieve us of many chores. B They will take over the information industry. C They will never surpass us. D They will become high-cost commodity items. 43 The author's main purpose is to A describe the life of Hans Moravec. B support the view that robots will play a major role in our life. C make fun of the views of Hans Moravec. D get people prepared for the threat of future robots. 44 The word “plummet” in paragraph 6 means A decrease. B stretch. C extend. D grow. 45 What does Moravec think of these future robots? A They will look like previous biological children B They will be humans' mind-children. C They will create a dangerous world. D They will rule the world. 部分:补全短文( 第 5 部分:补全短文(第
  46~50 题,每题 2 分,共 10 分) ~ 处空白, 个句子, 个取自短文, 下面的短文有 5 处空白,短文后有 6 个句子,其中 5 个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其 分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。 分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。 My Life at Renda
I learned very quickly that being a teaching assistant(TA)at the University of Iowa would be different from being a teacher at Renmin University. (
  46) Eyes staring, mouths open, students examined my big nose, while I was writing my name on the blackboard. At Iowa, when my first class
 

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