职称英语考试试题(综 B)阅读一
职称英语频道
更新:2009-9-28 编辑:简单爱 阅读:
职称英语考试试题综 B 阅读一 Feast On Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets.That was Halloween.‘In a few weeks American houses will be red and green and filled with presents.For Christmas. As if all this isn’t enough,on Thursday this week,America will enjoy another festival?Thanksgiving. Children will have two days off school,shops will close and houses will be filled with families enjoying mountains of food. Every year, in Gainesville,Florida,all entire class celebrate Thanksgiving together.The class dresses up and puts on plays for their families.After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie. Dean Foster, an 1 1-year-old boy will take part in this celebration.He said:‘I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school,lots of nice food and a happy family.’’ His brother Ben,nine,said:‘the best thing about Thanksgiving, is that when it is finished,it is time to start Christmas.’ But behind the food and the large amount of money spent there is another message.On Thursday evening,Dean and Ben’s family will make a basket and put it on the table as they eat their evening meal. Each of them will write a 1ist of things that they are thankful for and place the paper in the basket.The family will read the pieces of paper and take time to thank God and each other for providing them with comfortable and happy lives. Thanksgiving is a traditional festival that started in 16
  21,when the first pilgrims arrived in the US to start a new life.After a hard year, they had a big autumn harvest.They held a feast and invited the native American Indians along to thank God for giving them enough food. Many countries celebrate Thanksgiving.They often fall after the fields have been harvested and the crops collected for winter. 词汇: turkey n.火鸡 pumpkin n.南瓜 pilgrim n.朝圣者
  1.Thanksgiving:感恩节(11 月的第四个星期四)
  2.Halloween :10 月 3 1 日之夜(据传此时可见到鬼)
  3.Christmas:圣诞节(12 月 25 日)

  1、On Halloween, children in the United States often dress up as A:ghosts B:players C:pilgrims D:visitors 本题正确答案为:A 本题解析:该题问:在 10 月 31 日之夜’,美国儿童常常打扮成什么样子? 首 先利用问题中的特征词 Halloween 作为答案线索,这样很快在文章第二句中找到 涉及到答案相关句: That was Halloween.代词 That 提示我们应该接着看前面 的句子:Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets.这句话中出现了与问题句中的核心结构 children in the United States 呼应的结构,因此判断这个句子需要认真看, 这个句子说“四周前,美国儿童打扮 成怪物,四处要糖吃。”“鬼”(ghosts)跟“怪物”(monsters)比较接近,A 正确。
  2、When are turkey and pumpkin pie eaten? A:On Halloween B:On Thursday C:On Thanksgiving D:On Christmas Day 本题正确答案为:C 本题解析:该题问:火鸡和南瓜饼是什么时候吃的? 火鸡和南瓜饼是感恩节的 传统食品。利用提干中的新信息词(也是标志词)turkey 和 pumpkin 作为答案线 索,这样在第 4 段的最后一个句子中找到答案相关句:After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie. (演出过后这些家庭将分享传统的感恩节食物,如火鸡和南瓜馅 饼) , 因此判断 C(感恩节)是答案。
  3、Thanksgiving is the time for the American people to thank God for A:looking after them B:providing them with comfortable and happy lives? C:clothing them D:protecting them 本题正确答案为:B 本题解析:该题问:感恩节是美国人因为什么而感谢上帝的日子? 这个句子中 的新信息是“感谢上帝”, 所以利用“thank God”作为答案线索,这样在文章的倒 数第三段中找到答案相关句:The family will read the pieces of paper and take time to thank God and each other for providing them with comfortable and happy lives (感谢上帝为他们提供了舒适、幸福生活的日 子), 因此判断 B 是答案。
  4、Many children in the United States like Thanksgiving because A:they call stay with their parents at home and eat a lot of nice food? B:hey can dress up like monsters
C:they can put on plays. D:they call visit American Indians. 本题正确答案为:A 本题解析:该题问:许多美国儿童喜欢感恩节的原因是什么? 利用问题句中的 核心结构“like Thanksgiving”作为答案线索,这样在第 5 段中找到答案相关句: Dean Foster, an 1 1-year-old boy will take part in this celebration.He said:‘I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school,lots of nice food and a happy family.’’(喜欢感恩节是因为它以为着学校放假,有很多 好吃的食物, 而且能和家人在一起享受快乐), 选项 A(他们可以呆在家里,跟父 母在一起,并且会吃到很多好吃的东西)与该句内容一致,答案是 A。
  5、The first pilgrims settled in the United States in A:16
  21. B:16
  20. C:16
  22. D:16
  19. 本题正确答案为:A 本题解析:该题问:第一批朝圣者是什么时候到美国来定居的? 被选项都是年 代,所以直接注意文章中表示年代的数字,这样栽倒数第二段的第 1 个句子中找 到答案相关句:Thanksgiving is a traditional festival that started in 16
  21,when the first pilgrims arrived in the US to start a new life.该题 考查考生对 when 引导的定语从句的理解。该句说“感恩节是源于 1621 年的美国 传统节日,在这一年第一批朝圣者抵达美国开始新的生活。”因此答案是 A。
第二篇 Goal of American education Education is all enormous and expensive part of American life.Its size is matched by its variety. Differences in American schools compared with those found in the majority of other countries lie in the fact that education here has long been intended for everyone ? not just for a privileged elite.Schools are expected to meet the needs of every child,regardless of ability, and also the needs of society itself.This means that public schools offer more than academic subjects.It surprises many people when they come here to find high schools offering such courses as typing, sewing,radio repair, computer programming or driver training,along with traditional academic subjects such as mathematics,history, and languages.Students choose their curricula depending on their interests,future goals,and level of ability.The underlying goal of American education is to develop every child to the utmost of his or her own possibilities,and to give each one a sense of civic and community consciousness. Schools have traditionally played an important role in creating national unity and“Americanizing” the millions of immigrants who have poured into this country from many different backgrounds and origins.Schools still play a large role in the community, especially in the small towns. The approach to teaching may seem unfamiliar to many, not only because it is informal,but also because there is not much emphasis on learning facts.Instead,Americans try to teach their children to think for themselves and to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities. Students spend much time,learning how to use resource materials,libraries,statistics and computers.Americans believe that if children are taught to reason well and to research well, they will be able to find whatever facts they need throughout the rest of their lives.Knowing how to solve problems is considered more important than the accumulation of facts. This is America’s answer to the searching question that thoughtful parents all over the world are asking themselves in the fast-moving time:‘‘How Can one prepare today’s child for a tomorrow that one can neither predict nor understand?” privileged adj.享有特权的 Elite n.精英,精华 curricula n.课程 reason v.推理

  1、Wmch of the following best states the goal of American education? A:To teach every learner some practical skills. B:To provide every learner with rich knowledge. C:To give every student the opportunity to fully develop his/her ability. D:To train every student to be a responsible citizen. 本题正确答案为:C 本题解析:分析:问题问及美国教育的目的,该问题有关文章主题。利用被选 项中的核心结构(practical skills,rich knowledge, fully develop his/her ability,responsible citizen )作为答案线索,在文章中查找答案相关句: (第 2 段)The underlying goal of American education is to develop every child to the utmost of his or her own possibilities, and to give each one a sense of civic(公民的) and community consciousness. 该句说 “要培养孩子发挥他们最大的潜力, 并让他们具有公民意识和社会意识”,因此判 断 C 是答案。
  2、It is implied in the passage that A:all high-school students take the same courses. B:every high-school student must take some practical ability training courses. C:every public school offers the same academic subjects. D:the subjects every student takes may vary. 本题正确答案为:D 本题解析:分析:既然借助前面问题的解答知道美国教育的根本目标是在于学 生能力的培养,因此推断 D(学生学习的科目是变化的(因人而异))是答案。也可以 借助原文,利用被选项中的核心词(same courses,practical ability training courses,same academic subjects, the subjects vary)作为答案线索: (第 2 段) This means that public schools offer more than academic subjects. It surprises many people when they come here to find high schools offering such courses as tying, sewing,… or driver training, along with traditional academic subjects such as mathematics, .. Students choose their curricula depending on their interests, future goals, and level of ability. 该划线句表明学生根据他们的兴趣,将来的目标和 能力水平进行课程的选择,因此可以推断出 D 的含义?每个学生学习的课程可能 是不同的。
  3、American schools place great emphasis on the learner’s A:enrichment of knowledge. B:accumulation of facts. C:acquisition of the ability to be creative. D:acquisition of the ability to work with his hands. 本题正确答案为:C 本题解析:分析:由于前面的问题都涉及到学生能力的培养,因此推断 C 或 D
正确。利用这两个选项中的核心词 creative 和 work with his hands 作为答案 线索,这样找到答案相关句:(第 4 段)Instead, Americans try to teach their children to think for themselves and to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities. 根据该句句意判断 C(获得创造力)是答案。
  4、According to the passage,American education meets the needs of all the following EXCEPT A:the brightest students. B:the slow students. C:the students from foreign countries. D:the immigrants. 本题正确答案为:C 本题解析:分析:借助第 1 题的了解:美国教育致力于培养每个学生的能力, 因此判断 A 和 B 都应该是美国教育能满足的对象。利用被选项 C 和 D 中的核心词 (from foreign countries, immigrants)作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关 句:Schools have traditionally played an important role in creating national unity and Americanizing the millions of immigrants who have poured into this country from many different backgrounds and origins. 该句说:美国学校在国家团结和使数百万美国移民者美国化上起着重要的作 用。该句间接的暗示美国教育能满足移民者的需要,因此只有 C 没有提到。
  5、Which of the following best states the feature of American education that makes it different from education in other countries? A:The large number of its schools B:The variety of the courses offered in its schools. C:Its special consideration given to immigrants D:Its underlying goal to develop every child’s abilities to the fullest extent. 本题正确答案为:D 本题解析:分析:问题问及“美国教育和其他国家的教育在什么方面不同”,注 意文章中提到“比较”的句子,这样在文章第 2 段开头找到答案相关句: Differences in American schools compared with those found in the majority of other countries lie in the fact that education here has long been intended for everyone ?not just for a privileged elite. 该句强调了 “面向每个学生的教育”,对比被选项判 D 正确?D 中提到了“培养每个学生的能 力”与答案相关句最呼应。
Some Things We Know about Language Many things about language are a mystery, and many will always remain so. But some things we do know. First, we know that all human beings have a language of some sort. There is no race of men anywhere on earth so backward that it has no language, no set of speech sounds by which the people communicate with one another. Furthermore, in historical times, there has never been a race of men without a language. Second, there is no such thing as a primitive language. There are many people whose cultures are undeveloped, w
 

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