2011 年综合类职称英语教材新增文章下载
阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 3 篇)
第八篇 The State of Marriage Today Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years,the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded:almost 50%of marriages end in divorce now,and the evidence suggests it is going to get worse. If this trend continues,it will lead to the breakup of the family,according to a spokesperson for the National Family Association. Some futurists predict that in 100 years,the average American will marry at least four times,and extramarital affairs will be even more common than they are now. But what are the reasons for this,and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer to the first question is really quite simple:marriage is no longer the necessity it once was. The institution of marriage has been based for years partly on economic need. Women used to be economically dependent on their husbands as they usually didn’t have jobs outside the home. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs,this is no longer the case, so they don’t feel that they need to stay in a failing marriage. In answer to the second question,the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. While the rate of divorce has risen,the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much, so marriage is still quite popular. In addition to this,many couples now cohabit and don’t bother to marry. These couples are effectively married,but they do not appear in either the marriage or divorce statistics. In fact,more than 50%of first marriages survive. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. So is marriage really an outdated institution? The fact that most people still get married indicates that it isn't. And it is also true that married couples have a healthier life than single people:they suffer less from stress and its consequences,such as heart problems,and married men generally consider themselves more contented than their single counterparts. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! 词汇: 词汇: divorce n.离婚 cohabit v.同居 evidence n.证据,迹象 effectively ad.实际上 futurist n.未来主义者 statistics n.统计,统计资料
explode v.激增,迅速扩大 deceptive adj.迷惑的,骗人的 predict v.预言,预料,预报 outdated adj.旧式的,过时的 extramarital adj.婚外的 indicate v.表明,暗示 gloomy adj.阴暗的;令人沮丧的 consequence n.结果,后果 institution n.制度,习俗 contented adj.满足的,满意的 outlook n.展望,前景 counterpart n.对应的人(或物) pessimistic adj.悲观的 注释: 注释: National Family Association:美国国家家庭联合会 练习: 练习:
  1.Which is true about the problem of marriage in the United States today? A)Divorce leads to the breakup of the family. B)Half of the married couples get divorced. C)American people marry more than four times. D)More and more people are getting divorced.
  2.What does “this is no longer the case” in paragraph two mean? A ) It is not necessary to get married any more. B) Women do not need a husband any longer. C) Women are not economically dependant any more. D) Many wives do well-paying jobs outside home now.
  3.Why may the outlook of marriage not be as gloomy as it appears? A) Many people still like to get married. B)The rate of divorce has actually decreased. C)Over 50%of the marriages continue to exist.
D)The statistics of divorce is not quite true.
  4.How do people usually feel in their marriage life? A)They are much healthier. B)They feel no longer single. C)They are more satisfied. D)They suffer a lot less.
  5.Which of the following about marriage is NOT mentioned in the passage? A)There will be more relationships outside marriage. B)Many people try to get married again after divorce. C)Marriage has long been partly an economical need. D)It is a fact that most people choose to get married. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1. D 从第一段里可以了解到选项 A 与 C 都是预计将来会发生的,而不是如今的情况。 B 选项与第一段第二句“almost 50%of the marriages end in divorce”不符。第一段第二句里的“the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded”“the evidence suggests it is going to get worse”话语正好说明了 D 选项的情况。
  2. C 第二段第四句、第五句说得很清楚,妇女们如今在外工作在经济上不再依赖她们的丈夫,因此觉 得无需维持行将失败的婚姻。
  3. A 从第二段里可以了解到离婚率并没有下降而是上升了, 因此 B 选项不对。 C 选项与第三段里“In 而 fact,more than 50%of first marriages survive”所说不符,该选项没有提到是第一次婚姻。同样,D 选项在文中也没有说到,文中第三段的最后一句只是说统计数据具有欺骗性,而没有说数据失实。
  4. C 文中第四段第三句的后半句说得很清楚,结了婚的人比单身的人更满足。A,D 选项提到的是实 际情况而不是婚后人们的感觉,因此不对。文中并没有提到选项 B 所说的情况。
  5. B A 选项在第一段最后一句里提到了,C 选项和 D 选项分别在第二段、第四段里提到了,而 B 选项 却没有哪一段具体提到 第三十八篇 Excessive Demands on Young People
Being able to multitask is hailed by most people as a welcome skill,but not according to a recent study which claims that young people between the ages of eight and eighteen of the so-called Generation M1are spending a considerable amount of their time in fruitless efforts as they multitask. It argues that,in fact,these young people are frittering away as much as half of their time again as they would if they performed the very same tasks one after the other. Some young people are juggling an ever larger number of electronic devices as they study. At the same time that they are working,young adults are also surfing on the Internet,or sending out emails to their friends,and/or answering the telephone and listening to music on their iPods2 or on another computer. As some new device comes along it too is added to the list rather than replacing one of the existing devices. Other research has indicated that this multitasking is even affecting the way families themselves function as young people are too wrapped up3 in their own isolated worlds to interact with the other people around them. They can no longer greet family members when they enter the house nor can they eat at the family table. All this electronic wizardry is supposedly also seriously affecting young people’s performance at university and in the workplace. When asked about their perception of the impact of modern gadgets on their performance of tasks,the overwhelming majority of young people gave a favour able response. The response from the academic and business worlds was not quite as positive. The former feel that multitasking with electronic gadgets by children affects later development of study skills, resulting in a decline in the quality of writing,for example,because of the lack of concentration on task completion. They feel that many undergraduates now urgently need remedial help with study skills. Similarly,employers feel that young people entering the workforce need to be taught all over again,as they have become deskilled. While all this may be true,it must be borne in mind4 that more and more is expected of young people nowadays; in fact,too much. Praise rather than criticism is due in respect of5 the way today’s youth are able to cope despite what the older generation throw at them. 词汇: 词汇: excessive adj.过多的,额外 interact vi.交流,沟通,互动 multitask vi.同时进行多个任务 wizardry n.魔力,法术 supposedly adv.据认为,据推测 hail vt.赞扬 performance n.表现,行为 claim vt.声称,主张 perception n.认识,看法,见解 considerable adj.相当大的,相当多的 impact n.影响,作用
gadget n.小巧的机械装置 fritter vt.消耗,浪费 overwhelming adj.压倒性的 juggle vt.耍弄,玩耍 majority n.大多数 electronic device n.电子装置,电子仪器 academic adj 学术的,学校的 decline n.下降,衰退 surf vi.(网上)冲浪,漫游,浏览 concentration n.专心,专注 indicate vt.表明,指出 remedial adj.补习的,补救的 affect vt.影响 deskilled adj.逐渐失去技能的 isolated adj.孤立的,与世隔绝的 due adj.应有的,适当的 注释: 注释:
  1.Generation M:M 代表 multimedia。Generation M 即“多媒体时代”,是指伴随着计算机和因特网 的普及而成长起来的一代年轻人。他们多出生于 1980 年之后,热衷于计算机、因特网、视频游戏、智能手 机。这些新媒体和传统媒体如电视、印刷品、音响制品结合起来,使得他们的世界异常丰富多彩。“多媒 体时代”的另一特征就是可以 multitask,即多项任务同时进行,如他们可以一边上网冲浪、一边听着音 乐、一边看着电视里的 MTV、一边和朋友短信聊天、同时还做着自己的家庭作业。
  2.iPod:美国苹果公司的一款音乐播放器,除了可以播放 MP3 音乐外,iPod 还可以作为高速移动硬盘 使用,可以显示联系人、日历和任务,以及阅读电子书和聆听有声电子书以及播客(Podcasts)。
  3.be wrapped up in…注意力完全集中于……
  4.bear in mind 记住
  5.in respect of 关于,就……而言 练习: 练习:
  1. According to a recent study, what is probably true about the multitasking Generation M? A)They are highly commended for being so effective and efficient. B)They waste more time than they should save,contrary to common assumptions. C)They should prioritize and focus on the most important tasks on hand. D)They need to improve their organizational skills so as to complete all their tasks.

  2.With the advent of new gadgets,what will happen to Generation M’s present e-devices? A)They make way for the latest and greatest and are retired by the young people. B)They are put away temporarily but stay in rotation for their owners to choose from. C)They become part of the ever increasing collection of novelties. D)They are either sold or traded so that their owners can update their toys and hobbies.
  3.How will multitasking affect Generation M adversely? A)It makes them feel lonely and pitiful. B)It makes them aloof and elusive to family and friends. C)It makes them selfish and possessive. D)It makes them impolite and ungrateful.
  4.What is the biggest problem for multitasking undergraduates in universities? A)They should adjust their academic attitudes seriously. B)They should seek psychological professionals for assistance. C)They should take some crash courses to catch up with their classmates. D)They should try harder to focus on one task before moving on to the next.
  5.In dealing with today’s youth. what approach should parents take? A) Be supportive and understanding. B) Be realistic and lower their expectations C) Be encouraging and let their children stick to their old habits. D) Be patient and hope everything will work out just fine eventually. 答案与题解: 答案与题解:
  1.B 从第一段第一句话中的“a considerable amount of their time”“fruitless efforts”以及 该段最后一句话中的“frittering away as much as…”可以进行同义替换,waste 就是 fruitless 和 fritter 的同义词。

  2.C 从第二段的最后一句话中的“added to the list rather than replacing”可以判断出,这些年 轻人的电子设备是越来越多,而不是 A 被取而代之、B 被轮流使用、D 被出售或交换以便买更新的产品。
  3.B 答案 A 是文字游戏,原文中“isolated worlds”应该理解为孤立的世界,即独自"alone",而不 是孤独“lonely”。答案 C 说他们变得自私和占有欲强,想买更多电子产品,显然不对。答案 D 说他们变 得不懂礼貌和不知感恩,均是对第三段最后一句话中的“no longer greet”和“nor can they eat at the family table”的字面理解。答案 B 是两个近义词,重点在性格变化上,变得“若即若离,难以捉摸"。
  4.D 答案 A 认为是态度问题,把客观问题主观化。答案 B 是误导选项,试图用“remedial help”误导 大家联想到 remedy 一词, 故引出 psychological professional 的曲解。 答案 C 把第五段第一句中的“later development”和“decline in the quality of...”表象化,认为应该抓紧赶上同学(catch up)。答案 D 才是正确答案,问题症结在于 multitasking 难以让人集中注意力,造成浪费时间、影响表现等后果,这些 前文均已提过。
  5.A 答案 A 把 praise 替换成了相对隐性的近义词。答案 B 只针对最后一段的第一句话,断章取义。答 案 C 前半部分 encouraging 还算接近正确答案,后半部分则成了鼓励“将错就错"。答案 D 认为应采取“听 之任之,顺其自然”的态度转 第四十七篇 Spoilt for Choice Choice,we are given to1 believe,is a right. In daily life,peop
  •  
 

相关内容

职称英语新增文章

   2011 年综合类职称英语教材新增文章下载 阅读理解新增文章( 阅读理解新增文章(共 3 篇) 第八篇 The State of Marriage Today Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years,the rate of divorce in the United States has exploded:almost 50%of marriages end in div ...

2011职称英语新增文章

   第四部分 阅读理解 第八篇 当代婚姻 如今的婚姻出什么严重问题了吗?在过去 50 年中, 美国的离婚率暴涨: 现在几乎 50%的婚姻以离 婚告终,证据显示,情况还将持续恶化。据美国国家联合会的发言人称,如果这种趋势持续下去,将 导致家庭的破裂。一些未来学家预测,100 年后的美国人将平均至少结四次婚,而婚外恋甚至将比现 在更为普遍。 那问题的原因是什么?现状真的如此糟糕吗?第一个问题的答案十分简单:婚姻早已不像它过去那 样非有不可了。从好些年前开始,经济需求已经只是婚姻的部分基础。过去,由于 ...

2011职称英语新增6篇文章

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

2011年卫生类职称英语教材新增文章译文

   2011 2011 年职称英语等级考试用书 (卫生类) 卫生类 新增文章译文 新增文章译文 第四部分 阅读理解 第三篇 厨房油烟可致癌 专家们经过 5 年的研究调研后指出,城市人群中,男性患肺癌的首要原因是吸烟,而女 性患此绝症的罪魁祸首是厨房油烟。 医生们昨天宣布这一结果, 并对肺癌患病的一些新趋势做出分析。 他们认为病人越来越 年轻化,尤其是女性。 据上海肿瘤研究所统计显示, 本市死于肺癌的居民多于死于其他疾病的人。 肺癌成为继 乳腺癌之后的第二大高发病率肿瘤。 上海民生中医肿瘤诊疗中心 ...

2010职称英语理工完型新增文章-第12篇

   2010 职称英语理工完型新增文章 第 12 篇 职称英语理工完型新增文章-第 中国职称英语考试网 2010-2-5 13:01:232010 年职称英语考试报名 2010 职称英语理工完型新增文章-第 12 篇 第十二篇 The Case of the Disappearing Fingerprints (B 级) One useful anti-cancer drug can effectively erase the whorls and other characteristic ma ...

2011年职称英语综合类完型填空新增文章篇目

   2011 年职称英语综合类 新增文章篇目 综合类完形填空新增文章 篇目 第五篇 Why People Use Pseudonyms *第十二篇 Sport or Spectacle? +第十五篇 Life Expectancy in the Last Hundred Years 第五篇 Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth,but in many countries you can ...

2011年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文---卫生类

   2011 年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文卫生类 2009年甲型 H1N1流感大流行 年甲型 流感大流行 卫A 近日,欧洲中部及东部成为流感传染最为活跃的地区。近几周来,在欧洲东部至少有两个以 上的国家被报传染率急速攀升。在欧洲东南部,尤其是希腊、波兰及乌克兰等地,严重的呼 吸系统疾病伴随着传染同时发生。 在欧洲西部,尽管流感仍在广泛但已出现下降趋势。根据来自俄罗斯的报道,这些传染多由 H1N1型病毒引发,只有不到1%是由季节流感病毒引起的。该报道还指出,根据有限的数据 显示,地中海沿岸的北非 ...

2011年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文---卫生类

   http://club.topsage.com/forum-109大家论坛职称英语 http://club.topsage.com/forum-109-1.html 2011 年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文卫生类 2009年甲型 H1N1流感大流行 年甲型 流感大流行 卫A 近日,欧洲中部及东部成为流感传染最为活跃的地区。近几周来,在欧洲东部至少有两个以 上的国家被报传染率急速攀升。在欧洲东南部,尤其是希腊、波兰及乌克兰等地,严重的呼 吸系统疾病伴随着传染同时发生。 在欧洲西部,尽管流感仍在 ...

2011年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文---理工类

   2011 年职称英语完型填空新增文章译文理工类 运动的年轻人智商更高 理A 瑞典歌德堡大学健康科学研究院和该校校医院的一项最新研究表明, 身体健康的年轻人智 商更高,进入大学学习的可能性也更高。 研究结果发表在美国国家科学院学报上。这项研究的取样样本是1950-1976年入伍的120 万新兵。 这些新兵报到时接受了体能测试和智能测试, 研究人员对这两类测试数据进行了分 析。 研究表明, 健康的体能和优秀的只能测试结果之间的联系很明显。 最突出的就是科学思维 和语言理解能力与身体健康有关。 但 ...

2011年职称英语考试卫生类新增文章(完形真空)

   Pandemic H1N11 2009 The most active areas of pandemic influenza transmission currently are in central and eastern European countries.A high intensity of respiratory diseases activity1concurrent circulation of pandemic influenza still2parts of south ...

热门内容

中考英语强化系列之综合阅读训练(四)

   中考英语强化系列之综合阅读训练(四 中考英语强化系列之综合阅读训练 四) A A lawyer, an artist and a musician got lost in the woods(森林). At last they came to a farmer’s house and asked if he could let them stay for the night. “Sure,” the farmer said. “But I’ve got room for only two o ...

英语常用短语

   I see. 我明白了. 2. I quit! 我不干了! 3. Let go! 放手! 4. Me too. 我也是. 5. My god! 天哪! 6. No way! 不行! 7. Come on. 来吧(赶快) 8. Hold on. 等一等. 9. I agree. 我同意. 10. Not bad. 还不错. 11. Not yet. 还没. 12. See you. 再见. 13. Shut up! 闭嘴! 14. So long. 再见. 15. Why not? 好呀! ( ...

英语

   初二下册英语复习提纲 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 重点语法:一般将来时态的应用 do/does 的一般将来时态形式:(shall/will) do do/does 的一般将来时态的被动语态:(shall/will) be done 一般将来时态的肯定句、否定句、疑问句形式: 肯定句例句:People will have robots in a few years. 否定句例句:People will not/won't have robots in a f ...

2010届-黄冈中学-高考模拟试卷-英语

   英语( 黄冈中学 2010 届高考模拟试卷 英语(四) 命题:张红 审稿:孔荣 校对:张志刚 总分:150 分 时间:120 分钟 第Ⅰ卷(三部分,共 110 分) 三部分, 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一部分 听力 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每 段对话仅读一遍。 1.What i ...

三年级英语试题

   2009~2010 学年度 三年级英语第一学期期中质量调研 三年级英语第一学期期中质量调研 分钟) (考试时间 40 分钟) 一.请用笔圈出不是同一类的单词 10☆ 用笔圈出不是同一类的单词 ☆ (1)pink ) (2)book ) (3)seven ) (4)cat ) (5)head ) pen green three duck hand pencil black nose mouth mouse 根据图片认一认单词, 将左边的单词的序号写在右边图的括号里。 二. 根据图片认一认单词, ...