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中国人民大学 外国语学院 大学英语部 2006 级 2007-2008-2 大学英语四级课程期末考试 A 卷 2007 -2008 2008-06
Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay entitled To get along with your roommates. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese.
  1. 室友之间的冲突在校园里时常发生。
  2. 冲突的主要原因。
  3. 室友之间如何和睦相处。 Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (12 minutes) (12 Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. A mobile phone is an electronic telecommunications device. Most current mobile phones connect to a cellular network of base stations, which is in turn interconnected to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) (the exception are satellite phones). Cellular networks were first introduced in the early to mid l980s. Prior mobile phones operating without a cellular network, such as Mobile Telephone Service, dated back to 19
  46. Until the mid to late l980s, most mobile phones were so large that they were often permanently installed in vehicles as car phones. With the advance of smaller phones, currently the vast majority of mobile phones are hand-held. In addition to the standard voice function of a telephone, a mobile phone can support many additional services such as text messaging, access to the Internet, and sending and receiving photos and video. Worldwide Use Pictures of the “portable phone of the future” from a mid-1960s Bell System advertisement show a device not too different from today’s mobile telephones. Radio phones have a long and varied history that stretches back to the l950s, with hand-held cellular radio devices being available since l9
  83. Due to their low establishment costs, mobile phone networks have since spread rapidly throughout the world, exceeding the growth of fixed telephones. In most of Europe, wealthier parts of Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America, Australia, Canada, and the United States, mobile phones are now widely used, with the majority of the adult, teenage, and even child population owning one. At present, India and China have the largest growth rates of mobile phone users in the world. The availability of prepaid or “pay as you go” services, where the user does not have to commit to a long-term contract, has helped fuel this
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growth on a large scale. The mobile phone has become popular everywhere because it can be used across different networks and countries. This is due to the equipment manufacturers working to meet one of a few standards, particularly the GSM standard that was designed for Europe-wide use. All European nations and most Asian and African nations adopted it as their sole standard.In other countries, such as the United States, Australia, Japan, and South Korea, legislation does not require any particular standard, and GSM coexists with other standards, such as CDMA. Mobile Phone Culture and Customs In less than 20 years, mobile phones have gone from being rare and expensive pieces to equipment used by businesses to widespread and low-cost personal items. In many countries, mobile phones now outnumber land-line telephones, with most adults and many children now owning mobile phones. It is not uncommon for young adults to simply own a mobile phone instead of a land-line for their residence. In some developing countries, where there is little existing fixed line infrastructure, the mobile phone has become widespread. The U.K. now has more mobile phones than people. With high levels of mobile telephone penetration, a mobile culture has evolved, where the phone becomes a key social tool, and people rely on their mobile phone address book to keep in touch with their friends. Many people keep in touch using the message service on their mobile phones, and a whole culture of “texting” has developed from this. The commercial market in texting is growing. Many phones even offer Instant Messenger services to increase the simplicity and ease of texting on phones. Mobile phones in Japan, offering Internet capabilities, offer text messaging via standard email. The mobile phone itself has also become a fashion object, with users decorating and customizing their mobile phones to reflect their personality. This has emerged as its own industry. The sale of commercial ringtones exceeded $
  2.5 billion in 2004 . Mobile phone etiquette has become an important issue with mobiles ringing at funerals, weddings, movies, and plays.Users often speak at increased volume which has led to places like bookshops, libraries, movie theaters, doctor’s offices, and houses of worship posting signs prohibiting the use of mobile phones, and in some places, installing signal jamming equipment to prevent usage of mobile phones. Transportation providers, particularly those providing long-distance services, offer a “quiet car” where phone use is prohibited. Mobile phone use on aircraft is also prohibited, but because of concerns of possible interference with aircraft radio communications. Camera phones and videophones that can capture video and take photographs are increasingly being used to cover breaking news. Stories like the London Bombings and the Indian Ocean Tsunami have been reported on by camera phone users on photo sharing sites. In Japan, mobile phone companies provide immediate notification of earthquakes and other natural disasters to their customers free of charge. In the event of an emergency, disaster response crews can locate the trapped or injured people using the signals from their mobile phones; an interactive menu accessible through the phone’s Internet browser notifies the company whether the user is safe or in distress. Health Controversy As with many new technologies, concerns have arisen about the effects on health from using a mobile telephone. There is a small amount of scientific evidence for an increase in certain types
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of rare cancers developing in long-time, heavy users. More recently, a pan-European study provided significant evidence of genetic damage under certain conditions.Some researchers also report the mobile phone industry has interfered with further research on health risks. So far, however, the World Health Organization is unsure about the effects of mobile phone use on health and has no definite conclusion on this issue. It is generally thought, however, that mobile phone use is incapable of producing any serious effects. In other words, it lacks the energy to cause genetic problems. Driving Controversy Another controversial but more lethal health concern is the correlation with road traffic accidents. Several studies have shown that motorists have a much higher risk of collisions and losing control of the vehicle while talking on the mobile phone at the same time as driving, even when using “hands-free” systems. A study in The New England Journal of Medicine reports that drivers who used mobile phones while driving were four times mole likely to crash than those who didn’t, a rate equal to that for drunken driving at the
  0.01 g / dL blood alcohol concentration level.An experiment conducted by the American television show MythBusters concluded that use of mobile phones while driving poses the same risk as someone operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol. Accidents involving a driver being distracted by talking on a mobile phone have begun to be handled by courts as criminal, similar to driving while under the influence of alcoho
  1. At least 25 countries restrict or prohibit the use of cellphones and other wireless technology while driving. Restrictive legislation has been proposed in 40 states in the U.S., but only New York State, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Washington, D.C. have passed laws regarding cellphone use while driving.
  1. This passage is mostly about public switched telephone network and other technologies that make mobile phones popular.
  2. Even until the mid to late l980s, most mobile phones were not hand-held.
  3. Nowadays, Australia, Canada and the United States have the largest growth rates of mobile phone users in the world.
  4. In the United States, Japan, and South Korea, legislation requires a particular standard designed for mobile phone use.
  5. Infrastructure is a factor that makes mobile phone use not so popular as it would be otherwise in developing countries.
  6. Mobile phone users decorate their mobile phones to show their personality as the phones themselves are considered fashion objects.
  7. The use of mobile phones will be prohibited at funerals, weddings, movies and plays.
  8. The use of camera phones and videophones to cover is on the rise.
  9. It is generally thought that a mobile phone is not able to produce any serious effects, such as .
  10. In some countries, talking on a mobile phone while driving is already regarded as a similar criminal to driving while under .
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Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes) Section A Direction: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
  11. A) Passenger and bus conductor B) Doctor and patient C) Shopkeeper and customer D) Daughter and father
  12. A) The man knows the committee well. B) The man and the woman are friends. C) The woman would like to work there. D) The man thinks the woman should work on this committee.
  13. A) It’s interesting. B) It turned out to be easy. C) It’s hard to judge. D) It’s quite difficult.
  14. A) The woman went to Spenser’s yesterday. B) The woman’s aunt is called Spenser. C) The woman had been in the big sale. D) The woman would like to go to the big sales.
  15. A) She doesn’t understand how Judy got her job. B) She’s surprised Judy is working in management. C) She thinks Judy never should have taken a computer course. D) She wonders how Judy does so many things.
  16. A) No, it’s open only to teachers and postgraduates. B) Yes, but he needs the approval of his professor. C) Yes, because he is a senior student. D) Yes, he can study there if he is writing a research paper.
  17. A) Their parents cut back the loan. B) They can’t pay the rent this month. C) The woman doesn’t want Frank to take another English course. D) The woman’s boss refused to give her a rise.
  18. A) The man mistook her for someone else. B) The man must have got wrong information. C) The man got the news from someone else. D) She is still waiting to hear good news from the man. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A) The speed of light B) The speed of telecommunications C) Astronauts landing on the moon D) The United States
  20. A) Telecommunications B) Soccer C) War D) Watching television
  21. A) It’s right B) It’s wrong C) It’s awful D) It’s a fact
  22. A) Mary is troubled. B) Mary based her opinions on facts. C) Mary looks at the facts.
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D) Mary only sees what she wants to see. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. A) Because she wanted a job as a waitress B) Because King Hotel dining-room was closing down C) Because she wanted more time to study D) Because her pay was too low
  24. A) At weekends B) On weekdays C) Late in the week D) On Thursdays
  25. A) The manager would contact her on May 1st. B) Linda Brown got the job. C) The manager promised her a pay rise. D) She was able to enter the university. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding le
 

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