中考常考的英语句型

知识考点:
  1.There be 句型 ①There be +n(复、单)+某处/某时



表示某处有某物,注:适用邻近原则 There are sixty minutes in an hour .
There is a desk and two chairs in my room .
②对 There be 句型的主谓提问用 what ,动词用 is (因为主语为特殊疑问词) There are two pears in the bag . ③对 There be 句型中的数量提问: How many +n. (复) +are there +地点 ? ④表猜测的 There be 结构为:There must be a dog behind the door . ⑤表示“某处有某人在做什么”的句型: There be +sb +doing +地点 There are a lot of people waiting for the bus there . 那里有许多人在等车 ⑥表示(没)有(足够)时间去做某事的句型: There be no/enough time to do sth . There is no/enough time to have breakfast . (没)有足够的时间吃早饭。
  2.“该到某人做某事的时间了”句型: It’s time(for sb) to do sth 或 It’s time (for sb) + n / doing . It’s time (for me ) to have class . 或 It’s time (for me) for class/for leaving class .
  3.表示“建议”的句型 ①Let’s do sth . ②What about doing sth . ? ③Why not do sth . ? What’s in the bag ?
④Shall we do ……? ⑤Will you please do sth ? ⑥Would you like (sb) to do …?
  4.表示“委婉请求”的句型
①May / Could / Can I do ……? 我能为你做什么吗? May I borrow your bike ?我可以借你的自行车用吗? ②What can I do for you ? = Can I help you ?我能为你做什么吗?
  5.be going to 句型 主语+be going to +动词原形,表示计划、打算做某事 I’m going to help the farmers pick apples next Sunday . 下周日我将帮农民摘苹果。
  6.“对时间提问”的句型 ①What’s the time (by your watch)? / What time is it ? It’s half past ten ? ②What day (of the week) is it today ? It’s Monday . 今天星期几?星期一 ③What date is it today? = What day of the month is it today ? 今天几号?
  7.“对尺寸提问”的句型 What size + 一般疑问句?(就衣服、鞋尺寸大小提问) What size does she want ? 她要多大号的?
  8.“对颜色提问”的句型 What colour is / are + n ? What colour is Tom’s shirt? It’s black and white . 汤姆的衬衫什么颜色?黑白相间的
  9.“几加几得几”的句型 What’s …..and / plus …..? It’s …..(无论多少项相加,be 动词者用 is)

  10.“、、、、、是谁的”的句型 Whose + n + is / are + this /those ? = whose is / are + this / those + n ?
  11.“多、、、、、”的句型 How far is it from ?离、、、、多远 How big is it ?它多大?
How long、、、、多久(指时间长度) How soon 、、、、多久以后(用于将来时) How many + 复数名词、、、、有多少、、、、 How much +不可数名词、、、、多少、、、、

  12.“对价格提问”的句型 How much + is / are + n ? = What’s the price of + n ?
  13.“人口数量”的提问句型 What’s the population of +地点名词?=How many people are there+地点状语?
  14.“目前已、、、、、”的句型 So far ……have done . We have learned three English songs so far . 到目前为止,我们已经学了三首歌。
  15.“自从、、、、已多久”的句型 It’s +时间段+ since+过去时间点/过去时态的从句 It’s three months since he left his hometown . 自从他离开家乡已三个月了。 = He left his hometown three months ago . = Three months has been passed since he left his hometown .
  16.表示距离(某处)具体有多远 be+数字+单位 away(from+地点) The moon is 380,000 kilometres away from the earth . 月球离地球有 38 万公里。
  17.计量的表达法:主语+ be +数词+metres / kilometres + long/wide/high/tall/deep 等形容 词。 The river is about 100 metres deep . 这条河大约有 100 米深
  18.表示“是、、、、的原因” This / That is why …….. That is why he was late for school .那就是他上学迟到的原因。
  19. on one hand , …..on the other hand 表示“一方面、、、、另一方面” TV is important for us today . On one hand , we can know what is happening on the other side of the world . On the other hand we can spend our spare time on it . 如今电视对我们来说非常重要。一方面,我们可以知道世界其它地方正发生的事件。另一方 面,我们可以度过我们的休闲时光。
  20.“as…..as”的句型
as +形/副原级+as…….
和、、、、一样、、、、
Kate is as tell as I (am) / me . 凯特没有我高。
  21.“less….than ….”与“not ….as(so)….as”“、、、、不如、、、、”的句型 This book is not as interesting as that one . = This book is less interesting than that one .(less 和 than 之间要用原形)
  22.“the+比较级、、、、,the+比较级、、、、”“越、、、,就越、、、”句型 The more you eat , the fatter you are . 你吃得越多,就越胖。
  23.“比较级+ and +比较级”“越来越”的句型 He becomes stronger and stronger .他越来越健壮。
  24."比较级+than all the other+(单)"的句型,"比较级+than+any other+(单)" 的句型 Li Feng sings better than all the other boys in the class . = Li Feng sings better than any other boys in the class . = Li Feng sings best of all the boys in the class .
  25."too…..to"的句型 too + adj + to do 太....以致于不能.... My sister is too young to go to school .我妹妹太小,不能上学.
  26. “so….that….”句型 so+形/副词原形+that 从句 太...以致于...
My sister is so young that she can’t go to school .(同上)
  27. “adj + enough + to do” 足够.....去做....的句型 My sister is not old enough to go to school .我妹妹不够上学的年龄.
  28."你最好做....."句型 ①had better + do sth"你最好...." had better not + do sth “你最好不..."
②It’s best (for sb) to do sth . 对...来说,做...是最好的
It’s best for you to learn swimming in summer . 夏天学游泳对你来说是最好的.
  29. “no matter how + adj / adv+从句” 无论怎样.....
No matter how cold it is outside , the old man keeps running every morning .无论外面有多 冷,老人仍然每天早晨坚持跑步.
  30.have nothing to do with 与....无关 This has nothing to do with you . 这跟你无关.
  31."该轮到某人做某事"的句型 It’s one’s turn to do sth .
  32."对职业提问"的句型 ①What does your mother do ? ③What is your mother ?
  33."问路"的句型 the way to the hospital ? ①Can you tell me how I can get to the hospital ? ②What’s your mother’s job ? ④What kind of work does your mother do ?
how to get to the hospital ? ②Which is the way to the hospital ? ④Excuse me , where is the hospital ? (注): 其中的 get 可由空格的数量换成 arrive at/in 或 reach
  34."花费"的句型 ①It takes sb some time to do sth .做某事花费了某人多长时间(主语为形式主语 it) ②sb + spend +时间/钱 +(in) doing sth .某人花费多少时间/金钱做...(主语为人) ③sb + spend + 金钱+ on+ sth 某人花...钱于某物上(主语为人) ④sth + cost sb + 金钱 某物花费某人多少钱(主语为物) ③Which way is to the hospital ?
⑤sb + pay +钱 +for + sth 某人为某人/物付了....款(主语为人)

  35."....出毛病了,怎么了"的句型 ①What’s wrong with your watch ? ②What’s the matter with your watch ? ③What’s the trouble with your watch ?
  36."感叹句的构成"句型 ①What + adj + n + (主语+谓语) ! What 修饰感叹主语前的名词 What a tall tree ( it is ) ! 多么高的一棵树啊!
②How + adj/adv + (主语+谓语) ! How 修饰感叹主语前的形容词或副词 How tall the tree is ! 这棵树多么高啊! How hard they are working !他们学得多么刻苦啊!
  37."告诉别人路程"的句型 Go (walk) along / down / up the road , take the second turning on the left , you’ll find it . 沿 着这条路走,在第二个路口处向左拐,你就会找到了.
  38."对事物看法如何"的句型 ①What do you think of the teacher ? Great . 这个老师怎样?太棒了. ②How do you like the book ? Very much . 这本书如何?很不错.(like 为动词) ③Which + n + do you like better , A or B ?A 和 B 你更喜欢哪一个? ④Which + n + do you like best , A , B or C ? A,B 和 C 你最喜欢哪一个?
  39."天气如何"的句型 ①What’s the weather like ? = What do you think of the weather ? ②How is the weather ? = How do you like the weather ?
  40."....是什么意思"的句型
①What do you mean by “tiger” ? ②What does “tiger” mean ? ③What’s the meaning of “tiger” ? ④What do you mean by “tiger” ?
  41."两者都...."句型
"tiger"是什么意思?
both……and……
Both mother and father are teachers . = Both of them are teachers . 爸,妈都是老师.
  42."两者都不...."的句型 neither….nor…..(具有就近原则)....既不,....也不 Neither I nor my father likes football .= Neither my father nor I like football . = Neither of us like football .(全否)我和爸爸都不喜欢足球.
  43."....或者....."句型 either….or…. ....或者,...或者(两者之一)(具有就近原则)
Either she or Lily is a doctor .或者她,或者丽丽是医生. = Either of them is a doctor . = Both of them are not doctors . 他们两个不都是医生.(部分否定)
  44. “none of …..与 all of….”句型 All of the students/ All the students are League members .所有的学生都是团员. All of the students / All the students are not League members . 不是所有的学生都是团员.(部分否定) None of the students is a League member . 没有一个学生是团员.(全否) (注:但既指人又指物;而只指人)
  45.as + adj/adv + as possible 尽可能....地..... Please come to school as early as possible . 请尽可能早地到校.
  46. “It’s + adj for sb to do sth 与 It’s + adj of sb to do sth.”的句型
①It’s + adj for sb to do sth 做某事对某人来说的难易程度 It’s difficult for him to learn it . 对他来说要学会它很难. ②It’s + adj of sb to do sth . 做某事说明某人的品质,性情如何 It’s very nice / kind of you to help me . 帮助我,你太好了.
  47. “find / think + it + adj for sb to do sth.”句型 I find it difficult for me to learn English well .我发现要学好英语对我来说太难了. (it 为形式宾语, 真正的宾语是不定式 to learn English well , difficult 是形容词作宾补) I find = it is difficult for me to learn English well .(宾语从句形式)
  48."主语+be+表示情绪的形容词+to do"句型 I am glad to see you .我很高兴见到你.
  49. “sorry 抱歉”句型 ①I’m sorry for that .我为那件事感到抱歉.(for + 代词) ②I’m sorry to hear that .听到那件事很难过.(加不定式) ③I’m sorry that I’m late again . 很抱歉我又迟到了.(加从句)
  50.“afraid 害怕”句型 ① I’m afraid to do sth 害怕做、、、、(加不定式)
②I’m afraid of doing sth . 担心、、、、的后果(加动名词) ③I’m afraid that +从句 ④I’m afraid of +动名词

  51.“get ready 与 be ready” 句型 ①be (get) ready for + 名词“为某事做准备” ②be (get) ready to + 动词原形 “准备做某事”
  52. “by oneself” 句型 ①leave sb by oneself . = leave sb alone . 把某人单独留下 ②learn sth all by oneself . = teach oneself . 自学
I learned English all by myself . = I taught myself English . ③oneself 与 by oneself oneself 表示“我自已,我本身,我亲自”
  53.“Help yourself to …….” Help yourself/ yourselves to +食物
  54. “So it is 与 So it is” 句型 ①So + 主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词 表示对前面提到的事物的认可 随便吃些、、、、、、 by oneself 独自地
Liu Ying is a good girl . So she is . 刘英是个好女孩。确实如此。 Weiwei often helps others . So she does . 微微常帮助别人。的确如此。 ②So +助动词/系动词/情态动词 表示前面提到过的情况也适用于别的人
He is tall , so is his brother . 他个子高,他弟弟个也高。 Mother can swim , so can I . 妈妈会游泳,我也会。 They will go for a picnic , so will you .
  55.“Do+动词原形”表示强调 I do think so . 我的确是这样想的。 He did come . 他的确来过了。
  56. “not …..until”直到、、、、才、、、、、 I didn’t go to bed until mother came back home .
  57. “have been to 与 have gone to”句型 have been to、、、、、曾经去过、、、、 (去了又回来了) 他们要去野餐,你也去。
have gone to 、、、、、去、、、、、(在途中还没回来) Where has he gone ? He has gone to the lib
 

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