教育常年开设:中考应试班?高考应试班★小升初至高三小班?一对一 脑不忘 NO.1 教育
中考英语词汇重点难点考点精讲二
例 3 单项选择。 ( )1 .Students are usually interested in sports . Some like running ;some like swimming ;like ball games . (2001 年上海市中考题) A .the others B .others C .the other D .other ( )2 .?Can you speak Chinese ,Peter ? (2001 年北京市海淀区中考题) ?Yes , but only . A .little B .few C .a little D .a few ( )3 .Don’t worry ,I’ll take good care Polly .(2001 年天津市中考题) A .for B .of C. with D .to 简析:此题是考查词语意义和用法上的区别,以及词语的固定搭配。在做此类题时,我们应注意:(
  1) 先读懂题意,找出考查点。(
  2)观察分析空格与它的前后部分的联系及空格在句中的句法功能。(
  3)根据题 意及分析结果,对比所有选项,选择最恰当的选项。(
  4)对于难度较大、很难直接从正面找到答案,就可 采用排除法??根据题意和所学知识排除错误答案。剩下的便是正确答案。第 1 小题是考查 the others , others ,the other ,other 这四者在意义和用法上的区别: others 特指某一范围内的 the “其余的人(物)” 而 others 泛指“其余的人(物)”它常和 some 对比使用,即“some . . .others . . .”,the other 特 指“(两个中的)另一个”,other 泛指“另一个”。故答案为 B。第 2 小题是考查 little ,few ,a littl e ,a few 的用法:某一语言不可数,因此 B、D 两选项不成立。而 little 是表示否定意义,a little 表 示肯定意义。根据题干的意思应为肯定,故答案为 C。第 3 小题是考查 take care of 这一固定词组。故答 案为 B。 【综合能力训练】 Ⅰ .从下列 A、B、C、D 四个选项中找出恰当的字母或字母组合使单词完整正确。 ( )1 .q ter A .ar B .or C .wor D .uar
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( )2 .know ge A .led B .lid C .lad D .le ( )3 .Sat day A .er B .ir C .ur D .or ( )4 .po ble A .si B .ssi C .se D .sse ( )5 .lang ge A .wi B .wa C .ue D .ua ( )6 .gr nd A .ou B .au C .oa D .ua ( )7 .d ghter A .on B .au C .or D .ua ( )8 .b t ful A .u ;e B .eu ;i C .eau ;e D .eau ;i ( )9 .p c A .e ;cher B .i ;ture C .i ;cher D .e ;ture ( )10 .d ction ry A .e ;e B .i ;e C .e ;a D .i ;a Ⅱ .下列每组单词中,有一个单词有拼写错误,请指出。 ( )1 .A .caught B .braught C .taught D .bought ( )2 .A .has B .having C .had D .haved ( )3 .A .reech B .sweater C .street D .teacher ( )4 .A .Japanese B .machine C .polece D .writer ( )5 .A .care B .wear C .their D .pare ( )6 .A .afraid B .radio C .almist D .Canadian ( )7 .A .foreign B .friend C .quietly D .piece ( )8 .A .ladder B .bottler C .danger D .farther ( )9 .A .dirty B .piano C .Wenesday D .twelfth ( )10 .A .suddenly B .subject C .sunshine D .student
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教育常年开设:中考应试班?高考应试班★小升初至高三小班?一对一 脑不忘 NO.1 教育
Ⅲ .根据所给英语释义写出单词(首字母已给出)。 1 .become a member of j 2 .have (clothes) on the body w 3 .almost not h 4 .not any ,no one n 5 .at last f 6 .the fourth day of a week W 7 .the opposite of cheap e 8 .father or mother p 9 .ice box f 10 .go in a car or on a horse or a bike r Ⅳ .根据句意和音标写单词。 1 .His sister is a [li :g] member. 2 .Our teacher often [pleiz] games with us. 3 .Bell [in′ventid] the telephone. 4 .Do you [bi′li :v] what he said ? 5 .What’s the [′we ] like today ? 6 .They started climbing the [′mauntin]. 7 . [ u] he was ill ,he went to school.
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8 .It took 300 workers a year to [bild] the railway bridge. 9 .By the end of last month the writer had [′ritn] 250 pages. 10 .I will go shopping if I have [′n θi ] to do this Sunday. Ⅴ .用括号中所给词的适当形式填空。 1 .“Thank you ,”he said (polite). 2 .Children must be stopped from (skate) on thin ice . 3 .She spends one hour (watch) TV every day . 4 .Keep (quietly) !They are listening to the teacher . 5 .Would you please say it again more (loud) ? 6 .Keep on (work) hard ,or you’ll fall behind other students . 7 .I’ve been on the Great Wall (two) . 8 .Thank you for (lend) me the story book . 9 .I often write “Best (wish) for Teachers’ Day !”on the cards . 10 .Meimei did (badly) than Lucy in the high jump . 11 .After ten minutes’ rest ,they went on (walk) . 12 .I saw a wallet (lie) on the ground on my way home . 13 .There is a fire (burn) in the fireplace . 14 . (pick) apples is better than (have) classes . 15 .They went to the park instead of (stay) at home last Saturday . 16 .“See you” is another way of (say) “Goodbye” .
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教育常年开设:中考应试班?高考应试班★小升初至高三小班?一对一 脑不忘 NO.1 教育
17 .They enjoy (take) a walk after supper . 18 .I don’t feel like (eat) anything now . 19 .The teachers are busy (get) ready for tomorrow’s work. 20 .Don’t forget to take the (shop) list with you. 【创新备考训练】(选自 2001 年各地中考题) Ⅵ .根据句意,选择与句中划线部分意思相同或相近的解释。 1 .We are very glad to hear the good news . A .sorry B .sad C .pleased 2 .I will go to see my grandma this evening . A .visit B .move C .watch 3 .They have a lot of apples and bananas in the basket . A .some B .many C .much 4 .Alice will go shopping with her aunt tomorrow . A .buy something B .borrow books C .wash clothes 5 .The little boy is good at drawing . A .is poor at B .is slow at C .does well in 6 .What are the boys doing ?They are at work . A .are workers B .work here C .are working 7 .We were busy last week ,so we had a little rest .
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A .a small B .a short C .a few 8 .Mrs Green usually goes for a walk after supper . A .has a walk B .walks around C .wants a walk 9 .Jim arrived at the farm early. A .got on B .got up C .got to 10 .My grandma bought a big birthday present for both of us. A .both us B .we both C .us both 11 .?Hello ,may I speak to Mr. White ,please ? ?Hold on for a moment ,please . A .Wait B .Sit C .Stop 12 .It’s really difficult to learn maths well . A .wrong B .easy C .hard 13 .Bob is very strong .He is able to carry the box. A .must B .can C .need 14 .Han Meimei has a few American friends . A .many B .some C .no 15 .We are happy to see you again . A .worried B .sad C .pleased
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