中考英语单词拼写题解题技巧
单词拼写题是中考英语试题中常见的题型之一,主要考查学生“识词、记词和用词”的能 力。这类试题体现了“词不离句”的特点,要求学生注意单词在句子中的确切含义与正确形式, 而不是孤立地死记硬背单词。 “单词拼写”题主要有下面一些题型。 一、词类转换 A)按要求写出该词的相应形式。
  1. boy(复数)
  2. they(宾格)
  3. thin(比较级)
  4. dance(v-ing 形式)
  5. break(过去分词) (福州市中考题) 这种题型是单词拼写题型中比较机械的一种, 主要是考查学生对单词形式变换的掌握程度, 要求学生掌握单词的变化规则以及一些构词法。(答案 :
  1. boys
  2. them
  3. thinner
  4. dancing
  5. broken) B)用括号中所给单词的正确形式填空。
  1. Which is (far) from us,the sun or the moon? (keep) water hot.
  2. The pot is used for
  3. Mike is ill. His mother feels (worry). (rain)tomorrow.
  4. Beijing will be
  5. They are my (friendly). 这种题型是比较灵活的词类转换形式。它不仅考查学生对单词变换形式的掌握程度,更主 要是考查学生对句子成份划分的能力及对各种词类能作什么成份的掌握程度。解答这类题必须 先考虑所给词在空格处作什么成份,理解句意,然后采用适当的形式。第 1 题,根据句意“太 阳和月亮哪一个离我们较远?” ,二者比较,应用比较级,故填 farther;第 2 题, for 是介 词,后接 v-ing 形式,故填 keeping;第 3 题,feel 是系动词,后面应接形容词作表语,故填 worried;第 4 题,rain 的形容词为 rainy;第 5 题,根据句意,此处应填名词,又因主语 They 为复数,放这里应填 friends。 二、词语释义 根据英文解释,完成下列单词的拼写,每个单词的第一个字母已给出。
  1. c (put one thing over another)
  2. u (different from;not in the same way)
  3. F (the second month of the year)
  4. s (not hurt,not in danger)
  5. l (not heavy)
  6. v (a place smaller than a town)
  7. r (having much money)
  8. f (of, in or from another country)
  9. w (make clean with water)
  10. c (easy to see, hear, read or understand) (安徽省中考题) 这类题主要考查学生是否能理解一定的英语解释及掌握某些同义词、近义词或反义词。解 答这类题, 必须先弄懂释义, 再根据提示, 写出单词。 (答案 :
  1. cover
  2. unlike
  3. February
  4. safe
  5. light
  6. village
  7. rich
  8. foreign
  9. wash
  10. clear)
三、汉译英 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。
  1. Miss Brown taught (他们) English last term.
  2. We don’t think their classroom is (干净) than ours. (照片) of your family ?
  3. Is it the best one of the
  4. I spent an hour (写) the passage last night. 做这类题要从语法的角度,认真检查所填英语单词的词形是否正确。如果填的是名词,要 注意它们是单数还是复数;如果填的是形容词、副词,要注意它们是否需要用比较级或最高级; 如果是动词,要注意它们的时态、语态以及语气等。第 1 题,根据句意,taught 后面应接人称 代词的宾格形式,故填 them;第 2 题,根据句意,此处应填形容词比较级 cleaner;第 3 题, 根据句意,此处可填 photo 或 picture;又因 one of 后应接可数名词的复数形式,故应填 photos/pictures;第 4 题,根据句意, “花费多少时间做某事”常用句型“spend+时间+doing sth”,故此处应填 writing。 四、根据句意填词 A)根据句意填入一个适当的词,使句子完整、正确。
  1. July the first is our birthday.
  2. The Great Wall is over 6, 000 kilometers . .
  3. Miss Yang has got books on many different 这种题主要考查学生正确分析和理解句子的能力。解答这类题,应先考虑所填单词在句中 作什么成份, 用什么词性, 再结合句意和语法全盘考虑。 1 题, 第 根据句意 月 1 日是我们…… “7 生日。 ”此处应填“党的” ,即 Party’s :第 2 题,根据句意 :“长城有
  6,000 多公里。 ”此处 应填“长”,即 long;第 3 题,根据句意,此处应填“学科” ,即 subjects。 B)根据句意和首字母的提示完成下列单词。
  1. He has kept a d since he was at school. It has recorded(记录) what happened each day.
  2.I enjoy watching football games on TV. What is your f television programme? (武汉市中考题) (答案 :
  1. diary
  2. favorite) 在句子中缺词的情况下, 弄懂句子的意义是关键。 解答此类题时要注意 “两个确定” 即 , “确 定单词”和“确定形式” 。 (-)读懂句意,确定单词 读懂句意, 例 1 The f day of the week is Sunday. 该句意为“一周的第一天是星期天” ,需要填的词的首字母是“f”,根据常识和序数词有 关知识应填“第一” ,故填 first。此类题还可考月份。如 :September is the nmonth of the year(答案 :ninth) 瞻前顾后, (二)瞻前顾后,确定形式 写出单词后,还要注意分析该单词是否需要变化形式。现分类说明如下 :
  1. 名词 一般考虑单、复数和所有格。 例 1 Do you like white?We have shirts of different c . 根据句意,可确定单词为“color” ,通过前面的 shirts 和 different 两词可确定此处应用 colors。 Day. 例 2 September 10th is T 根据句意,确定单词“Teacher” ,它与 Day 之间存在所有格关系,将 Teacher 变为复数,
再变为所有格,应填 Teachers’ 。
  2. 形容调和副词 这两类词学生极易混淆,做题时应仔细分析,慎重选择究竟用哪类词, 有时还要考虑到形容词和副词“级”的变化。 例 1 He was very a with the man upstairs and began to shout, “Stop singing! ” 根据句意,此处应填形容词原级 angry。 in the park. 例 2 On Sundays,children play h 此处应填副词 happily,副词修饰动词。
  3. 动词 动词变化形式较为复杂, 一般有五种 :动词原形、 第三人称单数形式、 现在分词, 过去式和过去分词。可综合考查学生运用英语知识的能力。 例 1 Thank you very much for l me your bike. 介词后动词用-ing 形式,故填 lending。 例 2 When he was ten,he became i in maths. become interested in 为固定词组,意为“对……感兴趣” ,故此处应填 interested。
  4. 数词 注意确定用基数词还是序数词。 例 1 There are t months in a year. 此处应用基数词 twelve。 例 2 December is the t month of the year. 此处应填序数词 twelfth。
  5. 代词 主要从人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、不定代词和疑问代词几方面考虑,有时 还要考虑用单数还是用复数。 例 1 Help y to some fish,Jim. 根据句意,此处应用 yourself. 例 2 “Help y to some fish,please. ”Mrs Green said to the twins. 根据句意,the twins 为复数,故填 yourselves。
  6. 连词 若前后两个词或句子存在转折、因果、并列、选择等关系,一般应填连词。 例 1 She didn’t go to school yesterday b she was il
  1. 从句和主句互为因果关系,故填 because。 例 2 The football match still went on t it was raining heavily. 该从句为让步状语从句,故应填 though。
【综合能力训练】 综合能力训练】 Ⅰ. 根据句意,用所给词的适当形式填空。
  1. How much are these ?(tomato)
  2. We finished the lesson last week. (nine)
  3. He is in English. (interest)
  4. Today it is a day. (sun)
  5. He is enough to believe that man. (fool)
  6. They carried the wounded soldier to . (safe) to him for his help (thank).
  7. We were very
  8. You must drive when it's snowing heavily. (care)

  9. She noticed a wallet on the ground. (lie)
  10. I don’t know book this is. (who)
  11. They often go to the Park on Sunday. (child)
  12. The English often in the concerts. (sing)
  13. The girl was not born in . (German) a recorder in our English Class. It's very . (use)
  14. We
  15. It seems that our team will . (win).
  16. Will you go with me tomorrow ? (fish)
  17. “Why are you late for school again ?”said his teacher . (angry)
  18. The is studying Russian. (science) for the examination. (prepare)
  19. We are busy
  20. It is even today. (bad) Ⅱ. 根据句意填词
  1. ?Your English is very good. How did you learn it ? ?I taught .
  2. Teacher's Day comes at the of the new term.
  3. He never goes to . He is very healthy.
  4. Harbin is in the of our country.
  5. Mr Green is our English teacher. He is ill today and can't come to school. Miss Gao teaches us . class ?
  6. ?Are Sue and Ann in the ?No, they are in different classes.
  7. My bike is broken. Can you it for me ? birthday.
  8. July the first is our
  9. Miss Yang got books on many different . people than France.
  10. Germany has Ⅲ. 根据句意及所给首字母,写出完整、正确的单词。
  1. She received lots of p on her birthday.
  2. We work in the d and sleep at night. match yesterday.
  3. Class Two won the b
  4. Please get me some hot water from the t .
  5. There is a long b over the river.
  6. There are many beautiful flowers in the g .
  7. Fish can't live w water.
  8. I've l my pen and haven't found it yet.
  9. Most machines are made of m .
  10. You should often s the floor to keep it clean.
  11. Don’t make any n . The baby is sleeping.
  12. You must put a s on the letter before posting it.
  13. The boy students are playing football on the p .
  14. Would you m carrying the box for me ?
  15. Let’s go b on the lake this afternoon. Ⅳ. 根据句意和括号内所给汉语,在空格上填入一个适当的单词

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
I meet an old friend of (我的) yesterday. Do you enjoy (看) story-books? Ask John if he will (借) me some money. The train was behind time. So we (到达) a few hours later in Shanghai. How much of your time is (花费)on sports?
[参考答案] 参考答案] 综合能力训练 综合能力训练 Ⅰ.
  1. tomatoes
  2. ninth
  3. interested
  4. sunny
  5. foolish
  6. safety
  7. thankful
  8. carefully
  9. lying
  10. whose
  11. Children's
  12. singer, sings
  13. German, Germany
  14. use, useful
  15. win
  16. fishing
  17. angrily
  18. scientist
  19. preparing
  20. worse Ⅱ.
  1. myself
  2. beginning
  3. hospital
  4. north
  5. instead
  6. same
  7. mend
  8. Party's
  9. subjects
  10. more Ⅲ.
  1. presents
  2. daytime
  3. basketball
  4. thermos
  5. bridge
  6. garden
  7. without
  8. lost
  9. metal
  10. sweep
  11. noise
  12. stamp
  13. playground
  14. mind
  15. boating Ⅳ.
  1. mine
  2. reading
  3. lend
  4. arrived
  5. spent
 

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