动词的时态
动词的五种形式: 动词的五种形式: 原形、 三单、 现在分词、 原形、 三单、 现在分词、 work study go see do have come take eat works studies goes sees does has comes takes eats working studying going seeing doing having coming taking eating 过去式、 过去分词。 过去式、 过去分词。 worked studied went saw did had came took ate worked studied gone seen done had come taken eaten
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翻译下列八个句子

  1、我每天吃一个苹果。
  2、我昨天吃了个苹果。
  3、我正在吃苹果。
  4、昨天晚上八点钟,我正在吃苹果。
  5、一小时后,我将要吃个苹果。
  6、我说过我要吃苹果。
  7、我已经吃过苹果了。
  8、在我吃午饭前,我就吃过苹果了
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Find out the tense of each sentence

  1. I eat an apple every day.
  2. I ate an apple yesterday.
  3. I am eating an apple now.
  4. I was eating an apple at eight o’clock yesterday evening.
  5. I will eat an apple in an hour.
  6. I said I would eat an apple.
  7. I have already eaten an apple.
  8. Before I had my lunch, I had already eaten an apple.
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时态( 时态(一)一般现在时:
? 意义:主要表示经常发生的动作或存在的状态。 ? 构成: ?
  1)主语+动词原形 ?
  2)主语(三单)+动词(三单) ? 助动词:do, does ? 时间状语: often, always, sometimes, every day/week/month/year, on Sundays/Mondays, at times, usually.
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动词
规则: 称单数 变 规则: 动词原形 read , play 第三人称单数形式 reads, plays
变化规则 一般情况加-s 以ch, sh, x或元音 字母o结尾的词, 加-es 以辅音字母+结尾 的词,先变y为i, 再加-es 特例
teach, wash, pass, teaches, washes, do, passes, does study, try, cry studies, tries, cries
have
has
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例句:

  1)我每天骑自行车去上学。
I go to school by bike every day.


  2)他每天做公共汽车去上学。
He goes to school by bus every day.
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时态( 时态(二)一般过去时:

  1.意义:主要表示过去某个特定时间发生的 动作或存在的状态。
  2、构成:主语+动词(过去式)
  3. 助动词did
  4、时间状语: yesterday, last year/week/month, a moment ago, just now, in 2000 etc.
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  5.动词的过去式和过去分词的规则变化。 动词的过去式和过去分词的规则变化。 动词的过去式和过去分词的规则变化
变化规则 动词原形 过去式/过去分词 looked, watched, wanted, helped, played studied, carried, worried, tried
一般情况下,在动词 look, watch, 原形末尾加-ed want, help, play 以辅音字母结尾的词,study, carry, 变y为i,再加-ed worry, try
以重读闭音节或r音节 stop, drop, fit, stopped, 而末尾只有辅音字母 prefer dropped, fitted, 的词,先双写这个字 preferred 母,再加-ed
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例句:
  1.上周末我们去动物园了。 Last weekend we went to the zoo.

  2、昨晚他们看了一部电影. They saw a film yesterday evening.
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时态(三)现在进行时:

  1.意义:主要表示说话时正在进行或发生的动作
  2.构成:主语+am/is/are+动词(-ing)
  3.助动词:am/is/are
  4.时间状语: now, at present, at the moment, these days, Look! Listen! Don’t make noise!
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  5.动词的现在分词变化表 动词的现在分词变化表
情况 一般情况 变化规则 例词
在动词原形词尾加ing stay-staying go-going make-making take-taking
以不发音的字母 先去掉e,再加-ing e结尾的动词
以一个辅音字母 先双写这个辅音字母,run-running 结尾的重读闭音 再加-ing sit-sitting 节词 以ie为重读音节 把ie变为y,再加-ing 结尾的动词 lie-lying die-dying
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时态(四)过去进行时:

  1.意义:主要表示过去某一个时刻或某一段时间 内正在进行或发生的动作。
  2.构成:主语+was\were+动词-ing
  3.助动词:was\were
  4.时间状语:at 8 o’clock yesterday evening, at this time yesterday, when I got home, while I was writing etc.
  5.动词所用的形式:动词现在分词
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例句:
  1. When I got home, my mother was cooking (cook) dinner.
was writing
  2. Mary (write) a letter to her friend at 8 o’clock yesterday evening.
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时态(五)一般将来时:

  1.意义:主要表示在将来某个时间将要发生的动作存在 的状态。
  2.构成:
  1)主语will+动词(原形)
  2)主语+am\is\are+动词(原形)
  3、助动词:will, am\is\are
  4、时间状语:tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, tomorrow afternoon, next year\month\week, in 2008, in an hour, in a few days, etc.
  5、动词所用的形式:动词原形
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Eg: will help
  1) I (help) you with your work tomorrow. will be
  2) Hurry up, or you (be) late for school. will come
  3) I
(come) to see you
doesn’t rain if it (rain) tomorrow.(主将从现)
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时态(六)过去将来时:

  1、意义:主要表示从过去某一时间看来将要发生的动作 或存在的状态。
  2、构成:
  1)主语+would+动词(原形)
  2)主语+was\were+going to +动词(原形)
  3、助动词:would, was\were
  4、时间状语:过去将来时常常用于宾语从句。 如:He said that….. He told me that….
  5、动词所用的形式:动词原形
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would go Eg:
  1)She said she (go) to Shanghai the next week. would visit
  2) He told me that he (visit) our factory the next day.
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时态( 时态(七)现在完成时
? 意义: ?
  1)现在完成时表示过去发生或已经完成的某一 动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
? 通常与表示包括现在在内的时间副词just,already, before, yet, never, ever等状语连用。
?
  2) 现在完成时表示过去已经开始,持续到现在, 也许还会持续下去的动作或状态。
? 可以和表示从过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内) 的一段时间的状语连用。如:for和since,以及 so far, now, today, this week(month, year) 等。
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时态( 时态(七)现在完成时
? ? ? ? 构成:主语+have\has+动词(过去分词) 助动词:have\has 动词所用的形式:动词(过去分词) 例句:
have seen ?
  1)I already (see) the film. has taught ?
  2)Mr Lee (teach) in the school for ten years.
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时态( 时态(八)过去完成时
? 意义:主要表示在过去某一时间之前就已经发生 或完成的动作(过去的过去)。 ? 构成:主语+had+动词(过去分词) ? 助动词:had ? 动词所用的形式:动词(过去分词) ? 时间状语: ?by the end of last year, ?before I went to the college, ?when I got to the station, ?etc
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Eg:
  1) When I got to the station,
had left the bus already (leave).

  2) By the end of last month, had learnt we (learn) five English books.
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完成下列时态填空题: 完成下列时态填空题: 方法:找标志、定时态、按构成、来填空 方法:找标志、定时态、按构成、
  1.Look! The boy is running (run) faster and faster. went
  2.Mrs Brown (go) to see a movie last Sunday. had learned
  3. How many English words you (learn) by the end of last term?
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will be
  4. There (be) a class meeting tomorrow afternoon. was doing
  5. When I got home, my father (do)the cooking. would leave
  6.My mother said she (leave) for Shanghai the next day. comes
  7.My father always (come) back from the work very late. had seen
  8. I already (see) the film several times, so I won’t go with them this evening.
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2001-2006历届中考关于时态的题总结如下: 历届中考关于时态的题总结如下: 历届中考关于时态的题总结如下

  1. The twin sisters have learned a lot they came to China A. when B. as soon as C. since D. after .(东城
  01)
  2.?I called you at about half past eight last night, but nobody answered. Oh, I in my office at that time. (东城
  01) A.will work B. was working C. worked D. had worked
  3.The train is leaving right now, but David hasn’t arrived yet. Well, he said he here on time. (东城
  01) A. came B. will be C. would come D. can be 24

  4. By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I dinner already. (东城
  01) A. had cooked B. cooked C. have cooked D. cook
  5. Miss Gao isn’t here. She to the station to meet Mr. Brown. (海淀
  01) (
  01) A. went B. has gone C. has been D. would go
  6.Mr.King in Beijing since 19
  80. He teaches English in a middle school.( 朝阳
  01) A. lives B. in living C. lived D. has lived 25

  7. His brother doesn’t smoke, he? (崇文
  02) A. is B. isn’t C. does D. doesn’t
  8. Look! The lovely children the hill. (崇文
  02) A. climb B. will climb C. are climbing D. climbed
  9. We won’t go to the park if it tomorrow. (崇文
  02) A. is raining B. will rain C. rain D. rains
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  10. Jenny and her parents going to visit the Palace Museum tomorrow. (海淀
  02) A. is B. am C. are D. be
  11. Look! The boys happily in the river. (海淀
  02) A. swim B. swam C. will swim D. are swimming
  12. China the WTO and became a new member of it last year. (海淀
  02) A. joined B. join C. will join D. has joined
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  13. I will let you know about it as soon as I the news. (海淀
  02) A.will get B. gets C. got D. get
  14. You are new here, you. (朝阳
  02) A.aren’t B. are C. do D. don’t

  15. I’ll go to England if I enough money next year. (朝阳
  02) A. have B. will have C. am having D. had 28

  16. He usually up early every morning. (朝阳
  02) A.get B. gets C. is getting D. has got
  17. He two thousand trees since 19
  85. (朝阳
  02) A. plants B. planted C. will plant D. has planted
  18.What are Mr and Mrs Black doing? They tea in the garden.(全市
  03) A. are drinking B. drank C. have drunk D. drink
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  19. ?Where is Jim? --He to the shop. He’ll be back in an hour. (全市
  03) A. goes B. go C. has gone D. will go
  20. Our teacher, Miss Chen, English on the radio the day before yesterday.(海淀
  03) A.teaches B. taught C. will teach D. had taught
  21. Listen! Some of the girls about Harry Potter. Let’s join them!(海淀
  03) A. are talking B. talk C. will talk D. talked 30

  22. I don’t think I you in that dress before. (海淀
  03) A. have seen B. was seeing C. saw D. see
  23. If he harder, he will catch up with us soon. (全市
  04) A. study B. studies C. will study D. studied
  24.I didn’t see you at the meeting yesterday. Why? I for a long distance call then from my daughter in Canada. (海淀
  04) A. waited B. have waited C. was waiting D. will wait 31

  25. It only him 20 minutes to his office every day.(东城04综练) A.took, to drive B. took, drive C. takes, drive D. takes, to drive
  26.I’ll go to Tibet for my holiday this summer. It’s really a beautiful place. I there twice.(西城04抽样) A.was B. went C. have been D. have gone
  27.I want to know the day after tomorrow. (全市
  05) A. what he will do B. what will he do C. what he did D. what did he do
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  28. Where is Frank now? (海淀
  05) He his bike in the yard. A.fixes up B. fixing up C. is fixing up D. fixed
  29. Li Ming is a new student in our class. He here for only a month. (东城05综练) A.has come B. has been C. came D. was
  30. Tom wanted to know how many English words we by the end of last year. A. have learned B. had learned 33 C. were learning D. would learn (东城05综练)

  31.He hardly said anything at the meeting, he? (东城05综练) A. did B. didn’t C. does D. doesn’t
  32.There an English party tomorrow. Would you like to go? (西城06抽样) A. is going to be B. is going to have C. is D. has
  33. Mr. Yu often has sports on Sunday morning, he? (西城06抽样) A. does B. doesn’t C. has D. hasn’t
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  34.you the book to the library yet? Yes. I it just now.(西城06抽样) A. Have, returned; returned B. Do, return; returned. C. Will, return; have returned D. Did, return; returned
  35. Hello! Is that Mary speaking? (朝阳06综练) Sorry. This is Jane. Mary some cleaning now. Hold on for a moment, please. A. does B. do C. is doing D. will do
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  36. I’m waiting for my friend Jenny. , I’ll go shopping alone. A. If she doesn’t come B. If she won’t come C. If she will come D. If she is coming. (人大附中06练习)
  37.Where’s your father, Mike? He in the kitchen. (06全市大纲卷) A. cooks B. cooked C. is cooking D. has cooked
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  38. The children will climb the hill if it tomorrow. (06全市大纲卷) A. won’t rain B. didn’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. isn’t raining
  39.Would you like to see the film with me? I’m sorry I it twice. (06全市大纲卷) A. see B. will see C. have seen D. am seeing.
  40.What’s your brother doing in his room now? He a kite. (06全市课标A卷) A. makes B. made C. is making D. will make
37
 

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