动词的时态
动词的五种形式: 动词的五种形式: 原形、 三单、 现在分词、 原形、 三单、 现在分词、 work study go see do have come take eat works studies goes sees does has comes takes eats working studying going seeing doing having coming taking eating 过去式、 过去分词。 过去式、 过去分词。 worked studied went saw did had came took ate worked studied gone seen done had come taken eaten
1
翻译下列八个句子

  1、我每天吃一个苹果。
  2、我昨天吃了个苹果。
  3、我正在吃苹果。
  4、昨天晚上八点钟,我正在吃苹果。
  5、一小时后,我将要吃个苹果。
  6、我说过我要吃苹果。
  7、我已经吃过苹果了。
  8、在我吃午饭前,我就吃过苹果了
2
Find out the tense of each sentence

  1. I eat an apple every day.
  2. I ate an apple yesterday.
  3. I am eating an apple now.
  4. I was eating an apple at eight o’clock yesterday evening.
  5. I will eat an apple in an hour.
  6. I said I would eat an apple.
  7. I have already eaten an apple.
  8. Before I had my lunch, I had already eaten an apple.
3
时态( 时态(一)一般现在时:
? 意义:主要表示经常发生的动作或存在的状态。 ? 构成: ?
  1)主语+动词原形 ?
  2)主语(三单)+动词(三单) ? 助动词:do, does ? 时间状语: often, always, sometimes, every day/week/month/year, on Sundays/Mondays, at times, usually.
4
动词
规则: 称单数 变 规则: 动词原形 read , play 第三人称单数形式 reads, plays
变化规则 一般情况加-s 以ch, sh, x或元音 字母o结尾的词, 加-es 以辅音字母+结尾 的词,先变y为i, 再加-es 特例
teach, wash, pass, teaches, washes, do, passes, does study, try, cry studies, tries, cries
have
has
5
例句:

  1)我每天骑自行车去上学。
I go to school by bike every day.


  2)他每天做公共汽车去上学。
He goes to school by bus every day.
6
时态( 时态(二)一般过去时:

  1.意义:主要表示过去某个特定时间发生的 动作或存在的状态。
  2、构成:主语+动词(过去式)
  3. 助动词did
  4、时间状语: yesterday, last year/week/month, a moment ago, just now, in 2000 etc.
7

  5.动词的过去式和过去分词的规则变化。 动词的过去式和过去分词的规则变化。 动词的过去式和过去分词的规则变化
变化规则 动词原形 过去式/过去分词 looked, watched, wanted, helped, played studied, carried, worried, tried
一般情况下,在动词 look, watch, 原形末尾加-ed want, help, play 以辅音字母结尾的词,study, carry, 变y为i,再加-ed worry, try
以重读闭音节或r音节 stop, drop, fit, stopped, 而末尾只有辅音字母 prefer dropped, fitted, 的词,先双写这个字 preferred 母,再加-ed
8
例句:
  1.上周末我们去动物园了。 Last weekend we went to the zoo.

  2、昨晚他们看了一部电影. They saw a film yesterday evening.
9
时态(三)现在进行时:

  1.意义:主要表示说话时正在进行或发生的动作
  2.构成:主语+am/is/are+动词(-ing)
  3.助动词:am/is/are
  4.时间状语: now, at present, at the moment, these days, Look! Listen! Don’t make noise!
10

  5.动词的现在分词变化表 动词的现在分词变化表
情况 一般情况 变化规则 例词
在动词原形词尾加ing stay-staying go-going make-making take-taking
以不发音的字母 先去掉e,再加-ing e结尾的动词
以一个辅音字母 先双写这个辅音字母,run-running 结尾的重读闭音 再加-ing sit-sitting 节词 以ie为重读音节 把ie变为y,再加-ing 结尾的动词 lie-lying die-dying
11
时态(四)过去进行时:

  1.意义:主要表示过去某一个时刻或某一段时间 内正在进行或发生的动作。
  2.构成:主语+was\were+动词-ing
  3.助动词:was\were
  4.时间状语:at 8 o’clock yesterday evening, at this time yesterday, when I got home, while I was writing etc.
  5.动词所用的形式:动词现在分词
12
例句:
  1. When I got home, my mother was cooking (cook) dinner.
was writing
  2. Mary (write) a letter to her friend at 8 o’clock yesterday evening.
13
时态(五)一般将来时:

  1.意义:主要表示在将来某个时间将要发生的动作存在 的状态。
  2.构成:
  1)主语will+动词(原形)
  2)主语+am\is\are+动词(原形)
  3、助动词:will, am\is\are
  4、时间状语:tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, tomorrow afternoon, next year\month\week, in 2008, in an hour, in a few days, etc.
  5、动词所用的形式:动词原形
14
Eg: will help
  1) I (help) you with your work tomorrow. will be
  2) Hurry up, or you (be) late for school. will come
  3) I
(come) to see you
doesn’t rain if it (rain) tomorrow.(主将从现)
15
时态(六)过去将来时:

  1、意义:主要表示从过去某一时间看来将要发生的动作 或存在的状态。
  2、构成:
  1)主语+would+动词(原形)
  2)主语+was\were+going to +动词(原形)
  3、助动词:would, was\were
  4、时间状语:过去将来时常常用于宾语从句。 如:He said that….. He told me that….
  5、动词所用的形式:动词原形
16
would go Eg:
  1)She said she (go) to Shanghai the next week. would visit
  2) He told me that he (visit) our factory the next day.
17
时态( 时态(七)现在完成时
? 意义: ?
  1)现在完成时表示过去发生或已经完成的某一 动作对现在造成的影响或结果。
? 通常与表示包括现在在内的时间副词just,already, before, yet, never, ever等状语连用。
?
  2) 现在完成时表示过去已经开始,持续到现在, 也许还会持续下去的动作或状态。
? 可以和表示从过去某一时刻延续到现在(包括现在在内) 的一段时间的状语连用。如:for和since,以及 so far, now, today, this week(month, year) 等。
18
时态( 时态(七)现在完成时
? ? ? ? 构成:主语+have\has+动词(过去分词) 助动词:have\has 动词所用的形式:动词(过去分词) 例句:
have seen ?
  1)I already (see) the film. has taught ?
  2)Mr Lee (teach) in the school for ten years.
19
时态( 时态(八)过去完成时
? 意义:主要表示在过去某一时间之前就已经发生 或完成的动作(过去的过去)。 ? 构成:主语+had+动词(过去分词) ? 助动词:had ? 动词所用的形式:动词(过去分词) ? 时间状语: ?by the end of last year, ?before I went to the college, ?when I got to the station, ?etc
20
Eg:
  1) When I got to the station,
had left the bus already (leave).

  2) By the end of last month, had learnt we (learn) five English books.
21
完成下列时态填空题: 完成下列时态填空题: 方法:找标志、定时态、按构成、来填空 方法:找标志、定时态、按构成、
  1.Look! The boy is running (run) faster and faster. went
  2.Mrs Brown (go) to see a movie last Sunday. had learned
  3. How many English words you (learn) by the end of last term?
22
will be
  4. There (be) a class meeting tomorrow afternoon. was doing
  5. When I got home, my father (do)the cooking. would leave
  6.My mother said she (leave) for Shanghai the next day. comes
  7.My father always (come) back from the work very late. had seen
  8. I already (see) the film several times, so I won’t go with them this evening.
23
2001-2006历届中考关于时态的题总结如下: 历届中考关于时态的题总结如下: 历届中考关于时态的题总结如下

  1. The twin sisters have learned a lot they came to China A. when B. as soon as C. since D. after .(东城
  01)
  2.?I called you at about half past eight last night, but nobody answered. Oh, I in my office at that time. (东城
  01) A.will work B. was working C. worked D. had worked
  3.The train is leaving right now, but David hasn’t arrived yet. Well, he said he here on time. (东城
  01) A. came B. will be C. would come D. can be 24

  4. By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I dinner already. (东城
  01) A. had cooked B. cooked C. have cooked D. cook
  5. Miss Gao isn’t here. She to the station to meet Mr. Brown. (海淀
  01) (
  01) A. went B. has gone C. has been D. would go
  6.Mr.King in Beijing since 19
  80. He teaches English in a middle school.( 朝阳
  01) A. lives B. in living C. lived D. has lived 25

  7. His brother doesn’t smoke, he? (崇文
  02) A. is B. isn’t C. does D. doesn’t
  8. Look! The lovely children the hill. (崇文
  02) A. climb B. will climb C. are climbing D. climbed
  9. We won’t go to the park if it tomorrow. (崇文
  02) A. is raining B. will rain C. rain D. rains
26

  10. Jenny and her parents going to visit the Palace Museum tomorrow. (海淀
  02) A. is B. am C. are D. be
  11. Look! The boys happily in the river. (海淀
  02) A. swim B. swam C. will swim D. are swimming
  12. China the WTO and became a new member of it last year. (海淀
  02) A. joined B. join C. will join D. has joined
27

  13. I will let you know about it as soon as I the news. (海淀
  02) A.will get B. gets C. got D. get
  14. You are new here, you. (朝阳
  02) A.aren’t B. are C. do D. don’t

  15. I’ll go to England if I enough money next year. (朝阳
  02) A. have B. will have C. am having D. had 28

  16. He usually up early every morning. (朝阳
  02) A.get B. gets C. is getting D. has got
  17. He two thousand trees since 19
  85. (朝阳
  02) A. plants B. planted C. will plant D. has planted
  18.What are Mr and Mrs Black doing? They tea in the garden.(全市
  03) A. are drinking B. drank C. have drunk D. drink
29

  19. ?Where is Jim? --He to the shop. He’ll be back in an hour. (全市
  03) A. goes B. go C. has gone D. will go
  20. Our teacher, Miss Chen, English on the radio the day before yesterday.(海淀
  03) A.teaches B. taught C. will teach D. had taught
  21. Listen! Some of the girls about Harry Potter. Let’s join them!(海淀
  03) A. are talking B. talk C. will talk D. talked 30

  22. I don’t think I you in that dress before. (海淀
  03) A. have seen B. was seeing C. saw D. see
  23. If he harder, he will catch up with us soon. (全市
  04) A. study B. studies C. will study D. studied
  24.I didn’t see you at the meeting yesterday. Why? I for a long distance call then from my daughter in Canada. (海淀
  04) A. waited B. have waited C. was waiting D. will wait 31

  25. It only him 20 minutes to his office every day.(东城04综练) A.took, to drive B. took, drive C. takes, drive D. takes, to drive
  26.I’ll go to Tibet for my holiday this summer. It’s really a beautiful place. I there twice.(西城04抽样) A.was B. went C. have been D. have gone
  27.I want to know the day after tomorrow. (全市
  05) A. what he will do B. what will he do C. what he did D. what did he do
32

  28. Where is Frank now? (海淀
  05) He his bike in the yard. A.fixes up B. fixing up C. is fixing up D. fixed
  29. Li Ming is a new student in our class. He here for only a month. (东城05综练) A.has come B. has been C. came D. was
  30. Tom wanted to know how many English words we by the end of last year. A. have learned B. had learned 33 C. were learning D. would learn (东城05综练)

  31.He hardly said anything at the meeting, he? (东城05综练) A. did B. didn’t C. does D. doesn’t
  32.There an English party tomorrow. Would you like to go? (西城06抽样) A. is going to be B. is going to have C. is D. has
  33. Mr. Yu often has sports on Sunday morning, he? (西城06抽样) A. does B. doesn’t C. has D. hasn’t
34

  34.you the book to the library yet? Yes. I it just now.(西城06抽样) A. Have, returned; returned B. Do, return; returned. C. Will, return; have returned D. Did, return; returned
  35. Hello! Is that Mary speaking? (朝阳06综练) Sorry. This is Jane. Mary some cleaning now. Hold on for a moment, please. A. does B. do C. is doing D. will do
35

  36. I’m waiting for my friend Jenny. , I’ll go shopping alone. A. If she doesn’t come B. If she won’t come C. If she will come D. If she is coming. (人大附中06练习)
  37.Where’s your father, Mike? He in the kitchen. (06全市大纲卷) A. cooks B. cooked C. is cooking D. has cooked
36

  38. The children will climb the hill if it tomorrow. (06全市大纲卷) A. won’t rain B. didn’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. isn’t raining
  39.Would you like to see the film with me? I’m sorry I it twice. (06全市大纲卷) A. see B. will see C. have seen D. am seeing.
  40.What’s your brother doing in his room now? He a kite. (06全市课标A卷) A. makes B. made C. is making D. will make
37
 

相关内容

2010年中考英语试题分类汇编一单选动词的时态

   2010 年中考英语试题分类汇编一单选动词的时态 来源:中考网整合 2010-09-07 13:54:50 [标签:试题 中考试题 英语]中考热点资讯 免费订阅 2010 年中考英语试题考点十、动词的 时态 (2010 .河北省卷,38. 1) This term over. The summer vacation is coming in two weeks. A. is B. was C. has been D. will be 【答案】D (2010 .河北省卷,39. 1) I a ...

2009年中考英语真题分类汇编:连词、动词及动词词组、动词的时态

   知识点 8:连词 : ( ) 1.( .(2009?甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州) .( 甘肃兰州 Tom Mary speaks good Chinese, so they can communicate with these Chinese students very well. A. Neither, nor B. Not only, but also 答案】 【答案】 B ( ) 2.(2009?甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州) ( 甘肃兰州 C. Both, and D. Either, or Yo ...

2009年中考英语真题分类汇编:连词、动词及动词词组、动词的时态

   七彩教育网 www.7caiedu.cn 免费提供 Word 版教学资源 知识点 8:连词 : ( ) 1. (2009甘肃兰州) 甘肃兰州) . ( 甘肃兰州 Tom Mary speaks good Chinese, so they can communicate with these Chinese students very well. A. Neither, nor B. Not only, but also 答案】 【答案】 B ( ) 2.(2009甘肃兰州) ( 甘肃兰州) ...

初中英语动词时态复习讲义

   右脑王英语学习机, 右脑王英语学习机,30 天学不会英语全额退款官方网站 www.kentaji.cn 初中英语动词时态复习讲义 一般现在时 一、动词的第三人称词尾变化: 当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词需加-s 或-es: 规则 一般在词尾加-s,(清辅音后读 Ds D,在浊辅音后读 Dz D;在 t 后 读 Dts D,在 d 后读 Ddz D。) 以字母 s,x,ch,sh,o 结尾的词加 es,读 Diz D,如果动词原形词尾 已有 e,则只加-s。 动词原形 play leave ...

2011高中英语动词的时态和语态专题训练题

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 2011 高中英语动词的时态和语态专题训练题 【网络构建】 动词时态与语态是两个非常重要的语法范畴,构成了英语语法的基本框架。因此时态与语态也是高考中出现频率 最高的语法项目。英语有十六种时态,但常考的主要有一般现在时、一般将来时、一般过去时、现在进行时、过去进 行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、过去将来时及完成进行时等。语态一般不单独设题,通常结合时态进行综合考查。 (一)时态概念 时态 ...

初中英语动词的时态

   动词的时态(一) 动词是谓语动所表示的动作或情况发生时间的各种形式. 英语动词有 16 种时态,但是常用的只有 9 种:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般 将来时,现在进行时,过去进行时,现在完成时,过去完成时,过去 将来时,现在完成进行时.下面分别介绍. 1, 一般现在时的用法 1) 表示经常性,习惯性的动作;表示现在的状态,特征和真理.句 中常用 often, usually, every…,sometimes 等时间状语.例如: a. He goes to school every day. ...

英语语法大全--动词的时态

   英语语法大全--动词的时态 11.1 一般现在时的用法 1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频腮度的时间状语连用。   时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday   I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。   The earth moves around the sun.   Shanghai lies in the east of China. 3) 表示格言或警句中 ...

初中英语语法总结(动词的时态)

   初中英语语法总结(动词的时态) 初中英语语法总结 11.1 一般现在时的用法 1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用. 时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday. 例如: I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点 离开家. 2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实.例如: The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动. Shanghai lies i ...

高考英语语法复习 动词的时态

   高考语法复习系列五 动词的时态 时态和语态的主要考点 1、考查在语境中判断动词时态的运用能力。常考的时 态为:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、现在进 行、过去进行、现在完成、过去完成、现在完成进 行、过去将来等。 2、时间、条件、让步等状语从句中动词的时态;主从 句时态呼应问题。 3、持续性动词和终止性动词的用法区别。 4、及物动词的被动语态。 5、系动词的用法特点。 6、某些以主动形式表被动意义的动词的用法。 最常用的几种时态与时间状语的搭配 一般现在 现在进行 现在完成 一般过去 过去进行 ...

英语语法基础-第1讲(动词的时态)

   英语语法基础 第一讲 动词的时态 英语句子中最主要的成分就是主语和谓语。 英语句子中最主要的成分就是主语和谓语。 主语 谓语由动词来承担, 谓语由动词来承担,在句子当中承担谓语作用的动 词叫做谓语动词 谓语动词。 词叫做谓语动词。 一个动作发生的时间或所处的状态要通过谓语动词 的变化来体现,这种谓语动词变化的形式就是动词 的变化来体现,这种谓语动词变化的形式就是动词 的时态。 的时态。 每个动词都有四种形式:动词原形、过去式、 每个动词都有四种形式:动词原形、过去式、过去 分词和现在分词。不 ...

热门内容

英语分类记忆词汇大全 特色英语词F1

   特色英语词汇??F1 特色英语词汇 发案率 发标 incidence (of criminal cases) bid; tender legal tender 法定货币(由法律规定的可以用于支付债款而且贷方必须接受的有效货币) 法律面前人人平等 法律硕士 发明奖 法人 法人代表 法人股 发散思维 发烧门诊 发烧友 法塔赫 发屋 发行价格 发行建设国债 发源地 发展不平衡 发展是硬道理 womb disparate development All are equal before the la ...

深圳小学英语第一册

   深圳小学英语第一册 共 96 词 Wordlist Home 序号 英语 English Meaning 国际音标 Phonetic 汉语 Chinese Meaning 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 hello hi good morning how are you int.(见面打招呼或打电话用语)喂,哈罗 int. 嗨,引人注意时的喊声,打招呼 n. 善行,好处; a. 好的,优良的,上等的; [pl.]商品 n. 早晨,上午 ad. 怎样; conj. 如何 v. 是 pron. 你, ...

新视野大学英语二级

   黑龙江大学外语部大学外语基础教学管理中心 教学大纲 新视野大学英语二级 新视野大学英语二级 【学分】3 学分 【课程名称】新视野大学英语二级 【总学时】 75 学时 【开课学期】秋季学期;春季学期 【讲授学时】 75 学时 一、 教学目标 通过本级别课程的学习,应达到进入三级学习的水平。具体要求如下: 1.语音:能听懂英语讲课及简短会话和谈话,抓住中心大意和要点。 2.语法:巩固和加深基本语法知识,提高在语篇水平上运用语法知识的能力。 3.词汇:领会式掌握 600 单词(其中复用式掌握的词为 ...

2011年英语专业八级汉译英练习汇总

   2011 年英语专业八级汉译英练习汇总 年英语专业八级汉译英练习汇总 1.学无止境 学无止境 传道者感叹到:“著书立说没有止境”,却没发觉他已高度评价了作家这一职业。的确, 写作、旅行、积聚财富都是没有终结的。一个问题引发另外一个问题。我们不断学习,且永 远达不到心中所渴望的那般学识渊博。 我们永远雕刻不出自己心仪的塑像。 当发现一个新大 陆,或翻过一座山脉时,我们总会看到远方还有未曾涉足的海洋与陆地。宇宙浩渺,总会有 供我们勤奋努力的东西,总会有供我们探索的空间。它不像卡莱尔的著作,可以读 ...

英语课程介绍

   课程介绍 洪恩幼儿英语班 主题式教学,将英语生活化, 主题式教学,将英语生活化,选取和幼儿生活密切相关 的主题展开教学,让英语融入点滴生活,让孩子真正学 的主题展开教学,让英语融入点滴生活, 会“用”英语。 英语。 牛津幼儿英语班 帮助您的孩子顺利起步小学英语课程 , 把字母和单词的 学习融化在丰富多彩的儿歌和游戏之中, 学习融化在丰富多彩的儿歌和游戏之中,结合生动的肢 体语言、 趣味口诀、 课堂游戏帮助孩子记忆和书写单词。 体语言、 趣味口诀、 课堂游戏帮助孩子记忆和书写单词。 魔法拼读牛 ...