中考英语复习:初中英语重点反义词( 中考英语复习:初中英语重点反义词(组)大全

  1. ask ? answer
  2. forget ? remember
  3. after ? before
  5. buy ? sell
  6. down ? up
  7. open ? close
  4. none ? all

  8. late ? early

  9. neither ? both
  10. sleep ? wake
  11. far ? near
  12. come ? go
  13. borrow ? lend
  14. hate ? like / love
  15. cry ? laugh
  16. back ? front
  17. best ? worst
  18. better ? worse
  20. bad ? good
  21. empty ? full
  19. busy ? free

  22. easy ? hard / difficult

  23. different ? same
  24. closed ? open
  25. cheap ? dear / expensive
  26. comfortable ? uncomfortable
  27. wrong ? right
  28. left ? right
  29. safe ? dangerous
  30. rich ? poor
A) 单词类
  1. ask ? answer
  2. forget ? remember
  3. after ? before
  4. none ? all
  5. buy ? sell
  6. down ? up
  7. open ? close
  8. late ? early
  9. neither ? both
  10. sleep ? wake
  11. far ? near
  12. come ? go
  13. borrow ? lend
  14. hate ? like / love
  16. back ? front
  17. best ? worst
  18. better ? worse
  19. busy ? free
  20. bad ? good
  21. empty ? full
  22. easy ? hard / difficult
  23. different ? same
  24. closed ? open
  25. cheap ? dear / expensive
  26. comfortable ? uncomfortable

  15. cry ? laugh

  27. wrong ? right
  28. left ? right
  29. safe ? dangerous
  30. rich ? poor

  31. hot ? cold
  32. cool ? warm
  33. dry ? wet
  34. a.m. ? p.m.
  35. thin ? fat / thick
  36. east ? west
  37. slow ? fast
  38. north ? south
  39. above ? below
  40. noisy ? quiet
  41. strong ? weak
  42. heavy ? light
  43. clean ? dirty
  44. high ? low
  45. ill ? well

  46. possible ? impossible
  47. big ? small
  48. pull ? push
  49. here ? there
  50. clever ? foolish
  51. dark ? bright / light
  52. young ? old
  53. new ? old
  54. tall ? short
  55. upstairs ? downstairs
  56. wide ? narrow
  57. with ? without
  58. plus ? minus
  59. hungry ? full
  60. asleep ? awake B)词组类

  1. be good at ? be weak in
  2. get into ? get out of
  3. turn on ? turn off
  4. turn down ? turn up

  5. at the front of ? at the back of
  6. on the left ? on the right
  7. at first ? at last / in the end
  8. take down ? put up
  9. catch up with ? fall behind
  10. fall asleep ? wake up
  11. get off ? get on
  12. in the day ? at night
  13. both... and... ? neither... nor
  14. more than ? less than
  15. take off ? put on
2010 年中考英语复习指导完形填空 100 篇(
Dear George, Half a year has gone by (飞机场) . Except for your old 3 2 1 we said goodbye to each other at the Kaitak airport hurriedly written notes you have not written to any of 4 a few days. We are studying 5 a foreign
any letters 6
university, but know
of what is going on about you. 7 a happy reunion (重聚) in dinner. It was all like 9 we
Last night, John, Tom and I the old high school all felt 10 8
except that you were not in this get together. 11
you. We then began to talk about you and wondered
at that
moment. At last we
to your health. 13 ?
What kind of life you are living in London? Is your school-work keeping you And there are a thousand things we want to My 15 14 . Please tell us.
regards (问候) , also John’s and Tom’s. Your old friend, Tonny
A. since A. little A. classmates A. in A. in A. something A. made A. time A. Suddenly A. to miss
B. after B. a little B. friends’ B. for B. at B. everything B. started B. place B. But C. had C. days C. Or
C. before C. few
D. when D. a few
C. comrades’ D. masters’ C. with C. on C. anything D. did D. teaching D. And D . missing D. during D. to D. nothing
B. in missing C. miss
A. what were you doing C. how were you doing A. drink A. busy A. understand A. good 名师点评
B. what you were doing D. how you were doing B. drank B. happy B. hear C. had drunk D. was drinking C. free C. see D. well D. sorry D. know
B. better
C. best
这是一封温馨老友的来信, 信中提到了同学的重聚勾起了对往日学校生活和昔日同窗的 怀念。
答案简析 A。主句是现在完成时,从句由 since 引导。 D。a few 和 few 均修饰可数名词,但 few 表否定。 A。其它三种表达方式错误,这里无需用名词的所有格。 B。for 加一段时间用于现在完成时表延续。 A。in a university / at university 均可以表示上大学,这里因为已有了 a 故选 in, 而不选 at。 D。因为好久没通信,所以对 George 的情况一无所知。 A。have a reunion 为固定搭配。 C。想起了过去的日子,故选 days。 A。 D。feel doing something 表示“感觉……”。 B。宾语从句用陈述语序。 B。根据上下文的时态可知这里用一般过去时。 A。朋友们都想知道学校里的事是否让他很忙。这里可以比较四个选项的意思,再根据 上文的意思可知选 busy。 D。他们想知道许多关于 George 的事。 C。my best regards 相当于 my best wishes 。
年中考英语词汇旧词新义解析汇总(按字母顺序分类) 2010 年中考英语词汇旧词新义解析汇总(按字母顺序分类)
She is blind in the left eye. 此句中 blind 用作形容词,意为“瞎的,盲人的”,这 是 blind 的常用法。blind 还有其它用法。如:
① The blinds were drawn to protect the new furniture from the sun. (blind 用作名词,意为“窗帘,遮光物”。)
② The soldier was blinded in the explosion. (blind 用作动词,意为“使失明”。)
③ This is a blind letter. (blind letter 意为“因地址写得不清而无法投寄的信件”。 )
④ He turned a blind eye to her mistakes. (turn a blind eye to 意为“对……熟 视无睹”。)
⑤ He’s blind as a bat without his glasses. (blind as a bat 意为“完全看不见东 西的”。)
The ticket cost me ten dollars.此句中 cost 用作及物动词,意为“花费”,这是 cost 的常用法之一。
The cost of living is much higher now than it was two years ago. 此句中 cost 用作名词,意为“价格,成本,费用”,这是它的常用法之二。
cost 除了以上用法外,还有其它用法。如:
① Has this project been costed? (cost 用作及物动词,意为“估价,估计成本”。)
② I must get the book at all costs. (at all costs 意为“无论如何,不惜任何代 价”。)
③ She saved him from drowning, but at the cost of her own life. (at the cost of sth.意为“以牺牲某事物为代价”。)
We must keep our hands clean. 此句中的 clean 用作形容词,意为“干净的,清洁的”, 这是 clean 的常用法之一。
She is cleaning the blackboard. 此句中的 clean 用作动词,意为“弄干净,清洁”, 这是 clean 的常用法之二。
除了以上用法外,clean 还有其它用法。如:
① I clean forgot about it. (clean 用作副词,意为“彻底地,完全地,全部地”。)
② The car needs a good clean. (clean 用作名词,意为“清洁过程,清扫”。)
③ The government should come clean about its plans. (come clean 意为“说出真相, 全盘招供”。)
④ We clean the machine down at the end of each day. (clean sth down 意为“擦洗 干净”。)
⑤ The waiter hurried to clean up the pieces of the broken plates. (clean up 意 为“清理掉,收拾干净”。)
四 dream
dream 在教材中有两种用法:用作动词时意思为“做梦,梦到”;用作名词时意思为“梦想, 幻想”。dream 除了以上用法外,还有以下几种用法。
Her new dress is an absolute dream. (dream 用作名词,意思为“美丽或美好的人或事 物”。)
My aunt’s wedding ceremony went like a dream. (go like a dream 是固定短语,意思 为“非常顺利,完美”。)
When I was young I dreamed of becoming a surgeon. (dream 用作动词,意思为“渴望, 迫切希望”。)
Can you drive a car? (drive 用作动词,意思为“开车,驾驶”,是教材中的第一种用 法。)
Let’s go for a drive in the country. (drive 用作名词,意思为“驱车旅行”,是 教材中的第二种用法。)
除了以上用法外, drive 还有其它用法。
The workers carried on a drive for greater efficiency last month. (drive 用 作名词,意思为“运动”。)
There are three buses parked on the drive. (drive 用作名词,意思为“车道”。)
Poverty drove the little boy to steal. (drive 用作动词,意思为“迫使某人做出 极端的事情”。)
I’m sure that I’ve driven my opinion home.(drive sth. home 意思为“把…… 讲透彻,使充分理解”。)
Please drive the dog away. (drive sb./sth. away 意思为“把……赶跑”。)
Teachers should deal fairly with their pupils. 此句中 deal 用作不及
物动词,常和 with 连用,意为“对待”,这是 deal 的常用法。deal 还有其它用法。
如: ①She spent a good deal of money on new clothes. (a good deal of 意为“很多, 大量”。)
②We tried to make sure everyone got a fair deal. (a fair deal 意为“公平的待遇”。)
③My bank deals in stocks and shares now. (deal in 意为“经营”。)
④The teacher dealt out the test papers to the students. (deal out 意为“分发”。)
The theater is full, I’m afraid you’ll have to wait for the next show. 此 句中 full 用作形容词,意为“满的,充满的”,这是 full 的常用法。 full 还有其它用法。 如:
① Jack hit him full in the face. (full 用作副词,意为“直接地,精确地”。)
② Use your abilities to the full. (to the full 意为“充分地,彻底地”。)
③ He told me the story in full. (in full 意为“全部地,全文地”。)
八. film
大家都很熟悉 film 作名词时有“电影”的意思,除此之外 film 还有其它的意思。
I put a new roll of film in my camera. (film 在此句中作名词,意思为“胶卷,胶 片”。)
It took them nearly a year to film this TV series. (film 在此句中作动词,意思 为“拍摄”。)
The leaves fall in autumn. 此句中 fall 用作动词,意为“落下,下降”,这是其常用 法。fall 还有其它用法。如:
①I had a fall and broke my arm. (fall 用作名词,意为“跌落,掉下,降落”。)
②Our holiday plans fell through because of bad weather. (fall through 意为 “落空,未能实现,成为泡影”。)
③My car is falling apart. (fall apart 意为“破裂,破碎,散架”。)
④We fell about (laughing) when we heard the joke. (fall about 意为“无法控 制地大笑”。)
⑤Sam, please fall back on old friends in time of need. (fall back on 意为“求 助于,退到”。)
十. fail
If you don’t work hard, you may fail. 此句中 fail 意为“失败;不及格,没有通过 考试”。fail 还有其它用法。如:
① He never fails to write to his mother every week.
(fail 意为“忘记、忽视或未能做某事”。)
② She has been failing in health.
(fail in 意为“(健康状况)衰退”。)
③ His friends failed him when he most needed them.
(fail 意为“使失望, 辜负”。)
④ I had three passes and one fail.
(fail 用作名词,意为“考试不及格”。)
⑤ I’ll be there at two o’clock without fail.
(without fail 意为“肯定,一定,必定”。)
十一。 十一。 hold
The plane holds about 200 passengers.
Who holds the world record for the high jump?
hold 在教材中的意思为“举行;召集;主持”,作动词用。
上面两个句子中的 hold 还是动词的用法,但意思发生了变化,分别为“容纳”和“保 持”。
A lot of new homes are being built in the center of the town.
The home team took the lead after 25 minutes.
It’s time for home news.
home 在教材中的第一个意思为“家”,作名词和副词用;第二个意思为“在家里做的”, 作形容词用。在上面的三个句子中,第一个 home 作名词用,意思为“住宅,房子”;其余的两 个作形容词用,意思分别为“主场的”和“国内的”。
十三。 interest
The money I borrowed from him was repaid with interest.
What he did was just to protect his own interests.
interest 在教材中的意思为“兴趣”和“使感兴趣”,分别作名词和动词用。
上面句子中的两个 interest 都作名词用。作“利息”讲时,为不可数名词;作“利益, 好处”讲时,多用复数形式。
第一句可译为“我向他借的那笔钱是带息偿还的。”;第二句可译为“他所做的一切仅 仅是为了保护他自己的利益。”
十四。join v.& n.
What club do you want to join?
此句中的 join 是及物动词,意为“加入,参加”,这是其最常见的用法。 另外它还有其它 用法,如:
①The two rivers join at the bridge.(此句中的 join 是不及物动词,意为“会合, 联合,相遇”。)
②The two pieces were stuck together so well that we could hardly see the join.(此 句中的 join 是名词,意为“连接处,接缝”。)
十五。 十五。know
I’ve known David for 20 years.
I hope we have taught our children to know right from wrong.
The old man has known both poverty and wealth.
know 在教材中的意思为“知道,了解”,作动词用。在上面的三个句子中, know 都作动 词用,第一个 know 的意思为“认识”;第二个 know 的意思为“区分”;第三个 know 的意思为 “亲身经历”。
lead 在教材



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