中考英语复习??分类阅读及讲解 分类阅读及讲解 中考英语复习
人生哲理
[材料 1] 材料 It’s easier to go downhill than to climb uphill; so it is easier to fall into bad habits than into good ones. Bad habits do not come suddenly . They come little by little .School children first pick up little bad habits in schools and in the streets .When they can’t write their lessons, they copy from others .If they see bigger boys smoking ,they also want to learn to smoke. If they see their friends gambling , they want to copy their examples.When they get bigger, the habits become stronger and stronger so that they can no longer get rid of them. From copying, they learn to cheat , from gambling ,they learn to steal. So it is very important for us to get rid of bad habits in the beginning. 注释
  1.gamble 赌博 从抄作业,他们学会欺骗,
  2.From copying, they learn to cheat , from gambling ,they learn to steal. 从抄作业,他们学会欺骗, 从赌博他们学会了偷窃。 从赌博他们学会了偷窃。
字数
132
难度系数
要求时间

  3.5
实际时间

  1.To fall into had habits is just like to. A. climb uphill C. go upstairs B.go downhill D.go downstairs

  2.Bad habits come. A. suddenly B. quickly D.step by step
C.from the beginning of life

  3.Which of the following is the nad habit? A.Tell the truth. C.Tell a lie B.Finish the lessons every day D.Copy from others

  4.It’s to get rid of bad habits in the very beginning. A. helpful B.dangerous C.useless D.unnecessary

  5.From the passage we know A. one can never get rid of bad habits
B. gambling will make one cheat habits C.school children just pick up bad habits in schools. D.it’s more difficult to fall into good habits than into bad ones
Key:
  1.B [材料 2] 材料

  2.A

  3.D

  4.A

  5.D
A friend’s grandfather came to America from Eastern Europe. After being processed at Ellis Island, he went into a cafeteria in lower Manhattan to get something to eat. He sat down at an empty table and waited for someone to take his order. Of course nobody did. At last, a woman with a plate full of food sat down opposite him and told him how a cafeteria worked. “Start out at that end,” she said , “Just go along the line and pick out what you want. At the other end they’ll tell you how much you have to pay.” “I soon learned that is how everything works in America,” the grandfather told a friend. “Life is like a cafeteria here. You can get anything you want only if you are willing to pay the money. You can even get success ,but you will\never wait for someone to bring to you. You have to get up and get it yourself.” 注释
  1.process 入境检查 自助餐厅 pick out 挑选
  2. Ellis Island 埃利斯岛 美国东北部 埃利斯岛(美国东北部 美国东北部)
  3. I soon learned that is how everything works in America. 我很快就知道那就是在美国的处事方式。 我很快就知道那就是在美国的处事方式。
字数
160
难度系数
要求时间
3
实际时间

  1.Which is the best title for the passage? A. from Eastern Europe to America. B. Life is Like a Cafeteria in America. C. How to Eat in a Cafeteria. D. Eating in an American Cafeteria.
  2.Maybe the old man came from . A. Poland B. Australia C. Canada D. Egypt
  3.From the passage, we know if you want to get success in America, you should. A. get help from your friends B. know how a cafeteria works C. get up again if you fail D. try to get it by yourself
  4.How does everything work in America? A. You must wait for others to help you. B. You must pay everything you buy. C. You must help yourself with everything. D. You must copy others’ examples. Key
  1.B
  2.A
  3.D
[材料 2] 材料
How old is “old”? The answer has changed over the years. Two hundred yesrs ago, you were old th at
  35. At the beginning of the 20 century, the average life span was
  45. In 1950, 70-year-olds were really old. Today, a healthy 70-year-old is still thought young. So, how old is old? The answer is one you’ve heard many times, from all kinds of people. “You are as old (or young) as you feel.” Your age simply tells you how many years you have lived. Your body tells you how well you’ve lived. “Nobody grows old by living a number of years,” wrote a writer. “People grow old when they don’t have their ideals.” People shouldn’t have the wrong ideals about aging. Sometimes, older minds can be as bright as young minds. Alice Brophy once said, “It makes me unhappy when people say,‘You ‘ look young for your age.’What does that mean? You know you can die old at 30 and live young at ’
  80.”
  1. average 平均 span (生命)跨度 ideal 理想 生命)
  2. The answer has changed over the years.答案已随时代而变化。 答案已随时代而变化。 答案已随时代而变化
  3. You are as old (or young) as you feel.你的年令随心态而定。 你的年令随心态而定。 你的年令随心态而定
  4. Nobody grows old by living a number of years,人不是因度过许多年份而变老的。 人不是因度过许多年份而变老的。 人不是因度过许多年份而变老的
  5. You know you can die old at 30 and live young at
  80.你知道,你可能三十岁老死,八十岁还年青地活 你知道, 你知道 你可能三十岁老死, 着。 字数 168 难度系数 要求是 5 实际时间

  1.About 100 years ago, the average life span was. A. 35 B. 45 C. 70 D. 80
  2..The meaning of the word “aging” is . A. growing old B. staying young C. keeping healthy D. feeling unhappy
  3.According to the passage, which of the following is true? B. Older people are not as bright as young people. C. All older people are healthy and strong. D. Aging does not mean you become unhealthy. E. Most older people are unhealthy and poor.
  4.Which question is not answered in the passage? F. Can older people be as bright as young people? G. What tells you how well you’ve lived? H. How old is “old”? I. What is the average life span to day?
  5.The passage is mainly about. A. the average life span B. aging C. the 20th century D. older people and young people Key:
  1. B
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. C
[材料 3] 材料
How old is “old”? The answer has changed over the years. Two hundred yesrs ago, you were old th at
  35. At the beginning of the 20 century, the average life span was
  45. In 1950, 70-year-olds were really old. Today, a healthy 70-year-old is still thought young. So, how old is old? The answer is one you’ve heard many times, from all kinds of people. “You are as old (or young) as you feel.” Your age simply tells you how many years you have lived. Your body tells you how well you’ve lived. “Nobody grows old by living a number of years,” wrote a writer. “People grow old when they don’t have their ideals.” People shouldn’t have the wrong ideals about aging. Sometimes, older minds can be as bright as young minds. Alice Brophy once said, “It makes me unhappy when people say,‘You ‘ look young for your age.’What does that mean? You know you can die old at 30 and live young at ’
  80.” 注释
  6. average 平均 span (生命)跨度 ideal 理想 生命)

  7.
  8.
  9.
  10.
The answer has changed over the years.答案已随时代而变化。 答案已随时代而变化。 答案已随时代而变化 You are as old (or young) as you feel.你的年令随心态而定。 你的年令随心态而定。 你的年令随心态而定 Nobody grows old by living a number of years,人不是因度过许多年份而变老的。 人不是因度过许多年份而变老的。 人不是因度过许多年份而变老的 You know you can die old at 30 and live young at
  80.你知道,你可能三十岁老死,八十岁还年青地活 你知道, 你知道 你可能三十岁老死, 着。 168 难度系数 要求是 5 实际时间
字数

  1.About 100 years ago, the average life span was. A. 35 B. 45 C. 70 D. 80
  2..The meaning of the word “aging” is . A. growing old B. staying young C. keeping healthy D. feeling unhappy
  3.According to the passage, which of the following is true? B. Older people are not as bright as young people. C. All older people are healthy and strong. D. Aging does not mean you become unhealthy. E. Most older people are unhealthy and poor.
  4.Which question is not answered in the passage? F. Can older people be as bright as young people? G. What tells you how well you’ve lived? H. How old is “old”? I. What is the average life span to day?
  5.The passage is mainly about. A. the average life span B. aging C. the 20th century D. older people and young people Key:
  1. B
  2. A
  3. C
  4. B
  5. C
[材料 4] 材料
A great French writer has said that we should help everyone as much as we can because we often need help ourselves. The small even can help the great. About this , he told the following story. . An ant was drinking at a small river and fell in. She tried her best to reach the side , but she couldn’t move at all. The poor ant got too tired but was still doing her best when a big bird saw her. With a pity ,the bird threw a piece of wood. With it the ant reached the bank again. While she was resting and drying herself in grass she heard a man coming up. He was walking without shoes on his feet and carrying a gun in his hand. As soon as he saw the bird, he wished to kill her, and he would certainly do so, but the ant bit him in one of his feet and at that moment the bird flew away at once. It was an animal much weaker and smaller than the bird herself that had saved her life. 注释
  1.bit 咬
  2. The small even can help the great.小能帮大。 小能帮大。 小能帮大
  3.with a pity 抱着同情心
  4. It was an animal much weaker and smaller than the bird herself that had saved her life. 正是这只比 鸟弱小得多的动物救了她的命。 鸟弱小得多的动物救了她的命。
184 难度系数
  3.5 字数 要求时间 实际时间 According to the French writer, we often need help from others, so we should. A. help others as much as we can B. help the people who are may be useful to us C. get as much help as we can D. first need to help ourselves
  2. An ant fell in the river and could not reach the side . A. because she didn’t try to B. because she tried too hard C. because she didn’t cry for help
  1.

  3.

  4.

  5.

  6.
D. because she wasn’t able to move in the water Though the poor ant was too tired, she. A. lost hope B. stopped trying C. stopped to rest D. went on trying The sentence in the first part “We often need help ourselves.” means. A. We often help ourselves B. We often need to help ourselves C. There is a need for us to help ourselves D. We often need other people to help ourselves The writer tells this story to show. A. how brave the bird is B. how clever the ant is C. how an ant saved a bird D. even the small can help the great The title of this story can be. A. Help B. Pity C. The Ant D. The Bird
Key:
  1.A
  2.D
  3.D
  4.B
  5.D

  6.A
[材料 5] 材料
In elementary school, Guadalupe Quintanilla was often regarded as a “slow learner” by her teachers. But she really wasn’t slow at all. She just didn’t understand the language used in the classroom. Her problem was that she didn’t speak English. So she left school after the fourth grade. of When Gaudalupe grew up, married, and had children of her own, she knew that her children were clever. But some of their teachers didn’t think so. The children were having trouble in school because they didn’t speak English. Mrs Quintanilla was angry. She didn’t want people to think that her learners. children were learners. So she decided to learn English herself as a way of helping them. She practiced English. She looked up words in the dictionary. She asked the school headmaster to let that her sit in on classes. It wasn’t easy, but she passed all her exams. She said that many of the other students helped her. Mrs Quintanilla has helped her children with their lessons. Her two sons have won success. One is a teacher, and the other is a doctor. Her youngest child, a daughter, is studying in a university.
  1. elementary 小学
  2. She just didn’t understand the language used in the classroom. 她仅仅是听不懂课上说的话。 她仅仅是听不懂课上说的话。
  3. So she decided to learn English herself as a way of helping them. 所以她决定自学英语作为帮助他们的一种方式。 所以她决定自学英语作为帮助他们的一种方式。
字数
190
难度系数
要求时间
4
实际时间

  1. Gaudalupe was called a slow learner. A. to make her study harder B. because she wasn’t clever C. because she stayed at home D. because she didn’t speak English
  2. According to the story, children who don’t speak English. A. may have more trouble in school B. have trouble playing football C. often write a diary D. grow up to be teachers
  3. Which happened first? A. Gaudalupe passed all her exams. B. Gaudalupe left school after the fourth grade. C. Gaudalupe had three children. D. Her two sons won success.
  4. The story is mainly about. A. learning to sing and dance B. the problem of slow learning C. going to a university D. Mrs Quintanilla’s success
  5. The story tells us that. A. most children fall in school B. school is easy for all students C. ha
 

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