专题Ⅲ 第二部 专题Ⅲ句型
㈡ 状语从句
考点揭密 中考考点设置 典型例题解析 课时训练
考点揭密
在复合句中修饰主句中的动词、形容词或副词, 在复合句中修饰主句中的动词、形容词或副词, 起状语作用的从句叫状语从句。 起状语作用的从句叫状语从句。状语从句可置主语之 也可置主语之后。前置时, 前,也可置主语之后。前置时,从句后用逗号与主句 分开;后置时,与主句之间无标点符号。 分开;后置时,与主句之间无标点符号。 状语从句可分为时间、原因、目的、结果、条件、 状语从句可分为时间、原因、目的、结果、条件、 比较、地点、让步、方式等九类。 比较、地点、让步、方式等九类。
中考考点设置
时间状语从句?
  1.时间状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:when,while,as,before,after, as soon as,until,since.? 主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代替。 (
  2)主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代替。? 的同义句替换。 (
  3)not...until的同义句替换。 ? 条件状语从句?
  2.条件状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:if,unless.? 主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代替。 (
  2)主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代替。? 的同义句转换。 (
  3)if...not与unless及or的同义句转换。
中考考点设置
原因状语从句?
  3.原因状语从句? (
  1)引导词:because, since, as.? 原因状语提问用“ (
  2)对because 原因状语提问用“why”。? 连用。 (
  3)because 不能与so连用。? 的区别: (
  4)because,since,as,for的区别:? 从句所表示的是对方不知道的直接的原因, because 从句所表示的是对方不知道的直接的原因, 因此在回答以why引导的特殊疑问句时只可用 引导的从句却不可; because,而as,since 引导的从句却不可;as, 从句所表示的往往是对方已知的原因; since从句所表示的往往是对方已知的原因;for往 往用于附加理由证明。 往用于附加理由证明。 ?
中考考点设置
目的状语和结果状语?
  4.目的状语和结果状语? 引导词: 从句中常用情态动词。 (
  1)引导词:so,that.从句中常用情态动词。? 引导词: (
  2)引导词:so...that,such...that.? 的区别? (
  3)so与such的区别? ①so+形+a/an+名? such+a/an+形+名? ②so+many/much/few/little+形+名? ③such+形+不可数名词/可数名词复数 间转换? (
  4)so...that与too...to和...enough to间转换? ?
中考考点设置
比较状语从句?
  5.比较状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:as...as,not as (so)...as,than? 的同义句替换。 (
  2)not as (so)...as与than的同义句替换。? (
  3)as...as,not as (so)...as中间用形容词或副词的 原形。 原形。? 让步状语从句?
  6.让步状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:though,even though.? 连用。 (
  2)though不能与but连用。? 地点状语从句?
  7.地点状语从句? (
  1)引导词where,wherever.? (
  2)wherever=no matter where? 方式状语从句?
  8.方式状语从句? 引导词: 引导词:as if,as though.?
典型例题解析
【例
  1】 Lucy knew nothing about it her B 河北省] sister told her.[20
  03,河北省] A.because B.until? C.if D.since? 【例
  2】 Other people won't be pleased if he B the 河南省] queue.[20
  03,河南省] ? A.will jump B.jumps? C.jump D.jumped? 【例
  3】 The young man travelled all over the worldA he 河南省] had a man?made leg.[20
  03,河南省]? A.though B.if? C.as D.because? 【例
  4】 The students will go to Summer Palace 甘肃省] if it C tomorrow.[20
  03,甘肃省]? A.don't rain B.won't rain? C.doesn't rain D.isn't rain
典型例题解析
【例
  5】 The driver hurt the girlbadlyshe A 新缰] had to see a doctor.[20
  03,新缰]? A.so,that B.either,or? C.too,to D.neither,nor? 【例
  6】 Mrs Read didn't sleep well last night because the wind made too much noise.对句子划线部分提问)? Why didn't sleep Mrs Read well last night? 【例
  7】 David was so careless that he didn't find the 福州市] mistakes in his test paper.(改为简单句)[20
  03,福州市]? too to David wascareless find the mistakes in his test paper.
课时训练
(A)
  1.He wasangry to hear the news that he couldn't say a word.? A.so B.too? C.very D.much? (C)
  2.They arelovely boys that all the teachers love them. ? A.so B.too? C.such D.many?
  3.Because his mother was ill,he must stay at (A) home to look after her. A./ B.so? C.that D.either?
  4.Though the workers were very tired,they went (C) on planting trees.? ?C./ A.and B.but D.so? (C)
  5.They didn't watch TVthey finished their homework. A.after B.when? C.until D.as?
课时训练
(A)
  6.I'll write to you as soon as IBeijing.? A.get to B.arrive ?C.will get to D.will arrive?
  7.We'll have a trip if itrain.? (D) A.won't B.will ?C.don't D.doesn't?
  8.you hurry up ,or we will be late for school.? (C) A.If B./? C.Unless D.When?
  9.He saves moneyhe can buy some birthday (B) presents for his mother.? A.so B.so that? C.such that D.in order?
  10.?Why are you late for school?? (A) ? I got up late.? A.Because B.For? C.Since D.As?

  11.He will tell his mother when his motherback.? (C) A.come B.will come ?C.comes D.to come?
  12.If you carefully,youthe report well.? (C) A.will listen,will be understood? B.will listen,understand? C.listen,will understand? D.listen,understand? (D)
  13.The flowerswell if they.? A.won't grow,don't take good care of? B.don't grow,are taken good care of? C.don't grow,don't take good care of? D.won't grow,are not taken good care of?
课时训练
课时训练

  14.He was frightened (A) he couldn't move. A.so,that B.such,that C.so,and D.such,and? (A)
  15.He askedmany strange questions that the teacher didn't want to teach him any more.? A.so B.such? C.too D.very? ? (B)
  16.He sawbeautiful flowers that he picked them up. A.so B.such? C.too D.very? (B)
  17.When I was at college Ithree foreign languages, all except a few words of each.? but I A.spoken,have forgotten? B.spoke,had forgotten? C.have spoken,didn't forget? D.spoke,am forgetting?
课时训练

  18.If Ianother two minutes,I (B) everything ready.? A.will be given,will get? B.am given,will get? ?D.give,get? C.give,will get
  19.Ann is so careful that she always goes over her exercises to (B) there are no mistake.? A.look for B.make sure? C.find out D.think about? (B)
  20.Tell Li lei to ring up he comes back.? A.though B.if? C.as D.because?
  21.I have my own car,so Idrive where I want to go. (D) A.must B.have ?C.need to D.can? (C)
  22.The teacher said loudly _ _ the students can hear clearly.? A.to B.so? C.so that D.for?
课时训练

  23.The old man was quite weak after the accident,so he C ? A.must be takes care of B.must take care of? C.must be looked after? D.must look after ?
  24.The man had gone away the old man said D thanks to him.? A.that B.so? C.until D.before?
  25.When I got to the station,The train.? B A.has left B.had left ?C.left D.is leaving ?
  26.The students of class three are more thanof class o? A A.that B.it? C.these D.those?
课时训练

  1.Hurry up or you'll be late for school.? don't If you hurry up you'll be late for school.? Unless you hurry up ,you'll be late for school.?
  2.I'll do my homework when my mother comes back.? won't until I do my homework my mothercomes back.?
  3.This question is so hard that no one can answer it.? such a hard This is that no one can answer it.?
  4.Because he was ill,he didn't go to school.? so He was ill, he didn't go to school.?
  5.Though he was tired,he went on working.? but He was tired,he went on working.
课时训练

  6.The ice on the lakez was so thin that people couldn't skate on it.? enough for not The ice on the lake was thick ? to skate on people .
  7.The girl was too excited to say a word.? that The girl was excitedhe couldn't say a word.? so
  8.The men was so old that he couldn't climb the hill.? too to The man was old climb the hill.?
  9.unless you are brave you'll lose your chance.? are you brave,you'll lose your chance. If or brave, you'll lose your chance.? Be
  10.The weather is so fine that people can go out for a walk.? It is that people can go out for a walk. such fine weather
课时训练

  11.It's such a small room that it can't hold too many people. so small a It's room that it can't hold too many people.
  12.He had breakfast before he went to school.? didn't have until He breakfast he went to school.?
  13.When he was 12,he started writing his own newspaper.? At the age 12, he started writing his own newspaper.? __ of
  14.Remember to ring me as soon as you get to Beijing.? sure reach Make to give me a ring as soon as youLondon.
  15.He studies most carefully in his class.? more any other He studies carefully than student in his class.
 

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